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Absurd Claims, Sinful Boldness and Vanity Prior to Their Wretched End: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

 In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Al-Qasas Ayah 38 that Fir’awn said:

[يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلۡمَلَأُ مَا عَلِمۡتُ لَڪُم مِّنۡ إِلَـٰهٍ غَيۡرِى  – O chiefs! I know not that you have an ilah (a god) other than me].

Just look at what Fir’awn said! He did not say: “You do not have a god besides me”, rather he said: “I know not that you have a god other than me’’. This is because they considered him to be a virtuous scholar and that whatever he said has to be the truth, and whatever he commands has to be followed. And after he made this statement, he then tried to prove that what he has stated is true. Allaah [The Most High] said that Fir’awn said to Haamaan:

[فَأَوۡقِدۡ لِى يَـٰهَـٰمَـٰنُ عَلَى ٱلطِّينِ فَٱجۡعَل لِّى صَرۡحً۬ا لَّعَلِّىٓ أَطَّلِعُ إِلَىٰٓ إِلَـٰهِ مُوسَىٰ وَإِنِّى لَأَظُنُّهُ ۥ مِنَ ٱلۡكَـٰذِبِينَ – so kindle for me (a fire), O Haman, to bake (bricks out of) clay, and set up for me a Sarhan (a lofty tower, or palace, etc.) in order that I may look at (or look for) the Ilah (God) of Musa (Moses); and verily, I think that he [Musa (Moses)] is one of the liars]; Meaning: We think that Moosaa is lying, but we are going to ascertain the affair and prove that he is a liar.

Look at Fir’awn’s extreme sinful boldness! He belied Moosaa [alayhis-salaam], claimed that he was a God, claimed that he is not aware of a true object of worship and asked Haamaan to build him a tower in order that he can see the god of Moosaa! These claims were nothing else but propaganda; however what is really amazing is the affair of those chiefs who considered themselves as the elders of the Kingdom, for how did they allow Fir’awn to play about with their intellects and deceive them? Indeed, that was due to their extremely sinful behaviour, which corrupted their religion and then their intellects. We ask Allaah to keep us firm upon Eemaan and that our hearts do not become deviated after we have been guided.


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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Reduced to Making Threats After Refuted with Clear Proofs: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals Prior to Their Wretched End]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Ash-Shu’araa Aayaat 23-29:

[قَالَ فِرۡعَوۡنُ وَمَا رَبُّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ- Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said: “And what is the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)?]; [ قَالَ رَبُّ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَآ‌ۖ إِن كُنتُم مُّوقِنِينَ – Musa (Moses) said: “Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, if you seek to be convinced with certainty];

[قَالَ لِمَنۡ حَوۡلَهُ ۥۤ أَلَا تَسۡتَمِعُونَ   – Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said to those around: “Do you not hear (what he (Moosaa) says)?]; [قَالَ رَبُّكُمۡ وَرَبُّ ءَابَآٮِٕكُمُ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ  – Musa (Moses) said: “Your Lord and the Lord of your ancient fathers!]; [قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَكُمُ ٱلَّذِىٓ أُرۡسِلَ إِلَيۡكُمۡ لَمَجۡنُونٌ۬  – Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said: “Verily, your Messenger who has been sent to you is a madman!]; [قَالَ رَبُّ ٱلۡمَشۡرِقِ وَٱلۡمَغۡرِبِ وَمَا بَيۡنَہُمَآ‌ۖ إِن كُنتُمۡ تَعۡقِلُونَ   – Musa (Moses) said: “Lord of the east and the west, and all that is between them, if you did but understand!]; [قَالَ لَٮِٕنِ ٱتَّخَذۡتَ إِلَـٰهًا غَيۡرِى لَأَجۡعَلَنَّكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمَسۡجُونِينَ    – Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said: “If you choose an ilah (god) other than me, I will certainly put you among the prisoners].

So after Fir’awn had no proofs to offer and was completely unable to offer anything that would nullify the proofs of his opponent, he utilised his authority in the land to threaten Moosaa [alayhis- salaam]. He -May Allaah disfigure him- thought that he could misguide Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] by threatening him- that Moosaa cannot worship a god besides him, for if Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] does not choose him as his god, then indeed Moosaa has affirmed that he and his followers are upon clear-sightedness in the affairs of their religion.


