Masjid Appeal 2019

Masjid Appeal 2019

Posts Tagged ‘Desires’

Violent, Distort Truth and Persist Upon Error at all Costs Prior to Their Wretched End: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Al-Araf Ayah 127 that Fir’awn’s Chiefs said:

[وَقَالَ ٱلۡمَلَأُ مِن قَوۡمِ فِرۡعَوۡنَ أَتَذَرُ مُوسَىٰ وَقَوۡمَهُ ۥ لِيُفۡسِدُواْ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَيَذَرَكَ وَءَالِهَتَكَ – The chiefs of Fir’aun’s (Pharaoh) people said: “Will you leave Musa (Moses) and his people to spread mischief in the land, and to abandon you and your gods?]; Meaning: ‘’Moosaa and his people will cause corruption in the earth by calling us to adhere to the path of Allaah; so called noble manners and excellent deeds by way of which -as they claim- the affairs in the earth will be rectified, even though in reality they are upon nothing else but corruption. They want you and your gods to be abandoned; to warn against you and stop the people from following you’’.  Then Allaah [The Most High] says that Fir’awn replied to his chiefs, saying: [سَنُقَتِّلُ أَبۡنَآءَهُمۡ وَنَسۡتَحۡىِۦ نِسَآءَهُمۡ وَإِنَّا فَوۡقَهُمۡ قَـٰهِرُونَ – We will kill their sons, and let live their women, and we have indeed irresistible power over them]. Then Allaah [The Most High] informs us of the conversion between Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] said his people, whilst they faced this great trial and threat:

قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوۡمِهِ ٱسۡتَعِينُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱصۡبِرُوٓاْ‌ۖ إِنَّ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ لِلَّهِ يُورِثُهَا مَن يَشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِۦ‌ۖ وَٱلۡعَـٰقِبَةُ لِلۡمُتَّقِينَ

قَالُوٓاْ أُوذِينَا مِن قَبۡلِ أَن تَأۡتِيَنَا وَمِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا جِئۡتَنَا‌ۚ قَالَ عَسَىٰ رَبُّكُمۡ أَن يُهۡلِكَ عَدُوَّڪُمۡ وَيَسۡتَخۡلِفَڪُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَيَنظُرَ ڪَيۡفَ تَعۡمَلُونَ

Musa (Moses) said to his people: “Seek help in Allah and be patient. Verily, the earth is Allah’s. He gives it as a heritage to whom He will of His slaves, and the (blessed) end is for the Muttaqun (the pious); they said: “We (Children of Israel) had suffered troubles before you came to us, and since you have come to us.” He said: “It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you successors on the earth, so that He may see how you act?” [7:128-129]


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

 

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Deceivers Misrepresent Facts And Portrayed Themselves As Sincere Advisers Prior to Their Wretched End: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Ghafir Ayah 29:

[قَالَ فِرۡعَوۡنُ مَآ أُرِيكُمۡ إِلَّا مَآ أَرَىٰ وَمَآ أَهۡدِيكُمۡ إِلَّا سَبِيلَ ٱلرَّشَادِ -Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said: “I show you only that which I see (correct), and I guide you only to the path of right policy!]

He deceived his people, so that he is followed and his leadership established. Allaah [The Most High] says that he said to his people: [مَآ أُرِيكُمۡ إِلَّا مَآ أَرَىٰ  – I show you only that which I see (correct)]; Yes indeed, he spoke the truth regarding the fact that he only wanted to show his people what he considered to be the right thing; but what was it that he considered to be right thing?! He wanted to conceal the truth because Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] was upon truth, and he rejected it after being certain of it.

Then Allaah [The Most High] says that he said to his people: [وَمَآ أَهۡدِيكُمۡ إِلَّا سَبِيلَ ٱلرَّشَادِ- and I guide you only to the path of right policy!]; Indeed, he lied because this claim that he only wants to guide them to what is right is tantamount to altering the reality. It would have been a lesser crime if he merely wanted them to follow his disbelief and misguidance, but the affair became worse when he commanded them to follow him and claimed that adhering to his path is the right path and that Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] was upon falsehood.


