Tag: intention

What is the Purpose in Seeking Knowledge? – Shaykh Fawzaan

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Shaikh Salih al Fawzaan حفظه الله comments regarding His Statement (The Most High):

مَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُؤۡتِيَهُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ وَٱلۡحُكۡمَ وَٱلنُّبُوَّةَ ثُمَّ يَقُولَ لِلنَّاسِ كُونُواْ عِبَادٗا لِّي مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَٰكِن كُونُواْ رَبَّٰنِيِّـۧنَ بِمَا كُنتُمۡ تُعَلِّمُونَ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ وَبِمَا كُنتُمۡ تَدۡرُسُونَ

It is not (possible) for any human being to whom Allah has given the Book and Al-Hukma (the knowledge and understanding of the laws of religion, etc.) and Prophethood to say to the people: “Be my worshippers rather than Allah’s.” On the contrary (he would say): “Be you Rabbaaniyun (learned men of religion who practise what they know and also preach others) because you are teaching the Book, and you are studying it.” (Surah Aali-Imraan:79)

What we benefit from this noble verse is that knowledge is not learnt except for the purpose of action and calling to Allah, and that knowledge is not learnt in order to receive praise and in gaining position with the people, so that it is said about him that he is a scholar. It has come in a hadeeth that the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“From the first of those who will be dragged to the hell fire will be a man who sought knowledge so that the people can say that he is a learned person, as that is what was said about him. (1)

It has also come in an authentic hadeeth that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

 “‏” مَنْ طَلَبَ الْعِلْمَ لِيُجَارِيَ بِهِ الْعُلَمَاءَ أَوْ لِيُمَارِيَ بِهِ السُّفَهَاءَ أَوْ يَصْرِفَ بِهِ وُجُوهَ النَّاسِ إِلَيْهِ أَدْخَلَهُ اللَّهُ النَّارَ

“Whoever seeks knowledge to contend with the scholars, or to use it to argue with the fools, and to have people’s faces turn towards him, then he shall be admitted to the Fire.” (2)

Meaning: He seeks knowledge to be considered as one of the scholars and so he can be raised in status amongst the people, his intention is not except for this reason and so he enters the hell fire. There are other ahadeeth and severe threats in regards to the one who learns and acts but he conceals the knowledge from others, however in this regard if sharing the knowledge with the people will lead to harm then it is islamically legislated to conceal the knowledge from them just as the Messenger said to Mu’adh رضي الله عنه:

فإن حق الله على العباد أن يعبدوه، ولا يشركوا به شيئاً، وحق العباد على الله أن لا يعذب من لا يشرك به شيئاً، فقلت، يا رسول الله أفلا أبشر الناس‏؟‏ قال لا تبشرهم فيتكلوا‏”‏”

“Allah’s Right upon His slaves is that they should worship Him Alone and associate nothing with Him; and His slaves’ right upon Him is that He will not punish those who do not associate a thing with Him.” He (Mu’adh) added: I said to the Messenger of Allah: “Should i not inform the people of this good new?” He (ﷺ) said, “Do not tell them this good news for they may depend on it alone (without performing good deeds)”. (3)


Source: Min Ahkhaam Al-Qur’aan by Shaikh Salih al Fawzaan حفظه الله  vol.1 pgs. 26 – 27

1) Muslim, at-Tirmidhi and an-Nasa’i, narrated by Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه

2) at-Tirmidhi (2654) narrated by Ibn Ka’b bin Malik رضي الله عنه  , Ibn Maajah (254) narrated by Ibn Umar رضي الله عنهما

“This hadeeth has a weak chain of narration but the meaning is correct.” (https://binbaz.org.sa/fatwas)

3) Al-Bukhari (2856) and Muslim (30/49)

Pronouncing the Intention Before Commencement of All Acts of Worship – Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan (hafidahullah) was asked:

In our country, we know that every act of worship must have an intention for it. Due to this, then it’s a must to pronounce the intention before commencing the prayer (or any other act of worship). So, if this is not allowed, or is an innovation, then what is the meaning of the hadeeth: “Verily actions are by intentions…”?

The Shaykh answered:

Yes. Every action requires an intention, due to the hadeeth that you mentioned; that the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said

“Verily actions are by intentions, and for every person is what he intended.” (1)

However the meaning (of this) is not to pronounce the intention verbally. The meaning is that you believe and intend with your heart, the performance of worship sincerely for Allah (azza wa jal)- and suffice with this.

