In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Question to Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [hafidhahullaah]: What do you say regarding the one who when it is said to him, “Fear Allaah regarding sins, such as shaving the beard, smoking and Isbaal [i.e. wearing one’s garments below the ankles]”, he says, “Eemaan is in the heart and it is not about growing the beard, abandoning smoking and Isbaal”; and he says, “Indeed, Allaah does not look at your bodies, rather He looks at your hearts”; and he intends by this the growing of the beard, abandoning smoking and Isbaal [i.e. that Eemaan is not about these affairs, rather it is what is settles in the heart]?
Response: This statement is often uttered by some of the ignorant people or those who hold false and erroneous views. It [i.e. what is uttered by this person] is a statement of truth by way of which falsehood is intended, because he utters this statement to justify his sins – that even in the absence of deeds that are to be performed in obedience to Allaah as well as not abandoning forbidden deeds, Eemaan in the heart is sufficient. This false and erroneous view is clearly unveiled because Eemaan is not only something in the heart; rather Eemaan – as defined by Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah – is speech of the tongue [i.e. acts of worship carried out with the tongue], belief in the heart and deeds of the limbs. Imaam Al-Hasan Al-Basri [rahimahullaah] said, “Eemaan is not to merely say something nor mere hope, rather it is what settles in the heart and deeds testify to it”.
Deeds of disobedience and abandoning obedience is proof that either there is no Eemaan in one’s heart or it is deficient. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَأۡڪُلُواْ ٱلرِّبَوٰٓا – O you who believe! Eat not Riba (usury)]. [Surah Aal Imraan. Aayah 130]
Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ – O you who believe! Do your duty to Allah and fear Him]. [Surah al-Maa’idah. Aayah 35]
Allaah said: [مَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا- whosoever believed in Allah and the Last Day and worked righteousness]. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 69]
Allaah said: [إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ – Truly those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 277]
Allaah said: [مَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحً۬ا – whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 62]
Eemaan cannot be regarded complete except when accompanied by righteous deeds and abandoning disobedience. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
By Al-‘Asr (the time).Verily! Man is in loss; except those who believe [in Islamic Monotheism] and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth, and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allah’s Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism etc] [Surah Al-Asr]
Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ – O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger [Muhammad]. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 59]
Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱسۡتَجِيبُواْ لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمۡ لِمَا يُحۡيِيڪُمۡۖ- O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls youto that which will give you life [i.e. fill your hearts with Eemaan, guidance and lead you righteous deeds]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 24]
Belief in the heart alone is not enough without uttering one’s Eemaan with the tongue and performing deeds with the limbs, because this [i.e. belief in the heart without performing deeds] is the Madhab of those Murji’ah amongst the Jahmiyyah and other than them, and it is a false Madhab; rather one has to believe in the heart, utter his Eemaan [i.e. what he believes in] and perform deeds with the limbs. Committing acts of disobedience to Allaah is a proof of the weakness and deficiency of the Eemaan in one’s heart, because one’s Eemaan increases when Allaah is obeyed and decreases when Allaah is disobeyed. [Al-Muntaqaa Min Fataawaa Ma’aal Ash-Shauikh Al-Allaamah Ad-Doctoor Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah). Vol 1. pages 19-20. Publisher Daar Al-Imaam Ahmad. 1st edition (2013). Slightly paraphrased]
O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded. [Soorah Tahreem: Ayah: 6]
The meaning of ”O you who believe”: Some of the pious predecessors said that if you hear the statement of Allaah ‘’O you who believe’‘, then listen attentively because it is either something good you are being commanded or something forbidden you are being prohibited from.
