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You are a Servant of Allāh or a Servant of Shaytān – Shaykh Fawzān

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Shaykh Al-Fawzān (hafidahullāh) said,

“The most noble of actions is worshipping Allāh (The Mighty & Majestic) alone; that you are an [obedient or submissive] servant of Allāh. Whosoever is not a servant of Allāh, he becomes a servant of Shaytān. He is a servant in all situations, either he is a servant of Allāh – worshipping Allāh alone and his heart attached to (the worship of) Allāh; or he is a servant of Shaytān. There is no way out of [these two types of] servitude.”


Shaykh Fawzān’s explanation of Igāthatul Lahfān, 1439-07-01

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Fasting Makes Performing Good Deeds Easier – Shaykh Sālih al-Fawzān

Benefits of Fasting:

Fasting makes it easier to perform acts of worship, this is evident from seeing fasting people compete and rush to perform good deeds. When not fasting, maybe they would have been lazy or found the worship difficult for them.


Shaykh Fawzān’s Ithāf Ahlul Ēmān bi Durūs Shahr Ramadhān Pg. 157

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Giving Importance to the Prayer and Perservering upon it is a Cause of Provision – Shaykh Uthaymīn

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Shaykh Shaykh Uthaymīn (rahimahullāh) explained and extracted multiple benefits from verse 132 of Surah Ta-Ha:

وَأۡمُرۡ أَهۡلَكَ بِٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَٱصۡطَبِرۡ عَلَيۡہَا‌ۖ لَا نَسۡـَٔلُكَ رِزۡقً۬ا‌ۖ نَّحۡنُ نَرۡزُقُكَ‌ۗ وَٱلۡعَـٰقِبَةُ لِلتَّقۡوَىٰ (١٣٢)

And enjoin As-Salât (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them [i.e. the Salât (prayers)]. We ask not of you a provision (i.e. to give Us something: money); We provide for you. And the good end (i.e. Paradise) is for the Muttaqûn (pious and righteous persons – see V.2:2). (Ta Ha: 132)

Benefits extracted from this verse are:

  1. The importance of the prayer.
  2. The obligation of commanding the family with the prayer, and that which they need to perform it (wudhu etc).
  3. The obligation of patiently persevering upon the prayer, even if a person endures what he endures from striving of his soul.
  4. Allah’s complete Self Sufficiency  (The Most High) of having any need of His creation, since He does not command us to seek provision from us.
  5. That giving importance, care and concern to the prayer; and patiently persevering upon it is a means of gaining provision.
  6. That having taqwa of Allāh (Mighty & Majestic) is a cause for a praiseworthy and good outcome in this life and the next.

Al-ilmām bi b’ad Āyāt al-Ahkhām Tafsīran wa Istimbātan Pgs. 54-55

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5 Categories of Patience Explained by Al-Imām Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimahullāh)

Patience falls into five categories as Al-Imām Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimahullāh) explained in his tremendous book, ‘Iddatu as-Ṣābirīn

Patience is categorised into five: Wājib (Obligatory), Mandūb (Recommended), Maḥḍhūr (Prohibited), Makrūh (Disliked) and Mubāḥ (permissible).

Obligatory Patience is of three types:

  1. Restraining oneself from the prohibited affairs. (Muḥaramāt)
  2. Perseverance upon the performance of the obligatons. (Wājibāt)
  3. Patience upon afflictions, such as illnesses, poverty etc.

Recommended Patience:

  1. Restraining oneself from the disliked actions. (Makrūhāt)
  2. Perseverance upon the recommended actions. (Mustaḥabāt)

Prohibited Patience is of types from them:

  • Restraining oneself from food and drink, to the extent that a person dies,
  • Likewise restraining oneself from carrion, blood and meat of swine at the time of starvation is prohibited if he fears death.

As for Disliked Patience, then it is of types:

  1. Restricting oneself from food and drink, clothing and intimate relations to the extent that it harms the body
  2. Restricting oneself from intimate relations with his wife, if he has the need for that and he isn’t harmed by it.
  3. Persisting upon the performance of the disliked actions. (Makrūhāt)
  4. Restricting oneself from performance of the recommended actions. (Mustaḥabāt)

Permissible Patience:

As for the Mubāḥ Ṣabr [i.e. the patience which is permissible to act upon, but one is not blameworthy for abandoning it], it is the patience that is besides those [four types], so one can either choose to act upon it or abandon it or persevere.

