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Posts Tagged ‘Forgiveness’

Returning to Sin after Making Repentance – Shaykh Saaleh Aal Ash Shaykh

 

The Questioner says: I am a young man who has transgressed against himself greatly (meaning he was very sinful), and I have now followed the path to repentance – and all praise is due to Allaah – however, there are still some aspects of disobedience that entice me, so what is your advice to me and those like me? May Allaah reward you with goodness.

Answer:
And I say to you: May Allaah reward you for drawing near to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic and (for your) repentance and regret of what has passed (of sins), and from your caution from the effects of these sins and disobedience.
And the slave (of Allaah) if he was upon a (particular) state then becomes upright and repents (to Allaah) then indeed very few are those who do not keep some things that they used to do before of sins. But upon him (the questioner – or anyone in this situation) are 3 affairs:

  1. To attach great importance to his (act of) his drawing near to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, and to know that the reward for him being upright is Jannah. And (to know) that by way of sins, he could return to his previous state that he was previously upon.
  2. To be cautious of sitting with those who used to do those sins with him. Because they will facilitate (the sin) for him and so he could return to them (and their ways) after his repentance and drawing near to Allaah.
  3. To search for righteous companions of a similar age to him who will aid him upon goodness and will reduce the chances of him returning to those sins. And if what entices him entices him then he makes plenty of Istighfaar (asking Allaah for forgiveness) and he is determined (not to return to it).
    “As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), We will surely guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allaah’s religion – Islamic Monotheism). And verily, Allaah is with the Muhsineen (Good doers).”
    And in the narration:
    “One who seeks forgiveness from Allaah will not persist (upon a sin) even if he returns to it 70 times.”
    So the slave (of Allaah) seeks forgiveness a lot, he knows that he sins so he seeks forgiveness. However, he doesn’t persist upon disobedience because he doesn’t care, rather he seeks forgiveness. Every time he does (the sin) and his soul entices him, he seeks forgiveness from Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. For indeed Allaah is Al Ghafoor (The One who forgives extensively) Ar Raheem (the Bestower of Mercy).

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The Prophet (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) was Commanded with Seeking Forgiveness, so What About Us?

Shaykh Uthaymīn (rahimahullaah) explains al-Istigfār:

The author (Imām an-Nawawi (rahimahullāh)) completed his book (Riyādh as-Sālihīn) – this tremendously beneficial book which Muslims in all corners of the world benefit from (the layperson and the students of knowledge) – with istigfār.

Al-istigfār: means to seek forgiveness, and there is not a single person except that he errs, as the Prophet (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) said,

“All of mankind err, and the best of those who err are those who repent.” (1)

And mistakes which occur from mankind, are either by way of shortcomings in the performance of an obligation or by the committing of a prohibition.

Mankind is not free from falling into these errors, however the cure of sins and shortcomings is al-istigfār (Alhamdulilāh).

And in an athar, it’s narrated that Shaytān said,

“I have destroyed the people with sins, and I have been destroyed by La Ilāha illa Allāh”

Seeking forgiveness is a means of (gaining) forgiveness, due to this, Allāh commanded with istigfār in many verses of the Qurān.

‎فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ

So know (O Muhammad SAW) that La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women. (Muhammad: 19)

So Allāh (The Most High) commanded his prophet (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) to know that there is no deity truly deserving of worship except Allah alone. And he commanded him with seeking forgiveness,

‎وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ

And this was the prophet, he who Allāh has forgiven all of his actions, yet he was still commanded to seek forgiveness.

Likewise, in many verses Allāh has praised those who seek his forgiveness;

‎وَالْمُسْتَغْفِرِينَ بِالْأَسْحَارِ

And those who pray and beg Allah’s Pardon in the last hours of the night. (Āli Imrān: 17)

They are those who seek Allah’s forgiveness in the last part of the night.

The scholars said, that they are those who establish tahajjud and stand the night in prayer, worshipping Allāh, and regard themselves to be deficient, so they ask for Allāh’s forgiveness.

This is alongside the fact that they are from those who pray tahajjud and stand the night in prayer, and they seek forgiveness fearing their shortcomings, hence it is a must for people to be plentiful in seeking Allāh’s Forgiveness (The Mighty and Majestic).