We Are Commanded to Teach Our Children The Shahaadatayn And Keep Them Away From Bidah
And regarding the statement ‘’Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell)”; Thiscannot be achieved except by fulfilling the commandments of Allaah and keeping away from what He has forbidden. This is what the statement ‘’Ward off from yourselves’’ means-by fulfilling the rights of Shahaadah ‘None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah’’; by worshipping Allaah [alone], acquainting yourself with Tawheed and free the Shahaadah from all that either negates it or that which negates the obligations it necessitates. [Likewise], free the Shahaadah from innovations in the religion which are a belittlement of it and the sins that diminishes its worth. Likewise, [the statement Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’ has rights], and that is to fulfil what the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] commanded and keep away from everything he has forbidden, and that your worship of your Creator is carried out in accordance with what the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wsallam] legislated.
Children Are The Most Important Members of The Family
And also regarding the statement, ‘’Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell)’’: It is well known that children are the most important part of the family, therefore you must take up a shield of protection against the fire to protect your children and those under your care. And what is this protection? It is the advice and guidance you give them about that which will benefit them- teaching them what is beneficial and correct by way of which Eemaan is nurtured in the hearts and by way of which they will come to know the rights of their Creator and the rights of their parents. This is the meaning of ‘’Ward off yourselves and your families a Fire [hell]’’- by advising, guiding, teaching and distancing them from everything that will hold them back [from goodness, uprightness etc.].
Children Must Be Distanced From Evil Companions; They Must Be Taught The Sound Islamic Creed First and Foremost, And Then The Beneficial Worldly Sciences
We said that children are the most important part of the family, so they must be taught what benefits them and are distanced from evil companions. Teaching them necessitates that which the Book and the Sunnah necessitates in their religious affairs, so that they are nurtured upon a sound, beneficial and good nurturing. And we do not say that it is prohibited to study the beneficial worldly sciences because the religion of Islaam does not prohibit it, such as the knowledge of medicine, economics, business and its likes. However, these affairs come after rectification of the creed and after being [acquainted with] the knowledge of Tawheed. This is what is specified as an obligation.
And protecting the family [necessitates] that you distance your children from evil companions- those who have no goodness in them, such as the atheists or those Bedouins who are distanced from their religion. Therefore, you must warn your children about mixing with them and you must strive to [make sure that] they do not mix with them. If your child mixes with them, their evil practices will affect him. Even if your child is sensible, he will adopt some of their manners and deeds due to those evil companions. When a healthy she camel intermingles with a camel afflicted with scabies, it will be afflicted with scabies; or when someone intermingles a lot with a camel afflicted with scabies, he will become afflicted with scabies and his scabies will be transferred to the group and they all become afflicted.
Children Are to Be Nurtured to Preserve The Five Daily Prayers
Teach your children and continue [commanding them] to preserve the five daily prayers, for indeed the prayer is religion and it prevents one from committing obscene and evil deeds. In most cases, if you see your child always frequenting the mosque, then this is a sign of goodness and uprightness, as the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: ‘’If you see a person always frequenting the masjid, then bear witness to his Imaan.’’
Admonition to The One Who Rejoices Because of Their Child’s Worldly Achievements Yet Such a Child Is Ignorant About The Rights of Allaah
You say, ‘’Indeed, my child graduated from such and such university and he has a master’s degree or what they call a PHD, and he studied in America or in London or in such university; and you think that with these [qualifications] he has become a mountain amongst the mountains of the earth’’; but as long as he is unaware of the rights of his Lord, unaware of your rights and the affairs of his religion, then by Allaah he is a mirage and there is neither goodness in him nor in his knowledge [of the worldly sciences]. To be ignorant [of these worldly science] would be better for him because they led him to reject his religion, country and society. The situation of [this person who abandoned his religion] is that of evil and his manners have been corrupted. Therefore, it is obligatory that you do not become lackadaisical concerning the affairs of your children as long as they are young. Teach them what is beneficial and nurture them upon good.
