Tag: Guidance

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems – By Imaam As-Sadi: [Part 6]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

It (Islam) is the religion that directs the servants (of Allaah) to every matter that is beneficial to them in their religious and worldly affairs, and warns them about every matter that is harmful to their religion and livelihood. It commands them to establish consultation in choosing the affair whose greater benefit is clearly established and repel the affair whose corruption is clearly established when there is an ambiguity between things that bring about welfare and things that are corrupt, and between beneficial and harmful things. (see ‘footnote a’ about importance of consultation)

Commentary: (One of the affairs that shows the) excellence and perfection of this mighty religion is that it directs the servants (of Allaah) to every beneficial affair in their religious and worldly affairs. It is a religion of upright rectification in every affair of the worldly life – urges towards everything that is useful and beneficial in the person’s worldly life, and rectification of a person’s Afterlife through every righteous deeds that will draw a person close to Allaah and attain a lofty status in the afterlife; and it warns them about every harmful thing in their religion and worldly affairs. Islam forbids every affair that harms a person’s livelihood, health and body, and forbids every affair that harms a person’s religion. Therefore, it rectifies the worldly affairs and afterlife of a person. It commands them to establish consultation – in order to safeguard against haste (see ‘footnote b’ about avoiding haste) – when there is an ambiguity between things that bring about welfare and things that are corrupt, and between beneficial and harmful things. So, a person looks at the affair based on the Sharee’ah principle which is Dar Al-Mafaasid Muqaddam Alaa Jalb Al-Masaalih – Warding off corruption (or evil) takes precedence over attaining some benefit. (see ‘footnote c’ about ‘warding off evil takes precedence over attaining a benefit’) (1)

Footnote a: Al-Hasan al-Basree [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “By Allaah! Never have a people sought advice except that they were guided to the best of what was available to them.” Then he recited [the statement of Allaah]: [وَأَمۡرُهُمۡ شُورَىٰ بَيۡنَہُمۡ – And (the Believers) who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation].

Al-Allaamah Zaid Bin Haadee Al-Mad’khalee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] commanded His

Messenger Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] to consult his companions in some affairs. Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] said: [وَشَاوِرۡهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَمۡرِ‌ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمۡتَ فَتَوَكَّلۡ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ – and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah.

He [i.e. the Messenger] is the example to be followed by the Ummah, therefore when it is the case that Allaah commanded him to consult his companions, then there is even a greater reason that the Muslims are in need of consultation amongst themselves. When a difficulty that is related to a Muslim’s religious and worldly affairs occurs, then indeed it is fitting that he consults someone whom he considers reliable, wise, truthful and sincere. He examines [the advice] given by that person, then he makes a choice – either to take that advice or decides not to take it based on what he is satisfied with, in relation to his personal affairs.

The hadeeth places emphasis on the fact that consultation guides to the best outcomes, and due to this it is said: ”The one who consults [others] does not regret [thereafter InShaaAllaah] and the one who performs Istikhaarah will not fail [to achieve good]”. Both Istikhaarah and consultation are legislated and a lot of good is achieved by way of them, as opposed to when affairs are pursued in a rigid and haphazard manner, for indeed this might lead to regret and harm. [An Excerpt from ‘Awnul Ahadis Samad Sharh Al-Adab Al-Mufrad’ 1/285. slightly paraphrased]

Footnote b: Haste is from Shaytaan: https://salaficentre.com/2019/08/10/haste-is-from-shaytaan/

Footnote c: “Warding off corruption (or evil) takes precedence over attaning some benefit”. Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: The scholars deduced this principle from the evidences- from the Sharee’ah evidences (Qur’aan and authentic Sunnah). A person avoids evil that is greater than the benefit he imagines and presumes. If his meeting with Zayd or Amr would result in evil, he abandons this meeting, even if he hopes for a benefit in it, that he will give him money or supplicate for him or something similar; but if it would result in evil suspicion- he harbours an evil suspicion of him that this man who loves to meet with him is famous for evil, or for drinking alcohol, or for engaging in what Allaah has forbidden such as sodomy, or the like, he stays away due to the evil suspicion held about this person. (see ‘footnote d’ about evil suspicion)

Likewise, if dealing with a certain commodity leads him to evil, he stays away from it, and similarly if going to one of the districts leads to evil, he stays away even if there is a benefit in it. He visits a sick person or gives charity to someone as long as entering this district would not result in being accused of evil and corruption. Warding off evil takes precedence over seeking after some benefit. https://binbaz.org.sa/fatwas/12816/%D9%85%D8%B9%D9%86%D9%89-%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%AF%D8%A9-%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AF-%D9%85%D9%82%D8%AF%D9%85-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%AC%D9%84%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AD

Shaikh Abu Iyaadh [may Allaah preserve him] stated: The wisdom of the Islamic Shariah: Cut off evils and harms to society from their very roots and enjoy the resulting freedom, ease and wholesome life. In contrast: the barbarity and backwardness of commercialising corrosive evils– usurious banking, alcohol, gambling–in order to profit from the masses through affairs in which their ruin and impoverishment lies–and then managing this commercialisation through legislation, policies, guidelines and so on to “limit the harms”. The result? Inescapable enslavement, bondage, disease and ruin of the masses for the enrichment of the few who peddle these vices. Where is the intellect?! http://www.shariah.ws/articles/suokooj-there-is-no-safe-limit-in-the-consumption-of-alcohol-and-the-prohibition-of-alcohol-in-the-quran.cfm

Footnote d: Allaah [The Most High] said: [يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرًا مِنْ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ – O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins]. [Surah Al-Hujuraat. Aayah 12]

Imaam As-Sa’di [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Allaah [The Most High] has forbidden much evil suspicion towards the believers, because some suspicions are sins. And that is like the suspicion devoid of reality and factual evidence, and like the suspicion accompanied by much forbidden speech and action, for indeed the settlement of evil suspicion in the heart does not restrict the one [in whose heart is that evil suspicion] only to that; rather, he does not cease until he utters and does that which is not permissible. [Tafseer As-Sadi]

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Not every suspicion is a sin and there is no harm regarding the suspicion that is based on clear indications regarding the validity of an affair. As for mere assumption, it is not permissible. For example, if a man – who is known to be upright – is seen with a woman by another man, then it not permissible to accuse him that the woman he is seen with is a stranger [who he should not be with], because this is the type of suspicion that is tantamount to sin. [Fataawaa Islaamiyyah 4/537]


[Ref 1: https://www.al-badr.net/detail/8LD6UgwQrZ – From 19mins 45secs to 22mins 28secs. paraphrased]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems – By Imaam As-Sadi: [Part 5]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

After the author (Imaam as-Sadi) mentioned the third corrupt and false solution (refer to post 4.1), he then started to clarify what the religion of Islam brought in this subject matter- the greatest subject matter. He said:

As for the Islamic religion, it brought people out of the darkness of ignorance, disbelief, injustice, aggression and all kinds of evils (and entered them) into the light of knowledge, (sound) faith, certainty, justice, mercy and all good things. Allaah said:

لقد من الله على المؤمنين إذ بعث فيهم رسولا من أنفسهم يتلو عليهم آياته ويزكيهم ويعلمهم الكتاب والحكمة وإن كانوا من قبل لفي ضلال مبين

Indeed Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad ) from among themselves, reciting unto them His Verses (the Qur’an), and purifying them (from sins by their following him), and instructing them (in) the Book (the Qur’an) and Al-Hikmah [the wisdom and the Sunnah of the Prophet (i.e. his legal ways, statements, acts of worship, etc.)], while before that they had been in manifest error. [Surah Aal Imran. Aayah 164] (see footnote a)