Sharh Riyādh as-Sālihīn Vol.6 Pgs. 711-713

(1) Tirmidhi 2423

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companion

Who Should Be Your Companion? Golden Advice of Sufyan Ath-Thawree

Advice of Sufyan Al-Thawree (rahimahullah) to Alee ibn Al-Hasan As-Sulamee:

Your companion should be the one who prevents you from being preoccupied with things of the worldly life that will divert you from Allaah, and one who makes you desire and work for the Hereafter.

Beware of accompanying people who make the dunyah their goal, those who are engrossed in speaking about the worldly life; indeed they will corrupt your religion and your heart.

Remember death much, and seek a lot of forgiveness from what has passed of your sins, and ask Allah for safety for what remains of your life.

Hilyatul Awliyaa Vol. 7 Pg. 82

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Obligation of Repentance (Tawbah) – Shaykh Fawzaan

Belief that Tawbah is an obligation upon the slaves and repenting to Allah is from the major and minor sins

 

Belief that repentance is an obligation is obligatory, repentance from sins is an obligation Allah Lofty and Sublime said:

‘And turn to Allah all of you, Oh believers so that you may be successful.’ (An-Noor Verse 31)

And He said:

‘O you who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance! It may be that your Lord will remit from you your sins’     (At-Tahrim Verse 8)

And He said:

‘And whosoever does not repent then they are from the Dhalimoon(wrongdoers etc)’ (Al-Hujraat Verse 11)

Therefore it is obligatory for the Muslim to repent from his sins and from his evil deeds and it is obligatory that he does not continue upon them or commence upon them or that he is negligent with regards to sins, and he says; ‘this is easy’

Do not be negligent with it for it is from the sins, rather hasten with repentance.

The Most High said:

‘And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse etc.) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins; – and none can forgive sins but Allah – And do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know.

For such, the reward is Forgiveness from their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath (Paradise), wherein they shall abide forever. How excellent is this reward for the doers (who do righteous deeds according to Allah’s Orders).’ Aal Imraan (Verses 135-136)

Allah commended them and promised them (those who repent)

He said:

‘’Allah accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards; it is they to whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.

And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” (An-Nisaa Verse 17-18)

When death arrives the repentance is not accepted and if mankind continues to live then his repentance in the presence of death is (furthermore) not accepted, so upon him is to rush to make repentance and not to delay it. As soon as he commits a sin he repents to Allah immediately.

Man is not infallible and errors occur from him, shortcomings occur from him, sins occur from him; however Allah Lofty and Sublime by way of his mercy has opened the door of repentance. He has opened for you the door of repentance and he calls you to it and he has promised you that He will forgive you if you are truthful in your repentance. So much so that if a disbeliever repents to Allah; Allah forgives him (the sin of) disbelief, Shirk, the killing of people and other than that.  If he repents to Allah He will forgive him. He said:

‘Say to those who have disbelieved if they cease (from disbelief) their past will be forgiven’ (Al-Anfaal Verse 38)

And in the Hadith:

‘Repentance nullifies that which came before it’ (1)

Therefore the Muslim needs to repent, the Messenger [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam] use to seek forgiveness and repent to Allah more than a hundred times a day.

He [sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam] said:

‘Oh People! Repent to Allah, verily I repent more than seventy times a day’ (Bukhaari)

His companions (radiallaahu anhum) enumerated that in the gatherings he (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) would say more than a hundred times:

‘I seek Allah’s forgiveness,I seek Allah’s forgiveness’ (Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)

And he was the Messenger of Allah he (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam)!

So how about other than him?!

Therefore we need to repent to Allah the Lofty and Sublime, Man is not infallible sins occur from him, shortcomings occur from him, and mistakes occur from him, so he needs to repent.

And all the praises belong to Allah that He has opened the door of repentance for us and He has promised that He will accept (our repentance) and wipe away our sins.

 


(1)    This Hadith is reported in silsilah da’eefah of Shaykh Al-Albaani however there are several other Hadith with similar meaning such as :

 ‘’The one who repents from sins is like the one who has no sin’ Ibn Majah Declared Hasan by Shaykh Al Albaani

 Source: Shaykh Fawzaan’s Explanation of Sharhus Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree Point 170

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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