Teachers And Parents Must Work Closely Together to Nurture The Children of The Ummah Upon Sound Islaam, And We Should Take Heed Lest We Neglect This Responsibility And Be From Those Who Betray The Trust That Has Been Entrusted Upon Them
It is obligated on the teachers to implant the true creed in the hearts of the young generation. They should clarify -for them- the wisdom, beauty and underlying reasons behind the rulings of the Islamic law until their hearts grow in Eemaan and radiated with its light, so that they become upright and benefit their country, governments, Islamic Nation, its people and the Religion. Therefore, the teacher who teachers your child should be an upright example for his pupils. They take him as an example in fulfilling the commands of Allaah and in his manners, just as Ut’bah Bin Abee Sufyaan said to his children’s teacher: ‘’Indeed, I have come to you to teach my children; firstly: rectify yourself and adhere to your religion, because their eyes are fixed on you. They will not see you beautifying or doing something, except that they will blindly follow you.’’ Then he said to the teacher, ‘’Teach them the best of the narrations’’; meaning: The best and most beneficial, and the most beneficial science. Then he said: ‘’Keep them away from flirting with women and composing love poems about them; rather teach them the hadeeth and the Qur’aan, and [those] poetry and etiquettes of the Arabs that develops bravery in the souls, heroism, nobility and adherence to good customs.’’ This is what Ut’bah said to the teacher of his children; He said: ‘’They [my children] will follow your deeds just as they learn from your sciences, so therefore your actions must be good.’’
Therefore, if the teacher strives together with the households and the fathers, the child will be given a good and upright upbringing. He will benefit his country and government, and Allaah will benefit Islaam and the Muslims through him. However, if his teacher is one of the corrupters, the enemies of Allaah, His Messenger, the religion of Islaam and the Muslim lands, [the student] will follow his footsteps because a student treads upon the fundamental principles of the teacher.
Alas, how can we be pleased with sending our young children to a faculty in America or to such and such country, and he [the parent] says: ‘’My child has gone to study’’, [whilst he has gone] to study disbelief, hearsay, deviation, how to turn away from his family, his country and religion!! They will teach him this, just as Zimmer [The Catholic philosopher and theologian] advocated.
This Zimmer was a head of Christian Missionaries and he sent Christian missionaries to the various regions of the Arab-Islamic Countries. He gathered them before dispersing them and said, ‘’Inform me of what you will be doing in the Muslim countries?’’ One of them said: ‘’I will convert five to Christianity.’’ Another said: ‘’I will convert two to Christianity, and I will give them the blessings of Christianity and make them thankful.’’ He (Zimmer) said: ‘’You have not understood our desired objective! It is not possible to convert the Muslims to Christianity; it is not possible for the Muslims to reject their religion, except if you teach them. The most important thing is that you teach the Muslim children by sowing doubts in their souls about their religion and rejection in their souls against their countries. And eventually when one of them sets up a centre in his country, he will give no importance to anything else except his desires. And when he gathers wealth, he will do so according to his desires. Therefore, he ends up having no religion and no connection with his Creator. Therefore, cultivate the lands of Muhammad [i.e. the Muslim lands] upon this.’’
And he (Zimmer) said in another speech of his: ‘’Indeed, Islaam is like a tree, therefore cut off its branches. Its branches are the children of the Muslims, therefore teach them so that they can aid you to cut off the tree of Islaam in their countries. You will not be able to cut it off yourselves, rather teach their children to aid you in uprooting it in their countries.’’