Allaah said: [إن الله يأمر بالعدل والإحسان وإيتاء ذي القربى وينهى عن الفحشاء والمنكر والبغي يعظكم لعلكم تذكرون – Verily, Allah enjoins Al-Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help, etc.): and forbids Al-Fahsha’ (i.e all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e all that is prohibited by Islamic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds, etc.), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression), He admonishes you, that you may take heed. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 90]

Allaah said: [إِنَّ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ يَہۡدِى لِلَّتِى هِىَ أَقۡوَمُ – Verily, this Qur’an guides to that which is most just and right]. [Surah Al-Israa. Aayah 9]

Allaah said: [اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا – This day, those who disbelieved have given up all hope of your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me. This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion]. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 3]

Allaah said: [وتمت كلمة ربك صدقا وعدلا – And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice (Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 115) – Meaning, Allaah’s divine statements by way of which He legislated the laws and laid down rulings. Indeed Allaah made it complete in all respects, with no shortcoming in it in any way- (perfect) truthful reports from Allaah regarding His Oneness and Recompense, the truthfulness of His Messengers in that which they have transmitted regarding matters of the unseen and just in its rulings. All its commands are based on (perfect) justice, benevolence, all types of good, righteousness and (upright) rectification. Its prohibitions are based on perfect wisdom and it forbids injustice, transgression and all types of harm.

Allaah said: [ومن أحسن من الله حكما لقوم يوقنون – And who is better in judgement than Allah for a people who have firm Faith]. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 50]

Neither has Allaah commanded anything about which the sound mind would say, “If only Allaah forbade it”, nor has Allaah forbidden anything about which the sound mind would say, “If only Allaah commanded it”. This religion has permitted all that is good and beneficial, and forbidden all evil and harmful. Allaah said:

الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِيَّ الْأُمِّيَّ الَّذِي يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِندَهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالْإِنجِيلِ يَأْمُرُهُم بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَاهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ إِصْرَهُمْ وَالْأَغْلَالَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ

Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad ) whom they find written with them in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), he commands them for Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); he allows them as lawful At-Taiyibat [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allah’s Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. [Surah Al-A’raaf. Aayah 157]

Commentary: In the above statement, the author explains that the religion of Islam is the correct religion in all affairs – in creed, worship and manners, and it is the upright solution and the blessed path. It is the one and only religion that removes humankind from the darkness of ignorance, disbelief, oppression, transgression and all types of evil and (enters them) into the light of knowledge, sound faith, certainty, justice, mercy and all types of good. The author will mention great affairs through which he’ll make known the perfection of the religion and its fulfilment of all (necessities) that are sought after. [Source: https://www.al-badr.net/detail/UY7sjBcaQE from 1hr. 4mins 50secs to 1hr 8mins 22secs. paraphrased excerpt]

Footnote a: Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee Al-Mad’khalee [may Allaah preserve him] stated: Allaah conferred a great favour on this Ummah by sending Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] and the knowledge [of the religion], truth and guidance he brought. Allaah said in Surah Aal Imran:

لَقَدۡ مَنَّ ٱللَّهُ عَلَى ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ إِذۡ بَعَثَ فِيہِمۡ رَسُولاً۬ مِّنۡ أَنفُسِهِمۡ يَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡہِمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ وَيُزَڪِّيہِمۡ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِڪۡمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبۡلُ لَفِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ

Indeed Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, reciting unto them His Verses (the Qur’an), and purifying them (from sins by their following him), and instructing them (in) the Book (the Qur’an) and Al-Hikmah [the wisdom and the Sunnah of the Prophet (i.e. his legal ways, statements, acts of worship, etc.)], while before that they had been in manifest error. [Surah Aal Imraan’ Aayah 164]

And Allaah [The Most High] said in Surah Al-Jumu’ah:
هُوَ ٱلَّذِى بَعَثَ فِى ٱلۡأُمِّيِّـۧنَ رَسُولاً۬ مِّنۡہُمۡ يَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡہِمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ وَيُزَكِّيہِمۡ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِكۡمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبۡلُ لَفِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬

He [Allaah] is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching them the Book (this Qur’an, Islamic laws and Islamic jurisprudence) and Al-Hikmah (As-Sunnah: legal ways, orders, acts of worship, etc. of Prophet Muhammad). And verily, they had been before in manifest error. [Surah Al-Jumu’ah Aayah 2]

They used to be in a state of Al-Jaahilyyah (see footnote b) – neither possessed knowledge nor had a book revealed by Allaah. No warner [i.e. Messenger] came to them for a very long time, then this noble Messenger [Muhammad (sallal laahu alayhi wasallam)] came to them whilst they were the most ignorant and misguided people; but Allaah guided them and saved them from the fire of hell through Muhammad’s Dawah and Messengership, as Allaah said:

وَٱذۡكُرُواْ نِعۡمَتَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ إِذۡ كُنتُمۡ أَعۡدَآءً۬ فَأَلَّفَ بَيۡنَ قُلُوبِكُمۡ فَأَصۡبَحۡتُم بِنِعۡمَتِهِۦۤ إِخۡوَٲنً۬ا وَكُنتُمۡ عَلَىٰ شَفَا حُفۡرَةٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلنَّارِ فَأَنقَذَكُم مِّنۡہَا‌ۗ

And remember Allah’s Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith), and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. [Surah Aal Imraan Aayah 103]

They used to be upon the evilest state of affairs –in a state of enmity, hatred, animosity and disunity. They committed robbery and pillage, and created a state of anarchy; so Allaah saved them through Muhammad in this worldly life and they became the most advanced nation- established the most virtuous civilization ever known to humankind and became the best of all nations amongst humankind, who enjoined good, forbid evil and believed in Allaah, just as Allaah and His Messenger praised them. The Messenger said: “The best of the people are those living in my generation, then those who come after them and then those after them”. [Bukhaari 2651] [An Excerpt from Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm pages 144-146]

Footnote b: What is Al-Jaahiliyyah? Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] said: Al-Jaahiliyyah: It is derived from al-Jahl (ignorance). It is an absence of knowledge, and the intent behind it is the before Islaam. The before the advent of Muhammad (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) is (referred to as) Jaahiliyyah because they were in ignorance and misguidance in the affairs of worship, dealings, food, drink, marriage and other than that. They were in ignorance and misguidance due to the long period between Eesaa and Muhammad (i.e. the absence of a messenger).

This was a period of over four hundred years during which the divine message stopped. The divine message was obscured, and ignorance and misguidance became widespread. The people worshiped idols, trees, stones, false deities, the Jinn and humans. They worshiped the Angels, the Awliyaa and the righteous people, and they were upon divergent paths with regards to acts of worship.

And with regards to the affair of halaal and haraam, they did not distinguish between good and filth; rather they used to deal with usury. The Ribaa Al-Jaahiliyyah (The Pre-Islamic Usury) was: When they used to settle a debt with a debtor, they would say: either you settle the debt, or we increase the debt and double the time it (should be paid). This was the Pre-Islamic Usury and it used to be predominant in their dealings. They used to gather wealth through forbidden means–through pillage, plunder, robbery and devouring people’s wealth through falsehood.