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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Violent, Distort Truth and Persist Upon Error at all Costs Prior to Their Wretched End: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Al-Araf Ayah 127 that Fir’awn’s Chiefs said:

[وَقَالَ ٱلۡمَلَأُ مِن قَوۡمِ فِرۡعَوۡنَ أَتَذَرُ مُوسَىٰ وَقَوۡمَهُ ۥ لِيُفۡسِدُواْ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَيَذَرَكَ وَءَالِهَتَكَ – The chiefs of Fir’aun’s (Pharaoh) people said: “Will you leave Musa (Moses) and his people to spread mischief in the land, and to abandon you and your gods?]; Meaning: ‘’Moosaa and his people will cause corruption in the earth by calling us to adhere to the path of Allaah; so called noble manners and excellent deeds by way of which -as they claim- the affairs in the earth will be rectified, even though in reality they are upon nothing else but corruption. They want you and your gods to be abandoned; to warn against you and stop the people from following you’’.  Then Allaah [The Most High] says that Fir’awn replied to his chiefs, saying: [سَنُقَتِّلُ أَبۡنَآءَهُمۡ وَنَسۡتَحۡىِۦ نِسَآءَهُمۡ وَإِنَّا فَوۡقَهُمۡ قَـٰهِرُونَ – We will kill their sons, and let live their women, and we have indeed irresistible power over them]. Then Allaah [The Most High] informs us of the conversion between Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] said his people, whilst they faced this great trial and threat:

قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوۡمِهِ ٱسۡتَعِينُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱصۡبِرُوٓاْ‌ۖ إِنَّ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ لِلَّهِ يُورِثُهَا مَن يَشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِۦ‌ۖ وَٱلۡعَـٰقِبَةُ لِلۡمُتَّقِينَ

قَالُوٓاْ أُوذِينَا مِن قَبۡلِ أَن تَأۡتِيَنَا وَمِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا جِئۡتَنَا‌ۚ قَالَ عَسَىٰ رَبُّكُمۡ أَن يُهۡلِكَ عَدُوَّڪُمۡ وَيَسۡتَخۡلِفَڪُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ فَيَنظُرَ ڪَيۡفَ تَعۡمَلُونَ

Musa (Moses) said to his people: “Seek help in Allah and be patient. Verily, the earth is Allah’s. He gives it as a heritage to whom He will of His slaves, and the (blessed) end is for the Muttaqun (the pious); they said: “We (Children of Israel) had suffered troubles before you came to us, and since you have come to us.” He said: “It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you successors on the earth, so that He may see how you act?” [7:128-129]


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

 

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Deceivers Misrepresent Facts And Portrayed Themselves As Sincere Advisers Prior to Their Wretched End: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Ghafir Ayah 29:

[قَالَ فِرۡعَوۡنُ مَآ أُرِيكُمۡ إِلَّا مَآ أَرَىٰ وَمَآ أَهۡدِيكُمۡ إِلَّا سَبِيلَ ٱلرَّشَادِ -Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said: “I show you only that which I see (correct), and I guide you only to the path of right policy!]

He deceived his people, so that he is followed and his leadership established. Allaah [The Most High] says that he said to his people: [مَآ أُرِيكُمۡ إِلَّا مَآ أَرَىٰ  – I show you only that which I see (correct)]; Yes indeed, he spoke the truth regarding the fact that he only wanted to show his people what he considered to be the right thing; but what was it that he considered to be right thing?! He wanted to conceal the truth because Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] was upon truth, and he rejected it after being certain of it.

Then Allaah [The Most High] says that he said to his people: [وَمَآ أَهۡدِيكُمۡ إِلَّا سَبِيلَ ٱلرَّشَادِ- and I guide you only to the path of right policy!]; Indeed, he lied because this claim that he only wants to guide them to what is right is tantamount to altering the reality. It would have been a lesser crime if he merely wanted them to follow his disbelief and misguidance, but the affair became worse when he commanded them to follow him and claimed that adhering to his path is the right path and that Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] was upon falsehood.