This is their statement [O reader]! If this is their statement, then how can a person excuse himself for sending his young child to Germany, France, America, Italy and London, whilst he has not yet been nurtured upon the correct creed. This is an error. [Your Muslim child] will come to you whilst turning away from his religion, turning away from his parents and looking down upon them. He will consider them to be [people] who neither possesses understanding nor do they know, whilst in reality he is the one without understanding. Therefore, it is incumbent upon a person to give serious concern to the children under his care because they are a trust. And when you neglect them, then indeed you have betrayed the trust. Allaah [The Most High] said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَخُونُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلرَّسُولَ وَتَخُونُوٓاْ أَمَـٰنَـٰتِكُمۡ وَأَنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ – O you who believe! Betray not Allah and His Messenger, nor betray knowingly your Amanat [things entrusted to you and all the duties which Allah has ordained for you]. [Soorah Anfaal: Ayah: 27]
Therefore, your children are a trust and when you neglect them, then indeed you have betrayed them. It is obligated on every one of us to fear Allaah with regards to the [affair] of his children and those under his care. The days go past and the end of a [person’s] lifespan draws closer, and a person does not know when his life span will suddenly come to [an end]. [A person] must strive to teach his children beneficial knowledge, nurtures them upon goodness and obedience to [Allaah and His Messenger]. “All of you are shepherds and each of you is responsible for his flock. A man is the shepherd of his household and he is responsible for them. A woman is a shepherdess in her husband’s house and she is responsible for her flock.” And Allaah knows best, and may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam], His family and companions. [Ref 1]
Some Plots of The Militant Secularists Through Education
Shaikh Abdul-Azeez Bin Baaz [rahimahullaah] said: They seek to conquer the intellects of the Muslim children and nurture their hearts upon their views, either by making them feel that their ways are superior in every affair-be it in affairs of creed and religion, or that which they speak with by way of languages, or what they consider to be civilized manners, customs etc.. They seek to nurture a great number of Muslims in the Muslim lands until they are intoxicated with their views and return them to their lands. Then they start praising and promoting them until they become the figureheads in their countries. So they spread their ideas through these people…etc They encourage the Muslims in the Muslim lands to learn their languages at the expense of the Arabic language, which is the language of the Qur’aan- the language by way of which the Muslims perform their acts of worship. They also establish many studies that are intended to cause nuisance and glorify what they call popular literature and national heritage…..etc They prepare a large number of people amongst their people to study Islam and the Arabic language and write books, and take up teaching positions in universities- orientalists….etc They also spread propaganda that Muslim women in the Muslim lands are oppressed in order to take them out of their homes and place them where they want. But Allaah (The Most High) said:
O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies. That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” They set up radio programmes designed to mislead gullible young Muslims who do not understand Islam and do not have sufficient knowledge, especially in Africa…. However if the Muslims exercise patience these plots will not harm them. Allaah (The Most High) said: [وَإِنْ تَصْبِرُوا وَتَتَّقُوا لا يَضُرُّكُمْ كَيْدُهُمْ شَيْئًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ مُحِيطٌ – But if you remain patient and become Al-Muttaqun (the pious – see V.2:2), not the least harm will their cunning do to you. Surely, Allah surrounds all that they do]. [Ref 2]
Transgressors Against Religion – Boko Haram And Al-Shabab
Just as the militant secularists seek to destroy the sound creed and morals of the Muslims, likewise Boko Haram, Al-Shabab and other extremist devils are misguided fanatics who destroy the religion with their false methodologies. They have no scholars amongst them and are unable to refute the claims and ideas of the corrupters with sound evidences, so they chose the path of the devil in violating the blood and honour of innocent people-Muslims and non-Muslims.
Warning against Boko Haram: The Mufti [Shaikh Abdul Azeez Aala Shaikh [hafidhahullaah] of Saudi Warns against Boko Haram:
Al-Allaamah Abdul Azeez Aala Shaikh (may Allaah preserve him) says: *Boka Haraam is a misguided group and are from the khawaarij. *Their actions are evil and harmful for Islam and the Muslims. *Their actions are destructive. *Abducting girls is from the actions of a misguided group. *If Boka Haraam are claiming acall to jihad, then it is nothing but ignorance and enmity against Islaam and the Muslims. *Boka Haraam are not upon correctness and guidance because Islaam opposes abduction/kidnapping, unlawful killing and transgression. *Marrying off kidnapped/abducted females is haraam and it is not permissible to give them in marriage. An Excerpt -[slightly paraphrased]. See link for further details: http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=143763http://wp.me/p4cUPQ-az
Boko Haram and Al-Shabab Recruits Lack ‘lack Religious Schooling’
“These [are] Four Rules(1),that the Muslim benefits from throughout his life. And they address affairs of creed, and it is known that if the creed is correct and sound, everything else [will also be] correct.
