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Contemplation On Aayah 55 Surah Al-An’aam – [By Imaam Ibnul Qayyim]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَكَذَٲلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ ٱلۡأَيَـٰتِ وَلِتَسۡتَبِينَ سَبِيلُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ

And thus do We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, that the way of the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners), may become manifest. [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 55]

Who Are The Most Knowledge Amongst The Creation?

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:

Those who know Allaah, His Book and His Religion are acquainted with the path of the believers and that of the criminals in detail- the two paths are clearly visible to them, just as a path leading to its destination and the path leading to destruction are made clearly visible. They are the most knowledgeable amongst the creation, the ones that benefit [the people] the most, the ones with the most useful advice for [the people] and they are an evidence of right guidance.

What is One of Those Reasons That Has Given The Sahaabah Virtue Over Everyone Until Yawmul Qiyaamah?

This is why the Sahaabah have excelled all those to come after them until the Day of Judgment, for indeed they were brought up upon the path of misguidance, shirk and paths leading to destruction, and they knew them in detail.  Then the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] came to them and took them out from darkness into complete light- out from shirk [and entered them] into Tawheed; out from ignorance [and into] knowledge; out from misguidance [and] into guidance; out from oppression [and] into justice; out from confusion and blindness [and] into guidance and clear sightedness. They knew the worth of that which they received and were triumphant by way of it.  [They knew the worth] of that which was contained in what they [received], since what is in opposition to the [truth and right guidance] reveals the goodness of what it opposes,  because [upright] affairs are made clear by way of their opposites. So they increased in desire and love of that which they embraced, disliked and hated that which they had turned away from. And of all the people, they had the most love for Tawheed, Imaan and Islaam, and had the most hatred for that which was in opposition to it.  They were the most knowledgeable of the path in detail.

What Is One of Those Weaknesses That Led to The Bidah of The Jahmiyyah, the Qadariyyah, the Khawaarij, the Rawaafid and their ilk?

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: As for those who came after the Sahaabah, amongst them is that one who was brought up in Islaam but knows not what is in opposition to it. Therefore, some of the details of the path of the believers and that of the criminals became confusing to him, for indeed confusion occurs due to the weakness of one’s knowledge regarding both paths or one of them, as Umar Ibnul Khattaab [radiyallaahu-anhu] said: ‘The bonds of Islaam will be undone one after the other when a people who grew up in Islaam know not what Jaahiliyyah [Pre-Islamic Ignorance] is.’’ This [statement shows an aspect of] Umar’s perfect knowledge [of Islaam].

And there is that one who is neither acquainted with the path of the criminals nor has it been made clear to him, or he has doubts and thus thinks that some of their ways are from the ways of the believers. This has occurred in this Ummah in many affairs of Aqeedah, Knowledge and Action regarding the path of the criminals, the disbelievers and the enemies of the Messengers, [which] was brought into the path of the believers by the one who does not know the [detailed distinction between] the path of believers and the path of the criminals, so he called to [this path], excommunicate the one in opposition and declares lawful that which Allaah and His Messenger made unlawful, just as what has occurred with many of the people of bidah, such as the Jahmiyyah, the Qadariyyah, the Khawaarij, the Rawaafid and their ilk- among those who initiated an innovation, called to it and excommunicated those who opposed it.

How Many Groups Are The People Categorized Into Regarding Their Knowledge of The Path of The Criminals (i.e. the Disbelievers) and The Path of The Believers?

The people are four categories in this subject matter [i.e. the obligation of having knowledge of the path of the believers and that of the criminals in detail]

The First Group: They are those who know the path of the believers and that of the criminals in detail-in both knowledge and action; they are the most knowledgeable amongst the creation.

The Second Group: They are those to whom both paths are invisible- those resembling animals.  The path of the criminals is conjured for them and they follow it.

The Third Group: It is that one who concerns himself with (seeking) knowledge of the path of the believers and not its opposite.  He only knows (the path of the criminals) by way of its opposition to the (path of the believers) and in a general way, and [holds] that all that is in opposition to the path of the believers is falsehood, even though that is not illustrated to him in detail.  Rather, when he hears some of that which contradicts the path of the believers, he turns away and does not preoccupy himself in understanding and knowing its falsity.  This person is in a state (similar) to one who is safeguarded from following desires- whose heart is neither put at risk nor is he called to (such desires), as opposed to those who are aware of (such desires) and their souls are inclined towards them, but they strive against it for the Sake of Allaah.