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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Clear Proofs Manifested, But The Opponents Had Nothing To Offer Besides Propaganda and False Accusations Prior to Their Wretched End– [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

In Surah Yunus, Allaah [The Most High] informed us about Nuh [alayhis salaam] and the evil end of those who rejected his message of Tawheed; then Allaah [The Most High] informed us that He sent Messengers after Nuh [alayhis-salaam]; Allaah said:

ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَا مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِۦ رُسُلاً إِلَىٰ قَوۡمِهِمۡ فَجَآءُوهُم بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ فَمَا كَانُواْ لِيُؤۡمِنُواْ بِمَا كَذَّبُواْ بِهِۦ مِن قَبۡلُ‌ۚ كَذَٲلِكَ نَطۡبَعُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِ ٱلۡمُعۡتَدِينَ

Then after him We sent Messengers to their people, they brought them clear proofs, but they would not believe what they had already rejected beforehand. Thus We seal the hearts of the transgressors (those who disbelieve in the Oneness of Allah and disobey Him). [10:74]

Then Allaah [The Most High] informed us that He sent Moosaa and Haaroon [alayhimas-salaam] to Fir’awn and his people. Allaah [The Most High] said:

ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَا مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِم مُّوسَىٰ وَهَـٰرُونَ إِلَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَمَلَإِيْهِۦ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا فَٱسۡتَكۡبَرُواْ وَكَانُواْ قَوۡمً۬ا مُّجۡرِمِينَ فَلَمَّا جَآءَهُمُ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِنۡ عِندِنَا قَالُوٓاْ إِنَّ هَـٰذَا لَسِحۡرٌ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬

Then after them We sent Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron) to Fir’aun (Pharaoh) and his chiefs with Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). But they behaved arrogantly and were Mujrimun (criminals etc)

After the departure of the Messengers-those who were sent to the previous destroyed nations- Allaah sent Moosaa Ibn Imraan [alayhis-salaam]- a Messenger whom Allaah spoke to directly; a Messenger from the five Messengers of firm resolve; those taken as perfect examples to follow and to whom were revealed the great and comprehensive divine laws. Allaah [The Most High] also appointed Moosaa’s brother-Haaroon- as a Messenger and Moosaa’s deputy, and sent both of them to Fir’awn and his chiefs – the senior people and leaders of Fir’awn’s Kingdom- because they were the ones followed by the common people.

Allaah gave Moosaa and Haaroon clear proofs- manifesting the fact that Allaah alone is the Lord of the entire creation; the possessor of Perfect Names and Attributes and the only deity worthy of worship; however Fir’awn and his chiefs turned away from those proofs wrongfully and arrogantly after being certain of the truth, for they were a people given to criminality. When the proofs came to them, they said that it was tantamount to manifest magic! Therefore, not only did they reject the truth; rather they also attributed it to magic -the falsest of falsehoods -whose reality is nothing else but concealment of truth. And because of this statement of theirs, Allaah [The Most High] said that Moosaa (alayhis-salaam) said to them:

قَالَ مُوسَىٰٓ أَتَقُولُونَ لِلۡحَقِّ لَمَّا جَآءَڪُمۡ‌ۖ أَسِحۡرٌ هَـٰذَا وَلَا يُفۡلِحُ ٱلسَّـٰحِرُونَ

Musa (Moses) said: “Say you (this) about the truth when it has come to you? Is this magic? But the magicians will never be successful.” [10:77]

A magician will never be successful- neither in this life nor in the afterlife. And indeed it has become manifest to everyone that Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] was the one who succeeded.

Then Allaah [The Most High] said that Fir’awn and his chiefs said:

قَالُوٓاْ أَجِئۡتَنَا لِتَلۡفِتَنَا عَمَّا وَجَدۡنَا عَلَيۡهِ ءَابَآءَنَا وَتَكُونَ لَكُمَا ٱلۡكِبۡرِيَآءُ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَا نَحۡنُ لَكُمَا بِمُؤۡمِنِينَ

They said: “Have you come to us to turn us away from that (Faith) we found our fathers following, – and that you two may have greatness in the land? We are not going to believe you two!” [10:78]

They meant: Have you [O Moosaa] come to us to hinder us from what our forefathers were upon- the religion of shirk- and then command us to worship Allaah alone? So they argued in this manner and used their misguided forefathers as proof by way of which they rejected what Moosaa brought to them. They also said that both Moosaa and Haaroon only came to them with the message of Tawheed because they desired leadership and to expel them from their land! Fir’awn and his chiefs made this claim in order to conceal the truth, spread propaganda amongst their ignorant people, incite [enmity in the hearts of the people] against Moosaa and prevent them from believing in him.