Because the Messenger of Allah informed us that,
“ There is a morsel of flesh in the body, if it is sound, the whole body is sound. And if it is corrupt the whole body is corrupted, and it is the heart.”(2)
Therefore, if the heart is sound, then all of the limbs are in obedience; meaning the heart is (like a) king and the limbs are (like) soldiers. When the heart is righteous it does not reach out except to good, and it does not perform except [that which is] good.”
The first lesson of the Shaykh’s explanation of Al-Qawā’id Al-‘Arba’a,
(1) Al-Qawā’id Al-‘Arba’a authored by Shaykh Al-Islām Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Al-Wahhāb (rahimahullāh)
(2) Bukhāri & Muslim
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Imaam Al-Aajuree [rahimahullaah] said:
وأنا أمثل لك مثالا لا يخفى عليك أمرها إن شاء االله : اعلم أن النفس مثلها كمثل المهر الحسن من الخيل ، إذا نظرإليه الناظر أعجبه حسنه وهباؤه ، فيقول أهل البصيرة به : لا ينتفع هبذا حتى يراض رياضة حسنة ، ويؤدب أدبا حسنا ، فحينئذ ينتفع به ، فيصلح للطلب والهرب ، ويحمد راكبهعواقب تأديبه ورياضته . فإن لم يؤدب لم ينتفع بحسنه ولا ببهائه ، ولا يحمد راكبهعواقبهعند الحاجة . فإن قيل صاحبهذا المهر قول أهل النصيحة والبصيرة به ،علم أن هذا قول صحيح فدفعه إلى رائض فراضه . ثم لا يصلح أن يكون الرائض إلا عالما بالرياضة ، معه صبر على ما معه من علم الرياضة ، فإن كان معه بالرياضةونصحه انتفع به صاحبه ، فإن كان الرائض لا معرفة معه بالرياضة ، ولا علم بأدب الخيل ، أفسد هذا المهر وأتعب نفسه ، ولم يحمد راكبهعواقبه ، وإن كان الرائض معه معرفة الرياضة والأدب للخيل إلا أنه مع معرفته لم يصبر على مشقة الرياضة ، وأحب الترفيه لنفسه ،وتوانى عما وجب عليه ، من النصيحة في الرياضة ، أفسد هذا المهر ، وأساء إليه ، ولم يصلح للطلب ، ولا للهرب ، وكان له منظربلا مخبر ، فإن كان مالكه هو الرائض له ، ندمعلى توانيه يوم لا ينفعه الندم ، حين نظر إلى غيره في وقت الطلب ، قد طلب فأدرك ،وفي وقت الهرب قد هرب فسلم ، وطلب فهو لم يدرك ، وهرب فلم يسلم ، كل ذلك بتوانيه ، وقلة صبره بعد معرفته منه ، ثم أقبل على نفسه يلومها ويبخها ، فيقول : لم فرطت ؟ لم قصرت ؟ ، لقد عادعلي من قلة صبرى كل ما أكره . واالله المستعان . اعقلوا رحمكم االله علم هذا المثل ، وتفقهوا به ، تفلحوا وتنجحوا ، وقد قلت في هذا المثل أبياتا تشبه هذا المثل : أرى النفس هتوى ما تريد وفي متابعتي لهاعطب شديد تقول وقد ألحت في هواها مرادي كل ما أهوى أريد فأمنحها نصحي لكي تنزجر فتأبى وربي على ذي شهيد فإن أنا تابعتها ندمت وخفت العقوبة يوم الوعيد فإن كنت للنفس يا ذا محبا فقيد ، ولو بقيد الحديد ورضها رياضة مهر يراض بالسوط ، والسوط سوط حديد يمنعه الرائض ما يشتهي يريد بالمنعصلاحا وفهما يريد يحمده الراكب يوم اللقى والخيل في الحرب وجهد جهيد قال أبو بكر : وقد روي في معنى ما قلت من هذه الأمثال ، وآثارا تدل على ما قلت ، فأنا ذاكرها ؛ ليعتبرها من تدبرها
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:
النفس جبل عظيم شاق في طريق العبودية
وقال ابن القيم: النفس حجاب بين العبد وبين الله لا يصل إلى الله حتى يقطع هذا الحجاب، وهي جبل عظيم شاق في طريق السير إلى الله عز وجل، وكل سائر لا طريق له إلا على ذلك الجبل، فلا بد أن ينتهي إليه، ولكن منهم من هو شاق عليه ومنهم من هو سهل عليه وإنه ليسير على من يسره الله عليه.
