Tag: Knowledge

Responsibilities That Make You Upright & Spread the Daw’ah – Shaykh Rabee (Allah preserve him).

The salafi bears a responsibility; upon him is to study (beneficial) knowledge, to study the books of the salaf, the belief of the salaf, their exegesis of the Quran and their explanations of the messenger’s hadeeth (alayhis salaatu was salaam), so that he is grounded in (beneficial) knowledge, whilst he truthfully calls to Allah with knowledge and insight.

He (The Most High) said,

قُلْ هَٰذِهِۦ سَبِيلِىٓ أَدْعُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ ۚ عَلَىٰ بَصِيرَةٍ أَنَا۠ وَمَنِ ٱتَّبَعَنِى ۖ وَسُبْحَٰنَ ٱللَّهِ وَمَآ أَنَا۠ مِنَ ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ

Say, “This is my way; I invite to Allah with insight, I and those who follow me. And exalted is Allah; and I am not of those who associate others with Him.” (12:108)

Meaning, I (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) and my true followers, call to Allah with sure sighted insight; ie upon knowledge.

The caller to ignorance (misguidance, evil, innovations), such as the callers of misguidance and innovation – they are ignoramuses, ignorant of the path of truth and the (correct) call to Allah; they call to falsehood.

The people of innovation and misguidance call to falsehood, even if they are characterised as having knowledge, and even if they have certificates, then they are (still) ignoramuses, just as some of the salaf said, ‘a scholar has never brought about an innovation, rather innovations are only brought about by the ignorant ones, even if they call themselves scholars, then they are (still) ignorant.’

So learn and study the Book of Allah, and the Sunnah of the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa salam), study the Oneness of Allah (The Blessed & Most High).

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our, Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.


Nafahaat al-Huda wal-Eemaan min Majaalis al-Qur’aan of Shaykh Rabee (Hafidahullah) Pg 69

We Do Not Judge Anyone, But Rather God (or Allaah) is The Only One Who Can Judge!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy. 

We Do Not Judge Anyone, But Rather God (or Allaah) is The Only One Who Can Judge!

This statement has become very common on the tongues of many people when mistakes are pointed out and rebutted based on the infallible principles of the Sharee’ah, so you hear them say, “We do not judge anyone; but rather God (or Allaah) is the only one who can judge”. Indeed, this is either an oversight or a misconception because the utterers of this statement cannot claim that they will never seek justice through the judgement of an arbitrator when their rights are violated!!!

Secondly, this statement of theirs is in opposition to the understanding of those who believed in the Prophet and accompanied him on a daily basis. Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab [may Allaah be pleased with him] said: People were (sometimes) judged by the revealing of a Divine Inspiration during the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle but now there is no longer any more (new revelation). Now we judge you by the deeds you practice publicly, so we will trust and favour the one who does good deeds in front of us, and we will not call him to account about what he is really doing in secret, for Allah will judge him for that; but we will not trust or believe the one who presents to us with an evil deed even if he claims that his intentions were good. (1) 

Imaam Abdul-Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Whoever manifests good, it will be accepted from him and a good suspicion is held about him. And if he manifests evil, it will held against him and an evil suspicion is held about him. (2) 

Thirdly, this statement of theirs necessitates that they will never stand to give truthful witness because they don’t want anyone to be judged by another human being!! Allaah [The Exalted] said:

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ كُونُواْ قَوَّٲمِينَ بِٱلۡقِسۡطِ شُہَدَآءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوۡ عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِكُمۡ أَوِ ٱلۡوَٲلِدَيۡنِ وَٱلۡأَقۡرَبِينَ‌ۚ إِن يَكُنۡ غَنِيًّا أَوۡ فَقِيرً۬ا فَٱللَّهُ أَوۡلَىٰ بِہِمَا‌ۖ فَلَا تَتَّبِعُواْ ٱلۡهَوَىٰٓ أَن تَعۡدِلُواْ‌ۚ وَإِن تَلۡوُ ۥۤاْ أَوۡ تُعۡرِضُواْ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُونَ خَبِيرً۬ا

O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah; even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or poor, Allah is a Better Protector to both (than you). So follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you may avoid justice, and if you distort your witness or refuse to give it, verily, Allah is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do. [Surah An-Nisaa. Ayah 135]

The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The best of the people are those living in my generation, then those who will follow the latter and then those who come after them. Then there will come after them people who will be treacherous and will not be trustworthy, they will bear witness without being asked to do so, and they will vow, but will never fulfil their vows, and fatness will appear among them”. 

Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadi [may Allaah preserve him] said, “They give false testimony, act treacherously and deceitfully. They behave in a very sinful manner and follow evil desires” (3)

Imaam An-Nawawi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated regarding the statement, ‘’They will bear witness without being asked to do so’’- This can mean that they bear witness before being asked, or they bear witness based on falsehood, or they give witness without being from those who are worthy of it. (4)

However, there is another Hadeeth in which the Prophet stated: ‘’Should I not inform you about the best of witnesses, they are those who bear witness before being asked.’’ The scholars say that what is intended by this hadeeth is for example: someone has a witness to give on behalf of another person based on truth, but the person does not know about it, so he [i.e. the one who should give the witness] informs the person about it; or for example, a person has already passed away and another person knows what the deceased person has left behind as inheritance, so he bears witness to that and makes it known. (5)

And regarding the statement, ‘’And fatness will appear among them.’’ – Meaning: These people give importance to the means of fattening themselves – food, drink and over-abundance. So, their only concern is their bodies and fattening themselves. As for being fat without choice, then one cannot be blamed for that, just as a person cannot be blamed for being tall, short, black or white…(6)

Finally, if judgement is not based on the final revelation, then one can only expect more injustice as Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “And even though there is something in the paths of analogical reasoning and reflection that will lead to knowledge, however sometimes it cannot give detail explanation in a dispute between the people of the earth due to the minute details and ambiguities [in that dispute], and at other times due to the fact the people differ when prioritising necessities. Therefore, due to this Allaah [The Most High] commanded [us] to return to the revelation in times of dispute. Allaah [The Most High] said: [ كَانَ ٱلنَّاسُ أُمَّةً۬ وَٲحِدَةً۬ فَبَعَثَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ وَأَنزَلَ مَعَهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ بِٱلۡحَقِّ لِيَحۡكُمَ بَيۡنَ ٱلنَّاسِ فِيمَا ٱخۡتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ‌ۚ -Mankind were one community (i.e. upon Tawheed and Allaah’s Sharee’ah) and Allah sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He sent the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed]. [Surah Al-Baqarah’ Aayah 213] Therefore, Allaah [The Most High] designated the revealed Books [i.e. the Qur’aan being the final of them] as the judge between the people in matters wherein they differ”. (7)

If you say that the intellect is to be given precedence over the revelation, then which intellect should we follow? Are the intellects of the people combined in the intellect of one man or do they differ? There are intellects of the philosophers, the atheists, the heretics, the people of evil desires and those who confound truth with falsehood; and due to this one of the pious predecessors said, “Had the desires been one, it would have been considered to be the [basis of] truth”; therefore, we say, “Had the intellects been one, it would have been considered to be the [basis of] truth”. (8)


[Ref 1: Saheeh Bukhaari; Vol 3; Hadith Number:2641] 

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from Al-Hulalul Ibreeziyyah Min At-Taleeqaat Al-Baaziyyah Alaa Saheeh Al-Bukhaariy page:397 Vol 2 footnote 1] 

[Ref 3: Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm pages 268-270] 

[Ref 4: Sharh Saheeh Muslim 12/17] 

[Ref 5: Fat-hul Baari 5/260] 

[Ref 6: Majmoo Al-Fataawaa 10/1056 -By Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)] 

[Ref 7. Dar Ta’aarud Al-Aql Wan-Naql: 9/17-18];

[Ref 8. Muqaddimah Fee Diraasah At-Tawheed’ by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr (may Allaah preserve him) Lesson: 3]

Some Lofty Goals In Education When Rescued From Manipulation and Monopoly of Competing Ideologues and Ideologies of The Era

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

The Foundation of An Upright Society

Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] said: The rectification of every nation and its (upright) ascendancy is tied to the soundness of its creed and views, so due to this reason, the Message of the Prophets [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon them] came to rectify the creed. The first thing every Messenger said to his people: “Worship Allah! You have no other Ilah (God) but Him. (La ilaha ill-Allah: none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)”. [Surah Al-A’raaf’ Aayah 59]

“And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah)]. [Surah An-Nahl’ Aayah 36]

And that is because Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all Imperfections] created the Khalq [i.e. Jinn and Mankind] to worship Him alone and not to associate anything as a partner with Him. ” And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone)]. [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat’ Aayah 56]

