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Naseehah – [A Brief Faa’idah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] said:

The meaning of ‘Naseehah’ is Al-Khuloos [purity]. It is said that something is ‘Naasih’ meaning: It is free from deceit. And it is said: ‘Asalun Naasihun’ [Pure Honey]; Labanun Naasihun [Pure Milk]- meaning: Free from deceit and bad mixtures. This is how it is [with regards] to the religion of Islaam, for indeed it is free from every falsehood and deception, cheating and treachery. It is a pure and unadulterated religion. Likewise, the Muslim’s apparent [affairs] are the same as his hidden [affairs]- upon purity and safe from evil manners, treachery, betrayal and other than that. As for the one who cheats, deceives and plots, or his apparent [affairs] are in opposition to his hidden [affairs], this trait is not from the Religion. [Source: An Excerpt from ‘Minhatur-Rabbaaniyyah Fee Sharhi Ar-ba’een An-Nawawiyyah’- page 12]

 

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An Affair That Should Make Us Shy In The Presence of Allaah When The Nafs Inclines Towards Sin

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَلَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَا ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ وَنَعۡلَمُ مَا تُوَسۡوِسُ بِهِۦ نَفۡسُهُ ۥ‌ۖ وَنَحۡنُ أَقۡرَبُ إِلَيۡهِ مِنۡ حَبۡلِ ٱلۡوَرِيدِ

إِذۡ يَتَلَقَّى ٱلۡمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ ٱلۡيَمِينِ وَعَنِ ٱلشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ۬

مَّا يَلۡفِظُ مِن قَوۡلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيۡهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ۬

And indeed We have created man, and We know what his ownself whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge). (Remember!) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being after he or she has attained the age of puberty), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions). Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it). [50:16-18]

Few Reminders from the above Aayaat:

Allaah [The Most High] informed us that He alone created human beings-males and females- and He knows all their state of affairs. He knows everything that is hidden about them and what their own souls whisper to them. Allaah [The Most High] is nearer to them than their jugular veins by His knowledge, even though the jugular vein is the closest thing to the human. Therefore, this should make the human being mindful of Allaah -the One Who knows all the hidden affairs in the soul and heart of the human being in all circumstances. This should also make the human being shy in the presence of Allaah -that he [or she] is not seen committing what Allaah has forbidden or abandoning what Allaah has commanded. [An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’. Slightly paraphrased]

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The Prophet Nurtured The Ummah Upon Truthfulness- [A Brief Admonition By Shaikh Rabee]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Al-Allaama Rabee Bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee [may Allaah preserve him] said:

Through [Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasalam], Allaah removed us from the darkness of Shirk, Fawaahish [i.e. lewdness, indecency, licentiousness, immorality] and Bidah; and evil deeds and bad manners, [such as] lying, deceit, quackery, trickery etc. And He [purified us] with pure [Islamic] monotheism and strong sincere Eemaan.

He [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] nurtured us upon truthfulness and took the oath of allegiance from us that we speak the truth wherever we may be, and He warned us against lies and evil deeds.

And from the recompense [given] to a liar is that which has been reported from the noble Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam]- the person of high moral character- who said: ‘’I saw [in a dream]- two men came to me.’’ Then the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasalam] said, ‘’They said, ‘the person- the one whose cheek you saw being torn away [from the mouth to the ear] was a liar and used to tell lies and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread [that lie] all over the world. So he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.’’ [Reported by Imaam Al-Bukhaari: Number: 6096]

How numerous are those who tell lies today against the carries of Salafiyyah and its callers! They hinder men from the path of Allaah by way of these lies, [in order] to aid falsehood, spurious [stances, ideas, views etc], bidah, [views, stances, beliefs, ideas etc] that are destructive to the sound creed, [the sound] methodology and  virtuous manners.

[An Excerpt from ‘Al-Awaasim Mimmaa Fee Kutub Sayyid Qutb Minal-Qawaasim: page 4-5. slightly paraphrased]

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It May Be That You Dislike a Thing Which is Good For You and Like a Thing Which is Bad For You. Allah knows but you do not know 

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Alaah [The Most High] said:

وَعَسَىٰٓ أَن تَكۡرَهُواْ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَهُوَ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّڪُمۡ‌ۖ وَعَسَىٰٓ أَن تُحِبُّواْ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَهُوَ شَرٌّ۬ لَّكُمۡ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ وَأَنتُمۡ لَا تَعۡلَمُونَ

And it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.” [AI-Baqarah, 2:216]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: There is for the servant -in this Aayah- a number of insightful guidelines, underlying benefits and advantages [of submitting to Allaah’s decisions]; for indeed if he knows that Al-Makrooh [i.e. what is hated] can bring forth Al-Mahboob [i.e. what is beloved], and vice versa, then neither would he feel safe from the harm that might occur from something that makes him happy nor would he lose hope whilst expecting a final source of happiness from a situation of harm. That is because he does not have [infinite] knowledge of the Awaaqib [i.e. the final outcomes], but Allaah knows that which he does not know.