وفي ذلك الجبل أودية وشعوب وعقبات ووهود وشوك وعوسج وعُليق وشبرق، ولصوص يقطعون الطريق على السائرين ولا سيما أهل الليل المدلجين، فإذا لم يكن معهم عُدد الإيمان ومصابيح اليقين تَنْقِد بزيت الإخبات وإلا تعلقت بهم تلك الموانع وتشبّثت بهم تلك القواطع وحالت بينهم وبين السير.
فإن أكثر السائرين فيه رجعوا على أعقابهم لما عجزوا عن قطعه واقتحام عقباته.
والشيطان على قلّة ذلك الجبل يُحذّر الناس من صعوده وارتفاعه ويخوفهم منه، فيتّفق مشقة الصعود وقعود ذلك المُخوِّف على قُلَّته
وضعف عزيمة السائر ونيته، فيتولّد من ذلك: الإنقطاع والرجوع والمعصوم من عصمه الله.
وكلما رقى السائر في ذلك الجبل اشتد به صياح القاطع وتحذيره وتخويفه.
فإذا قطعه وبلغ قٌلّته: انقلبت تلك المخاوف كلهن أماناً، وحينئذ يسهل السير، وتزول عنه عوارض الطريق ومشقة عقباتها ويرى طريقاً واسعاً آمناً يُفضي به إلى المنازل والمناهل، وعليه الأعلام، وفيه الإقامات قد أُعدّت لركب الرحمن.
فبين العبد وبين السعادة والفلاح قوة عزيمة وصبر ساعة وشجاعة نفس وثبات قلب، والفضل بيد الله يؤتيه من يشاء والله ذو الفضل العظيم
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:
The heart does get sick just as the body gets sick and its cure is found in repentance and bring keen [to obey Allaah and the Messenger etc]. The heart does become rusty just as a mirror becomes rusty, and remembrance of Allaah polishes it. The heart does become unadorned just as the body, and fear of Allaah beautifies it. The heart does suffer from discomfort just as the body suffers from discomfort due to hunger, and its food and drink are knowledge and awareness of Allaah, love of Allaah, reliance upon Allaah, turning sincerely to Allaah in repentance and obedience with Tawheed, and carrying out acts of obedience to Allaah. [An Excerpt from ‘Al-Fawaa’id 143’]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Imaam Ibnul Jawzee (rahimahullaah) said:
Indeed the listener is awaken at the time of hearing admonitions, but when he leaves a gathering (in which) Allaah was remembered he returns to a (state) of impenitence and heedlessness. So, I pondered and came to know of its causes and saw that the people were in different (circumstances) in that regard. The general state of affairs is that the heart does not remain upon a distinct state of wakefulness after one hears an admonition, and this is due to two reasons:
Firstly: An admonition is like a whip and a whip does not cause harm after its use ceases. Its pain is (felt) at the time it is used.
Secondly: Whilstlistening to Admonitions, a person may be turned away from [worldly distractions]- his body and thoughts are isolated from the influences of the worldly life and he pays attention with his heart; however when he returns to the [worldly] preoccupations, he is captivated by its hassles.
There are those who are firm and do not go back and forth: They carry on in a state of [wakefulness and righteous action] without turning away.
There are those whose natural inclinations make them incline towards heedlessness at times, but at other times they are called back through admonitions to perform [righteous] actions. They are similar to a grain of (corn) that is blown back and forth by the breeze.
