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[2] Some Few Important Rulings concerning Eed and the Eed Sacrifice

The Takbeer:

The Takbeer is legislated from the dawn of the day of Arafah and during the Ayyaam At-Tashreeq (i.e. 11th to 13th Dhul Hijjah) to Asr time on the 13th of Dhul Hijjah.  Allaah (The Most High) said: [وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْدُودَاتٍ ]— ”And remember Allah during the appointed Days.” [Soorah Baqarah: Ayah: 203]  The manner in which the Takbeer is performed is: [الله أكبر الله أكبر، لا إله إلا الله، والله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد].  It is prescribed for the men to raise their voices with the Takbeer in the Masaajid, the houses and after the five daily obligatory prayers.  This is done to exalt Allaah and to manifest singling Him out in worship and thanking Him.

 

Bath on the day of Eed

One takes a bath and only men are to wear perfume.  The men should also wear their best clothes but neither going into extravagance nor dragging their garments below their ankles and shaving their beards.

 

Eating From the Eed Sacrifice:

One eats from the Eed sacrifice, because the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) did not use to eat until he returned from the Musalla and ate from the Eed sacrifice. [Zaadul Ma-aad: 1/441]

 

Walking to the Musalla (i.e. place of prayer)
One walks to Musalla if that is easy.  The Sunnah is to pray Eed in the Musalla except if there is an excuse not to do so, such as rain etc.  It is also recommended to stay for the Eed khutbah and to supplicate for the Muslims.  Likewise, one takes a different road whilst returning from the Eed prayer, because this was an action of the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam).

 

Eed Greeting:

It is permissible to greet one another after Eed, because this has been established from some of the Sahaabah.  Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) said that there is no particular defined Eed greeting; rather this is left to the people as long as such greeting does not involve sin.  Likewise, he (rahimahullaah) said that there is no harm in shaking hands and embracing one another because these are affairs the people have taken as a custom these days and they are not done as acts of worship or as a means of getting close to Allaah.

And Allaah knows best


This article paraphrased from an article compiled by Ustaadh Abu Usaamah Sameer  Al-Jazaa-iree (may Allaah reward him) http://www.ahlos-sunnah.com/matwyat Also see link: www.sahab.net: see link:  http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=132870

 

 

 

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Buying a “Sacrifice” via Various Charitable Organisations to be Slaughtered Abroad for the Poor?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

It is a common practice for Charity Organisations to advertise and offer “sacrifices” to be done abroad and distributed to the poor in exchange for a fee to cover the costs of the slaughtering. Many individuals who desire to sacrifice engage in this activity and perhaps find a greater degree of ease in simply buying a “sacrifice” from a Charity who will slaughter on their behalf abroad for the poor.

The following is the fatwa of Shaikh al-Fawzan on this issue:

Q: “A fatwa has spread from you in recent times that paying money to Charity Organisations for the slaughtering [to be done on your behalf] is against the Sunnah? What’s your opinion on this oh Shaikh?”

A: “Yes I say this now, The legislated sacrifice is done in the household [i.e. by the by person himself in his country], the household of the one slaughtering, amongst his children, and amongst his neighbours, the one slaughtering eats from it, him and his children, and they give it in charity [distribute it] and give it as a gift…so they are to be slaughtered in the houses, in the houses of the muslims [i.e. done yourselves and not abroad] so that the household obtains its benefits, apparent and concealed.

However if it slaughtered in some other place [abroad] then these distinctions that the slaughtering was prescribed for are lost; as for an individual who wishes to give it in charity [i.e. those who may claim that the poor will benefit from the sacrifice abroad more than us, which may be true] then give in charity generally [i.e. send money abroad to them in any case any time] – as for the specific acts of worship then they are to remain as they have been prescribed. Indeed the prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم would sacrifice in his household, and the companions would sacrifice in their households and they never sent money outside or abroad for animals to be bought and slaughtered there, since that causes the benefits of slaughtering to be forfitted, so indeed it is a rite of Islam [prescribed in a particular way to be done].

[vis Sahab]

This should clarify the affair; for indeed many are always confused as to why it is better to do it yourselves in your locations rather than send to the poor abroad, the Shaikh clarifies it is an Islamic Rite prescribed to be done yourselves and not abroad, as for the poor abroad then no-one has prevented you from aiding them and being charitable since you are free to send whatever amount of money and food as you wish abroad at whatever time – ‘Eid or otherwise -, however the rite of islam in terms of the slaughtering is not to be specified, that is to be done yourselves and distributed within family and neighbours etc.