A letter was written to Umar Ibnul Khattaab (radiyallaahu-anhu) and he was asked about this affair, as to which of the two men is the better- a man who is not put at risk by way of desires and does not go through its difficulties, or a man who is pushed towards it but abandons it for the Sake of Allaah?  Umar (radiyallaahu-anhu) wrote back saying: The one who is desirous of sin but abandons it for the Sake of Allaah is from ‘those whose hearts Allaah has tested for piety. For them there is forgiveness and a great reward.’ [Surah Hujuraat. Ayah: 3]

The Fourth Group: This group knows the path of evil, bidah and kufr in detail and the path of the believers in general.  This is the situation of many of those who concern themselves with the beliefs of the previous nations and that of the people of bidah.  They are acquainted with (these affairs) in detail, but not with what the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) came with; rather they are acquainted with it in general even though they may know some of its affairs in detail.  Whoever examines their books will see that.

Likewise, those who know the paths of evil, oppression and corruption in detail and are followers of it; if they repent, abandon these (affairs) and return to the path of the pious believers, then their knowledge of it will only be general.  They will not be acquainted with it in that detailed manner known to those who spend their lives (studying) its regulations and ways.

What Is The Goal And Objective Behind Acquainting Oneself With The Path of The Believers and That of The Criminals In Detail?

The Objective: Indeed, Allaah (Glorified be He) loves that one should know the path of His enemies in order to avoid and hate it, just as the path of the His awliyaa (close friends) is known and followed.


[An Excerpt from ‘Al-Fawaa’d pages 167-180’. slightly paraphrased]

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Allāh Hates all Lowly Manners, Characteristics, Speech and Actions – Shaykh Zayd, Shaykh ‘Abdullāh Bassām and Shaykh Fawzān

عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما كان الفحش في شيء؛ إلا شانه، و ما كان الحياء في شيء؛ إلا زانه

On the authority of Anas (Allāh be pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allāh (sallāhu alaihi wa salam) said:

Indecency is not present in an affair except that it makes it ugly, and shyness/shame is not present in an affair except that it beautifies it. (Authenticated by al-Imām Al-Albāni in Sahīh At-Tirmidhi vol.2 pg. 369)

Shaykh Zayd ibn Hādi (rahimahullāh):

This hadith indicates the great status of shyness/shame in the religion of Islam, due to (the effect it has on the servant of) making him feel ashamed of facing Allah, whilst abandoning His commands, or carrying out a prohibition, or wrongdoing in speech or action in an affair connected to the rights of the creation.

Alongside that, the Hadith shows the dispraise of indecency in speech or actions, regardless of if it is linked to the rights of Allāh, His messenger or the ummah (in general). This is because Islam calls to the adornment of all praiseworthy characteristics, statements and deeds and the abandonment of all lowly despicable characteristics, actions and statements.

عن أبي الدرداء رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن الله يبغض الفاحش البذيء

Abu ad-Darda (Allāh be pleased with him), said that the Messenger of Allāh (sallāhu alaihi wa salam) said:

Verily, Allāh hates the fāhish and the badhī.

Shaykh Al-Fawzān (hafidahullāh) explains:

Al-Fāhish are the perpetrators of foul indecent disgusting actions and Al-Badhī are the utterers of indecency, cursing, revilement and slandering etc.

All of these affairs are evil and Allāh hates those who posses these two characteristics.

 ‎  ليس المؤمن بالطعان، ولا اللعان، ولا الفاحش، ولا البذيء ‎ :عن عبد الله بن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

‘Abdullāh ibn Mas’ūd (Allāh be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allāh (sallāhu alaihi wa salam) said:

The (complete) believer does not revile and curse (frequently whether he has a reason or not) and neither does he commit immoral vile disgusting deeds or utter lewd immoral speech. (Authenticated by al- Imām Al-Albāni in Sahīh At-Tirmidhi vol.2 pg. 370)

Shaykh ‘Abdullāh Bassām (rahimahullāh) mentions at the end of his explanation of this hadīth:

In conclusion, these are not the manners of someone whose heart has been illuminated with the light of īmān in Allāh. Nor of one whose manners have been beautified by at-Taqwa. Or of one whose conduct has been improved by worship, or by the one whose tongue has become rectified and refined by adh-dhikr; rather these are only the manners of the riffraff from the sinful and hypocrites.