And there are those who are not affected by [admonitions] except in accordance with the degree of what they heard- similar to water rolling on a smooth rock. [Source: An Excerpt from ‘Saydul Khaatir’ page: 14. slightly paraphrased]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
And just as Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] attached Al-Hudaa [Guidance] and At-Tuqaa [Piety] together; Dalaal [misguidance related to knowledge and creed] and Ghay [Misguidance related to knowledge and deeds]; likewise, He attached guidance and mercy together, and misguidance and misery together.
They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones. [Surah Al-Baqarah Aayah 157]
And Allaah stated regarding [a supplication of the believers that they say]:
Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Qur’an) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of the Allah’s existing Books [the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and other Scriptures of Allah] and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a Mercy for the people who believe. [Surah Yoosuf. Aayah 111]
And We have not sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (O Muhammad), except that you may explain clearly unto them those things in which they differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a folk who believe. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 64]
And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims). [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 89]
‘’O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Qur’an, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.) in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.) for the believers.’’
Then Allaah reiterated and mentioned them, saying:
Say: “In the Fadl of Allah, and in His Mercy-therein let them rejoice.”
[Soorah Yoonus. Aayaat 57-58]
There are various statements of the Salaf [the pious predecessors] regarding the explanation of Fadl and Rahma, and the correct saying is that they mean guidance and bounty – Allaah’s Fadl is His Guidance and His Mercy is His bounty, and that is why He attached guidance and bounty together [in the above Aayah], which is similar to His statement in Surah Al-Faatihah:
Guide us to the Straight Way. The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace… [Surah Al-Faatihah. Aayaat 6-7]
And also in Allaah’s statement to his Prophet regarding the blessings bestowed on him:
أَلَمۡ يَجِدۡكَ يَتِيمً۬ا فَـَٔاوَىٰ
وَوَجَدَكَ ضَآلاًّ۬ فَهَدَىٰ
وَوَجَدَكَ عَآٮِٕلاً۬ فَأَغۡنَىٰ
Did He not find you (O Muhammad) an orphan and gave you a refuge? And He found you unaware (of the Qur’an, its legal laws, and Prophethood, etc.) and guided you? And He found you poor, and made you rich (self-sufficient with self-contentment, etc.)? [Surah Ad-Duhaa. Aayaat 6-8]
So, Allaah gave him [i.e. the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi wasallam)] a combination of guidance and blessing- by granting him refuge, self-sufficiency with self-contentment.
And regarding this also is the statement of Allaah that Nooh [alayhis salaam] said:
Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad) a manifest victory. That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future, and complete His Favour on you, and guide you on the Straight Path; And that Allah may help you with strong help. [Surah Al-Fath. Aayah 1-3]
Allah has sent down to you the Book (The Qur’an), and Al-Hikmah (Islamic laws, knowledge of legal and illegal things i.e. the Prophet’s Sunnah – legal ways), and taught you that which you knew not. And Ever Great is the Grace of Allah unto you (O Muhammad). [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 113]
Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My Guidance shall neither go astray, nor fall into distress and misery. [Surah Taahaa. Aayah 123]
Guidance is barrier against misguidance, and mercy is a barrier against misery. This is what Allaah stated in the beginning of Surah Taahaa, saying:
مَآ أَنزَلۡنَا عَلَيۡكَ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ لِتَشۡقَىٰٓ
Taa-Haa. We have not sent down the Qur’an unto you (O Muhammad) to cause you distress. [Surah Taahaa. Aayah 1-2]
Allaah bestowed on him the ‘Sending down the Qur’aan to him’ [i.e. the Prophet (sallal laahu alayhi wasallam)] and negated misery from him, just as Allaah stated at the end of Surah Taa Haa regarding those who follow the guidance [or revelation]:
فَلَا يَضِلُّ وَلَا يَشۡقَى
Shall neither go astray, nor fall into distress and misery.
Therefore, Al-Hudaa [Guidance], Al-Fadl [Bounty], An-Ni’mah [Blessing] and Rahma [Mercy] are attached to each other and they are not separated from each another, just as misguidance and misery are two affairs that are attached to each another and do not separate from each another.