Ibaadah (worship) is a right due to Allaah (alone) which His slaves must fulfil, just as the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said to Mu’aadh Bin Jabal [may Allaah be pleased with him], “O Mu’adh! Do you know what is the right of Allah upon His servants?” I said, “Allah and His Messenger know best”. The Prophet said, “To worship Him alone and to associate none in worship with Him. And do you know what is their right upon Him?” I said, “Allah and His Messenger know best”. The Prophet said, “Not to punish them if they do so”. [Bukhari]

The is the first and foremost Right (or obligation one must fulfil) without exception. Nothing else precedes it nor is precedence given to the rights of anyone (or the obligations owed to anyone) over it. Allaah [The Most High] said: And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents]. [Surah Al-Israa’ Aayah 23]

Say (O Muhammad ): “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents. [Sural Al-An’aam’ Aayah 151] (1)

And regarding the statement of the Prophet, “What is the right of Allaah upon His slaves?” This means that which (i.e. the obligations) Allaah has obligated on them. And regarding the statement of the Prophet, “What is the right of the slaves upon Allaah?” Meaning, that which Allaah has obligated on Himself in dealing with them. The slaves cannot obligate anything, rather Allaah obligated it upon Himself as a blessing from Allaah bestowed upon His slaves. “Your Lord has written Mercy for Himself, so that, if any of you does evil in ignorance, and thereafter repents and does righteous good deeds (by obeying Allah), then surely, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful”. [Surah Al-An’aam’ Aayah 54]

So, Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] obligated on Himself that He will show mercy to the one who does evil in ignorance – meaning: out of foolishness and lack of good behaviour, but then he repents and does righteous deeds. And the meaning of [كتب -Written] in this Aayah] is [ أوجب – Obligated]. (2)

And due to the precedence given to this obligation [i.e. to worship Allaah alone and not to associate anyone or anything with Him in worship] over all other obligations, and since it is the basis of all the rulings of the religion, we find that the Prophet stayed in Makkah for thirteen years -calling the people to worship Allaah alone and negated all partners associated with Allaah in worship. (3)

Solution to Two Problematic Views Related to Identification of Beneficial Knowledge

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Many people – based on two extreme views – have mistakenly decided what the sound knowledge that should be sought and pursued is. The first view is more dangerous than the other, and it is the view of those who limit knowledge to some of the sciences of the religion, such as knowledge related to rectification of beliefs, morals and acts of worship; but their understanding is not based on what the Qur’an and Sunnah indicates regarding the fact that knowledge includes both the sciences of Sharee’ah and the worldly sciences. This view (i.e. limiting knowledge to some sciences of the Sharee’ah) is held by a group of people who did not properly understand the Sharee’ah, and now they are starting to disavow this generality of knowledge after witnessing the great benefits in the worldly sciences, and after many of them became aware of the Sharee’ah evidences regarding them.

The second view is that of a people who limit knowledge to the modern worldly sciences. This view stems from their deviation from the religion, its sciences and morals. This is a great mistake as they make the means the goals, denied the correct religious sciences and the useful facts, which modern sciences do not attribute to in any way, and thus they became deceived by the industries and inventions that resulted from these modern worldly sciences. These are the people referred to in Allaah’s statement:

[فلما جاءتهم رسلهم بالبينات فرحوا بما عندهم من العلم وحاق بهم ما كانوا به يستهزئون – Then when their Messengers came to them with clear proofs, they were glad (and proud) with that which they had of the knowledge (of worldly things): And that at which they used to mock, surrounded them (i.e. the punishment)]. [Surah Ghaafir. Aayah 83]

They rejoiced in their worldly knowledge and were arrogant due to it, and they belittled the knowledge of the Messengers until the truth they used to mock at overwhelmed them, and the punishment they were promised came to them because they belied the Messengers. They were punished in this world by way of a seal placed on their hearts, ears, and eyes, and blinded from the truth (i.e. hearts, ears and eyes prevented from the truth); [ولعذاب الآخرة أشد وأبقى – And the torment of the Hereafter is far more severe and more lasting (Surah Taa Haa. Aayah 127)]; [وما كان لهم من الله من واق – And they had none to protect them from Allah. (Surah Ghaafir. Aayah 21)] (4)

As for the meaning of beneficial knowledge and its specification, which is indicated by the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, it is every knowledge that leads to the lofty goals that are sought after and results in beneficial things. There is no difference between what is related to this worldly life or the Afterlife (in this affair). Everything that guides to the (upright) path and promotes (sound) beliefs, morals and deeds is part of (beneficial) knowledge.

Commentary: This above statement requires a clarification that would restrict its generality, and that is the worldly sciences cannot transgress against the knowledge related to the Afterlife, otherwise they would be unpraiseworthy. If a person’s knowledge is limited to worldly knowledge and he has no concern for knowledge related to the afterlife- the knowledge that would earn a person Allaah’s (love, pleasure, approval) and paradise, then there is no doubt that this is dispraised; but if – alongside this worldly knowledge – he learns the knowledge related to the afterlife or learns at least what should be known by necessity in the religion, such as the obligatory duties of Islam, then in such a case this is not unpraiseworthy. And if a person has a righteous intention in his pursuit of this worldly knowledge, such as one who studies medicine – or what is similar – to serve the people and cure their ailments by the Will of Allaah, then this deed would be an act of worship that would earn a person Allaah’s (love, pleasure, approval). Therefore, the worldly sciences are praised if they do not transgress against the knowledge that is related to the afterlife. (5)

Islam categorized the sciences into two: (a) the goals (aims or purpose behind those sciences), (b) the means (or paths) and that helps to reach those goals”.

Commentary: It is well known that one of the general fundamental principles is that [الوسائل لها أحكام المقاصد – the ruling that applies to ‘the pursued goals’ also applies to the ‘means’ that lead to those goals]. Therefore, the ‘means’ that are required to fulfil obligatory goals are also obligatory, the ‘means’ that are required to fulfil ‘recommended goals’ are also recommended and the ‘means’ that lead to ‘forbidden goals’ are also forbidden.

[Al-Maqaasid – The Goals] are the sciences that serve the various divine laws (see footnote a); and the [Al-Wasaa’il- The Means] are the things that helps to attain those goals, such as the Arabic language and its various sciences, the sciences related to affairs of the universe whose fruitful outcome leads one to acquire knowledge and awareness about Allaah, the Oneness of Allaah and His Perfection, and acquaintance with the truthfulness of His Messengers”.

Commentary: The Maqaasid [Goals] are the sciences that serve the various divine laws, or it is the knowledge about which the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] stated, “Whoever Allaah wishes good for, He grants such a person understanding in the religion”. [Saheeh al-Bukhaari. Number 71]

The second category is [Ilmul Wasaa’il- knowledge related to those ‘means’ that help attain goals], and the author stated that the example of this knowledge is the Arabic language and its various sciences, and the knowledge related to affairs of the universe whose fruitful outcome leads a person to acquire knowledge about Allaah- acquaintance with Allaah’s Oneness, because it enters into general divine texts that urges a person to contemplate on Allaah’s absolute dominion in the entire universe and the things He has created. Allaah said:

أَفَلَا يَنظُرُونَ إِلَى ٱلۡإِبِلِ ڪَيۡفَ خُلِقَتۡ
وَإِلَى ٱلسَّمَآءِ ڪَيۡفَ رُفِعَتۡ
وَإِلَى ٱلۡجِبَالِ كَيۡفَ نُصِبَتۡ
وَإِلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ كَيۡفَ سُطِحَتۡ

Do they not look at the camels, how they are created? And at the heaven, how it is raised? And at the mountains, how they are rooted and fixed firm? And at the earth, how it is spread out? [Surah Al-Ghaashiyah. Aayaat 17-20]

Allaah said:

وَفِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ ءَايَـٰتٌ۬ لِّلۡمُوقِنِينَ
وَفِىٓ أَنفُسِكُمۡ‌ۚ أَفَلَا تُبۡصِرُونَ

And on the earth are signs for those who have Faith with certainty, and also in your ownselves. Will you not then see? [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat. Aayaat 20-21]

If a person has a righteous intention in his pursuit of the sciences related to the function of the universe, it would increase him (or her) in knowledge about Allaah’s (Lordship), the Greatness of Allaah and Allaah’s All-Encompassing Power. Therefore, this knowledge is a means – a great path – by way of which a person becomes acquaintance with Allaah’s (Lorship). If studying this science is confined within this approach, it will greatly benefit a person. (6)

Its (i.e. the beneficial worldly sciences) fruitful outcome is that it is utilized as an aid to worship Allaah, thank Allaah and establish the religion. That is because Allaah [The Exalted] informed us that He has subjugated this universe to us, commanded us to reflect upon it and extract both the religious and worldly benefits from it. And a command regarding an affair is itself a command to fulfil the affair, as well as a command to employ the means without which the command cannot be fulfilled. Therefore, this is an urge to know the worldly sciences by way of which are extracted what Allaah has subjugated to us, because we cannot acquire its benefits spontaneously, rather it has to be through seeking after it, reflection and experience. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ وأنزلنا الحديد فيه بأس شديد ومنافع للناس – And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power (in matters of war), as well as many benefits for mankind (Surah Al-Hadeed. Aayah 25)]. These benefits cannot be obtained except through acquaintance with knowledge of the worldly sciences, so that they are produced.