And with regards to food, they made dead animals and blood lawful; they used to eat dead animals, blood and repugnant things. And with regards to their relationship between one another, they used to kill and fight one another over the most trivial thing. They neither had a leader nor a state–they were either under the authority of tribal systems or under the authority of the Persians and the Romans. The powerful used to encroach upon (the rights of the weak), and the oppressor used to transgress the limits, and no one stopped him.
This was the in Jaahiliyyah (The Pre-Islamic Period of Ignorance). They were upon ignorance in all aspects (of life) and the greatest of that (ignorance) was with regards to worship and creed. They used to be upon the creed of Shirk and they rejected the (Resurrection) and the Divine Message (of the Messengers). (Allaah said that) they used to say: [مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ بَشَرٍ مِنْ شَيْءٍ – Nothing did Allaah send down to any human being (by revelation) 6:91]

This was their state in Jaahiliyyah (The Pre-Islamic Period of Ignorance); then, Allaah (Glorified Be He) sent Muhammad (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) with the Guidance and the Religion of Truth. Allaah stated: [هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَىٰ وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ – It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad) with Al Hudaa (the Guidance) and Deenul Haqq (the religion of truth -Islaam) 9:33]

‘Hudaa’ is beneficial knowledge and ‘Deenul Haqq’ is righteous action. Allaah (Glorified Be He) sent His prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) with beneficial knowledge and righteous action–so with the sending of the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islamic ignorance) ceased to exist for ever walil-laahil Hamd, and knowledge and guidance arrived.

The ‘Jaahiliyyah Aamma’ (The Pre-Islamic ignorance that was widespread in the world and touched every aspect of life) has ceased to exist; but it remains with some people or with some of the tribes, or in some of the lands. This is Jaahiliyyah Juz-i (a portion of Pre-Islamic Ignorance), (but) as for the ‘Jahiliyyah Aamma’, this has ceased to exist with the sending of the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam), but some characteristics of Pre-Islamic ignorance remain with some of the people due to saying of the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam): ”Among my people there are four characteristics belonging to pre-Islamic period which they do not abandon: boasting of high rank, reviling other peoples’ genealogies, seeking rain by stars, and wailing (i.e. for the dead)’’ (reported by Muslim).” This remains, but it is a portion, (but) as for the Jaahiliyyah Aamma, it has ceased to exist.

So due to this, it is not permissible to say that the people are in Jaahiliyyah (Pre-Islamic ignorance). Some (people) say: (the people) are in a state of Pre-Islamic ignorance that is more severe than the one before the sending of the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam)…. The meaning of this (statement of theirs) is a denial of what the Messenger (sallal-laahu-layhi-wasallam) came with; it is a denial of the Qur’aan, the Sunnah of the Prophet and the abundant knowledge within our hands. Its meaning is that we are in Jaahiliyyah (Pre-Islamic ignorance). This is a mistake, the people are not in Jaahiliyyah, walil-laahil Hamd, but there remains some of the characteristics of Jaahiliyyah in some individuals, in some nation states and in some tribes; but this is a specific Jaahiliyyah. Therefore, it is incumbent to be acquainted with this affair. https://salaficentre.com/2013/09/updated-the-people-used-to-ask-about-the-good-hudhaifah-radiyallaahu-anhu/

One Deprived of The Benefits From Fire and Rainstorm- [A Parable On Guidance, Misguidance and Shortsightedness]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Allaah [The Most High] said:

مَثَلُهُمۡ كَمَثَلِ ٱلَّذِى ٱسۡتَوۡقَدَ نَارً۬ا فَلَمَّآ أَضَآءَتۡ مَا حَوۡلَهُ ۥ ذَهَبَ ٱللَّهُ بِنُورِهِمۡ وَتَرَكَهُمۡ فِى ظُلُمَـٰتٍ۬ لَّا يُبۡصِرُونَ

Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire; then, when it lighted all around him, Allah took away their light and left them in darkness. (So) they could not see. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 17]

Allaah [The Most High] informed us about the state of the hypocrites with regards to their share of the revelation and that their state is that of one who kindled a fire, in order to be given light and benefited, because they enter into Islaam and are given light by way of it- benefit from it, receive safety and keep the company of the Muslims. However, when it is the case that their companionship with the Muslims is not based on the light of Islaam in their hearts, it ceased and Allaah took away their light. And Allaah [The Most High] did not say, “Allaah took away their fire” because fire contains both light and flames; rather Allaah took away the light from the fire and left them with the flames and darkness, so they could not see. This is the state of the person who could see guidance, but then became blind in misguidance; the one who knew (the truth) but then rejected it and the one who entered Islaam and then separated his heart from it, so he does not return. And that is why Allaah [The Most High] said: [فَهُمۡ لَا يَرۡجِعُونَ- So they return not (to the Right Path)]. (1)

Allaah [The Most High] said:

أَوۡ كَصَيِّبٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ فِيهِ ظُلُمَـٰتٌ۬ وَرَعۡدٌ۬ وَبَرۡقٌ۬ يَجۡعَلُونَ أَصَـٰبِعَهُمۡ فِىٓ ءَاذَانِہِم مِّنَ ٱلصَّوَٲعِقِ حَذَرَ ٱلۡمَوۡتِ‌ۚ وَٱللَّهُ مُحِيطُۢ بِٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ

Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder, and lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunderclap for fear of death. But Allah ever encompasses the disbelievers (i.e. Allah will gather them all together). [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 19]

Allaah [The Most High] likened the hypocrites’ share of the guidance to that of a person who did not receive any share of a rainstorm, except the darkness, thunder and lightning. He has no share of what is around that (i.e. water), such as the source of life it (provides) for the land, the people, the trees and the animals. The darkness, thunder and lightning is not the goal, rather it is a means to receiving the complete benefit from that rainstorm. However, due to the ignorance of an ignorant person, his observation is limited to the darkness, thunder and lightning that is found in that rainstorm, which also necessitates (the presence) of severe cold, disruption of the traveler’s journey and hindering a person from his work. He (i.e. the ignorant person) does not have that insight to make him realise the life that is brought (to the land, the trees, animals etc) and (other) benefits. This is the affair of every short sighted and feeble minded person, whose observation of a tangible difficulty does not go beyond (what he sees so as to realise) the desirable things behind that difficulty. This is the state of affairs of the majority of the creation, except those who are given clear-sightedness. (2)


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from (I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een 1/200-202. slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 2: بدائع التفسير الجامع لما فسّره الإمام ابن القيم الجوزيّة  Vol 1. Page: 101. Slightly paraphrased]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems – By Imaam As-Sadi: [Part 4 – The Main Problem Associated With Religion]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

“We must mention some of the important problems of life, such as the problems (associated) with religion, knowledge, wealth and poverty, health and disease, war and peace, unity and disunity, love and hate, and other (affairs) about which people’s views and guidance differ, the righteous paths of the Islamic religion in dealing with these affairs and the benefits – which can neither be counted nor enumerated – it has contributed towards them. This problem (associated with religion and creed) is the most important and the greatest of life’s problems, and all affairs depend on the soundness, corruption or the absence of (religion and creed). Indeed, humankind have divided and taken various paths in religion and beliefs, and all these paths are perverted, crooked, harmful and not beneficial except for those guided to the true religion of Islam, because such a person will attain uprightness, good and peace of mind in all ways. And amongst the people are those who have been manipulated by shaytaan, so they worshipped (or worship) other things besides Allaah, such as trees, stones, images, prophets, angels, the righteous and the unrighteous, while acknowledging that Allaah is their Lord, Owner and Creator, alone without partner. These are the polytheists of different methodologies and groups. They acknowledged (or acknowledge) the Oneness of Allaah’s Lordship, but deviated (deviate) from singling Allaah out in worship. Indeed, the [uncorrupted divine books of the past and the final and seal of them (i.e. the Qur’aan)] show the wretchedness of these people and the path that leads them to destruction. All the Messengers agreed regarding the command to (establish) pure monotheism and forbade polytheism, and that the person who associates partners with Allaah in worship will be prevented from entry in paradise forever (if he does not repent before death) and his abode is the fire. Sound minds and sound innate natural disposition (affirms and acknowledges) the corruption of polytheism, deification of other things besides Allaah, devotion to created things and objects made by people (as objects of worship)”.

