Salaficentre Appeal 2019

The Story behind Fasting ‘Aashoorah: Musa عليه السلام and the Pharoah

What follows is a summary of the story concerning the events that occurred at the time of Musa عليه السلام; the victory Allah provided to His messenger and the destruction of the Pharoah. It is summarised from a khutba delivered by Shaikh Mohammad bin Salih al-Uthaymeen.

“In this month of Muharram was the salvation of Musa عليه السلام and his people from Pharoah and his army. Allah سبحانه و تعالى had sent him with clear evidences and proofs upon his prophethood, yet the Pharoah was arrogant and haughty and claimed, “I am your lord, most high” [An-Naazi’aat:24]. Musa عليه السلام came to him with great signs and called him to tawhid, to the tawhid of the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth yet Pharoah said in arrogance, And what is the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)?”[Ash-Shu’ara:23]. 

Musa عليه السلام responded, Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, if you seek to be convinced with certainty.”[Ash-Shu’ara:24]. And so Pharoah mocked and belittled this statement of Musa عليه السلام by saying to those around, “Do you not hear (what he says)?” [Ash-Shu’ara:25]. So Musa عليه السلام reminded them and admonished them further and said, Your Lord and the Lord of your ancient fathers!” [Ash-Shu’ara:26]. Left speechless Pharoah then replied with a false claim, a lie, “Verily, your Messenger who has been sent to you is a madman!” [Ash-Shu’ara:27]. He later continued to threaten Musa عليه السلام  and said, If you choose an ilah (god) other than me, I will certainly put you among the prisoners.” [Ash-Shu’ara:29]. Indicating that he had many other prisoners already to frighten Musa عليه السلام into silence.

Yet Musa عليه السلام  continued thereafter to present the clear proofs until Pharoah said to him,Have you come to drive us out of our land with your magic, O Musa (Moses)? “Then verily, we can produce magic the like thereof; so appoint a meeting between us and you, which neither we, nor you shall fail to keep, in an open wide place where both shall have a just and equal chance (and beholders could witness the competition).”[At-Taha: 57-58]

And when Pharoah came with his magicians Musa عليه السلام admonished them and said, Woe unto you! Invent not a lie against Allah, lest He should destroy you completely by a torment. And surely, he who invents a lie (against Allah) will fail miserably.”[At-Taha: 61]. Musa (Moses) said to them: “Throw what you are going to throw!” So they threw their ropes and their sticks, and said: “By the might of Fir’aun (Pharaoh), it is we who will certainly win!” Then Musa (Moses) threw his stick, and behold, it swallowed up all the falsehoods which they showed!” [Ash-Shu’ara: 43-45] And so the magicians repented and believed, And the sorcerers fell down prostrate. Saying: “We believe in the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)” [Ash-Shu’ara: 46-47].

Pharoah continued upon his way and Allah stated, So when they angered Us, We punished them, and drowned them all. And We made them a precedent (as a lesson for those coming after them), and an example to later generations” [Az-Zukhruf: 55-56]. Then Allah commanded Musa عليه السلام, And indeed We inspired Musa (Moses) (saying): “Travel by night with Ibadi (My slaves) and strike a dry path for them in the sea, fearing neither to be overtaken [by Fir’aun (Pharaoh)] nor being afraid (of drowning in the sea).”[At-Taha: 77].

So Musa عليه السلام and his people exited and Pharoah was in pursuit, until they arrived at the Red Sea, Pharoah behind them and the Sea in front of them andthe companions of Musa (Moses) said: “We are sure to be overtaken.”[Ash-Shu’ara: 61]. Musa عليه السلام replied, Nay, verily! With me is my Lord, He will guide me.”[Ash-Shu’ara: 62] That was the eemaan and certainty of Musa عليه السلام. Allah inspired Musa عليه السلام to hit the Sea with his stick and it opened into 12 pathways and so they entered and crossed with the water holding like mountains as they walked upon the dry pathways. Pharoah upon seeing that entered in chase however upon entering the mountains of water collapsed upon him, And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir’aun (Pharaoh) with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook him, he said: “I believe that La ilaha illa (Huwa): (none has the right to be worshipped but) He,” in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah’s Will).” So it was said to him,Now (you believe) while you refused to believe before and you were one of the Mufsidun (evil-doers, corrupts, etc.). So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.)” [Yunus: 90-92]