Therefore the place of intention is the heart and not the tongue. Pronouncing the intention is an innovation, because it is not (authentically) established from the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam); or from his Rightly-Guided Caliphs; or his Companions; or the Virtuous Generations.

It is not established that they would pronounce the intention, for indeed the place of intention is only the heart. Allah says:

قُلۡ أَتُعَلِّمُونَ ٱللَّهَ بِدِينِڪُمۡ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ وَٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمٌ۬ (الحُجرَات:16)

Say: “Will you inform Allâh of your religion While Allâh knows all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, and Allâh is All-Aware of everything”. (Al-Hujuraat: 16)

So, if you intend with your heart, then Allah knows; and he does not need that you pronounce (your intention) with your tongue.


Slightly paraphrased from Majmoo’ Fataawa of Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan (hafidahullah) Vol. 2 Page 675

(1) Al-Bukhaari Hadith Nos: 1, Muslilm: 1907

 

 

Diseases of The Heart & Its Cures by Rayaan Barker – This Friday at 8pm

📕 Live Lesson Diseases of The Heart and Its Cures

📆 Friday 7th April 2017

8pm UK TIME

👤 Rayaan Barker

🏡 Salafi Centre
2 Dudley Street
Manchester
M8 9DA

🔊 Broadcast LIVE on www.sunnahradio.net

🚪 Brothers and Sisters all welcome!

All Previous Lectures will be uploaded onto http://www.learnaboutislam.co.uk

Sign up to our telegram channel for regular updates: https://t.me/salaficentre

Listen to audios on www.learnaboutislam.co.uk & telegram.me/learnaboutislam

Deeds Carried Out for Other than the Sake of Allaah are a Cause of Destruction – Ibn al-Qayim

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] said:

مَّثَلُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِرَبِّهِمۡ‌ۖ أَعۡمَـٰلُهُمۡ كَرَمَادٍ ٱشۡتَدَّتۡ بِهِ ٱلرِّيحُ فِى يَوۡمٍ عَاصِفٍ۬‌ۖ لَّا يَقۡدِرُونَ مِمَّا ڪَسَبُواْ عَلَىٰ شَىۡءٍ۬‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ هُوَ ٱلضَّلَـٰلُ ٱلۡبَعِيدُ

The parable of those who disbelieve in their Lord is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day, they shall not be able to get aught of what they have earned. That is the straying, far away (from the Right Path). [14:18]

There is a wonderful underlying reason in likening them [i.e. those deeds] to ashes – due the similarity between their deeds and the disappearance of the ashes found in burning fire, the similarity between the original nature of the ashes and their deeds. Deeds carried out for other than the sake of Allaah are a cause of destruction and as a result of that the fire will be kindled for those who performed them. Allaah [Glorified Be He] will punish them as a result of their false deeds, just as He will bring about bliss and comfort for those people whose deeds were in conformity with His command and carried out for His Sake. Their deeds, the things they worshipped besides Allaah and themselves are fuel for the fire.


[Source: I’laam Al-Muwaqqi-een. 1/223-224. Abridged and slightly paraphrased]

 

Is the intention for fasting obligatory? – Shaykh Fawzaan

Al Allaamah Ash Shaykh Saalih Al Fawzan (Hafidahullah) was asked: Is it obligatory to have the intention for all fasts whether they are supererogatory or in Ramadan?

It is obligatory to have the intention for the supererogatory or obligatory fasts. The Messenger said “Verily actions are based upon the intention”. For the obligatory fast it is a must that the intention is made prior to the coming of Fajr. As for the supererogatory fasts it is possible for a person to keep the fast after the coming of Fajr, if he has not eaten or drank after Fajr. It is therefore permissible to make the intention for the supererogatory fast during the day because (the affair) is broader for supererogatory fasts.

Reference: http://alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/15568

Knowledge and Intention – Imaam Ahmad

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله

Below is an advice and encouragement for us all to seek knowledge and correct our intentions.

It has been conveyed by Shaykh Abdur Razzaaq bin Abdul Mohsin Al Abbad -حفظهما الله -that Imaam Ahmad -رحم الله- said:

”There is nothing compared to knowledge (when there) is a righteous intention (for seeking after it).” .”

http://www.al-badr.net/web/index.php?page=lecture&action=lec&lec=301