Commentary: The author began with the most important and greatest affair, and that is religion and creed. He clarified how the one who wants to search for a creed – through which his heart will attain tranquility – other than Islam will not find except confusion, loss and misguidance. The rectification or corruption of all affairs is dependent on religion and creed because it is the foundation of deeds, acts of obedience that are devoted to Allaah and acts of worship. When the foundation is corrupt, then what is built upon it will be corrupt; therefore, the affair that must be given the most importance is rectification of the foundation so that the building will be established on a robust foundation and not on a an undetermined brink of a precipice ready to crumble down (see footnote a); but rather a person should work to strengthen the foundation and make it firmly established. The author mentioned the solutions which the people bring (or adopt) in this subject matter and that it has not led to anything, except loss and misguidance, besides the one blessed with the religion of Islam.

The first loss in this subject matter of creed and religion is that affair through which shaytaan manipulates (befools, or plays about with) the minds of the people, lead them to worship other than Allaah and attachment to (false objects of worship), such as stones, trees, shrines and the like, seeking for their needs through these things, turning towards them for the things they desire to attain, vowing to them, seeking closeness to them through acts of worship and other deeds that can only be devoted to Allaah. And amazing was the (false) perseverance and steadfastness of the people who committed these polytheistic acts when they came across the true path to guidance that was based on beneficial clear proofs. Allaah said:

[وَٱنطَلَقَ ٱلۡمَلَأُ مِنۡہُمۡ أَنِ ٱمۡشُواْ وَٱصۡبِرُواْ عَلَىٰٓ ءَالِهَتِكُمۡ‌ۖ إِنَّ هَـٰذَا لَشَىۡءٌ۬ يُرَادُ – And the leaders among them went about (saying): “Go on, and remain constant to your aliha (gods)! Verily, This (i.e. call to pure monotheism) is a thing designed (against you)!] [Surah Saad. Verse 6]

And Allaah stated that they stated boastfully: [إِن ڪَادَ لَيُضِلُّنَا عَنۡ ءَالِهَتِنَا لَوۡلَآ أَن صَبَرۡنَا عَلَيۡهَا‌ۚ – He (Muhammad) would have nearly misled us from our aliha (gods), had it not been that we were patient and constant in their worship!] [Surah Al-Furqan. Verse 42]

So, this was how far they went in their misguidance! The beneficial proofs and evidences came to them, the noblest person amongst humankind came to them and they heard his speech that was accompanied with (sound) proofs and clarifications, but they persisted upon polytheism and advised one another to persist upon it. So, they worshipped others besides Allaah, such as trees, stones, pictures, prophets, angels, the righteous people and the impious people. The majority of humankind are upon this path. Allaah said: [وَمَآ أَڪۡثَرُ ٱلنَّاسِ وَلَوۡ حَرَصۡتَ بِمُؤۡمِنِينَ – And most of mankind will not believe (in pure Islamic monotheism) even if you desire it eagerly] – [Surah Yusuf. Verse 103] – even though they acknowledged that Allaah is their Lord, Owner and only Creator. When asked, “Who created you?” “Who is your Lord?” “Who controls your affairs?” “Who alone controls life and death?” They will say, “Allaah”. But despite this, they worshipped others besides Allaah and invoked those who are slaves of Allaah like themselves. Allaah said: [إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ تَدۡعُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ عِبَادٌ أَمۡثَالُڪُمۡ‌ۖ – Verily, those whom you invoke besides Allah are slaves (of Allaah) like you]. [Surah Al-A’raaf. Verse 194]

So, the author said that despite their acknowledgement that Allaah is their Lord, Owner and sole Creator without any partner in this affair, they deviated from worshipping Allaah alone. These are the polytheists of the different methodologies and paths. Polytheism is of different paths: some people worship idols, some worship the sun and the moon, and some worship trees and stones. The people upon this path have different objects of worship.

The Messengers were agreed upon the command to single out Allaah in worship and they forbade polytheism. Allaah said: [وَلَقَدۡ بَعَثۡنَا فِى ڪُلِّ أُمَّةٍ۬ رَّسُولاً أَنِ ٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱجۡتَنِبُواْ ٱلطَّـٰغُوتَ‌ۖ – And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (saying): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities)”. [Surah An-Nahl. Verse 36]

Allaah said: [ وَسۡـَٔلۡ مَنۡ أَرۡسَلۡنَا مِن قَبۡلِكَ مِن رُّسُلِنَآ أَجَعَلۡنَا مِن دُونِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ءَالِهَةً۬ يُعۡبَدُونَ – And ask (O Muhammad ) those of Our Messengers whom We sent before you: “Did We ever appoint aliha (gods) to be worshipped besides the Most Beneficent (Allah)?][Surah Az-Zukhruf. Verse 45]

All the Messengers agreed upon nullifying Shirk and affirmed pure monotheism, and that the one who ascribes partners with Allaah in worship will be forbidden from entry in paradise forever (if he or she dies without repenting from such a sin).

And just as polytheism is considered corrupt in the divine revelation, likewise it is deemed corrupt by sound intellect and uncorrupted innate natural disposition. Polytheism is something in opposition to sound innate natural disposition, just as Allaah stated in the Hadeeth Qudsee: “I have created all of My servants with an innate natural disposition to worship Me (alone), but devils come to them and turn them away from their religion”. [Ṣaḥeeh Muslim. Number 2865](see ‘footnote b’ about Hadeeth Qudsee)

In another hadeeth, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Every child is born upon an innate natural disposition (i.e. Islam), but his parents make him a Jew, a Christian, or Magian”. [Ṣaḥeeh al-Bukhari. Number 1292 and Saheeh Muslim. Number 2658]

It is well known – both in the past and at present- that many people have adopted polytheism (i.e. worshipping others besides Allaah) as a means of solving problems through polytheistic deeds (i.e. invoking graves, shrines, tombs, prophets, angels, stones, jinns, trees, animals etc). (1)

Footnote a: The Only Robust Foundation That Will Never Crumble And Establishes a Person On Firmness In All Affairs! https://salaficentre.com/2020/04/02/the-only-robust-foundation-that-will-never-crumble-and-establishes-a-person-on-firmness-in-all-affairs/

Footnote b: Hadeeth Qudsee, see brief definition by Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him]: https://abukhadeejah.com/the-hadith-and-the-sunnah-islam-1-7/


[Ref 1: From Ref 1: https://www.al-badr.net/detail/UY7sjBcaQE from 31mins 33secs to 45mins 38secs. paraphrased]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 3]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “When some examples of the teachings of Islaam and its directives are presented, it will become clear to every sane and just person that this is true, and that all creation are compelled in their need for it, and that they cannot do without it in any situation. That is because the whole world has been overwhelmed with the problems of life and all humankind is floundering in the depths of darkness (see footnote a). They are guided in one way and astray in another way, an affair established for them upon uprightness in some of its aspects and deviation occurs in the rest of it. This is the result of one of two affairs: either ignorance of what the religion (of Islam) indicates and guides to, or haughtiness and deviation, evil intentions and goals, which prevents them from the righteousness they are acquainted with, as is often the case”.