And so Allah saved Musa عليه السلامand destroyed Pharoah. It is for this reason when the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم entered Madinah and found the jews to be fasting on the 10th of Muharram he asked regarding that and they replied, “It is the day Allah saved Musa and his people from their enemy [Pharoah] and so Musa fasted this day”, so the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “I am more deserving of Musa than you” and so he fasted and commanded the people to fast.

Similarly the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم stated if he lived till the upcoming year he would fast the 9th aswell to oppose the others who were fasting only the 10th as he found them. Hence it is sunnah to fast the 9th and 10th of Muharram.

Regarding the reward of fasting the day the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم stated, “It expiates the previous year of sins” [minor sins]. This should not be confused with the day of  ‘Arafah that expiates the previous year and upcoming year.


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‘Seal Ramadhaan with Istighfaar’ by Ustaadh Abu Hakeem

Bismillahi Wal Hamdullillah Was Salaatu Was Salaamu ‘alaa Rasoolillahi

Ammaa Ba’d:

With this the final day of the blessed month of Ramadhaan, no doubt it grieves us to see it end with such quickness. And it the likes of this rapid movement of time that we witness that brings to mind the like of the statement of the Sahaabi Al Jaleel Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood – Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu who said:

“I have not grieved over anything the way I grieve over a day that the sun sets, my determined period shortens, and I have not increased in my actions“

But keep in mind constantly that the affairs are by ones final actions (as occurs in an authentic hadeeth), so let the end of this month of Ramadhaan be with Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness) from Allah and Taubah (repentance).  For certainly Istighfaar is the seal of righteous actions. Allah the most high said to his Messenger – Sallallahu alaihi was Salam at the end of his life:

“When comes the help of Allah and the conquest (of Makkah), And you see that the people enter Allah’s religion in crowds,Then glorify the praise of your lord (declare him free of imperfections) and seek his forgiveness. Verily he is the one who accepts the repentance and forgives.” (Suratun Nasr)

Allah the most high similarly commands the Hujaaj (Pilgrims) when they have finished their rites to make istighfaar “Then depart from the place whence all the people depart and ask Allah for his forgiveness. Truly Allah is Oft Forgiving Most Merciful“ (Suratul Baqarah Vs 199)

And the examples of this are many.  Likewise the Salaf of this Ummah would fear their actions being rejected after their performance, as Allah informs us:

“And those who give (in charity) that which they give, with their hearts full of fear (whether their charity has been accepted or not) because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning)” (Suratul Mu’minoon Vs 60)

Where are such feelings within us as this month comes to an end? As Ali – Radhiyallahu anhu mentioned: “Be as ardent upon your actions being accepted as you are upon the performance of the action, have you not heard the statement of Allah: “Indeed Allah accepts only from those who are muttaqoon (God-fearing)”
(Suratul Maa’idah Vs 27)

May Allah accept our Fast, our salaah and our righteous actions and grant us a blessed Eid Inshallah

Wa Sallallahu Alaa Nabiyinaa Muhammad Wa ‘Alaa Aalihi Was Sahbihi Ajma’een

Abu Hakeem


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What affirms the entrance [beginning] and exit [end] of the month of Ramadan?


Shaykh Bin Baz was asked:


What affirms the entrance [beginning] and exit [end] of the month of Ramadan? And what is the ruling upon the one who sees the new moon by himself for the beginning or ending of the month?


The entrance [beginning] and exit [end] of the month is confirmed by 2 trustworthy witnesses or more, and the entrance of the month is confirmed by 1 witness alone because it is confirmed from the prophet that he said;

“…and if 2 witnesses testify then fast and break the fast”


and it is established from the prophet that he commanded the people to fast upon the testification of ibn Umar and by the testification of the bedouin, and he did not request another witness.

