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Expiation For Sexual Intercourse During Fasting – from Sahih Al Bukhari with Shaykh Bin Baaz Fatwa

Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullaah) said: in the Chapter:

Can a person who has had sexual intercourse (with his wife) in Ramadaan feed his family from things given as expiation of his sin if they are needy?

Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiyallaahu-anhu):

A man came to the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) and said:”I had sexual intercourse with my wife in Ramadaan [While observing fasting].” The Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) asked him: ”Can you afford manumit a slave?” He replied in the negative. The Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) asked him:”Can you observe fast for two successive months?” He replied in the negative. He asked him:”Can you afford to feed sixty poor persons?” He replied in the negative. (Abu Hurairah added): Then a basket full of dates was brought to the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) and he said (to that man),”Feed (poor people) with this on your behalf (by way of expiation).” He said, ”(Should I feed it) to poorer people than we? There is no poorer house than ours between its (Al-Madeenah’s) mountains.” The Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said:”Then feed your family with it.” (1)

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz (rahimahullaah) said:

(a) The man blamed himself.

(b) Expiation is incumbent upon the one who has sexual intercourse in Ramadaan (i.e. during the day/s of fasting), as it is apparent that he has to free a slave.  And if he is unable to do so, then he has to fast two consecutive months; and if he is unable to do so, then he has to feed sixty poor people; and if he is unable to do so, then the (obligation) is cancelled.

(c) And (what) if he repeats sexual intercourse on (different) days and did not (perform) expiation?   Answer: He must perform expiation for each day.

*And if he repeats sexual intercourse on a single day, then he has to perform one expiation.

(d) Expiation is incumbent upon a woman if she (willingly) complied; and if she was forced and compelled, then (expiation is not) incumbent upon her.

(1) Saheeh Al-Bukhaari: Book of As-Sawm: vol: 3, Hadeeth Number: 1937: Translator: Muhsin Khan]

For further details, see: Al-Hulalul Ibreeziyyah Min At-Taleeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Saheeh Al-Bukhaariy: Vol: 2: page: 139: Footnote: 1

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Do You Stop Eating Whilst the Adhaan is Being Called or After it has Been Called? -Shaikh Abdullaah Bin Muhammad Bin Humaid

Question: When does the one who (intends) to fast stop eating and drinking; it is whilst the Adhaan (of Fajr) is being called or after the Adhaan has been called?

Answer: The Islamic legislation commands cessation of (eating and drinking) when fajr arrives (i.e. when a person is certain that Fajr has entered), whether before the Adhaan or after the Adhaan (i.e. whether he hears the Adhaan being called after he is already certain that fajr has entered or whether he heard it thereafter after already being certain that it has entered). That is because Allaah said:

“And eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Saum (fast) till the nightfall.”
[Surah Al-Baqara: Ayah: 187]

However, the common practice is that the Mu-adh-dhin does not call the Adhaan except when fajr arrives. So when it is the case that it has being legislated to (cease eating and drinking) when the Adhaan is called, then it is incumbent to stop and not eat. Therefore, resolve to stop eating when the Adhaan begins, because in the majority of cases the Mu-adh-dhin does not call the Adhaan except when fajr arrives, especially the Mu-adh-dhin of Masjid Al-haraam (i.e. the Kabah).

[Source: Al-Fataawaa Wad-Duroos Fil-Masjid Al-Haraam of Shaikh Abdullaah Bin Muhammad Bin Humaid (rahimahullaah) page:473-474]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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