Indeed, the one who is acquainted with the reality knows that this argument of theirs is neither a proof nor a distinction between truth and falsehood- because proofs cannot be nullified except with stronger proofs and evidences. The one who presents the truth and is rejected through the likes of these arguments [uttered by Fir’awn and his chiefs] has indeed established the fact that his opponent is unable to produce a robust refutation; for if his opponent had any clear proofs he would have presented them and would not merely say that he intends or wants such and such- regardless whether this claim is right or wrong. On the other hand, everyone who is acquainted with Moosaa’s [alayhis-salaam] state of affairs and what he conveyed knows that his intention was not to become exalted in the land; rather his intention – and that of his brothers amongst the Messengers of Allaah -was to guide the people and direct them to what will benefit them in this life and the hereafter. However, the behaviour of Fir’awn and his chiefs cannot be described in any other way other than what Allaah has stated that they said: [وَمَا نَحۡنُ لَكُمَا بِمُؤۡمِنِينَ – We are not going to believe you two!].

This rejection of theirs was due to  pride and obstinacy, but neither because what Moosaa and Haaroon conveyed was false nor ambiguous; rather they rejected what Moosaa and Haaroon conveyed due to arrogance and transgression- a desire to be exalted, which they sought to falsely accuse Moosaa and Haaroon of.


[Source: An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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Transgression and Arrogance Accompanied By Love of Leadership, and Unwilling to Accept Truth From a People of Lower Social Status: [Lessons to Learn From The Behaviour of Ancient Criminals]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] says in Surah Al-Muminoon Aayaat 45-47:

[ثُمَّ أَرۡسَلۡنَا مُوسَىٰ وَأَخَاهُ هَـٰرُونَ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا وَسُلۡطَـٰنٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ   – Then We sent Musa (Moses) and his brother Harun (Aaron), with Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and manifest authority]; [ إِلَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَمَلَإِيْهِۦ فَٱسۡتَكۡبَرُواْ وَكَانُواْ قَوۡمًا عَالِينَ- To Fir’aun (Pharaoh) and his chiefs, but they behaved insolently and they were people self-exalting].

Meaning: They turned away from Eemaan due to pride and became haughty towards Allaah’s Prophets. They have been described as those who were arrogant in the earth- they overpowered others and caused corruption in the earth, and thus became haughty.

Then Allaah [The Most High] says that they said: [ فَقَالُوٓاْ أَنُؤۡمِنُ لِبَشَرَيۡنِ مِثۡلِنَا وَقَوۡمُهُمَا لَنَا عَـٰبِدُون – They said: ”Shall we believe in two men like ourselves, and their people are obedient to us with humility (and we use them to serve us as we like)];

This statement of Fir’awn and his chiefs is similar to that of the previous nations when their Messengers came to them with Allaah’s Message of Tawheed, therefore they resemble each other due to their disbelief, statements and deeds. Firawn and his chiefs wilfully denied the favour-Messengership- which Allaah bestowed on Moosaa and Haaroon. He and his chiefs held that it was impossible for them to follow the path of Moosaa and Haaroon, since Bani Israaeel (Moosaa’s and Haaroon’s people) were the ones who used to serve them, so how can they be leaders over them! This view of Fir’awn and his chiefs is similar to what Allaah [The Most High] says about the people of Nuh [alayhis-salaam] in Surah Ash-Shura’aa Ayah 111 that they said: [أَنُؤۡمِنُ لَكَ وَٱتَّبَعَكَ ٱلۡأَرۡذَلُونَ – Shall we believe in you, when the lowest (of the people) follow you?]. Allaah [The Most High] also says in Surah Hud Ayah 27 that the people of Nuh [alayhis-salaam] said: [وَمَا نَرَٮٰكَ ٱتَّبَعَكَ إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ أَرَاذِلُنَا بَادِىَ ٱلرَّأۡىِ – Nor do we see any follow you but the lowest among us and they (too) followed you without thinking].


[An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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