There is nothing more beneficial for him than fulfilling Allaah’s commands, even if it is difficult for him in the beginning and his soul dislikes it, because all its end results will be good – a means to happiness, pleasure and joy. Likewise, there is nothing more harmful for him than doing what he has been forbidden, even if his soul desires and inclines towards it, for indeed all its end results [will lead to] pain, grief, evil and calamities. A distinguishing characteristic of [sound] intellect is that it prefers to bear little pain whose end results will lead to great enjoyment and abundant good, and it avoids that little enjoyment whose end results will lead to great pain and prolonged evil. The observations of an ignorant person do not permit him to [pay attention to the true or real] goals behind events that occur from the very beginning of an affair; but as for the sensible smart person, he always looks at the [true or real] goals behind those events. He looks at the praiseworthy and unpraiseworthy goals that are not obvious [to the ignorant one]. He sees what is forbidden as tasty food that is mixed with deadly poison; therefore, whenever he is urged towards eating that food due to its tastiness, he is turned away due to the poison in it. As for the commandments, he sees them as bitter medication that will lead to physical well-being and cure. Therefore, whenever he is turned away from the medication due to its bitterness, he is then urged towards it due to its benefits.

However, this requires outstanding knowledge by way of which a person can perceive the [praiseworthy and unpraiseworthy goals] behind those events that occur from the very beginning of an affair, as well as firm patience that would enable him to bear the difficulties upon the path towards achieving the expected goals. If he does not have certainty and patience, it would be difficult for him to achieve that; but if he has firm certainty and patience, he would be facilitated with ease whilst bearing every difficulty in his pursuit of everlasting good and enjoyment. [Source: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Fawaa’id’ pages 203-204. paraphrased] [Your feedback is welcome to improve the content of this article Jazaakumullaahu Khayran]

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Two Amazing Parables About The Nafs – [By Imaam Al-Aajurree and Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahumallaah] – Explained By Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Al-Aajuree [rahimahullaah] said:

وأنا أمثل لك مثالا لا يخفى عليك أمرها إن شاء االله : اعلم أن النفس مثلها كمثل المهر الحسن من الخيل ، إذا نظرإليه الناظر أعجبه حسنه وهباؤه ، فيقول أهل البصيرة به : لا ينتفع هبذا حتى يراض رياضة حسنة ، ويؤدب أدبا حسنا ، فحينئذ ينتفع به ، فيصلح للطلب والهرب ، ويحمد راكبهعواقب تأديبه ورياضته . فإن لم يؤدب لم ينتفع بحسنه ولا ببهائه ، ولا يحمد راكبهعواقبهعند الحاجة . فإن قيل صاحبهذا المهر قول أهل النصيحة والبصيرة به ،علم أن هذا قول صحيح فدفعه إلى رائض فراضه . ثم لا يصلح أن يكون الرائض إلا عالما بالرياضة ، معه صبر على ما معه من علم الرياضة ، فإن كان معه بالرياضةونصحه انتفع به صاحبه ، فإن كان الرائض لا معرفة معه بالرياضة ، ولا علم بأدب الخيل ، أفسد هذا المهر وأتعب نفسه ، ولم يحمد راكبهعواقبه ، وإن كان الرائض معه معرفة الرياضة والأدب للخيل إلا أنه مع معرفته لم يصبر على مشقة الرياضة ، وأحب الترفيه لنفسه ،وتوانى عما وجب عليه ، من النصيحة في الرياضة ، أفسد هذا المهر ، وأساء إليه ، ولم يصلح للطلب ، ولا للهرب ، وكان له منظربلا مخبر ، فإن كان مالكه هو الرائض له ، ندمعلى توانيه يوم لا ينفعه الندم ، حين نظر إلى غيره في وقت الطلب ، قد طلب فأدرك ،وفي وقت الهرب قد هرب فسلم ، وطلب فهو لم يدرك ، وهرب فلم يسلم ، كل ذلك بتوانيه ، وقلة صبره بعد معرفته منه ، ثم أقبل على نفسه يلومها ويبخها ، فيقول : لم فرطت ؟ لم قصرت ؟ ، لقد عادعلي من قلة صبرى كل ما أكره . واالله المستعان . اعقلوا رحمكم االله علم هذا المثل ، وتفقهوا به ، تفلحوا وتنجحوا ، وقد قلت في هذا المثل أبياتا تشبه هذا المثل : أرى النفس هتوى ما تريد وفي متابعتي لهاعطب شديد تقول وقد ألحت في هواها مرادي كل ما أهوى أريد فأمنحها نصحي لكي تنزجر فتأبى وربي على ذي شهيد فإن أنا تابعتها ندمت وخفت العقوبة يوم الوعيد فإن كنت للنفس يا ذا محبا فقيد ، ولو بقيد الحديد ورضها رياضة مهر يراض بالسوط ، والسوط سوط حديد يمنعه الرائض ما يشتهي يريد بالمنعصلاحا وفهما يريد يحمده الراكب يوم اللقى والخيل في الحرب وجهد جهيد قال أبو بكر : وقد روي في معنى ما قلت من هذه الأمثال ، وآثارا تدل على ما قلت ، فأنا ذاكرها ؛ ليعتبرها من تدبرها