Commentary: The author mentioned the fruitful outcome of the worldly sciences and their benefit for a Muslim if studied with a righteous intention and a good aim, and that it will aid a person to worship Allaah, thank Allaah and establish the religion. Then the author said, “A command regarding an affair is itself a command to fulfil the affair, as well as a command to employ the means without which the command cannot be fulfilled”. So, in this is proof that to study the worldly sciences with a righteous intention leads to the fruitful outcome of acquainting oneself with Allaah and His signs (in the universe) by way of which a person’s faith is strengthened.

“Indeed, the texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah are numerous in praise of (Sharee’ah) knowledge and its possessors, and Allaah has given them superior virtue over other people. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [قل هل يستوي الذين يعلمون والذين لا يعلمون – Say, “Are those who know equal to those who know not?” (Surah Az-Zumar. Aayah 9)]; and that they are the people who truly fear and know Allaah due to their certain knowledge regarding the Perfect Greatness and Absolute Dominion of the One (i.e. Allaah) they fear. Allaah said: [إنما يخشى الله من عباده العلماء – It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. (Surah Al-Faatir. Aayah 28)]; and Allaah commanded the ignorant people to ask them (i.e. ask the people of Sharee’ah knowledge if they do not possess knowledge of something related to the religion).

“Allaah commanded many acts of worship and forbade the unlawful things. It is not possible to comply with a command and avoid a prohibition except after learning and acquiring knowledge about it; and (likewise), the prohibitions indicate the necessity of learning the knowledge on which they depend. And just as Allaah has permitted (some) dealings and prohibited (other) dealings, it is not possible to distinguish between what is permissible and what is prohibited except through knowledge. And indeed, Allaah dispraised those who did not know the legislated limits of that which was revealed to His Messenger in the Qur’aan and Sunnah”.

Commentary: Allaah gave commands and prohibitions. The greatest command is the command to establish pure Islamic monotheism (Tawheed) and the most dangerous thing that is prohibited is the (act or belief that is tantamount to) ascribing a partner to Allaah. The author said, “It is not possible to distinguish between what is permissible and what is prohibited except through knowledge”, and this is why knowledge is the first affair that is given consideration, just as Allaah stated: [ فَٱعۡلَمۡ أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡ لِذَنۢبِكَ – So know (O Muhammad) that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and seek forgiveness for your sin]. [Surah Muhammad. Aayah 19]

Therefore, Allaah began with the command that one seeks knowledge before speaking and performing deeds. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] used to supplicate everyday (after fajr prayer and before sunrise): [اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ عِلْماً نَافِعاً، وَرِزقاً طَيِّباً، وَعَمَلاً مُتَقَبَّلاً – Allaahumma Innee As’aluka ilman Naafi’an, Wa Rizqan Tayyiban Wa’amalan Mutaqabbalan – O Allaah! I ask You for beneficial knowledge, good provision and deeds that will be accepted (by You)]. [Sunan Ibn Maajah. Hadeeth Number 925]

So, the Prophet asked for beneficial knowledge first before good provision and deeds that will be accepted, because through beneficial knowledge one can distinguish between good and bad provision, and between righteous and evil deeds. If one does not possess beneficial knowledge, then how can he make a distinction between good and bad provision, and between righteous and corrupt deeds? Knowledge is the scale by way of which all affairs are judged. It is what will make the path clear for the person, the affair by way of which a person knows the difference between guidance and misguidance, between truth and falsehood, and between what is pure and impure. How can a person avoid what is unlawful whilst he does not know, as one of the pious predecessors said, “How can one avoid something when he does not know what to avoid?!” Also, how can one fulfil commands in a manner that is pleasing to Allaah without having sound understanding? How can a Muslim perform the prayer and Hajj, or give the obligatory Zakat without knowledge? Therefore, a person cannot fulfil commands except based on sound understanding. The Prophet said, “Whoever Allaah wishes good for, He gives (such person) understanding in the religion”, and the opposite of this hadeeth is that whoever Allaah does not wish good for (i.e. due to a perversion in his or her heart), He does not give (such a person) understanding in the religion”.

Then the author said, “Just as Allaah has permitted (some) dealings and prohibited (other) dealings, it is not possible to distinguish between what is permissible and what is prohibited except through knowledge”. How can a person distinguish between permissible and impermissible dealings without knowledge? A group of people once came to either Imaam Muhammad Bin Hasan Ash-Shaybaanee or Imaam Abu Yusuf and said, “We want you to write a book for us on the subject matter of Zudh [i.e. how to abstain from those things that are permissible, but one can do without them (see footnote e)]”, so they were told (i.e. either Muhammad Bin Hasan or Abu Yusuf said to them), “I have written a book on the subject matter of business transactions”- meaning, this is enough for you in this subject matter. (7)

Unrestricted Access to Beneficial Knowledge

Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee [may Allaah preserve him] stated: It is obligated on the scholars to give out the knowledge they possess, and when they are asked, it is obligated on them to respond. “Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allah and cursed by the cursers. [Surah Al-Baqarah Aayah 159] (8)

Abu Moosaa [may Allaah be pleased with him] said that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allaah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that absorbed the water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance. Another portion of it was hard and held the water and Allaah benefited the people with it and they utilised it for drinking, making their animals drink from it and for irrigation of the land for cultivation. A portion of it was barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation [so that land gave no benefits]. The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allaah’s religion and benefit (from the knowledge) which Allaah has revealed through me, learns and then teaches others. The last example is that of a person who does not care for it and does not take Allaah’s guidance revealed through me. [He is like that barren land]”. [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth Number 79. Book of Knowledge]

Imaam Muhammad Ibnu Saalih Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “In this similitude, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: “The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allaah has sent me with, is like abundant rain falling on the earth”. The earth [upon which the rain fell] is of three types: The First Type of Earth: It is the earth that absorbed the water and produced abundant grass and vegetation, so the people were benefited through that. The Second Type of Earth is a Plain: It retained the water and the people benefited from it. They utilized it for drinking and as a source of irrigation [for their crops]. The Third Type of Earth: It absorbed the water but does not produce any benefit. This is the relationship between the people and the knowledge and guidance with which the Prophet was sent with. The First Category of People: Amongst them is one who has understanding of Allaah’s Religion. He learns and teaches- benefits the people and himself. This is similar to the earth that produces grass and vegetation, so that the people and animals eat from it. The Second Category of People: They are a people who have been entrusted with the guidance, but they do not possess sound understanding (like the first category of people). They transmit knowledge and Hadeeth amongst themselves, but they do not possess sound understanding (like the first group). The similitude of these people is that of the earth that retained the water and the people were provided with water. They used it for drinking, their animals drank from it and they used it as a source of irrigation; but the earth does not produce anything. The Third Category: The one who is not benefited by the knowledge and guidance given to the Prophet. He turns away and does not incline towards it. He is neither benefited by that which the Prophet was sent with nor does he benefit others. His similitude is that of the earth that absorbed the water, but does not produce anything. (9)

Eagerness For Knowledge and Giving Others a Chance to Benefit

O you who believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, [spread out and make room. Allah will give you [ample] room [from His Mercy]. And when you are told to rise up, rise up. Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do. [58:11]

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: This is a practical code of behaviour commanded by Allaah to His believing slaves- that when they come together in one of their gatherings, some of them or some of those who have already arrived should make room (for others); for indeed it is part of good etiquettes to make room for him (i.e. the other person) to reach his goal. And this is not to harm the one who is [already] in the gathering in anyway; rather he enables his [Muslim] brother to reach his goal without him being harmed, and reward is given in accordance with a deed; for indeed whoever makes room, Allaah makes room for him, and whoever shows generosity to his brother, Allaah will show him generosity. (10)