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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Clear Proofs Manifested, But The Opponents Had Nothing To Offer Besides Propaganda and False Accusations Prior to Their Wretched End– [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

In Surah Yunus, Allaah [The Most High] informed us about Nuh [alayhis salaam] and the evil end of those who rejected his message of Tawheed; then Allaah [The Most High] informed us that He sent Messengers after Nuh [alayhis-salaam]; Allaah said:

ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَا مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِۦ رُسُلاً إِلَىٰ قَوۡمِهِمۡ فَجَآءُوهُم بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ فَمَا كَانُواْ لِيُؤۡمِنُواْ بِمَا كَذَّبُواْ بِهِۦ مِن قَبۡلُ‌ۚ كَذَٲلِكَ نَطۡبَعُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِ ٱلۡمُعۡتَدِينَ

Then after him We sent Messengers to their people, they brought them clear proofs, but they would not believe what they had already rejected beforehand. Thus We seal the hearts of the transgressors (those who disbelieve in the Oneness of Allah and disobey Him). [10:74]

Then Allaah [The Most High] informed us that He sent Moosaa and Haaroon [alayhimas-salaam] to Fir’awn and his people. Allaah [The Most High] said:

ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَا مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِم مُّوسَىٰ وَهَـٰرُونَ إِلَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَمَلَإِيْهِۦ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا فَٱسۡتَكۡبَرُواْ وَكَانُواْ قَوۡمً۬ا مُّجۡرِمِينَ فَلَمَّا جَآءَهُمُ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِنۡ عِندِنَا قَالُوٓاْ إِنَّ هَـٰذَا لَسِحۡرٌ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬

Then after them We sent Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron) to Fir’aun (Pharaoh) and his chiefs with Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). But they behaved arrogantly and were Mujrimun (criminals etc)

After the departure of the Messengers-those who were sent to the previous destroyed nations- Allaah sent Moosaa Ibn Imraan [alayhis-salaam]- a Messenger whom Allaah spoke to directly; a Messenger from the five Messengers of firm resolve; those taken as perfect examples to follow and to whom were revealed the great and comprehensive divine laws. Allaah [The Most High] also appointed Moosaa’s brother-Haaroon- as a Messenger and Moosaa’s deputy, and sent both of them to Fir’awn and his chiefs – the senior people and leaders of Fir’awn’s Kingdom- because they were the ones followed by the common people.

Allaah gave Moosaa and Haaroon clear proofs- manifesting the fact that Allaah alone is the Lord of the entire creation; the possessor of Perfect Names and Attributes and the only deity worthy of worship; however Fir’awn and his chiefs turned away from those proofs wrongfully and arrogantly after being certain of the truth, for they were a people given to criminality. When the proofs came to them, they said that it was tantamount to manifest magic! Therefore, not only did they reject the truth; rather they also attributed it to magic -the falsest of falsehoods -whose reality is nothing else but concealment of truth. And because of this statement of theirs, Allaah [The Most High] said that Moosaa (alayhis-salaam) said to them:

قَالَ مُوسَىٰٓ أَتَقُولُونَ لِلۡحَقِّ لَمَّا جَآءَڪُمۡ‌ۖ أَسِحۡرٌ هَـٰذَا وَلَا يُفۡلِحُ ٱلسَّـٰحِرُونَ

Musa (Moses) said: “Say you (this) about the truth when it has come to you? Is this magic? But the magicians will never be successful.” [10:77]

A magician will never be successful- neither in this life nor in the afterlife. And indeed it has become manifest to everyone that Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] was the one who succeeded.

Then Allaah [The Most High] said that Fir’awn and his chiefs said:

قَالُوٓاْ أَجِئۡتَنَا لِتَلۡفِتَنَا عَمَّا وَجَدۡنَا عَلَيۡهِ ءَابَآءَنَا وَتَكُونَ لَكُمَا ٱلۡكِبۡرِيَآءُ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَا نَحۡنُ لَكُمَا بِمُؤۡمِنِينَ

They said: “Have you come to us to turn us away from that (Faith) we found our fathers following, – and that you two may have greatness in the land? We are not going to believe you two!” [10:78]

They meant: Have you [O Moosaa] come to us to hinder us from what our forefathers were upon- the religion of shirk- and then command us to worship Allaah alone? So they argued in this manner and used their misguided forefathers as proof by way of which they rejected what Moosaa brought to them. They also said that both Moosaa and Haaroon only came to them with the message of Tawheed because they desired leadership and to expel them from their land! Fir’awn and his chiefs made this claim in order to conceal the truth, spread propaganda amongst their ignorant people, incite [enmity in the hearts of the people] against Moosaa and prevent them from believing in him.