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:

النفس جبل عظيم شاق في طريق العبودية
وقال ابن القيم: النفس حجاب بين العبد وبين الله لا يصل إلى الله حتى يقطع هذا الحجاب، وهي جبل عظيم شاق في طريق السير إلى الله عز وجل، وكل سائر لا طريق له إلا على ذلك الجبل، فلا بد أن ينتهي إليه، ولكن منهم من هو شاق عليه ومنهم من هو سهل عليه وإنه ليسير على من يسره الله عليه.
وفي ذلك الجبل أودية وشعوب وعقبات ووهود وشوك وعوسج وعُليق وشبرق، ولصوص يقطعون الطريق على السائرين ولا سيما أهل الليل المدلجين، فإذا لم يكن معهم عُدد الإيمان ومصابيح اليقين تَنْقِد بزيت الإخبات وإلا تعلقت بهم تلك الموانع وتشبّثت بهم تلك القواطع وحالت بينهم وبين السير.
فإن أكثر السائرين فيه رجعوا على أعقابهم لما عجزوا عن قطعه واقتحام عقباته.
والشيطان على قلّة ذلك الجبل يُحذّر الناس من صعوده وارتفاعه ويخوفهم منه، فيتّفق مشقة الصعود وقعود ذلك المُخوِّف على قُلَّته

وضعف عزيمة السائر ونيته، فيتولّد من ذلك: الإنقطاع والرجوع والمعصوم من عصمه الله.
وكلما رقى السائر في ذلك الجبل اشتد به صياح القاطع وتحذيره وتخويفه.
فإذا قطعه وبلغ قٌلّته: انقلبت تلك المخاوف كلهن أماناً، وحينئذ يسهل السير، وتزول عنه عوارض الطريق ومشقة عقباتها ويرى طريقاً واسعاً آمناً يُفضي به إلى المنازل والمناهل، وعليه الأعلام، وفيه الإقامات قد أُعدّت لركب الرحمن.
فبين العبد وبين السعادة والفلاح قوة عزيمة وصبر ساعة وشجاعة نفس وثبات قلب، والفضل بيد الله يؤتيه من يشاء والله ذو الفضل العظيم

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Akhlaaq -[i.e. Moral Character or Behaviour That Is Either Part of Natural Disposition Or Nurtured In a Person]- Has Limits

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:

Akhlaaq [i.e. moral character, behaviour which are either part of a person’s natural disposition or nurtured in him or her] have limits. Transgression occurs when one goes beyond its limits and deficiency and humiliation occurs when one falls short.

The limits of Anger are: Praiseworthy bravery and having a dislike for despicable and deficient [behaviour etc.]. This is its perfection; but when one goes beyond its limits, the person transgresses and oppresses; and if his anger is deficient, he’ll behave in a cowardly manner and will not detest despicable [behaviour etc.].

The limits of Eagerness are: To obtain what suffices one’s [needs] in the worldly affairs and employ the [means] to reach them. Humiliation and a waste of [valuable time or opportunity] occurs when a person lacks eagerness; but when he goes beyond its limits, it leads to vehement greed and unpraiseworthy desire.