Scholars Urge Rulers to Help Students

Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee [may Allaah preseve him] stated: Many youth are thirsty for seeking knowledge, but they face many, many obstacles that arise from their localities – either because there are no scholars from the locality or the country they live in is a barrier between them and seeking knowledge; or the country that is to accept [or welcome their applications, requests for seeking knowledge] has conditions that [make it possible for] a few to be accepted and prevents many from entering into the domain of [seeking] knowledge. We ask Allaah to grant the Muslims and their rulers [the ability, means etc] to put an end to these obstacles that are placed in front of the students of knowledge, because at present the Ummah is in need of scholars. At present the Ummah is in a very degraded state – and Allaah’s Refuge is sought; a state of humiliation, disrespected and [faced] with problems, which cannot cease except with the presence of erudite scholars – those who study, [convey, transmit etc] knowledge from its precise sources, spread this knowledge that will make the Ummah wide awake from its slumber- the true knowledge brought by the Prophets [peace be upon them]. And the main affair among these affairs [of knowledge] is the subject matter of Tawheed [Islamic monotheism], because misguidance has spread in the Islamic world, ignorance, superstitious beliefs and bidah, which none can stop except Allaah, by way of scholars who [convey, transmit etc] knowledge from its precise sources – spreading it just as they acquired it from the Book of Allaah and the [authentic] Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger. At present you find localities in which there are no scholars. It may be that a student of knowledge is poor and is unable to travel – faces obstacles that are a barrier between him and knowledge. [Therefore], it is obligated on the scholars to examine [or look into these] affairs, and [likewise] the rulers. They should fear Allaah with regards to [making an effort to] eliminate these hurdles that stand in the way of thousands of youth – those who crave for knowledge, but face these hurdles and obstacles, and they are not able [to do anything] except to submit to these [hurdles, obstacles etc] that are beyond [one’s control]. (10.1)

No Injustice In The Foundation of Sharee’ah Knowledge

Indeed, what has preceded above clearly demonstrates to us that the very foundation of divine Islamic knowledge neither promotes nor encourages concealment of knowledge or Indeed, what has preceded above clearly demonstrates to us that the very foundation of divine Islamic knowledge neither promotes nor encourages concealment of knowledge or utilizing it as a tool of manipulation and control. Students had access to the best teacher regardless of their social status, race or background. The knowledge that was made available to the senior companions of the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], such as AbuBakr, Umar, Uthmaan and Ali [may Allaah be pleased with them] was the same knowledge that was made available to others, such as the likes of Abu Hurairah [may Allaah be pleased with him]. Abu Hurairah – one of the greatest memorizers and transmitters of Hadeeth – is well known to all of us, and we know that he joined the company of the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] much later than many other companions; however he learnt so much – within three years in the Prophet’s company- from what was also available to everyone else to the extent that one would think that he was more knowledgeable than many of them. Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] was asked, “Who narrated more hadeeth – Abu Bakr or Abu Hurairah?” He answer, “Indeed, Abu Hurairah narrated more Hadeeth than Abu Bakr, but that does not mean that Abu Hurairah heard more Hadeeth than Abu Bakr, because Abu Bakr was a companion of Allaah’s Messenger in the summers, winters, nights, days, (during) journeys and whilst at home, so he heard (more) than (others) and had more knowledge regarding the affairs of Allaah’s Messenger; however he did not spend a lot of time to sit and narrate to the people what he heard from the Prophet”. (11)

We read in Islamic history that the seekers of knowledge used to travel – thousands of miles and for many years- to seek knowledge from the scholars in different regions and they were not given lesser attention than the children of kings, governors or tribal chiefs; rather the scholars made available the same knowledge to everyone. Bear in mind that this is no call to socialism or communism when equal access to education is mentioned; rather it is a call to fairness. Beneficial knowledge – whether related to religious or worldly affairs – is not to be reserved only for the rich, utilized to control, manipulate and deceive the masses; rather it should be given to benefit everyone. However, no sane person negates the fact that it would be impossible for everyone to reach the same goal or attain the same status in every aspect of life; but rather it is Allaah who portions out our provisions based on perfect wisdom and justice. “It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood in this world, and We raised some of them above others in ranks, so that some may employ others in their work. But the Mercy (Paradise) of your Lord (O Muhammad ) is better than the (wealth of this world) which they amass”. [Surah Az-Zukhruf. Verse 32]

The Teacher

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: There is no doubt that knowledge is the mainstay on which the foundations of human life are based. And the knowledge that is most worthy to be given importance and concern is the knowledge of the Islamic Sharee’ah, because through it is known the wisdom (or purpose) for which Allaah [The Exalted] created us and sent the Messengers. And by way of this knowledge, we acquire knowledge and awareness regarding Allaah and worship Him based on that, as Allaah stated:

[وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ – I (Allaah) did not create the Jinn and humankind except to worship me alone]. [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat. Aayah 56]

Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated:

[وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اُعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ – Indeed, We have sent a Messenger to every nation, saying, “Worship Allaah alone and keep away from all false deities]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 36]

Based on these two Aayaat, one knows the wisdom behind the creation of Jinn and humankind, and the wisdom behind the advent of the Messengers. Any nation without sound belief or sound religion is an ignorant nation regardless how advanced and developed it is, as Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated: [أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلً – Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than cattle)]. [Surah Al-Furqan. Aayah 44]

A good life is the life of the people of (Islamic) knowledge and Imaan, as Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ – O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 24]

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ – Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 97]

Beneficial knowledge can only be obtained through a teacher, and no person can be a teacher unless he is knowledgeable about the subject he (or she) teaches others, because the one who is deprived of something is not able to give it to others. The scholars are the inheritors of the prophets, therefore the teacher’s task is one of the most difficult tasks because it requires that one acquires the most perfect Islamic characteristics as much as possible, such as beneficial knowledge, noble manners, continuous righteous deeds, patience, perseverance, being able to bear hardship whilst nurturing the student (pupil, learner) upon uprightness and upon a pure Islamic nurturing. The teacher’s success in this mission depends on the extent to which he (or she) acquires perfect Islamic qualities.

The role model and leader for everyone is our master and leader Muhammad Bin Abdullah Al-Haashimee [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. He was the most perfect of people in all noble qualities, and he faced many difficulties and great hardships whilst guiding people and teaching them, but he was patient, endured every hardship and difficulty in order to spread his religion and bring his Ummah out of darkness into light. May Allaah reward him for that with the best and most perfect reward. Indeed, a righteous generation was nurtured through him- a generation that is considered to be the best of generations known to humankind throughout history. It is well known that this stems from the good nurturing and guidance which he gave his companions, and his patience upon that path after Allaah granted them success and directed them to the truth.
One of the most important tasks for a teacher – in every place and era- is to follow the path of the first and foremost teacher, Muhammad [peace be upon him] and that one strives to know this path, so that it is implemented on oneself and the students as much as possible, and that one makes a lot of effort. The Ummah is greatly in need of the righteous teacher- the teacher who receives knowledge and what the students are educated with from the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of His Messenger and the path of the Salafus Saaleh [pious predecessors], nurturing them upon honesty, trustworthiness, sincerity, veneration of Allaah’s commands and prohibitions, competition for every virtue and caution against every vice, (especially) in this era in which the callers to destruction are many (i.e. those who violate sound Aqeedah and morals) and few are those who call to sound rectification.

So, based on what has been preceded (above), it is known that the teacher’s task- alongside the fact that it is one of the most difficult tasks- is one of the most honorable jobs, the greatest in benefit and the most valuable if the teacher is blessed with sincerity, good intention and effort, because one will be rewarded in the same manner as the one who benefits from his (or her) knowledge. (see footnote d) The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The best of you is the one who learns and teaches the Qur’an”. And he said, “By Allah, that Allah guides a man through you is better for you than a herd of expensive red camels”. (12)

There is no doubt that the teacher is the religious nurturer of the student, therefore he (or she) should have virtuous morals and a good character, so that students may follow this example. He (or she) should also be one who fulfils that which is obligated in the Sharee’ah, far removed from what is prohibited, one who preserves time, jokes a little, broad-minded (within what is allowed in the Sharee’ah), friendly, good-natured, clement, pleasant, independent, able, broad in knowledge and has a lot of knowledge in the Arabic language to be able to perform the duty to the fullest.

There is no doubt that whoever is concerned with studying the human self in all respects and searches for the reasons that lead to knowing the methods by which sciences can be instilled in it easily and with ease, he (or she) will get good results in revealing those affairs of the self that are not immediately obvious, the feelings and perceptions associated with it and the extent of its acceptance of the information to be implanted in it. And one will extract information – from this study and research – that is in fact one of the general rules on which the edifice of education is based. These rules can be summed up in the fact that if any teacher wants to instill information in the minds of the students, he (or she) must first of all have complete knowledge of the lesson, extensive knowledge of teaching methods, effective delivery, able to direct the attention of the students – in a distinct and clear way – to the foundations of the lesson and restrict it to the main topic lest students become confused in their ideas and miss benefits. And in seeking to make them understand the sciences delivered to them, the teacher should use persuasion, methods of presentation, comparison and representation, focus attention on the essential matters that are the basic rules for each of the lessons, instill in them the general fundamental principles associated with things and then – little by little- touch on the other details that are connected to the main subject matter. (see footnote a) The important thing in every matter is its foundation and the subsidiary affairs branch off from the fundamental principles.