Indeed, the one who is acquainted with the reality knows that this argument of theirs is neither a proof nor a distinction between truth and falsehood- because proofs cannot be nullified except with stronger proofs and evidences. The one who presents the truth and is rejected through the likes of these arguments [uttered by Fir’awn and his chiefs] has indeed established the fact that his opponent is unable to produce a robust refutation; for if his opponent had any clear proofs he would have presented them and would not merely say that he intends or wants such and such- regardless whether this claim is right or wrong. On the other hand, everyone who is acquainted with Moosaa’s [alayhis-salaam] state of affairs and what he conveyed knows that his intention was not to become exalted in the land; rather his intention – and that of his brothers amongst the Messengers of Allaah -was to guide the people and direct them to what will benefit them in this life and the hereafter. However, the behaviour of Fir’awn and his chiefs cannot be described in any other way other than what Allaah has stated that they said: [وَمَا نَحۡنُ لَكُمَا بِمُؤۡمِنِينَ – We are not going to believe you two!].

This rejection of theirs was due to  pride and obstinacy, but neither because what Moosaa and Haaroon conveyed was false nor ambiguous; rather they rejected what Moosaa and Haaroon conveyed due to arrogance and transgression- a desire to be exalted, which they sought to falsely accuse Moosaa and Haaroon of.


[Source: An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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Transgression and Arrogance Accompanied By Love of Leadership, and Unwilling to Accept Truth From a People of Lower Social Status: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Al-Muminoon Aayaat 45-47:

[ثُمَّ أَرۡسَلۡنَا مُوسَىٰ وَأَخَاهُ هَـٰرُونَ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا وَسُلۡطَـٰنٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ   – Then We sent Musa (Moses) and his brother Harun (Aaron), with Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and manifest authority]; [ إِلَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَمَلَإِيْهِۦ فَٱسۡتَكۡبَرُواْ وَكَانُواْ قَوۡمًا عَالِينَ- To Fir’aun (Pharaoh) and his chiefs, but they behaved insolently and they were people self-exalting].

Meaning: They turned away from Eemaan due to pride and became haughty towards Allaah’s Prophets. They have been described as those who were arrogant in the earth- they overpowered others and caused corruption in the earth, and thus became haughty.

Then Allaah [The Most High] says that they said: [ فَقَالُوٓاْ أَنُؤۡمِنُ لِبَشَرَيۡنِ مِثۡلِنَا وَقَوۡمُهُمَا لَنَا عَـٰبِدُون – They said: ”Shall we believe in two men like ourselves, and their people are obedient to us with humility (and we use them to serve us as we like)];

This statement of Fir’awn and his chiefs is similar to that of the previous nations when their Messengers came to them with Allaah’s Message of Tawheed, therefore they resemble each other due to their disbelief, statements and deeds. Firawn and his chiefs wilfully denied the favour-Messengership- which Allaah bestowed on Moosaa and Haaroon. He and his chiefs held that it was impossible for them to follow the path of Moosaa and Haaroon, since Bani Israaeel (Moosaa’s and Haaroon’s people) were the ones who used to serve them, so how can they be leaders over them! This view of Fir’awn and his chiefs is similar to what Allaah [The Most High] says about the people of Nuh [alayhis-salaam] in Surah Ash-Shura’aa Ayah 111 that they said: [أَنُؤۡمِنُ لَكَ وَٱتَّبَعَكَ ٱلۡأَرۡذَلُونَ – Shall we believe in you, when the lowest (of the people) follow you?]. Allaah [The Most High] also says in Surah Hud Ayah 27 that the people of Nuh [alayhis-salaam] said: [وَمَا نَرَٮٰكَ ٱتَّبَعَكَ إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ أَرَاذِلُنَا بَادِىَ ٱلرَّأۡىِ – Nor do we see any follow you but the lowest among us and they (too) followed you without thinking].


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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Persistent Blame-shifting, Ungrateful and Sinful Behaviour Prior to Their Wretched End: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Al-Araaf Aayaat 130-131

[وَلَقَدۡ أَخَذۡنَآ ءَالَ فِرۡعَوۡنَ بِٱلسِّنِينَ  – And indeed We punished the people of Fir’aun (Pharaoh) with years of famine]; Meaning: Afflictions and drought for a long time; [وَنَقۡصٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلثَّمَرَٲتِ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَذَّڪَّرُونَ – and shortness of fruits (crops, etc.), that they might remember (take heed)]; Meaning: They were afflicted in order for them to realise that what befell them was a punishment from Allaah and so that they might abandon their disbelief. However, neither was this admonition useful to them nor did it benefit them, rather they persisted in transgression and corruption.

Then Allaah [The Most High] says: [فَإِذَا جَآءَتۡهُمُ ٱلۡحَسَنَةُ قَالُواْ لَنَا هَـٰذِهِۦ‌ۖ  -But whenever good came to them, they said: “Ours is this]; Meaning: When the land became fertile and provision was in abundance, they said, “We deserve this” and they did not thank Allaah.