In summary

  • Patience upon an obligation is an obligation and refraining from an obligation is prohibited.
  • Abstaining from the impermissible is an obligation and persisting upon the impermissible is prohibited.
  • Patience upon the recommended deeds is recommended and refraining from them is disliked.
  • Abstaining from the disliked affairs is recommended and persisting upon them is disliked.
  • And Patience on the permissible affairs is permissible.

‘Iddatu as-Ṣābirīn pgs. 36-38 Dār al-Fīḥā

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The Prophet (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) was Commanded with Seeking Forgiveness, so What About Us?

Shaykh Uthaymīn (rahimahullaah) explains al-Istigfār:

The author (Imām an-Nawawi (rahimahullāh)) completed his book (Riyādh as-Sālihīn) – this tremendously beneficial book which Muslims in all corners of the world benefit from (the layperson and the students of knowledge) – with istigfār.

Al-istigfār: means to seek forgiveness, and there is not a single person except that he errs, as the Prophet (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) said,

“All of mankind err, and the best of those who err are those who repent.” (1)

And mistakes which occur from mankind, are either by way of shortcomings in the performance of an obligation or by the committing of a prohibition.

Mankind is not free from falling into these errors, however the cure of sins and shortcomings is al-istigfār (Alhamdulilāh).

And in an athar, it’s narrated that Shaytān said,

“I have destroyed the people with sins, and I have been destroyed by La Ilāha illa Allāh”

Seeking forgiveness is a means of (gaining) forgiveness, due to this, Allāh commanded with istigfār in many verses of the Qurān.

‎فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ

So know (O Muhammad SAW) that La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women. (Muhammad: 19)

So Allāh (The Most High) commanded his prophet (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) to know that there is no deity truly deserving of worship except Allah alone. And he commanded him with seeking forgiveness,

‎وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ

And this was the prophet, he who Allāh has forgiven all of his actions, yet he was still commanded to seek forgiveness.

Likewise, in many verses Allāh has praised those who seek his forgiveness;

‎وَالْمُسْتَغْفِرِينَ بِالْأَسْحَارِ

And those who pray and beg Allah’s Pardon in the last hours of the night. (Āli Imrān: 17)

They are those who seek Allah’s forgiveness in the last part of the night.

The scholars said, that they are those who establish tahajjud and stand the night in prayer, worshipping Allāh, and regard themselves to be deficient, so they ask for Allāh’s forgiveness.

This is alongside the fact that they are from those who pray tahajjud and stand the night in prayer, and they seek forgiveness fearing their shortcomings, hence it is a must for people to be plentiful in seeking Allāh’s Forgiveness (The Mighty and Majestic).


Sharh Riyādh as-Sālihīn Vol.6 Pgs. 711-713

(1) Tirmidhi 2423

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Importance of Studying the Prophet’s Biography and Benefits of Doing so – Shaykh Sālih āl Ash-Shaykh

Studying the prophet’s biography (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) and reading it, causes:

  1. The certainty of the believer to become stronger.
  2. Makes his steadfastness and perseverance upon the religion of Allah stronger.
  3. Causes the believer’s heart to be honoured due to Islam.
  4. He is ennobled by the Tawheed of Allāh.
  5. Ennobled due to what his heart contains of knowledge and awareness of Allah.
  6. Ennobled due to his belief in Muhammad (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam).
  7. And ennobled by that which Allāh sent down upon his messengers.

وَلِلَّهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

But honour, power and glory belong to Allah, His Messenger (Muhammad sallallāhu alaihi wa salam), and to the believers
(Al-Munāfiqūn: 8)

These are from the many benefits that every believer benefits from by studying the biography of The Chosen One (المصطفى) (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam).


Silsilatu al-Muhādarāt al-‘ilmiyyah Vol.4 Pgs. 506-507

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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