The teacher should consolidate the subjects and bring them closer to the minds of the students, make them like the lesson, desire to listen, and teach them its benefit and purpose, whilst taking into account each student’s understanding of what is suitable through the language (words, expressions) they understand, because not all students are the same. The teacher should allow discussion with them and tolerate their errors that occur from the discussions because they are the result of the search for facts. The teacher should encourage them to carry out every research that leads to finding out the truth, whilst taking into account the social circumstances, the different characteristics of people, the customs and the atmosphere, because indeed these matters have a great impact on the psyche of the students, which is reflected in their understanding, behaviour and work. This is why it is a known fact that the intelligent, attentive teacher who takes these matters into (consideration) has a greater impact on students than other teachers. (13)

The teacher’s task is similar to doctor’s task, and from the teacher’s obligations is to know the tendencies of the students and the level of their intelligence. On the basis of this knowledge, the teacher evaluates the basic criteria that follows on from this approach in engaging their different minds and levels of understanding. These are among the most important reasons for the teacher’s success in his (or her) task.

The most important obligatory subject matter -without exception – is that attention is given to the rectification of the sound Islamic creed based on the Qur’an, the Sunnah and the guidance of the righteous predecessors. Thereafter, attention is given to the other subject matters of the Sharee’ah, and then the other sciences which humankind cannot do without, provided that the outcomes of these (worldly) sciences do not divert one from the knowledge [i.e. Tawheed] for which the creation [i.e. humankind and jinn] was created, and that these (worldly) sciences are harnessed for the public welfare without standing in the way of beneficial knowledge (i.e. the Sharee’ah).

Indeed, Allaah -by His grace and great wisdom- guided those who have been guided to learn beneficial knowledge and teaching it, benefited the people and the country through them, and they attained success with a good mention of them by the people, a good reputation, increased reward and a good end. And others were deprived of success because of their straying from the right path, so their sciences became a disaster for them and their students. They became misguided in the labyrinths of unbelief, atheism and heresy, and misled others; so they brought upon themselves the same sins committed by those whom they misguided. This is based on Allaah’s perfect Justice and Wisdom, and His recompense for those who deviated from the truth, turned away from the right path and pursued (evil) desires- that they are to be humiliated by being forsaken and through deviation from the truth, as Allaah said: [فَلَمَّا زَاغُوا أَزَاغَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ – So, when they deviated (by choice), Allaah deviated their hearts]. [Surah As-Saff. Aayah 5]

Allaah said: [وَنُقَلِّبُ أَفْئِدَتَهُمْ وَأَبْصَارَهُمْ كَمَا لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا بِهِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَنَذَرُهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ – And We shall turn their hearts and their eyes away (from guidance), as they refused to believe therein for the first time, and We shall leave them in their trespass to wander blindly]. [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 110]

The verses that convey the same meaning of these above verses are many. We ask Allaah to bless us and all the Muslims with beneficial knowledge and righteous deeds, show us kindness, grant us sound understanding in the religion and steadfastness on it, rectify the rulers of the Muslims and their leaders, and support the truth through them, and indeed Allaah is able to do everything. May Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon His servant and Messenger Muhammad, the companions of the Messenger and those who follow their guidance until the day of judgement. (14)

Finally, the upright scholars – before the advent of the deviant sects that were influenced by the Greeks – had a single goal in transmitting knowledge and that was to give Muslims obligatory knowledge that would enable them to worship Allaah based on clearsightedness. This knowledge also enabled its seekers to acquire literacy skills, enhanced upright critical thinking and upright intellectual discussion in various subject matters of the religion and the worldly affairs. This was the basis of education -to guide and pass on socially upright values based on the divine revelation for the upright survival of the Ummah, and it was made available to everyone – children of kings, peasants, the poor, the rich, the disabled, the slaves etc.

However, when education is abandoned to the desires of competing ideologues, then one can only expect political and educational controversy, because proponents of the dominant ideology of the day would seek to influence schools to promote values that are championed by organizations with a distinct political orientation. Then when another group of people with a different political ideology are voted in power, they also seek to promote their views in all walks of life. So, regardless how many types of schools open in modern society – in order to provide more choice for state school pupils and students, education will always be the victim of competing ideologues. In Islam, the education system has a single goal – free from the competition of the ideologues; rather the education system is founded upon nurturing the next generation upon piety and to pursue the beneficial affairs of the worldly life.

Sincere Co-operation In The Religious and Worldly Affairs

“Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa [virtue, righteousness and piety]; but do not help one another in sin and transgression”. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Verse 2]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “This verse contains all the beneficial affairs for the slaves in their worldly affairs and affairs related to the Hereafter- be it between themselves or between them and their Lord; for indeed every servant (of Allaah) finds himself within two circumstances and obligations – either (required) to fulfil the obligations owed to Allaah or the obligations owed to Allaah’s creation. As for the obligations owed to the creation, they include (righteous) association, companionship, aiding one another upon what Allaah loves and obedience to Allaah, and that is the goal behind one’s search for happiness and success in the afterlife. There can be no happiness in the afterlife except through Bir (virtue) and Taqwaa (piety), because it is basis of all affairs of the religion”. (15)

The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: “None of you (truly) believe until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.” [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth Number 13]

Therefore, with regards to the beneficial worldly sciences, then indeed a Muslim loves for others what he loves for himself, so he helps others to pursue their goals in an upright manner. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The religion is sincerity (and sincere advise)”. Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh [may Allaah preserve him] stated, “Advice to the Muslims is to guide them to the beneficial things related to the affairs of their afterlife and the worldly life and aid them in that; guide them towards rectification in affairs related to their worldly life and Afterlife, love them for the sake of Allaah, aid them in truth, co-operate with them in good and guidance and not in sin and transgression; clarify the truth for them and advise them with it, disapprove evil if they violate Allaah’s Right etc”. (16)

Umar Ibn Abdul Azeez [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Whoever advises his [Muslim] brother to rectify affairs related to his Deen and gives him insight in a worldly affair of his, then indeed he has perfected their relationship and fulfilled his obligation towards him”. (17)

There is no doubt that sincere implementation of what is found in the above authentic narrations will put an end to the unjust education system of the ideologues – the one set up to reinforce structural inequality in society. However, this is not to say that all pupils and students will attain the same level of understanding, because even if the standard of education – in the beneficial worldly sciences – is very high and everyone is given equal access, then still some people will excel others either due to wealth bestowed on their parents to access more resources and well informed teachers, or due to the different abilities Allaah has granted humans; but what is intended here is that none should be prevented from access to education due to the structural inequalities engineered by the ideologues. As for intelligence and ability, then there is no doubt that Allaah is the one who bestows each of us what He wills. Imaam al-Barbahaaree [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Intellect is inborn”. Al-Allaamah Ahmad Bin Yahyah An-Najmee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated, “Meaning, it [i.e. intellect] is brought forth together with the person, and it develops and increases as he [the person] grows. So, the intellect starts as something small, then become greater together with its possessor. There is no doubt that the intellects vary based on that which Allaah bestowed on every person. And indeed in the Qur’aan Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] praised the people of (sound) intellect. (18)

Therefore, every sane person recognizes that the intellects vary based on that which Allaah has bestowed upon every individual, but if an education system promotes injustice through ideology or cultural bias, then concealment of knowledge and manipulation is expected. A Muslim is warned against concealment and miserliness in all affairs: “Those who are miserly and enjoin miserliness on other people and hide what Allaah has bestowed upon them of His Bounties. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a disgraceful torment”. [Surah An-Nisaa. Ayah 37]

Imaam as-Sa’di [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Those who are miserly” – Meaning, they refrain from fulfilling the rights obligated in them to fulfil. “And enjoin miserliness on other people”- meaning, through their statements and actions. “And hide what Allaah has bestowed upon them of His Bounties’- meaning, knowledge, through which the astray are guided and the ignorant ones are led aright. So, they hide it from them and make apparent to them falsehood that comes between them and the truth. Therefore, they (i.e. the misers) have gathered between miserliness with regards to wealth and knowledge, and between hastening towards loss for themselves and for others. This is a characteristic of the disbelievers and due to this Allaah (The Most High) said, “And We have prepared for the disbelievers a disgraceful torment”. (19)

And Allaah knows best

Read: Qur’anic Proofs Which Show that the Religion of Islam Embodies the Beneficial Contemporary Sciences and Professions – By Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him]: https://salaficentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Quranic_Proofs_Pdf_final.pdf