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[1] Some Few Important Rulings concerning Eed and the Eed Sacrifice

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

 

Ayyaam An-Nahr (i.e. the days of sacrifice/slaughtering) are four: [1] The day of Eed and [2] The three days after that.

According to Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) the Eed sacrifice is a Sunnah Mu-akkadah [i.e. the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) performed it continuously, but did not make it an obligation)].

 

The Eed sacrifice is only legislated for those who are alive.  It is neither reported from the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) nor from his companions (radiyallaahu-anhum) that they exclusively slaughtered on behalf of the dead, rather men used to slaughter the Eed sacrifice for their households. [For further clarification, see article on this link: http://salaficentre.com/2012/10/rulings-regarding-the-slaughtering-sh-ibn-baz-and-sh-ibn-ul-uthaymeen/]

 

Conditions to be fulfilled:

Firstly: The animal to be slaughtered has to be a camel and other cattle (such as sheep, goat).  If a horse is slaughtered, it will not be accepted; because it is not from those types of animals to be slaughtered for the Eed sacrifice.  The evidence for this is the statement of the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam): ‘’whoever performs an action that is not from this affair of ours (i.e. the Qur’an and the Sunnah) will have it rejected’’

 

Secondly: The animal has to be a particular age:  Sheep: It should be at least six months old.  Cow: It should be at least two years old.  Camel: It should be at least five years old.

 

Thirdly: The animal should be free from obvious defects.  The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: There are four (animals) that cannot be offered as sacrifice: [1] The one-eyed animal whose defect is clearly visible; [2] a sick animal whose sickness is clearly visible; [3] a disabled animal whose disability is clearly visible; [4] an emaciated animal that has no fat around its bones (i.e. due to illness)’’

 

Fourthly: The Eed sacrifice should be offered after the Eed salaah and within the days of Eed (i.e. the days of Eed are the day of the prayer and the consecutive three days after it)

 

The one who intends to offer the Eed sacrifice should not remove any of his bodily hair until after the slaughtering.  And concerning the opinion that the one slaughtering on behalf of someone is like the one that deputised him and he is also not to remove any of his bodily hair, then  this opinion is weak; because the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: ‘’When you sight the new moon of Dhul Hijjah, and if anyone of you wishes to offer the sacrifice, then he should not remove anything from his hair or nails until he has offered his sacrifice;’’ but he (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) did not say:  ‘’Or the one who slaughters on his behalf’’

 

To be continued……Inshaa-Allaah

This article was paraphrased from an article posted at www.sahab.net: see link: http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=132870


Visit the links for other beneficial posts about Eed and the Eed Sacrifice:

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=10&Topic=3134

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=10&Topic=11619

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=16&Topic=3159

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=6&Topic=9722

http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=10&Topic=9091

 

 

 

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Do Not Forget This Business Transaction!!!

Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq al-Badr (may Allaah preserve him) said:

Indeed, it is the common practice of the business men of the world not to miss the big (trading) seasons; rather they make perfect preparations to bring goods, display merchandize, spend time and make great efforts.  And this (first ten days of Dhul Hijjah and the pilgrimage season) is a lucrative season for the trading of the afterlife and a perfect turning to Allaah [The Most High) in (obedience, submission, performance of good deeds, keeping away from sin, repentance etc.)


http://www.al-badr.net/web/index.php?page=page&action=view&pageid=9

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Rulings Regarding the Slaughtering – Sh.Ibn Baz and Sh.Ibn ul-Uthaymeen

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

There is often much discussion and questioning that arises upon the issue of slaughtering, particularly on behalf of those family members who have passed away. This article will mention in a brief and summarised form some of the affairs linked to that from the speech of Shaikh bin Baz and Shaikh ibn ul-Uthaymeen رحمهما الله insha’Allah.

Firstly, as Shaikh bin Baz mentioned, the actual act of slaughtering is a highly recommended Sunnah, and not an obligation in the opinion of many of the people of knowledge. It is an act an individual should do on behalf of himself and his household.

The individual intending it cannot take from his hair, nails or skin from the beginning of Dhul-Hijja until he slaughters [hadith of Umm Salama with almost identical wording in Saheeh Muslim].