Then Allaah [The Most High] says: [  وَإِن تُصِبۡہُمۡ سَيِّئَةٌ۬ يَطَّيَّرُواْ بِمُوسَىٰ وَمَن مَّعَهُ – And if evil afflicted them, they ascribed it to evil omens connected with Musa (Moses) and those with him]; Meaning: When the afflictions and drought reappeared, they said, “This came to us due to the presence of Moosaa and those who follow him”.

Then Allaah  [The Most High] says: [أَلَآ إِنَّمَا طَـٰٓٮِٕرُهُمۡ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَڪۡثَرَهُمۡ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ – Be informed! Verily, their evil omens are with Allah but most of them know not]; Meaning: The afflictions reappeared by the divine will and decree of Allaah and not what you think; rather your sins and disbelief is the reason that brought about these afflictions.


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer kalaam Al-Mannaan’ of Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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Received Sincere And Excellent Advice From The Just Ones Amongst Their People, But They Could Not See Beyond the End of Their Noses: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Ghaafir [Aayaat 41-44] that a believer from the house of Fir’awn said: [وَيَـٰقَوۡمِ مَا لِىٓ أَدۡعُوڪُمۡ إِلَى ٱلنَّجَوٰةِ – O my people! How is that I call you to salvation]; Meaning: Based on what I say to you; [وَتَدۡعُونَنِىٓ إِلَى ٱلنَّار – while you call me to the fire]; Meaning: That I abandon following the Prophet of Allaah Moosaa [alayhis-salaam].

[تَدۡعُونَنِى لِأَڪۡفُرَ بِٱللَّهِ وَأُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ مَا لَيۡسَ لِى بِهِۦ عِلۡمٌ۬  -You invite me to disbelieve in Allaah (and in His Oneness), and to join partners in worship with Him; of which I have no knowledge]; [وَأَنَا۟ أَدۡعُوڪُمۡ إِلَى ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلۡغَفَّـٰرِ – And I invite you to the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving!]; Meaning: The one Who owns all power, but others besides Him do not have control over anything (except by His Will). The one Who when His slaves transgress against themselves and act in a manner that incurs His wrath, but then if they repent and turn to Him in repentance, submission and obedience, He expiates their evil deeds and sins, and prevents what such (sins and acts of disobedience) necessitate of punishment in this life and the next.

[لَا جَرَمَ- No doubt]; Meaning: In truth and with certainty [أَنَّمَا تَدۡعُونَنِىٓ إِلَيۡهِ لَيۡسَ لَهُ ۥ دَعۡوَةٌ۬ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَلَا فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ  -You call me to (worship) one who cannot grant (me) my request (or respond to my invocation) in this world or in the Hereafter]; Meaning: It is neither worthy of being invoked nor (worthy) that protection is sought from it–neither in the world nor in the Hereafter- due to its weakness and deficiency. Indeed, it neither owns the power of benefit nor harm, and it neither owns the power to cause death nor give life, nor (the power) to resurrect. [وَأَنَّ مَرَدَّنَآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ  – And our return will be to Allaah]; Meaning: After death, He will reward every doer of deeds for his deeds. [وَأَنَّ ٱلۡمُسۡرِفِينَ هُمۡ أَصۡحَـٰبُ ٱلنَّارِ  – And the (polytheists and arrogant one, those who commit great sins, the transgressors of Allaah’s set limits)! They shall be dwellers of the Fire!

After advising them, they neither obeyed him nor agreed with him; so Allaah [The Most High] says that he said to them: [فَسَتَذۡكُرُونَ مَآ أَقُولُ لَڪُمۡۚ- And you will remember what I am telling you]; Meaning: You will remember this advice and you shall see the consequences for not accepting it, when the punishment befalls you and you are deprived of much reward. [وَأُفَوِّضُ أَمۡرِىٓ إِلَى ٱللَّهِۚ- And my affair I leave it to Allah]; Meaning: I turn to Allaah; I seek shelter from Allaah and I place all my affairs in Allaah’s Hands.  I rely on Allaah for my well-being and in repelling the harm I receive from you.

[إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ بَصِيرُۢ بِٱلۡعِبَادِ  -Verily, Allah is the All-Seer of (His) slaves]; Meaning: Allaah knows their state of affairs and what they deserve.  Allaah knows my state of affairs and weakness, so Allaah will protect me against you and Allaah suffices me against your evil.  Allaah knows your state of affairs and you cannot act except by Allaah’s Pre-decree and Will. If you overpower me, it will be due to Allaah’s Pre-decree and Will.


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer kalaam Al-Mannaan; of Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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