[Ref 1: Muhaadaraat Fil Aqeedah Wad-Da’wah’ 1/7-17. slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 2: Al-Qawlul Mufeed Alaa Kitaabit Tawheed’ by Shaikh Uthaymeen. 1/46]
[Ref 3: Muhaadaraat Fil Aqeedah Wad-Da’wah’ 1/7-17. slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 4: https://salaficentre.com/2021/12/14/the-religion-of-islam-is-a-perfect-solution-for-all-problems-part-15-solution-to-two-problematic-views-related-to-identification-of-beneficial-knowledge/ ]
[Ref 5: https://salaficentre.com/2021/12/14/the-religion-of-islam-is-a-perfect-solution-for-all-problems-part-16-when-are-worldly-sciences-considered-praiseworthy/ ]
[Ref 6: https://salaficentre.com/2021/12/15/the-religion-of-islam-is-a-perfect-solution-for-all-problems-part-17-beneficial-knowledge-a-principle-related-to-its-goals-and-means-or-paths/ ]
[Ref 7: https://salaficentre.com/2021/12/17/the-religion-of-islam-is-a-perfect-solution-for-all-problems-part-18-a-fruitful-outcome-of-worldly-knowledge-and-the-knowledge-one-must-acquire-to-fulfil-commands-and-avoid-prohibitions/ ]
[Ref 8: Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm. pages 132-136]
[Ref 9: Ash-Shar’hul Ma’mool Li-imthaali- ArRasool. pages 7-8]
[Ref 10: Tafseer as Sadi]
[Ref 10.1: Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm’ page 217 – 218. slightly paraphrased]
[Ref 11: Sharh Hilyati Taalibal Ilm’ page 49]
[Ref 12: https://salaficentre.com/2022/01/08/part-1-guidance-for-teachers-by-imaam-abdul-azeez-bin-baaz/ ]
[Ref 13: https://salaficentre.com/2022/01/09/part-2-guidance-for-teachers-by-imaam-abdul-azeez-bin-baaz/ ]
[Ref 14: https://salaficentre.com/2022/01/10/part-3-guidance-for-teachers-by-imaam-abdul-azeez-bin-baaz/ ]
[Ref 15: Badaa’i At-Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah’ Vol 1 pages 307-311. Publisher: Daar Ibn Al-Jawziyyah 2nd Ed, 1431AH]
[Ref 16: Sharh Arba’een AnNawawi page: 81]
[Ref 17: Taareekh At-Tabari 6/572]
[Ref 18: Irshaad As-Saaree Fee Sharh as-Sunnah Lil-Barbahaaree. 155. Daarul Minhaaj 1430AH (2009)]
[Ref 19: Tafseer as-Sadi]

Path of The Successful Teachers of Religious and Worldly Sciences- By Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

All praise belongs to Allaah alone, and may peace and blessings be upon the one [i.e. Muhammad] after whom there is no Prophet. To proceed:

There is no doubt that knowledge is the mainstay on which the foundations of human life are based. And the knowledge that is most worthy to be given importance and concern is the knowledge of the Islamic Sharee’ah, because through it is known the wisdom (or purpose) for which Allaah [The Exalted] created us and sent the Messengers. And by way of this knowledge, we acquire knowledge and awareness regarding Allaah and worship Him based on that, as Allaah stated: [وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ – I (Allaah) did not create the Jinn and humankind except to worship me alone]. [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat. Aayah 56]

Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated:

[وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اُعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ – Indeed, We have sent a Messenger to every nation, saying, “Worship Allaah alone and keep away from all false deities]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 36]

Based on these two Aayaat, one knows the wisdom behind the creation of Jinn and humankind, and the wisdom behind the advent of the Messengers. Any nation without sound belief or sound religion is an ignorant nation regardless how advanced and developed it is, as Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated: [أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلً – Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than cattle)]. [Surah Al-Furqan. Aayah 44] (see appendix a) A good life is the life of the people of (Islamic) knowledge and faith, as Allaah [The Exalted] said: [يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ – O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 24] (see appendix b)

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ – Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 97]

Beneficial knowledge can only be obtained through a teacher, and no person can be a teacher unless he is knowledgeable about the subject he (or she) teaches others, because the one who is deprived of something is not able to give it to others. The scholars are the inheritors of the prophets, therefore the teacher’s task is one of the most difficult tasks because it requires that one acquires the most perfect Islamic characteristics as much as possible, such as beneficial knowledge, noble manners, continuous righteous deeds, patience, perseverance, being able to bear hardship whilst nurturing the student (pupil, learner) upon uprightness and upon a pure Islamic nurturing. The teacher’s success in this mission depends on the extent to which he (or she) acquires perfect Islamic qualities.

The role model and leader for everyone is our master and leader Muhammad Bin Abdullah Al-Haashimee [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. He was the most perfect of people in all noble qualities, and he faced many difficulties and great hardships whilst guiding people and teaching them, but he was patient, endured every hardship and difficulty in order to spread his religion and bring his Ummah out of darkness into light. May Allaah reward him for that with the best and most perfect reward. Indeed, a righteous generation was nurtured through him- a generation that is considered to be the best of generations known to humankind throughout history. It is well known that this stems from the good nurturing and guidance which he gave his companions, and his patience upon that path after Allaah granted them success and directed them to the truth.

One of the most important tasks for a teacher – in every place and era- is to follow the path of the first and foremost teacher, Muhammad [peace be upon him] and that one strives to know this path, so that it is implemented on oneself and the students as much as possible, and that one makes a lot of effort. The Ummah is greatly in need of the righteous teacher- the teacher who receives knowledge and what the students are educated with from the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of His Messenger and the path of the Salafus Saaleh [pious predecessors], nurturing them upon honesty, trustworthiness, sincerity, veneration of Allaah’s commands and prohibitions, competition for every virtue and caution against every vice, (especially) in this era in which the callers to destruction are many (i.e. those who violate sound belief and morals) and few are those who call to sound rectification. (see appendix c)

So, based on what has preceded (above), it is known that the teacher’s task- alongside the fact that it is one of the most difficult tasks- is one of the most honorable jobs, the greatest in benefit and the most valuable if the teacher is blessed with sincerity, good intention and effort, because one will be rewarded in the same manner as the one who benefits from his (or her) knowledge. (see appendix d) The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The best of you is the one who learns and teaches the Qur’an”. And he said, “By Allah, that Allah guides a man through you is better for you than a herd of expensive red camels”.

There is no doubt that the teacher is the religious nurturer of the student, therefore he (or she) should have virtuous morals and a good character, so that students may follow this example. He (or she) should also be one who fulfils that which is obligated in the Sharee’ah, far removed from what is prohibited, one who preserves time, jokes a little, broad-minded (within what is allowed in the Sharee’ah), friendly, good-natured, clement, pleasant, independent, able, broad in knowledge and has a lot of knowledge in the Arabic language to be able to perform the duty to the fullest.

There is no doubt that whoever is concerned with studying the human self in all respects and searches for the reasons that lead to knowing the methods by which sciences can be instilled in it easily and with ease, he (or she) will get good results in revealing those affairs of the self that are not immediately obvious, the feelings and perceptions associated with it and the extent of its acceptance of the information to be implanted in it. And one will extract information – from this study and research – that is in fact one of the general rules on which the edifice of education is based. These rules can be summed up in the fact that if any teacher wants to instill information in the minds of the students, he (or she) must first of all have complete knowledge of the lesson, extensive knowledge of teaching methods, effective delivery, able to direct the attention of the students – in a distinct and clear way – to the foundations of the lesson and restrict it to the main topic lest students become confused in their ideas and miss benefits. And in seeking to make them understand the sciences delivered to them, the teacher should use persuasion, methods of presentation, comparison and representation, focus attention on the essential matters that are the basic rules for each of the lessons, instill in them the general fundamental principles associated with things and then – little by little- touch on the other details that are connected to the main subject matter. (see appendix e) The important thing in every matter is its foundation and the subsidiary affairs branch off from the fundamental principles.

The teacher should consolidate the subjects and bring them closer to the minds of the students, make them like the lesson, desire to listen, and teach them its benefit and purpose, whilst taking into account each student’s understanding of what is suitable through the language (words, expressions) they understand, because not all students are the same. The teacher should allow discussion with them and tolerate their errors that occur from the discussions because they are the result of the search for facts. The teacher should encourage them to carry out every research that leads to finding out the truth, whilst taking into account the social circumstances, the different characteristics of people, the customs and the atmosphere, because indeed these matters have a great impact on the psyche of the students, which is reflected in their understanding, behaviour and work. This is why it is a known fact that the intelligent, attentive teacher who takes these matters into (consideration) has a greater impact on students than other teachers.

The teacher’s task is similar to doctor’s task, and from the teacher’s obligations is to know the tendencies of the students and the level of their intelligence. On the basis of this knowledge, the teacher evaluates the basic criteria that follows on from this approach in engaging their different minds and levels of understanding. These are among the most important reasons for the teacher’s success in his (or her) task.