Allaah [The Exalted] said:
إِنَّ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ فِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ وَسُعُرٍ۬
Verily, the Mujrimun (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, criminals, etc.) are in error (in this world) and will burn (in the Hell-fire in the Hereafter). [Surah Al-Qamar. Aayah 47]
The word Su’ur is the plural of Sa’eer, and it is that punishment that necessitates extreme misery and distress.
And surely, We have created many of the jinns and mankind for Hell. They have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones. [Surah Al-A’raaf. Aayah 179]
And they will say: “Had we but listened or used our intelligence, we would not have been among the dwellers of the blazing Fire!” [Surah Al-Mulk. Aayah 10]
And based on this, Allaah attached guidance, Inshiraah As-Sadr [i.e. when one’s heart is opened to Islaam] and Al-Hayaat At-Tayyibah [i.e. a good life] together; and He attached misguidance, a constricted heart and a life of hardship together. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Shaikh Rabee Bin Haadi [may Allaah preserve him] said:
فيجب على كل مسلم أن يفتش نفسه فقد يميل إنسان إلى صاحب الحق لهوى ، فقبل أن يتبين له الحق يتمنى أن يكون فلان هو المنتصر بالحجة أو غيرها فتميل نفسه لأنه فلان ، ولو كان على الحق لا يجوز أن يوجد هذا الميل، فيقول: إذا وجد هذا الميل ولو مع صاحب الحق يكون من حكم الجاهلية ، وهذا أمر لا يخطر بالبال عند كثير من الناس .
فيجب على المسلم أن يراقب الله في القضايا المختلف فيها ، وأن يكون قصده فقط معرفة الحق سواء مع هذا أو مع ذاك .
ومن هنا يقول الشافعي : “إذا دخلت في مناظرة لا أبالي إذا كان الحق مع صاحبي أو معي” فلا يبالي ولا يتمنى أن يكون الحق معه بل يتمنى أن يكون مع صاحبه وأن تكون النصرة له ، هذا هو الخلق العالي وهذا هو الدين المستقيم
It is obligated on every Muslim to examine himself, for indeed a person might incline towards [another] person who is upon truth based on his desires; then even before the truth is clear to him, he wishes that such and such person should be the one aided with the proofs or something else, so, his soul inclines [towards that person] because he [i.e. that person] is such and such [personality].
Therefore, even if that person is upon the truth, it is not permissible for this type of inclination to be present. If this type of inclination is present, even with the person upon truth, it is considered to be a trait of pre-Islamic ignorance. This is an affair that does not cross the minds of many people. Therefore, it is obligated on a Muslim in relation to affairs wherein people differ, that he is attentive to the fact that Allaah knows, sees and hears everything, and his intention [goal or aim] should only be that he [wants] to know the truth whether it is with this or that person. And in relation to this, Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee said: “When I enter into a discussion [or debate], I am not bothered whether the truth is with me or with the other person.” So, he is not bothered nor does he wish that the truth is with him, rather he wishes that it is either with the other person or with him. This is the lofty moral conduct and the upright religion. http://www.rabee.net/ar/articles.php?cat=8&id=172
إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ Except him who brings to Allāh a clean heart [clean from Shirk (polytheism) and Nifāq (hypocrisy)]. Ash-Shu’ara:89
Shaykh Rabī ibn Hādi Al-Madkhalī (hafidahullāh):
Ponder, is your heart sound?
What is the sound heart?
The sound heart is that which fights Shirk and rejects falsehood, it accepts the truth and refutes falsehood with all its might, this is the sound heart. So, if you notice that you accept the truth from whoever brings it to you (you accept the truth; the truth guides you and your goal is the truth) then by Allāh your heart and intellect is sound.
What is the sick heart?
And, if you realise that you reject the truth when it comes to you from a certain direction, and you accept falsehood when it comes from another direction and you behave as if it is the truth; then know that your heart is sick.