Commentary: The author will present examples related to Aqeedah, mutual dealings and the calamities that afflict many people; then he will demonstrate clearly how Islam solves these problems. He will also make it clear that the path followed by many people in searching and seeking to solve these problems – through other than the religion of Islaam – does not lead to anything other than fruitless outcomes, and the problems only increase with other problems. All the creation are compelled in their need for the great Islamic solutions that are based on the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Messenger, and they cannot do without them in any situation. Then the author clarified the situation of the people and the many problems, and that is because the worldly life is a place of trial and test. Just as some people are put to trial through illness, others are put to trial through good health, and just as some people are tested through poverty, others are tested through riches. Allaah said: [وَنَبۡلُوكُم بِٱلشَّرِّ وَٱلۡخَيۡرِ فِتۡنَةً۬‌ۖ – and We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good]. [Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Verse 35]

This life is a trial and this is why a person does not cease facing (different situations) and seeking solutions. Those who are blessed – amongst Allaah’s servants – return to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of Allaah’s Prophet to solve problems, so they are guided to that which contains good and success. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “I have left two matters with you. As long as you hold to them, you will not go astray. They are the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet”. All the people are in darkness except those whom Allaah blesses with the light of knowledge. This is why the knowledge that is based on the book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger is light for a person. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَكَذَٲلِكَ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ رُوحً۬ا مِّنۡ أَمۡرِنَا‌ۚ مَا كُنتَ تَدۡرِى مَا ٱلۡكِتَـٰبُ وَلَا ٱلۡإِيمَـٰنُ وَلَـٰكِن جَعَلۡنَـٰهُ نُورً۬ا نَّہۡدِى بِهِۦ مَن نَّشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَا‌ۚ

And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad ) Ruhan (an Inspiration, and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made it (this Qur’an) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. [Surah Ash-Shura. Verse 52]

Humankind are all floundering in the depths of darkness- guided in one way and misguided in another way, an affair established for them upon uprightness in some of its aspects and deviation occurs in the rest of it, because the solutions they have are in opposition to the Qur’aan and Sunnah. These solutions solve some problems, but destroy, corrupt and harm in other ways. It is not enough that a person solves a problem in one way and destroys a lot in another way. It should not be that seeking to remedy a particular illness of a person leads to several other diseases from another angle. The solutions pursued by these people – those are floundering in the depths of darkness – solve a problem in one way, but lead to many other problems. Why is this case? The author says, “This is the result of one of two affairs: either ignorance of what the religion indicates and guides to, or haughtiness and deviation”. So, the author makes it known here that the mistakes of the people and turning away from from the upright and blessed Islamic solutions is due to two reasons: the first affair is ignorance and the second haughtiness and misguidance. Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] said whilst praising the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]: [مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمۡ وَمَا غَوَىٰ-Your companion (Muhammad) has neither gone astray nor has erred]. The statement [مَا ضَلَّ – Has neither gone astray] affirms perfection in knowledge and the statement [وَمَا غَوَىٰ – nor has erred] affirms perfection in action. A person’s situation becomes upright when these two affairs are gathered in him.

The Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] stated about the four rightly guided Calips, “It is obligated on you to adhere to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Khulafaa Ar-Raashideen Al-Mahdiyyeen. Raashid [i.e. being steadfast upon the right path and firmly established upon it] is the opposite of Ghiwaayah [straying from the right path or conduct] and Hidaayah [guided to the path of truth and submitting to it] is the opposite of the Daalaal [misguidance, especially in knowledge and creed]. Dalaal is tantamount to corruption in knowledge and Ghiwaayah is tantamount to corruption in action. The deviation of the people is based on these two affairs or one of them – either corruption in knowledge or corruption in action, or both of them. Allaah said: [هُوَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَرۡسَلَ رَسُولَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَدِينِ ٱلۡحَقِّ – It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad ) with Hudaa (guidance) and Deenul Haqq (the religion of truth)]. Hudaa (guidance) is beneficial knowledge and Deenul Haqq (religion of truth) is righteous actions. (1)

Footnote a: A Brief Reminder Regarding At-Taa’ifah Al-Mansoorah [The Victorious Group]- By Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan and Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee [may Allaah preserve them and all the scholars of Ahlus Sunnah]: https://salaficentre.com/2020/06/01/a-brief-reminder-regarding-at-taaifah-al-mansoorah-the-victorious-group-by-shaikh-fawzaan-and-shaikh-rabee/


[Ref 1: https://www.al-badr.net/detail/UY7sjBcaQE from 19mins 41secs to 31mins 33secs. Paraprhrased Excerpt]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 2]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “What we have stated (regarding the fact that Islam solves all problems etc) is proven – regarding its truth and correctness – by what has been experienced and clearly perceived through the five senses, just as the (uncorrupted) divine laws, (uncorrupted) natural dispositions and sound minds indicate its reality. That is because the entire religion (of Islam) is righteousness and a means of upright rectification- all of it repels evil and harm, calls to goodness and guidance, and warns against evil and all kinds destructive things”.

Commentary: The state of affairs bears witness to this, and the meaning of this is that many of the problems which people seek to solve based on other than the Qur’aan and the Sunnah have not been solved in a sound manner; but they found a cure (or remedy) after returning to the Qur’aan and Sunnah. This is known in relation to both widespread problems and problems that affect individuals. Many times a person is faced with a problem and he searches – due to lack of understanding – for something to solve it, but through the divine revelation; then he finds that the affair has not increased except in more problems and his calamity has not increase except in more evil, so he reflects and finds that what will stop his problem is found in Islam. For example, the person who faces financial problems may not perceive that his problem did not occur except due to engaging in some forbidden dealings- enters into usury and the likes, and after a period of time it becomes clear to him that his problem only increase in severity, even though the divine guidance puts a stop to problems associated with poverty, riches and illness. Many times people enter into forbidden things when seeking to solve the problem of illness and the affair only increases in severity, and the problem brings other problems. Details will follow from a very beneficial Prophetic narration as to how Islam solves the problem of poverty and illness, and what Islam’s guidance is regarding these problems. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[ إِنَّ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ يَہۡدِى لِلَّتِى هِىَ أَقۡوَمُ وَيُبَشِّرُ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَعۡمَلُونَ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ أَنَّ لَهُمۡ أَجۡرً۬ا كَبِيرً۬ا – Verily, this Qur’an guides to that which is most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger, Muhammad , etc.). who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a great reward (Paradise)]. [Surah Al-Israa. Verse 9]

And Allaah describes the Qur’aan that is an explanation of everything (see footnote a), but despite this many of Muslims do not return to it due to many reasons and the greatest of them being the existence of much ignorance, little understanding and gatherings of knowledge, and their weak understanding in the religion ordained by Allaah. (1)

Footnote a: “And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims)”. [Surah An-Nahl. Verse 89]


[Ref 1: Listen to audio here: https://www.al-badr.net/detail/UY7sjBcaQE. from 12mins 34secs to 19mins 41secs. Paraphrased Excerpt]

Unjustified Pursuit of Concessions and Mere Claim of Khilaaf! [Unbefitting a People Who Want to Be Regarded as Followers of Clear Proof]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] was asked about those who follow the legislated Islamic concessions?