The most important obligatory subject matter -without exception – is that attention is given to the rectification of the sound Islamic creed based on the Qur’an, the Sunnah and the guidance of the righteous predecessors. Thereafter, attention is given to the other subject matters of the Sharee’ah, and then the other sciences which humankind cannot do without, provided that the outcomes of these (worldly) sciences do not divert one from the knowledge [i.e. sound Islamic monotheism] for which the creation [i.e. humankind and jinn] was created, and that these (worldly) sciences are harnessed for the public welfare without standing in the way of beneficial knowledge (i.e. the Sharee’ah).

Indeed, Allaah -by His grace and great wisdom- guided those who have been guided to learn beneficial knowledge and teaching it, benefited the people and the country through them, and they attained success with a good mention of them by the people, a good reputation, increased reward and a good end. And others were deprived of success because of their straying from the right path, so their sciences became a disaster for them and their students. They became misguided in the labyrinths of unbelief, atheism and heresy, and misled others; so they brought upon themselves the same sins committed by those whom they misguided. This is based on Allaah’s perfect Justice and Wisdom, and His recompense for those who deviated from the truth, turned away from the right path and pursued (evil) desires- that they are to be humiliated by being forsaken and through deviation from the truth, as Allaah said: [فَلَمَّا زَاغُوا أَزَاغَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ – So, when they deviated (by choice), Allaah deviated their hearts]. [Surah As-Saff. Aayah 5]

Allaah said: [وَنُقَلِّبُ أَفْئِدَتَهُمْ وَأَبْصَارَهُمْ كَمَا لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا بِهِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَنَذَرُهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ – And We shall turn their hearts and their eyes away (from guidance), as they refused to believe therein for the first time, and We shall leave them in their trespass to wander blindly]. [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 110]

The verses that convey the same meaning of these above verses are many. We ask Allaah to bless us and all the Muslims with beneficial knowledge and righteous deeds, show us kindness, grant us sound understanding in the religion and steadfastness on it, rectify the rulers of the Muslims and their leaders, and support the truth through them, and indeed Allaah is able to do everything. May Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon His servant and Messenger Muhammad, the companions of the Messenger and those who follow their guidance until the day of judgement. [Majmoo Fataawaa Wa Maqaalaat Ash-Shaikh Ibn Baaz. Vol 2. page 316. Slightly paraphrased]

Appendixes: Pdf here: appendixes_1

 

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 1]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

All praise be to Allaah; we praise Him, seek His Help, seek His Forgiveness and repent to Him. We seek refuge in Allaah from the evils of ourselves and the evils of our actions. Whoever Allaah guides, none can misguide him, and whoever Allaah allows to be misguided (due to a perversion in his heart), there is no guide for him. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone without partner; and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger [صلى الله عليه وسلم تسليما كثيرا ].

To proceed: Indeed, the religion of Islam that Muhammad [صلى الله عليه ] brought is the most complete and best of religions, the loftiest and the most exalted. It contains beautiful characteristics, perfection, righteousness, mercy, justice and wisdom that testify to Allaah’s absolute perfection, His All-Encompassing Knowledge and Wisdom. It testifies to the fact that Allaah’s Prophet[صلى الله عليه وسلم ] is indeed a true Messenger of Allaah, and that he is the truthful and trustworthy, who does not speak out of desire; rather [إن هو إلا وحي يوحى – It (the Qur’aan and Sunnah) is only an Inspiration that is inspired (to him)]. [Surah An-Najm. Aayah 4]

This Islamic religion is the greatest proof and the most exalted witness regarding the fact that Allaah alone is singled with absolute perfection, and a witness regarding the Messengship and truthfulness of His Prophet. My aim behind this annotation is to make known – based on what I possess of knowledge – the foundations of the virtues of this great religion, even though my knowledge and awareness would be very deficient in expressing some of the majesty, beauty and perfection found in this religion. My statements would be weak in explaining it in general, let alone in detail speech. However, with regards to what is not all understood and its goal cannot be reached or most of it, a person should not abandon what he knows from it due to his inability in what he does not know, because Allaah does not burden a soul beyond its capacity. Allaah said: [فاتقوا الله ما استطعتم – So fear Allaah as much as you can]. [Surat Al-Taghabun. Aayah 16]

And that is because acquaintance with this knowledge has many benefits, and this includes the following:

– Engaging in this topic, which is the most honourable and exalted topic, is one of the most virtuous righteous deeds. Knowing it, searching for it, reflecting about it, and taking every path that leads to acquaintance with it, is the best thing that a servant of Allaah can preoccupy himself (or herself) with; and the time that is spent on that is in your favour and not against you.

-Acknowledging and speaking about the blessings of Allaah has been commanded by Allaah and His Messenger, and it is one of the greatest of good deeds. There is no doubt that research in this affair is acknowledgement, speech and reflection regarding Allaah’s loftiest blessings which He has bestowed on His servants, and that is the Islamic religion besides which no other religion is accepted by Allaah. So, this discourse is a means of showing gratitude to Allaah for His blessings and seeking for an increase of this blessing.

– Indeed, people vary greatly in faith and its perfection. And the more a servant of Allaah knows about this religion, venerates it more, takes pleasure and rejoices in it, the more complete one’s faith and the sounder his (or her) certainty, because indeed it is proof of all the fundamentals of faith and its principles.

– One of the greatest invitations to the religion of Islam is through explanation of what it contains of the virtues that are accepted and admitted by every person of sound mind and sound (uncorrupted) innate natural disposition. If men were to embark upon calling to this religion- explaining its realities and its welfare to the people- that would be completely sufficient in attracting the people to it- without the need to confront the doubts of the opponents and refuting the religion of those in opposition to Islaam- because of what they would see regarding its agreement with the welfare for both the religious and worldly affairs, rectification of the deeds and hearts. That is because Islaam itself repels every doubt that contradicts it, and because it is truth accompanied with clear explanation, and proofs leading to certainty. If some of the facts of this religion are revealed, it becomes the greatest reason for its acceptance and given preference over others. (see footnote a) (Ref 1)

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Footnote a: An Affair Related to Detailing Good In Most Cases, Warning Against Evil In General Sometimes And In Detail at Other Times, Being Careful of Ambiguities And Generalities When Detail Is Greatly Needed: https://salaficentre.com/2020/08/07/an-affair-related-to-detailing-good-in-most-cases-warning-against-evil-in-general-sometimes-and-in-detail-at-other-times-being-careful-of-ambiguities-and-generalities-when-detail-is-greatly-needed/

To be continued InShaaAllaah


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from Ad-Durar Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Ad-Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 5-9. slightly paraphrased]

Part 2: Guidance For Teachers: By Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

There is no doubt that the teacher is the religious nurturer of the student, therefore he (or she) should have virtuous morals and a good character, so that students may follow this example. He (or she) should also be one who fulfils that which is obligated in the Sharee’ah, far removed from what is prohibited, one who preserves time, jokes a little, broad-minded (within what is allowed in the Sharee’ah), friendly, good-natured, clement, pleasant, independent, able, broad in knowledge and has a lot of knowledge in the Arabic language to be able to perform the duty to the fullest.

There is no doubt that whoever is concerned with studying the human self in all respects and searches for the reasons that lead to knowing the methods by which sciences can be instilled in it easily and with ease, he (or she) will get good results in revealing those affairs of the self that are not immediately obvious, the feelings and perceptions associated with it and the extent of its acceptance of the information to be implanted in it. And one will extract information – from this study and research – that is in fact one of the general rules on which the edifice of education is based. These rules can be summed up in the fact that if any teacher wants to instill information in the minds of the students, he (or she) must first of all have complete knowledge of the lesson, extensive knowledge of teaching methods, effective delivery, able to direct the attention of the students – in a distinct and clear way – to the foundations of the lesson and restrict it to the main topic lest students become confused in their ideas and miss benefits. And in seeking to make them understand the sciences delivered to them, the teacher should use persuasion, methods of presentation, comparison and representation, focus attention on the essential matters that are the basic rules for each of the lessons, instill in them the general fundamental principles associated with things and then – little by little- touch on the other details that are connected to the main subject matter. (see footnote a) The important thing in every matter is its foundation and the subsidiary affairs branch off from the fundamental principles.