If however the individual does not slaughter the animal himself and instead appoints someone on his behalf, perhaps some type of butcher or slaughter house, or abroad [although not recommended by some scholars to have it done abroad, since the purpose of the slaughtering is not merely feeding the poor, in that instance everyone is able to send money as charity abroad any time, rather the slaughtering is a symbolic act in Islam which has benefits to the one slaughtering himself too, since it is Sunnah for the one slaughtering to eat from it himself and give to his relatives and neighbours], then in that case it is still the one who pays for the slaughtering that cannot take from his nails, hair and skin – as for the butcher or slaughter house people then they are free to do as they please regarding their hair, nails and skin since they are not the one intending the slaughter and paying for it, they are simply carrying out the act on behalf of someone else [Shaikh bin Baz].

Clearly as the Sunnah states, the individual slaughters for himself and his household, one slaughtering encompasses them all. However the issue at hand is regarding those who have passed away from the household; are they able to receive the reward for the slaughtering and therefore be included in the intention?

Shaikh ibn ul-Uthaymeen mentions this  issue can be sectioned into 3 categories:

1 – Slaughtering on behalf of a deceased individual who had actually given councel [stated in their “will”] to have a slaughtering done for them from their wealth; in this instance it is done and implemented as the deceased wished and is actually obligatory to carry out.

2 – An individual slaughters for himself and his family who are alive and present within his household, and within that also intends members that have passed away for the reward; once again this is correct and permissible.

3 – An individual slaughters specifically and exclusively on behalf of a deceased individual without including his living family in the intention or having any will upon that from the deceased; this issue is the point of discussion between the people of knowledge.

Shaikh ibn ul-Uthaymeen states that it has not been evidenced from the Salaf-us-Salih that they ever slaughtered independantly and exclusively for a deceased individual in this manner, rather the correct way is to slaughter normally for yourself and your living and present household and within that have the intention for the deceased members to receive the reward too, the father or mother etc. Although the Shaikh does not say that doing it exclusively is haraam or innovation, but instead states it is better to stick to the Sunnah as it has been evidenced.

Some scholars have stated however that perhaps slaughtering on behalf of the deceased exclusively could be viewed as a form of charity, or at the very least be comparable to charity and therefore permissible, although Shaikh ibn ul-Uthaymeen states in that case it is a stronger act to simply give in charity rather than opting for an alternative action that is only “comparable” and not the same. In conclusion therefore, Shaikh Uthaymeen views that it should not be done exclusively for the deceased.

[Sources, Fatawa of ibn Baz and Ibn Uthaymeen, also available on the official websites]

 

 

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Most Virtuous – Last 10 of Ramadan or 1st 10 of Dhul Hijja?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Allah سبحانه و تعالى has favoured certain times and places over others, and the servants have been encouraged to increase in their worship and obedience to benefit from the additional virtues of such times. However a question has been posed from times of old; Which is more virtuous – the last 10 of Ramadan or the 1st 10 of Dhul-Hijja?

Ibn ul-Qayyim stated, “So if you were to ask which 20 are the best? [i.e. days with nights – the last 10 days and nights of Ramadan or the 1st 10 days and nights of Dhul Hijja], then the correct statement is to say that the last 10 nights of Ramadan are better than the 1st 10 nights of Dhul Hijja, however the 1st 10 days of Dhul Hijja are better than the last 10 days of Ramadan”.

Ibn Kathir stated,”Generally it has been said regarding these 10 days of Dhul Hijja that they are the best days of the year as the hadith stated, and many [scholars] preferred them over the last 10 of Ramadan. That is because the same affairs are legislated in these days of Dhul Hijja as the last 10 of Ramadan in terms of prayer and fasting and charity etc [so they are similar in that sense] however there is a distinguishing factor for the days of Dhul Hijja and that is the performance of Hajj in them.

Although it has [also] been said [in another opinion] that the last 10 of Ramadan are better because within them is the Night of Decree [laylat ul-Qadr].

However some [scholars] took a middle course in this and stated that the first 10 days of Dhul Hijja are better than the last 10 days of Ramadan, and that the last 10 nights of Ramadan are better than the nights of Dhul Hijja – and in this manner the evidences are combined”.

 

[via Sahab]

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