What follows is a summary of the story concerning the events that occurred at the time of Musa عليه السلام; the victory Allah provided to His messenger and the destruction of the Pharoah. It is summarised from a khutba delivered by Shaikh Mohammad bin Salih al-Uthaymeen.
“In this month of Muharram was the salvation of Musa عليه السلام and his people from Pharoah and his army. Allah سبحانه و تعالى had sent him with clear evidences and proofs upon his prophethood, yet the Pharoah was arrogant and haughty and claimed, “I am your lord, most high” [An-Naazi’aat:24]. Musa عليه السلام came to him with great signs and called him to tawhid, to the tawhid of the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth yet Pharoah said in arrogance, “And what is the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)?”[Ash-Shu’ara:23].
Musa عليه السلام responded, “Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, if you seek to be convinced with certainty.”[Ash-Shu’ara:24]. And so Pharoah mocked and belittled this statement of Musa عليه السلام by saying to those around, “Do you not hear (what he says)?” [Ash-Shu’ara:25]. So Musa عليه السلام reminded them and admonished them further and said, “Your Lord and the Lord of your ancient fathers!” [Ash-Shu’ara:26]. Left speechless Pharoah then replied with a false claim, a lie, “Verily, your Messenger who has been sent to you is a madman!” [Ash-Shu’ara:27]. He later continued to threaten Musa عليه السلام and said, “If you choose an ilah (god) other than me, I will certainly put you among the prisoners.” [Ash-Shu’ara:29]. Indicating that he had many other prisoners already to frighten Musa عليه السلام into silence.
Yet Musa عليه السلام continued thereafter to present the clear proofs until Pharoah said to him, “Have you come to drive us out of our land with your magic, O Musa (Moses)? “Then verily, we can produce magic the like thereof; so appoint a meeting between us and you, which neither we, nor you shall fail to keep, in an open wide place where both shall have a just and equal chance (and beholders could witness the competition).”[At-Taha: 57-58]
And when Pharoah came with his magicians Musa عليه السلام admonished them and said, “Woe unto you! Invent not a lie against Allah, lest He should destroy you completely by a torment. And surely, he who invents a lie (against Allah) will fail miserably.”[At-Taha: 61]. “Musa (Moses) said to them: “Throw what you are going to throw!” So they threw their ropes and their sticks, and said: “By the might of Fir’aun (Pharaoh), it is we who will certainly win!” Then Musa (Moses) threw his stick, and behold, it swallowed up all the falsehoods which they showed!” [Ash-Shu’ara: 43-45] And so the magicians repented and believed, “And the sorcerers fell down prostrate. Saying: “We believe in the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)” [Ash-Shu’ara: 46-47].
Pharoah continued upon his way and Allah stated, “So when they angered Us, We punished them, and drowned them all. And We made them a precedent (as a lesson for those coming after them), and an example to later generations” [Az-Zukhruf: 55-56]. Then Allah commanded Musa عليه السلام, “And indeed We inspired Musa (Moses) (saying): “Travel by night with Ibadi (My slaves) and strike a dry path for them in the sea, fearing neither to be overtaken [by Fir’aun (Pharaoh)] nor being afraid (of drowning in the sea).”[At-Taha: 77].
So Musa عليه السلام and his people exited and Pharoah was in pursuit, until they arrived at the Red Sea, Pharoah behind them and the Sea in front of them and “the companions of Musa (Moses) said: “We are sure to be overtaken.”[Ash-Shu’ara: 61]. Musa عليه السلام replied, “Nay, verily! With me is my Lord, He will guide me.”[Ash-Shu’ara: 62] That was the eemaan and certainty of Musa عليه السلام. Allah inspired Musa عليه السلام to hit the Sea with his stick and it opened into 12 pathways and so they entered and crossed with the water holding like mountains as they walked upon the dry pathways. Pharoah upon seeing that entered in chase however upon entering the mountains of water collapsed upon him, “And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir’aun (Pharaoh) with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook him, he said: “I believe that La ilaha illa (Huwa): (none has the right to be worshipped but) He,” in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah’s Will).” So it was said to him, “Now (you believe) while you refused to believe before and you were one of the Mufsidun (evil-doers, corrupts, etc.). So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.)” [Yunus: 90-92]
And so Allah saved Musa عليه السلامand destroyed Pharoah. It is for this reason when the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم entered Madinah and found the jews to be fasting on the 10th of Muharram he asked regarding that and they replied, “It is the day Allah saved Musa and his people from their enemy [Pharoah] and so Musa fasted this day”, so the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “I am more deserving of Musa than you” and so he fasted and commanded the people to fast.
Similarly the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم stated if he lived till the upcoming year he would fast the 9th aswell to oppose the others who were fasting only the 10th as he found them. Hence it is sunnah to fast the 9th and 10th of Muharram.
Regarding the reward of fasting the day the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم stated, “It expiates the previous year of sins” [minor sins]. This should not be confused with the day of ‘Arafah that expiates the previous year and upcoming year.
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
O people! Fear Allaah (The Most High) and thank Him for the apparent and unapparent blessings He has bestowed upon you. He has not ceased granting you occasions of good and virtue. The month of hajj has elapsed and now you have reached the month of Al-Muharram, which Allaah has specially chosen.