Shaykh Zayd ibn Hādi (rahimahullāh) concludes his explanation of the hadīth of Anas by saying:

When the issue is as you have learnt oh Muslims, then verily it is compulsory upon us to take an example from what these texts show us, in relation to the praiseworthy nature of shyness/shame and the evil of depravity, indecency, lewdness etc.


Compiled, abridged and paraphrased from:
Shaykh Zayd ibn Hādi’s ‘Awnul-Ahadis-Samad Sharhul-Adabil-Mufrad vol.2 pgs. 213-214
Shaykh Fawzān’s Tashīlul-Ilmām bi Fiqhil-Ahādīth min Bulūghil-Marām Vol.6 pgs 263-264
Shaykh ‘Abdullāh Bassām’s Tawdīhil-Ahkām min Bulūghil-Marām vol.7 pg 497

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Allaah Hates An Extremely Argumentative Person – [The One Who Goes Into Excess And Commits Evil]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

“The most hated of men in the sight  of Allaah is the one who is most quarrelsome”.

Beneficial Reminder From The Hadeeth By Shaikh Zayd Bin Haadi [rahimahullaah]

A warning against [blameworthy] argumentation, falling into wicked behaviour and its severe [consequences], especially if the argumentation is based on falsehood. As for when it is based on truth, there is nothing wrong with that for the one who has a right to do so;  but he should be just in his argument so that he does not enter into oppression or error, and Allaah knows best.

The hadeeth is related to warning against lying during argumentation- [a warning against] bringing falsehood and adorned speech into it until one change falsehood into truth and truth into falsehood – not bothered about making an oath, lying or giving false witness. All this occurs from a person who is extremely quarrelsome, goes into excess in the affair and does not feel shy in the presence of Allaah- neither fears punishment in this life nor in the next life.

And when it is the case that the extremely quarrelsome person is blameworthy, then indeed the person who has good conduct – if entitled to something – during an argument and other affairs, he will not utter except truth, and will not seek after anything except the truth- neither lies nor deceives the Sharee’ah judge. This is from the characteristics of the people of Eemaan – those whom Allaah praised in the Qur’aan and the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] (also) praised them in the [texts of] the pure Sunnah. [An Excerpt from ‘At-taleeqaatul Maleehah Alaa Silsilatil Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah. Vol 1. Page 26. slightly paraphrased]

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[20] Contemplation On The Subject Matter of Tawheed: [Reflection For Those Deceived By Soofees, Peers and Grave Worshippers Who Claim That They Know The Ghaib]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Question: What is the ruling regarding a man who says, “Had it not been that I would make people grieve, I would have informed every person about the day in which he will die”; and what is your advice to the one who believes what this man says?

Answer: The one who believes what this man says has indeed disbelieved in that which has been revealed to Muhammad [sallal laahu alayhi Wa sallam] (ref 1), because he has believed that which nullifies the statement of Allaah: [قُل لَّا يَعۡلَمُ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ ٱلۡغَيۡبَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ‌ – Say (O Muhammad): None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allaah]. [Surah An-Naml. Aayah 65]

It is well known that the [time, day and place] of death of a person is an affair of the unseen which none knows except Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic]; therefore if one claims to possess knowledge of this, then indeed he is a liar. The man who claims that he knows when people will die is no doubt a liar, and the one who believes what he says is a disbeliever (ref 2) due to the statement of Allaah: [قُل لَّا يَعۡلَمُ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ ٱلۡغَيۡبَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ‌ – Say (O Muhammad): None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allaah]. [Surah An-Naml. Aayah 65]

And my advice to the one who believes what this man says is that he repents to Allaah and then holds as his belief that this man is a liar and is [submerged] in myths [illusion, superstitions]; and it is not permissible to believe what he claims regarding knowledge of the unseen. [Fataawaa Fadheelah Ash-Shaikh Al-Allaamah Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen Fil Aqeedah. Vol 1-2. Page 109. Slightly paraphrased]


Refs 1 and 2: Refer to articles by Shaikh Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] regarding Takfeer of an individual [i.e. to pass the judgement against a person that he or she has disbelieved]:

http://www.spubs.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=MNJ09&articleID=MNJ090003&articlePages=1

http://www.spubs.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=MNJ09&articleID=MNJ090001&articlePages=1

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Do Not Aid the Oppressors – An Admonition by Shaykh Rabee Ibn Haadi, Accompanied by a Benefit from Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee

In The Name of Allah The Beneficent The Most Merciful

وَلَا تَرْكَنُوا إِلَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا فَتَمَسَّكُمُ النَّارُ وَمَا لَكُم مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ مِنْ أَوْلِيَاءَ ثُمَّ لَا تُنصَرُونَ