The limits of Envy are: [Praiseworthy] competition in seeking after perfection and not wanting the other competitor to excel you; [but] if a person goes beyond its limits, it leads to jealous animosity and oppression by way of which a person wishes that the one he envies is deprived of blessings and is eager to harm him. And if a person lacks [what is required of it], it leads to disesteem and a weakness in one’s ambition. The Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: ‘’There should be no envy except in two [people]: a person whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it in the right way, and a person whom Allah has given wisdom [i.e. religious knowledge] and he judges by way of it and teaches it to the others.”  This type of envy [necessitates praiseworthy] competition between one another and the Haasid [i.e. the one who is envious of his or her competitor] seeks -by way of it- to be similar to the one he envies, whilst not [harbouring that] despised envy which [necessitates that he] wishes that the blessings bestowed upon the envied one should cease to exist.

The limits of Desires are: [Desires are a means] of relaxation for the heart and intellect after exerting oneself in acts of obedience and seeking to accomplish virtuous deeds. However, when a person goes beyond its limits, it leads to a strong and barely uncontrollable emotion and lewdness, and thus the person descends to the level of animals. However, when a person is lacking in desire and does not [utilised it as a means] of seeking after perfection and virtue, it leads to weakness, impotence and humiliation.

The limits of Relaxation are: It gives renewed strength to the self and strengthens one’s mental ability, in order to facilitate [him with the ability] to carry out acts of obedience and accomplish virtuous deeds, and so that one is not weakened by toil and tiredness. However, when a person goes beyond its limits, it leads to unenthusiasm, laziness, waste [of time and opportunity] and many beneficial affairs of a person are missed due to that. And when a person lacks sufficient relaxation, it harms his strength and may even become enfeebled [by way of it].

The limits of Generosity are between two extremes; when one goes beyond its limits, it leads to extravagance and squander. And when a person is lacking in generosity, it leads to miserliness and tightfistedness.

The limits of Bravery: When a person goes beyond its limits, it leads to recklessness; and when a person lacks bravery, it leads to cowardice and weakness. Its limit is to take action during occasions in which such action is required and to refrain when not required.

The limits of Jealousy: When one goes beyond its limits, it leads to false accusation and [unjustified] evil suspicion against one who is free from blame. And when one lacks jealousy, it leads to heedlessness and a lack of giving importance to one’s honour.

The limits of Humility: When one goes beyond its limits, it leads to indignity and humiliation. And when one lacks humility, it leads to pride and boasting.

Honour has limits. When a person goes beyond its limits, it leads to pride. And when a person lacks honour, it leads to humiliation and indignity.

What gives an upright balance to all these affairs? Justice provides a precise and upright balance for [all the above-mentioned qualities] and this necessitates that a person adheres to the balanced path ordained by the Islamic legislation-the path that is free from exaggeration and negligence. All beneficial affairs of the worldly life and the afterlife are based on this; rather physical well-being cannot be achieved except by way of it, because when some of the elements of the human body are distanced from its appropriate balance -either due to exceeding its limits or falls short – it loses its well-being and strength in accordance with the degree of [this imbalance]. Likewise, when those natural acts, such as sleep, staying up late at night, eating, drinking, sexual intercourse, movement, recreation, seclusion, keeping company with the people and other than that are performed with moderation – neither being excessive nor lacking in what is required – it is regarded to be [upright, appropriate, balanced]; but when a person deviates to one of the two extremes, it is regarded to be a deficiency and will have deficient end results.

And among the most noble and beneficial sciences is the knowledge regarding the hudood [the appropriate limits], especially the divine limits-the commands and prohibitions [ordained by Allaah (The Most High) and His Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam)]. The most knowledgeable people are those who have the most knowledge regarding those divine limits, hence they neither include- within those limits- that which is not from them nor remove that which is included in them. Allaah [The Most High] said:

ٱلۡأَعۡرَابُ أَشَدُّ ڪُفۡرً۬ا وَنِفَاقً۬ا وَأَجۡدَرُ أَلَّا يَعۡلَمُواْ حُدُودَ مَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِ

The bedouins are the worst in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more likely to be in ignorance of the limits (Allah’s Commandments and His Legal Laws, etc.) which Allah has revealed to His Messenger. [Soorah At-Tawbah’ Aayah 97]

Therefore, the most just, balanced and upright people are those who stay within the limits of the Akhlaaq, actions and the deeds legislated in the Islamic legislation- in knowledge and practice.


[Source: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Fawaa’id page 207- 209’. slightly paraphrased]. Your feedback is welcome to improve the content of this article BaarakAllaahu Feekum

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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