Firstly: Muharram is amongst those months in which Allaah made fighting forbidden. Allaah (The Most High) said:
(إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْراً فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ)
‘’ Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred.’’ [9:36]
These four months are: Dhul Qida, Dhul Hijja, the Month of Muharram and Rajab—Allaah made fighting forbidden during these months in order that those who performed the Hajj and Umrah are safe in their journey to Hajj and Umrah. However, when Islaam came—all praise is due to Allaah—safety became widespread and the disbelievers were driven away and Jihaad in the path of Allaah (The Might and Majestic) was established whenever that was possible.
Indeed this month of Muharram has virtue; the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: ‘’The best fasting after the month of Ramadhaan is the fasting in the month of Muharram.’’ So it is desired to increase in fasting during this month. It is the month that the companions—during Umar’s time (radiyallaahu-anhu)—chose to be the beginning of the Hijri calendar.
Virtues of the Month of Muharram
Amongst its greatest virtues is that the Day of Ashoorah is found within it. It is a Day in which the Prophet (sallal-laahua-alayhi-wasallam) selected for the performance of fasting. Likewise, Moosaa (alayhis-sallam) fasted on this day in order to thank Allaah for drowning pharaoh and his people. And after the death of Moosa (alayhis-salaam), the Jews also used to fast on this day of Ashoorah.
When the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) arrived in Madeenah, he found the Jews fasting on this day of Ashoorah, so he said to them: ‘’What is this fasting of yours?’’ They said: ‘’It was the day Allaah gave victory to Moosa and his people and humiliated pharaoh and his people. Indeed, Moosaa fasted on this Day, so we also fast. So the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: We have more right to (follow) Moosaa than you.’’
The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) continuously fasted this day and commanded the companions to fast as well. However, the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) want us to oppose the Jews, so he commanded us to fast a day before Ashoorah (i.e. the 9th of Muharram) before fasting on the 10th (i.e. Day of Ashoorah); and it is stated in another narration: ‘’A day after it (i.e. a day after Ashoorah); but fasting on the 9th day of Muharram before fasting the 10th of Al-Muharram (i.e. the day of Ashoorah) is more established.
So we fast on the day of Ashoorah (i.e. the 10th of Muharram) in order to follow the example of Allaah’s Prophet Moosaa (alayhis-salaam), and it was the day in which Allaah gave victory to the Muslims (of Bani Israaeel). It is victory for the Muslims until the Day of Judgement and a blessing from Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) for which He is thanked through the act of fasting.
Fasting on the Day of Ashoorah is a Sunnah Mu-akkadah [i.e. a practice the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) performed continuously). Therefore, the Muslim fasts on the 9th of Muharram and the 10th of Muharram, and this is a Sunnah that has continued—all praise is due to Allaah—and fasting on this day is emphasized, whilst seeking Allaah’s reward and in order to thank Him.
The way of the Prophets and their true followers is that they thank Allaah for giving them victory through performance of acts of obedience and remembrance of Allaah. However, they do not innovate anything in this affair because that was the way of the people of the Pre-Islamic period of ignorance. It is not permissible for a Muslim to exceed the limits in this affair.
As for the shia, they make the Day of Ashoorah a Day of sadness, weeping and wailing—may Allaah disfigure them—because it was the day Husain (radiyallaahu-anhu) who was murdered. Indeed calamity is not to be faced with wailing, sins and evil deeds; rather it should be faced with obedience to Allaah and hoping for Allaah’s reward. There is no doubt that the killing of Husain (radiyallaahu-anhu) was a calamity, but Allaah commanded us to exercise patience and hope for His reward during calamities. What is legislated on this Day of Ashoorah is that we fast and there should be no newly invented matters in the religion.
Likewise, there are those ignorant ones amongst the Sunnis who consider this Day as a day of happiness and some of them call it the New Year; so they behave generously towards their children, serving them food and bestowing gifts to one another. Indeed, these affairs are innovations and newly invented matters in the religion, and they are not permissible. This action of those ignorant Sunnis is the other side of falsehood compared to the actions of the shia! The shia grieve and the ignorant Sunnis display happiness. Do they (i.e. these ignorant Sunni) show happiness for murder of Husain (radiyallaahu-anhu), because this ignorant act will be considered as a manifestation of happiness due to the murder of Husain (radiyallaahu-anhu) on this Day. Therefore, it is obligated upon the Muslim to follow the Sunnah and abandon innovations in the religion. Innovations in the religion are not opposed with other innovations worse than them; rather innovations are opposed by abandoning them and reviving the Sunnah. [source: http://alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/15019 Paraphrased and abridged]
Also see another beneficial article here: http://www.salafitalk.com/threads/1785-When-does-the-fasting-of-Muharram-begin-or-the-fasting-of-Aashooraa-begin-Imaam-Ibn-Baaz
Everything You Need to Know About The History and Doctrines of the Rafida Shia Backstabbers And Exposition of Rafidi State Propaganda Against The People of Tawheed and Sunnah
See Link: http://www.shia.bs/index.cfm
Based upon the knowledge of your eminence of the history of the Raafidhah [Shee’ah]. What is your position regarding initiating the coming together between Ahlus-Sunnah and between them?