And incline not toward those who do wrong, lest the Fire should touch you, and you have no protectors other than Allah, nor you would then be helped. (Hud: 113)

In explanation of this verse, Shaykh Rabee [hafidhahullaah] commented:

[Do not] incline towards the oppressors- those who oppress the people, [such as shedding] their blood, [stealing or taking] their wealth and [violating] their honour; or they oppress the people in their religion by way of innovations and various forms of misguidance and the dissemination of dangerous propaganda and calls that oppose Islam. Do not incline towards anyone from these type of people; do not aid him and do not help him with his falsehood. The verse encompasses all of these types [of oppressors]. Every follower of falsehood is an oppressor; every innovator is an oppressor; everyone who violates a Muslim’s honour is an oppressor. So, do not incline towards any of them and thus you are afflicted by the fire, because when you incline towards the sinner, the innovator, the oppressor,  the criminal,  the one who violates peoples’ honour and those who violate the sanctity of the divine legislation, it is as if you are pleased [with him] – as if you are aiding and supporting him. Therefore, the believer should be careful of falling into this destructive inclination. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَلَوْلَا أَن ثَبَّتْنَاكَ لَقَدْ كِدتَّ تَرْكَنُ إِلَيْهِمْ شَيْئًا قَلِيلًا

And had We not made you stand firm, you would nearly have inclined to them a little. (Al-Israa: 74)

Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] said to his Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam]: [شَيْئًا قَلِيلً -you would nearly have inclined to them a little]. [Ref 1]

Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee [rahimahullaah] stated about this Aayah: This noble ayah [i.e. Al-Israa Ayah 74] makes explicitly clear the Messenger’s innocence from inclining towards the disbelievers a little let alone inclining towards them. That is because [لَوْلاَ (i.e. And had it not )] necessitates negation of the occurrence of something, so the phrase ‘you would have nearly inclined’ is negated by [لَوْلاَ ] due to Allaah’s bestowal of firmness to the noblest person amongst His creation [i.e. Muhammad (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam)].  So it is established with certainty that he never inclined towards them the least let alone inclining towards them. [Ref 2]

Therefore, the believer should be careful of this type of inclination, for indeed it is from the causes of deviation and misguidance, and Allaah refuge is sought. [Allaah said]:

فَلَمَّا زَاغُوا أَزَاغَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ  

So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allah guides not the people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). [As-Saff: 5] [Ref 3]

 


Ref 1: An Excerpt from Al-Wasaayaa Al-Manhajiyyah Pg 20. By Shaikh Rabee [hafidhahullaah]. slightly paraphrased

Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Adwaa Al-Bayaan’ By Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee [rahimahullaah]. slightly paraphrased

Ref 3: An Excerpt from Al-Wasaayaa Al-Manhajiyyah Pg 20. slightly paraphrased

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The Ruling On Congregational Supplication at The Cemetery

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Question: What is the ruling on congregational supplication after the burial of the deceased?

Answer: Congregational supplication at the cemetery is not an established [act of worship that has been transmitted] from the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]. The Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said [i.e. after burial at the cemetery], ‘’Seek for forgiveness for your brother, and ask that he be made steadfast, for now he is being questioned”. [Abu Dawood, 3221]

Therefore, every person supplicates individually for his brother [i.e. the deceased]; as for doing so in congregation, then this is a bidah. The scholars even established that congregational supplication after the obligatory prayers is one of the innovations [in the religion], because if a deed is legislated to be performed individually but we perform it in a congregational manner, it would be tantamount to Bidah [in the religion]. This is the affair regarding bidah, for indeed there is no bidah except that it has a basis [in the religion]; whereas the true reality of sound adherence [to the authentic Sunnah of the Prophet] is that we perform an act of worship in the same manner it was performed by the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]. Our act of worship should be in conformity with that of the Messenger – in reality and in the manner he performed it; in conformity with what he intended and the manner in which he performed it. We cannot be true followers unless if the affair is like that.

The Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] supplicated and commanded the companions to supplicate after the burial of one of his companions, so everyone supplicates individually by himself. Therefore, if we were to congregate behind an Imaam who supplicates and we say Aameen [i.e. after the burial at the cemetery], then indeed we have innovated in the religion and every newly invented matter [in the religion] is a Bidah; every bidah is misguidance and every act of misguidance [leads to the] hell fire. [Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm. Page 362-363. Slightly paraphrased]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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