And the wisdom in that and Allah knows best, is caution in the religion in the entering and exiting of the month as the people of knowledge have stated. And whoever sees the new moon alone [himself] in the entering or exiting of the month but his testification is not acted upon then in that case he is to fast with the people and break his fast with the people and he is not to act upon his own witnessing of the new moon based upon the more correct opinion of the scholars due to the statement of the prophet;

“fasting is the day you all fast, and the opening of the fast is the day you all open it and the day of slaughtering is the day you all slaughter”

Majmoo Fatawa Shaykh Bin Baz volume 15 page 62

Abu Muadh Taqweem Aslam Nelson

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“I broke the fast for six days due to examinations” – Shaykh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)

The Questioner Asks

I am a woman who was forced by circumstances to break my fast for six days in the month of Ramadhaan, and the reason for that was due to examinations because they began in the month of Ramadhaan and the subjects were difficult. And had I not broken my fast during those days I would not have been able to study those subjects bearing in mind that they were very difficult. I kindly request that you benefit me with what I must do so that Allaah may forgive me.

Shaykh Uthaymeen answers:

Firstly to give consideration for doing something based on circumstances is a mistake; but what is paramount is to say ”I was forced by severe necessity or what is similar to this (statement).”

Secondly her breaking the fast during Ramadhaan due to examinations is also a mistake and it is not permissible, because she is able to revise at night and there is no necessity to break the fast. So upon her is that she repents to Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) and repeats those fasts, because she held an erroneous interpretation and did not abandon those days out of negligence.

[Source: Fataawaa Al-Mar’atil Muslima by Daar As-Sahaabah and Daar Sabeelul Mumineen compiled with the recommendation of shaikh Muhammad Al – Imaam. Page: 358. Also see Majmoo Al-Fataawaa of Shaikh Uthaymeen 19/84]

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A lady missed the fasting of Ashooraa due to her menses–Shaikh Uthaymeen

A lady fasted the 9th of Muharram and began her menses the day of Ashooraa, is it obligatory upon her to make up (the fast of Ashooraa) or is an expiation binding upon her?

From that which is well know is that fasting is not obligatory upon the Muslim except the fasting of Ramadhaan, and the fasting of Ramadhaan is one of the five pillars of Islaam, because of the statement of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم):

Islaam is built upon five: The testimony that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, the establishment of the prayer, the giving of the Zakaat, the fasting of Ramadhaan and Al Hajj to the House of Allah. (Bukhaari)

As for fast of Ashooraa it was obligatory in the first affair (i.e. beginning of Islam), then it was abrogated by the (obligatory) fasting of Ramadhaan and fasting it became voluntary—meaning: fasting Muharram whilst fasting the 10th (Ashooraa) is more emphasized than fasting the remaining days of Muharram.

And based on this we say in answer to the question of this lady:

Indeed she fasted the 9th and her intention was to fast the 10th day, however it became impossible for her because of menses, then indeed it is hoped that the reward for fasting the day of Ashoora will be written for her because she made the intention of fasting it, even if it was prevented.

And when a person intends a righteous action and hastens towards the means of obtaining it, however it became impossible for him, then his reward is written for him due to the statement of [Allaah- The Blessed the Most High]:

{ومن يخرج من بيته مهاجراً إلى الله ورسوله

ثم يدركه الموت فقد وقع أجره على الله}

And whosoever leaves his home as an emigrant unto Allah and His Messenger, and death overtakes him, his reward is then surely incumbent upon Allah. Surah An-Nisaa Verse 100

And this lady upon whom came about that which prevented her from fasting the day of Ashooraa and it was (her) menses, then it is not legislated for her to make up the day of Ashooraa because the fasting of Ashooraa is a Sunnah and restricted to its day.

Therefore, if a preventative legislated (Islamic ruling) occurred, there is no making up for it because it is a Sunnah and it’s time has elapsed.


Translated by: Abu-Abdir-Razzaaq (Amjad Khan)

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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