“The coming together of Ahlus-Sunnah and the Raafidhah is not possible because the beliefs are different. The Belief of the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah is to single out Allaah alone with worship and sincerely making worship for Allaah, The Most Perfect, The Most High, and not to call upon anyone along with Him, neither an Angel drawn close nor a Prophet sent.
And it is Allaah who knows the matters of the Unseen. And from the belief of the Ahlus-Sunnah is love of the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with all of them and He is pleased with them ? and to believe that they are the most excellent of the creation of Allaah after the Prophets, and the best of them is Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, then ‘Umar, then ‘Uthmaan, then ‘Alee, may Allaah be pleased with all of them. And the Raafidhah oppose this, so there is no reconciling between the two [beliefs], just as there is no reconciling between the Jews, the Christians, the idol-worshippers and the Ahlus-Sunnah. So for this reason there is no coming closer between the Raafidhah and between the Ahlus-Sunnah due to the differing beliefs as we have clarified.”
Is it possible/permissible to fight alongside them (i.e. the Raafidhah) against the foreign enemy such as the communists and so on?
“I don’t see that to be possible/permissible. Rather it is obligatory upon Ahlus-Sunnah to be united and be a single ummah, a singular body and to invite the Raafidhah to adhere to whatever is indicated by the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) by way of the Truth.
And if they cling to that, they will be our brothers and upon us would be to co-operate with them. And so long as they continue upon that which they are upon from hatred of the Companions except for a few of them; so their cursing of As-Siddeeq (Abu Bakr) and ‘Umar and their worship of the household of the Prophet such as ‘Alee, may Allaah be pleased with him, and of Faatimah, Hasan and Hussain, and likewise their belief in the twelve Imaams that they are infallible and that know the affairs of the Unseen– all this is from the most false of falsehoods; All of this opposes that which Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah are upon.”
Source: Translated by Ustaadh Abu Khadejah at salafitalk.net 14/08/2006
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful The Bestower of Mercy
Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr (rahimahullah) said: It (Taqiyya) is to be careful of making known to others what is in the heart with regards one’s creed or other than it. [End of quote: Fat-hul baaree 12/314]
The raafidah consider this Taqiyya to be of lofty virtue and high station in their religion. Kulayni (a figurehead of theirs) said in Usool Al-kaafee (the main book containing their heretical and polytheistic beliefs) that nine- tenths of (their) religion is based on Taqiyya and one cannot be (ascribed to the raafidah religion) if he has no Taqiyya. [Usool Al-kaafee 2/217]
Beware of the deceitful political partisans
Some of the deceitful political partisans-those who have been blinded by corrupt political ambitions and love of leadership-seek to confuse the general masses or the least they try to dilute and destroy the correct stances obligated on a Muslim to employ against the heretical raafidah. So some of these deceitful political partisans say that Taqiyya is not something specific to the raafidah, rather it is something established in the religion of Islaam. However, these satanic forces of deceit amongst the deceitful political partisans do not give the full details regarding the differences between the satanic Taqiyya employed by the heretical raafidah and the Taqiyyah permitted in the pure Islamic legislation. They do not make known the fact that the legislated permissible Taqiyya is a concession and not a conviction in one’s faith, as Mu-aadh Ibn Jabal (radiyallaahu anhu) said: “Taqiyya was (employed by the believers at the time when) Islaam was new and before the Muslims gained authority; but as for today, Allaah has strengthened Islaam and the (believers) do not fear their enemies.” [For further details see Tafseer Al-Qurtubi 4/57]
Therefore, this Taqiyya (i.e. being careful of stating one’s true belief and fear of manifesting it to an aggressive opponent due to fear of being murdered or afflicted with great harm) is employed whilst dealing with the oppressive tyrannical disbelievers and not with the believers. Imaam Tabari (rahimahullah) said: “The Taqiyya mentioned in this Ayah [i.e. soorah Aali Imraan: Ayah: 28] is a Taqiyya (employed with) those disbelievers (who are tyrants) and not other than them. [Tafseer At-Tabari 3/153].
Taqiyyah is not permissible except out of fear of being killed, lacerated or (afflicted) with great harm. So whoever is forced to utter disbelief, then what is correct is that he remains firm and does not respond by uttering a statement of disbelief; but it is permissible to do so (as a concession whilst his heart is firm upon Imaan and not in agreement with what he has uttered due to being forced). [For further details see Tafseer Al-Qurtubi 4/57]
As for the Taqiyya employed by the raafidah heretics, then all of it is the opposite of what the pure Islamic legislation permitted; rather they hide their disbelief from the common Muslims-especially in those Muslim lands in which the Muslims are well aware of their polytheistic practices and wicked beliefs-whilst showing that they are in agreement. That is because if they manifest the filthy, wicked and vile beliefs they hold about the Sahaabah etc, every sane Muslim will boycott them. However, some of the deceitful political partisans come along and utter half-truths in order to deceive the Muslims and achieve their corrupt political ambitions.