He replied: The religion is an Amaanah- an amaanah between the slave and his Lord. It’s obligatory that he fulfils it (the religious duties) as Allah and his messenger have commanded. Whoever performs the obligations, refrains from the prohibited affairs, (does) that which he is able from the Mustahabbaat (recommended deeds) and abandons the Makroohaat (disliked affairs), this is the Amaanah between the slave and his lord. The concessions are only allowed when there is a need and necessity (to utilize) them. Utilize them in accordance with necessity- with a need for the concession. Just like the sick person combines between two prayers, performs Tayyamum if he cannot use water for purification and doesn’t fast in Ramadhaan (i.e. when travelling etc), and a traveler shortens the prayers. This is a religious concession used at the time of its requirement. As for using concessions in other than their correct place (i.e. situation), then this is not permissible. Allah did not permit that for him (in such situation). Indeed He (Allaah) only placed the concessions at specified times and situations, and they are not used in other than these (times and situations). Therefore, it is obligated on the Muslim that he fears Allah and that he establishes that which Allah has obligated on him. (1)

Unjustified Pursuit of Concessions

Imaam ash-Shaatibee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated regarding the attitude of unjustified pursuit of concessions, “This arises from following one’s desires. Desire leads to a ‘too easy going attitude’ and the pursuit of concessions for oneself and others. So, you see him (i.e. such person) adopting that for himself or passing that judgment for his relative or friend, which he would not do for another person, due to the desire of that relative and friend”. (2)

Imaam Ash-Shaatibee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also said, “If a Mukallaf [i.e. the sane one who has reached the age in which the obligations of the Sharee’ah are obligated on him or her] seeks after concessions in the Madhabs in every affair that is difficult for him and every statement that agrees with his desires, then he will remove himself from the firm handhold of piety and persist upon the pursuit of desires”. (3)

Mistakes of Some of The Sincere Ones Are a Trial for The Followers of Desires

Al-Allaamah Abdur-Rahmaan Bin Yahyah Al-Mu’allimee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “And know that some of the sincere ones fall into error by the will of Allaah as a trial for others, as to whether they will follow the truth and abandon his speech, or be deceived by his virtuousness and lofty (status)? He (i.e. this sincere scholar) is excused; rather he is rewarded for striving to reach the correct verdict and his intention to reach good, and he is not degraded. However, the one who follows him (out of being) deceived by his great (status) without turning towards the real evidences in Allaah’s Book (i.e. the Qur’aan) and the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), he is not excused; rather he is upon a great danger”. (4)

Therefore, we do not entertain the argument of any of our elder children – who want to be seen as followers of clear proofs – if they claim that that there is a concession or difference of opinion in the subject matter of Qaza; rather the evidences are as clear as the midday sun. Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-prohibition-of-qaza-hairstyle-disallowed-by-allahs-messenger/

Read here: https://salaficentre.com/2021/10/12/no-disapproval-in-issues-of-khilaaf/


[Ref 1: Translated by Abu Aa’isha Amjad Khan. http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/13751%5D

[Ref 2: Al-Muwaafaqaat. 5/84]

[Ref 3: Al-Muwaafaqaat. 3/123]

[Ref 4: Raf’ul Ish-tibaah. page 152]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 1]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Introduction: The Importance of This Book

Reading this book is very beneficial in order that people become acquainted with the excellence of the religion of Islaam and its accomplishment of all the obligatory affairs (or necessities) that are sought after; and that it is a perfect religion that explains all affairs and solves all the problems of the people- a means to attaining all beneficial (useful) things, repels all evils, a means to success and safety, and a means to attaining the Pleasure of their Lord. This book is a means of increasing and strengthening Eemaan, because that which will increase the Eemaan of a Muslim and strength in this religion is through acquaintance with the excellence of this religion and its mighty station.

Imaam As-Saddi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “All praise be to Allaah, and peace and blessings be upon Muhammad and all his family and companions. To proceed: These are statements related to the subject of the Islamic religion, and that it guides to that which is the most just and upright- guides the servants of Allaah through its creed, manners, dealings and directives, and establishes the basis of that which will benefit them in their worldly life and the Hereafter. And a clarification that there is no way to upright rectification of any of the affairs of the creation – completely – without it. And a clarification that all systems that are contrary to the religion of Islam cannot establish uprightness in religious and worldly affairs unless they are based on the teachings of the religion”.

Commentary: The author clarified the religion of Islam – its creed, which is the most sound, the most perfect and the greatest; and its manners, which are the best and purest; and its dealings, which are the finest and the best; and its directives, which are the most upright, and its structures upon which is founded every good and virtue- upon a lofty basis that is built on a robust foundation. The Islamic creed, its manners, dealings, directives and its structures guides the servants of Allaah in their worldly life and Afterlife. And it is not possible to rectify – completely (or perfectly) – anything from the affairs of the creation, except through Islam. Sometimes there are conferences (or conventions) to solve some problems, but neither a single verse from Allaah’s Book is mentioned nor a hadeeth of Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], whilst seeking an upright solution to problems. All systems that are contrary to the religion of Islam cannot establish uprightness in religious and worldly affairs unless they are based on the teachings of the religion. The details of this affair will proceed…. (1)

Allaah [The Most High] said:

أَفَمَنْ أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَىٰ تَقْوَىٰ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانٍ خَيْرٌ أَمْ مَنْ أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَىٰ شَفَا جُرُفٍ هَارٍ فَانْهَارَ بِهِ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ ۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Is it then he, who laid the foundation of his building on piety to Allah and His Good Pleasure, better, or he who laid the foundation of his building on an undetermined brink of a precipice ready to crumble down, so that it crumbled to pieces with him into the Fire of Hell. And Allah guides not the people who are the Zaalimoon [polytheists and wrong doers]. [Soorah At-Tawbah: Ayah: 109]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Whoever wants his building to be elevated, then it is incumbent upon him to strengthen and fortify its foundation, because the elevation of the building is based on the firmness and fortification of its foundation. Deeds are a building and Eemaan is their foundation. If the foundation is strong, it carries and elevates the building, and if a part of the building is damaged, it is easy for it to bear the [damage]; but if the foundation is not firm, then neither will the building be elevated nor will it be firm. And if something from the foundation is damaged, the building will either collapse or close to that. Therefore, the duty of a knowledgeable person is that he makes the foundation sound and fortified. As for the ignorant person, he elevates [the building] whilst building upon other than a [strong] foundation, so his building does not remain.

The foundation of deeds is like the physical strength of a person- if the strength is vigorous, the body will be able to withstand burden and repel many harmful things; but if it is weak, the body’s ability to withstand burden is weakened and harm quickly overcomes the person. Therefore, support your building [i.e. your actions and deeds] with the foundation of Eemaan; for if something from the top of your building decays and falls down, then it would be much easier for the [building] to bear [the damage], rather than the destruction of the foundation. This foundation [i.e. Eemaan] is based on two affairs:

Firstly: Sound knowledge and awareness of Allaah, His Commandments, Names and Attributes. Secondly: Complete submission to Allaah alone [i.e. by worshipping Him alone] and [unconditional obedience to] His Messenger alone. This is the firmest foundation upon which the slave establishes his building [i.e. his actions and deeds]. Therefore, one solidifies the foundation, preserves its strength and carries on being enthusiastic, and thus what is desired [i.e. success in this life and the next] will be reached [InShaaAllaah].(2)

Dr. Shaikh Abu Iyaadh [may Allaah preserve him] stated:  The wisdom of the Islamic Shariah: Cut off evils and harms to society from their very roots and enjoy the resulting freedom, ease and wholesome life. In contrast: the barbarity and backwardness of commercialising corrosive evils– usurious banking, alcohol, gambling–in order to profit from the masses through affairs in which their ruin and impoverishment lies–and then managing this commercialisation through legislation, policies, guidelines and so on to “limit the harms”. The result? Inescapable enslavement, bondage, disease and ruin of the masses for the enrichment of the few who peddle these vices. Where is the intellect?! (3)

[Ref1: Listen to audio here: https://www.al-badr.net/detail/UY7sjBcaQE. Stopped at 12mins 34secs. Paraphrased Excerpt]

[Ref2:An Excerpt From Al-Fawaa’id. page 154. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref3:http://www.shariah.ws/articles/suokooj-there-is-no-safe-limit-in-the-consumption-of-alcohol-and-the-prohibition-of-alcohol-in-the-quran.cfm ]

Learning Through Analogy Within Sound Limits – [Reminder to The Muslim Science and PSHE Teacher]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Al-Allaamah Abdur Rahmaan Bin Yahyah al-Mu’allimee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “It is well known that a person is born knowing nothing, but rather he is accompanied with the physical ability to feel pain and the like. I mean – for example – when pinched, he feels the pain due to that. This (feelings) accompanied him since the time the soul was placed in him (see footnote a); but it is not considered to be knowledge. And (alos) with him is an innate disposition by way of which he latches on the mother’s breast and suckles.

Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] said: [وَٱللَّهُ أَخۡرَجَكُم مِّنۢ بُطُونِ أُمَّهَـٰتِكُمۡ لَا تَعۡلَمُونَ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا – And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you know nothing]. [Surah An-Nahl. Verse 78]

Then, after birth, he begins to perceive tangible things through his senses and this gradually increases through analogy (or comparing one thing or situation to another). It becomes the norm (or customary) that his mother lifts him from his cradle when she wants to breastfeed him, so when this is repeated, he realises – by way of analogy -that she will breastfeed him if she lifts him from his cradle. You see him cry when he is hungry, silent when you take him from his cradle and returns to crying if a moment passes and you do not breastfeed him. This is how his general knowledge is developed through perceiving tangible things and analogy, and the analogy itself is strengthened through repetition, and this – itself – is Istiqraa [examination, scrutiny and extrapolation].

Then through perceiving tangible things and analogy, the underlying causes become registered in mind and heart, such as the fact that existence and non-existence are not combined together, and that a thing is greater than its part, and that an event must have one to bring it into existence. What is meant (or intended in this discussion) is that he perceives either by his senses or by way of analogy based on what he perceives through his senses. The fact of the matter is that the intellect acts on or (reacts to) the tangible things and analogies, and judges as to whether an affair is definitely correct or preponderant, wrong or possible. This stays with a person for the duration of his life, but the more he grows, learns, reasons and reflects, the more his knowledge is enhanced through the many tangible things that can be perceived through the senses, the greater ability to analogize and the strength of the intellect.

If there is a person with you in the house, you know that he is present either by seeing him or hearing his voice, either through perception or by touching him, or smelling his body odour. And through your previous extrapolation, you realize (or understand) that he is a human being – that such and such shape, or that voice, or the tangible object you’ve had contact with or smell is a human being. And through another extrapolation, you realize that he is such and such person- that the shape, voice, the tangible object you’ve had contact with and the smell are that of such and such specific person.

You may exit your room and leave none in there; then you return shortly and find that an incident has taken place in there; so you know from your previous extrapolation and making a judgement by way of your intellect that something did cause it. If you wanted to know the reason, you investigate by utilizing your previous extrapolation. It maybe that a paper shifted from its position and the cause may be the wind. It may be that there was a book on an unstable place and you’ve seen that it fell; therefore you ponder that its instability for a while was due to its heavy weight and inability to remain stable led it to lean gradually in the direction from which it fell until it completely fell at that time. And if something was attached to a weak string (or cord) and then it snapped, you reflect and notice that due to the heavy weight of the thing that was on the string (or cord), its strength weakened and snapped bit by bit until it snapped (completely). And if a vessel containing food was in a stable place, but then you came and it had fallen, you would think (or suspect) that a mouse, a cat or the like jumped forcefully on it and it fell. If a vessel containing light food was taken from above a table and placed on another table far from it, and there was a monkey in the house or its vicinity that might have entered that room, it is possible to say that the monkey was responsible. And if a heavy box was placed on the ground, but moved from its place to another place, you would hold the view that a person entered and did so, and you’ll also know that the person is alive and has the ability to do such an action. If several things that were in the room were diverted from their places and arranged in a better and more perfect arrangement than before, you would know that such a person is wise to the extent of what was required (of ability) to carry out their arrangement. If the room was sealed from the inside, then you came and stood close to the door, and you know that no human could enter after you; but then you returned and found that the luggage had been diverted from their places and arranged in another arrangement that was more creative and perfect than what it was before; then you would establish one of two possibilities: either he is a person with ability that is beyond what is known to be the norm, so he entered the room from where it was not customary for a person to enter; or he is present, alive, knowledgeable, able and wise beyond that of a human being and other species that you’ve seen before. So with this, you realized his existence by analogy with the existence of tangible things that can be perceived by the senses, and also what you realise (or understand) regarding his attributes (or qualities)”. (1)

Intellect and Analogy Cannot Oppose The Divine Revelation

Ahmad Ibn Aasim Al-Antaakiy [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The most beneficial intellect is the one that makes you acknowledge the blessings Allaah; aids you in being grateful and oppose (evil) desires”. (2)

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Everyone with a bit of (sound) intellect knows that the corruption of the world and its ruin occurs due to giving precedence to opinion over the divine revelation and (evil) desires over sound intellect. These two corrupt motives are not entrenched in a heart except that its destruction becomes inevitable nor in a nation except that its affairs are completely corrupted”. (3)

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated, “It has been stated that the reason behind Iblees being distanced [from the mercy of Allaah] is because of false interpretation, for indeed he made an analogy with the text and gave precedence to the analogy over the text. He made a false interpretation about himself and that [his so called] rational analogy takes precedence over the command to prostrate: “I am better than him (i.e. Aadam)”, and that a virtuous one cannot humble himself to one who has been given virtue over him; therefore he quickly said, ” You created me from fire, and him you created from clay”. So, he thought that this rational analogy that resembles truth- even though it is false – will benefit him in his false interpretation and thus that which happened him happened and he became the leader of everyone- until the day of judgement- who makes a false interpretation of the texts of the revelation. How many a person in this world are followers of this cursed leader! And if you contemplate on the majority of those doubts that are made to resemble the truth by the false interpreters of the texts and seeking to nullify them, you will find that it is similar to the doubts of Iblees which he seeks to portray as truth. So, a person says, “If the intellect and the text oppose each other, then give precedence to the intellect”, this is where this principle is derived from and he [i.e. the proponent of this affair] use it as a fundamental principle through which he rejects those texts of the revelation which he claims are in opposition to the intellect, just as his leader Iblees claimed that a (so called) rational proof opposed the command to make Sujood. This doubt came to him due to pride which prevented him from submitting to the clear texts of the revelation. Likewise, you find every false disputer against the texts of the revelation does so due to pride. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يُجَـٰدِلُونَ فِىٓ ءَايَـٰتِ ٱللَّهِ بِغَيۡرِ سُلۡطَـٰنٍ أَتَٮٰهُمۡۙ إِن فِى صُدُورِهِمۡ إِلَّا ڪِبۡرٌ۬ مَّا هُم بِبَـٰلِغِيهِۚ فَٱسۡتَعِذۡ بِٱللَّهِۖ إِنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡبَصِيرُ

Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to them, there is nothing else in their breasts except pride [to accept you (Muhammad ) as a Messenger of Allah and to obey you]. They will never have it (i.e. Prophethood which Allah has bestowed upon you). So seek refuge in Allah (O Muhammad from the arrogants). Verily, it is He Who is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. [Surah Ghaafir. Aayah 56] (4)

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “And even though there is something in the paths of analogical reasoning and reflection that will lead to knowledge, however sometimes it cannot give detail explanation in a dispute between the people of the earth due to the minute details and ambiguities [in that dispute], and at other times due to the fact the people differ when prioritizing necessities. Therefore, due to this Allaah [The Most High] commanded [us] to return to the revelation in times of dispute. Allaah [The Most High] said:

[كَانَ ٱلنَّاسُ أُمَّةً۬ وَٲحِدَةً۬ فَبَعَثَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ وَأَنزَلَ مَعَهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ بِٱلۡحَقِّ لِيَحۡكُمَ بَيۡنَ ٱلنَّاسِ فِيمَا ٱخۡتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ‌ۚ – Mankind were one community (i.e. upon Tawheed and Allaah’s Sharee’ah) and Allah sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He sent the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed]. [Surah Al-Baqarah’ Aayah 213]

Therefore, Allaah [The Most High] designated the revealed Books [i.e. the Qur’aan being the final of them] as the judge between the people in matters wherein they differ”. (5)

Question to Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] Shaikh, are the ones who depend on their intellects in understanding many of the affairs of the religion considered to be from those who are mistaken?
Answer: Yes; it is obligated on him not to depend on his intellect, rather he studies the texts and relies on the divine texts from the speech of Allaah and that of Allaah’s Messenger [salllal laahu alayhiwa wasallam], because there is guidance in it and direction towards good. As for the intellect, it can be right or wrong. The sects that oppose Ahlus sunnah were destroyed due to their intellects. They thought that they had good intellects and that their intellects arrived at what is correct and thus they opposed the texts by way of their stagnant intellects which they thought were sound. What was that which made the Jahmiyyah negate the Perfect Names and Attributes of Allaah, except due to their corrupt intellects?!

What was it that led the Mutazilah to negate the attributes of Allaah and declared that the sinners [i.e. those who die whilst committing the major sins that are lesser that major kufr and major shirk] will remain in the fire forever, except due to their corrupt intellects?! Likewise, is the case of their followers who utter this same speech.

What led the Khawaarij to excommunicate the people due to committing sins – that the sinner is a disbeliever and that he will remain in the fire forever, except due to their corrupt intellects. Likewise. this is the case regarding other than them amongst the proponents of Bidah. The intellects which they depend upon is that which destroy them, because they think that their intellects are safe, sound, good and infallible, whereas that is not the case; rather it is not infallible – commits mistakes a lot; however they hold a good suspicion regarding their intellects and an evil suspicion regarding the texts and thus they are destroyed.

It is obligatory to harbour a good suspicion regarding the texts and an evil suspicion regarding the intellect, and to submit the intellects to the texts. The texts are infallible if their chain of transmission are established to be authentic. As for the intellects, they are fallible. A person susceptible to mistakes, shortcoming and desires. As for the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], what he conveyed from Allaah is infallible. And likewise the Qur’aan is infallible- the speech of Allaah. Therefore, it is obligatory that the Qur’aan and Sunnah passes a judgement on your intellect and that you give precedence to the Qur’aan and Sunnah over your intellect- over the intellect of the Shaikh, the Mashaayikh, your forefathers, ancestors and all the people. The texts are given precedence over all the intellects. (6)

The Perils of Conjecture

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

سَيَقُولُونَ ثَلَـٰثَةٌ۬ رَّابِعُهُمۡ كَلۡبُهُمۡ وَيَقُولُونَ خَمۡسَةٌ۬ سَادِسُہُمۡ كَلۡبُہُمۡ رَجۡمَۢا بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ‌ۖ وَيَقُولُونَ سَبۡعَةٌ۬ وَثَامِنُہُمۡ ڪَلۡبُہُمۡ‌ۚ قُل رَّبِّىٓ أَعۡلَمُ بِعِدَّتِہِم مَّا يَعۡلَمُهُمۡ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ۬‌ۗ فَلَا تُمَارِ فِيہِمۡ إِلَّا مِرَآءً۬ ظَـٰهِرً۬ا وَلَا تَسۡتَفۡتِ فِيهِم مِّنۡهُمۡ أَحَدً۬ا

[Some] say they were three, the dog being the fourth among them; (others) say they were five, the dog being the sixth, guessing at the unseen; (yet others) say they were seven, the dog being the eighth. Say (O Muhammad): “My Lord knows best their number; none knows them but a few.” So debate not (about their number, etc.) except with the clear proof (which We have revealed to you). And consult not any of them (people of the Scripture) about (the affair of) the people of the Cave. [Surah Al-Kahf. Verse 22]

Allaah informed (us) of the differing between the people of the scripture regarding the number of the people of the cave- a differing that [occurred] out of guessing at the unseen, forging statements and speaking about that which they have no knowledge. Some of them said that the people of the cave were three in number and their dog was the fourth, and others said that the people of the cave were five in number and their dog was the sixth. Allaah said that these two statements are tantamount to guessing at the unseen, so this indicates that they are false. And amongst them were those who said that the people of the cave were seven in number and their dog was the eighth. This statement-and Allaah knows best- is what is correct because Allaah declared the first two statements false but did not declare this third one to be false, so this indicates that it is correct. This differing is one that neither carries any benefit nor are the people benefited by knowing the number of the people of the cave.

It contains neither a benefit related to religion nor the worldly affairs and that is why Allaah stated: [Say (O Muhammad): My Lord knows best their number; none knows them but a few]; and they are those who know what is correct and known for being upon what is correct. [So debate not (about their number, etc.) except with the clear proof (which We have revealed to you)] based upon knowledge, certainty and about that which contains benefit. As for debating based on ignorance and guessing at the unseen or about that which has no benefit- either the debater being obstinate or the affair being debated having no benefit- neither any religious nor [praiseworthy] worldly benefit, such as the number of the people of the cave and what is similar to it- then too much debate about it and continuous research regarding it is a waste of time, and it makes the hearts have a strong love for that which has no benefit. [And consult not any of them (people of the Scripture, Jews and Christians) about (the affair of) the people of the Cave] because their speech regarding it is based on guessing at the unseen and conjecture can be of no avail against the truth.

This [i.e. verse 22 Surah Kahf] proves that it is not permissible for a person to issue a verdict when he is not worthy of it- either due to his inability to issue a verdict in that affair or due to fact that he does not care what he says about the affair because he does not possess that fear of Allaah that will stop him from speaking about affairs that are unclear to him, which may harm him in the afterlife. So when it is the case that he has been forbidden from giving verdicts in the likes of this affair, then prohibiting him from giving verdicts [in general] is of a greater prohibition. Also this ayah proves that a person maybe prohibited from giving a verdict in some affair but not in other affairs, so he gives a verdict in that which he is worthy of giving a verdict and not in other affairs because Allaah has not prohibited him from giving a verdict completely; rather they were prohibited from giving a verdict regarding the affair of the people of the cave and what is similar to it. (7)

Footnote: a: Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood [may Allaah be pleased with him] reported that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings be upon him] said, “Verily, the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days as a drop, then he is a clot for a similar period, then a morsel for a similar period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows the soul into him (i.e. after 120 days)…”. [Saheeh AlBukhaari. Number 7454]


[Ref 1: Aathaar Ash-Shaikh Al-Allaamah Abdur Rahmaan Bin Yahyah Al-Mu’allimee. Vol 5 pages 7-11]
[Ref 2: Seerah As-Salaf As-Saaliheen. 1/1073. Chapter: A mention of the At’baa At-Taabi’een]
[Ref 3: A’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een 1/67-69]
[Ref 4: An Excerpt from ‘As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah 1/371-372]
[Ref 5. Dar Ta’aarud Al-Aql Wan-Naql: 9/17-18]
[Ref6:https://binbaz.org.sa/fatwas/28730/%D9%8A%D8%AC%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%AA%D9%85%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%B9%D9%82%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%A8%D9%84-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%AA%D9%85%D8%AF-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B5%D9%88%D8%B5. Paraphrased]
[Ref 7: An Excerpt from Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam al-Mannaan’. slightly paraphrased]

Education, Science and Culture: [Whose Definition, Methodology and Goals Do We Follow?]