The teacher should consolidate the subjects and bring them closer to the minds of the students, make them like the lesson, desire to listen, and teach them its benefit and purpose, whilst taking into account each student’s understanding of what is suitable through the language (words, expressions) they understand, because not all students are the same. The teacher should allow discussion with them and tolerate their errors that occur from the discussions because they are the result of the search for facts. The teacher should encourage them to carry out every research that leads to finding out the truth, whilst taking into account the social circumstances, the different characteristics of people, the customs and the atmosphere, because indeed these matters have a great impact on the psyche of the students, which is reflected in their understanding, behaviour and work. This is why it is a known fact that the intelligent, attentive teacher who takes these matters into (consideration) has a greater impact on students than other teachers. [Majmoo Fataawaa Wa Maqaalaat Ash-Shaikh Ibn Baaz 2/316] Slightly paraphrased]

Footnote a: One of The Best Methods of Teaching- [Gift to Fellow Islamic Studies Teachers In Primary Schools]: https://salaficentre.com/2021/08/14/one-of-the-best-methods-of-teaching-gift-to-fellow-islamic-studies-teachers-in-primary-schools/

Part 1: Guidance For Teachers: By Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

All praise belongs to Allaah alone, and may peace and blessings be upon the one [i.e. Muhammad] after whom there is no Prophet. To proceed:

There is no doubt that knowledge is the mainstay on which the foundations of human life are based. And the knowledge that is most worthy to be given importance and concern is the knowledge of the Islamic Sharee’ah, because through it is known the wisdom (or purpose) for which Allaah [The Exalted] created us and sent the Messengers. And by way of this knowledge, we acquire knowledge and awareness regarding Allaah and worship Him based on that, as Allaah stated: [وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ – I (Allaah) did not create the Jinn and humankind except to worship me alone]. [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat. Aayah 56]

Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated:

[وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اُعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ – Indeed, We have sent a Messenger to every nation, saying, “Worship Allaah alone and keep away from all false deities]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 36]

Based on these two Aayaat, one knows the wisdom behind the creation of Jinn and humankind, and the wisdom behind the advent of the Messengers. Any nation without sound belief or sound religion is an ignorant nation regardless how advanced and developed it is, as Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated: [أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلً – Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than cattle)]. [Surah Al-Furqan. Aayah 44] (see footnote a)

A good life is the life of the people of (Islamic) knowledge and Imaan, as Allaah [The Exalted] said: [يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ – O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 24] (see footnote b)

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ – Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 97]

Beneficial knowledge can only be obtained through a teacher, and no person can be a teacher unless he is knowledgeable about the subject he (or she) teaches others, because the one who is deprived of something is not able to give it to others. The scholars are the inheritors of the prophets, therefore the teacher’s task is one of the most difficult tasks because it requires that one acquires the most perfect Islamic characteristics as much as possible, such as beneficial knowledge, noble manners, continuous righteous deeds, patience, perseverance, being able to bear hardship whilst nurturing the student (pupil, learner) upon uprightness and upon a pure Islamic nurturing. The teacher’s success in this mission depends on the extent to which he (or she) acquires perfect Islamic qualities.

The role model and leader for everyone is our master and leader Muhammad Bin Abdullah Al-Haashimee [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. He was the most perfect of people in all noble qualities, and he faced many difficulties and great hardships whilst guiding people and teaching them, but he was patient, endured every hardship and difficulty in order to spread his religion and bring his Ummah out of darkness into light. May Allaah reward him for that with the best and most perfect reward. Indeed, a righteous generation was nurtured through him- a generation that is considered to be the best of generations known to humankind throughout history. It is well known that this stems from the good nurturing and guidance which he gave his companions, and his patience upon that path after Allaah granted them success and directed them to the truth.

One of the most important tasks for a teacher – in every place and era- is to follow the path of the first and foremost teacher, Muhammad [peace be upon him] and that one strives to know this path, so that it is implemented on oneself and the students as much as possible, and that one makes a lot of effort. The Ummah is greatly in need of the righteous teacher- the teacher who receives knowledge and what the students are educated with from the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of His Messenger and the path of the Salafus Saaleh [pious predecessors], nurturing them upon honesty, trustworthiness, sincerity, veneration of Allaah’s commands and prohibitions, competition for every virtue and caution against every vice, (especially) in this era in which the callers to destruction are many (i.e. those who violate sound Aqeedah and morals) and few are those who call to sound rectification. (see footnote c)

So, based on what has been preceded (above), it is known that the teacher’s task- alongside the fact that it is one of the most difficult tasks- is one of the most honorable jobs, the greatest in benefit and the most valuable if the teacher is blessed with sincerity, good intention and effort, because one will be rewarded in the same manner as the one who benefits from his (or her) knowledge. (see footnote d) The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The best of you is the one who learns and teaches the Qur’an”. And he said, “By Allah, that Allah guides a man through you is better for you than a herd of expensive red camels”. [Majmoo Fataawaa Wa Maqaalaat Ash-Shaikh Ibn Baaz 2/316]

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Footnote a: Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: The Messengers are the most judicious amongst the creation without exception, and after them their followers are the most judicious group. The people of the scriptures and the great legislated laws are the most judicious amongst the followers of the Messengers and the Muslims are the most judicious amongst them [i.e. amongst all those who received divine scriptures and great legislated laws].

The companions of Muhammad [peace and blessings be upon him] are the most judicious amongst the Muslims and then those who followed them exactly in faith. The people who adhere steadfastly to the authentic tradition of the Prophet and the authentic narrations transmitted from him are the most judicious amongst the Muslim nation without exception after companions and those who adhered to their path.

The clear evidence showing that the Messengers are the most judicious amongst the entire creation is that the beneficial knowledge they have brought- the righteous actions and the beneficial affairs related to true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife- has not emerged from others or something even close it. There is nothing- from any perspective- that emerged from other judicious people that can be compared to what the Messengers brought with regards to beneficial knowledge, righteous action and the beneficial affairs of true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife.

Whoever ponders upon their personal life stories – in specific and in general, their patience and perseverance, their abstinence from those unnecessary lawful pleasures of the worldly life, their fervent desire for Allaah’s pleasure and the reward Allaah has kept in the afterlife, their purified manners, the fact that they are the most truthful amongst the creation, (possessors) of the most righteous hearts and the most purified souls, trustees of the greatest trust (i.e. revelation and Messenger ship), the noblest of those whom a person can accompany, the purest in their innermost conscience, the purest with regards to their private affairs- will not doubt the fact that they are the most judicious amongst Allaah’s creation without exception. There is no doubt that whoever is closer to them [i.e. follows them properly], then his (or her) share of judiciousness will be more than (that of others). [An Excerpt from As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah 4/1514]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also stated: Muhammad’s [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] Ummah is not in need of anyone after him; rather the only need they have is someone to convey what he came with. Muhammad’s message is comprehensive, universal and preserved. This universality, comprehensiveness and preservation is not limited to any time and place; rather it is comprehensive for those to whom Muhammad was sent [i.e. the whole world] and likewise with regards to everything that is needed in the fundamental and subsidiary issues of the religion. Muhammad’s message is sufficient, all embracing and universal- nothing else is needed besides it. It has not isolated any affair of truth needed by his Ummah in their sciences and deeds. Allaah’s Messenger did not leave this world until he acquainted his Ummah with everything, and he even taught them the etiquettes of using the toilet, the etiquettes of sexual relations, the etiquettes of sleep and after waking up, the etiquettes of eating, drinking and travel. He acquainted them with the etiquettes of speech and silence, the etiquettes of keeping company with the people and seclusion. He acquainted them with the affairs of illness, good health, poverty and wealth. He acquainted them with all the affairs of life and death.

He described Allaah’s throne, the angels, the jinn, the hell fire and the day of judgement in such a manner as if one has seen them with the naked eye. He informed them about their Lord and His Perfect Names and Attributes, and that Allaah alone is their true object of worship. He acquainted them with the Prophets of old and their nations – the events that took place between them and their nations – in such a manner as if one was present at that time. He acquainted them with all the means to good and the paths of evil- in general and in detail- which no other prophet informed his nation. He acquainted them with death and what will take place in the grave – either bliss or punishment. He acquainted them with the evidences and proofs of Tawheed [i.e. the oneness of Allaah in His Lordship, Names and Attributes, and that Allaah alone has the right to be worshipped].

He acquainted them with Prophet hood and the affairs of the Afterlife, and he refuted all the sects of disbelief and misguidance. He acquainted them with war strategies- how to confront the enemy, the way to achieve victory and conquests. If only they knew and understood these affairs in the correct manner [i.e. the manner it should be understood], they would not be overcome by their enemy. He acquainted them with the plots of Iblees and the ways through which he approaches them, and the ways to repel those plots and plans. He acquainted them with the soul- its characteristics and faults- in such a manner that they are not in need of anyone else to tell them about it. He taught them how to live their daily lives and had they acknowledged and acted upon this, then their worldly affairs would be firmly established. He brought them all the means of success in this life and the next, and they do not need anyone besides him. So how can it be said that the path of Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] is in need of something else outside of it. The reason for such a claim is due to the weak and little understanding of a person. Allaah [The Most High] said:

أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِهِمْ أَنَّا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَرَحْمَةً وَذِكْرَىٰ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) which is recited to them? Verily, herein is mercy and a reminder (or an admonition) for a people who believe. [29:51]

Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ تِبْيَانًا لِّكُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً وَبُشْرَىٰ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ – And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims)]. [16:89]

Allaah [The Most High] said:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُم مَّوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِّمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord [i.e. the Qur’an, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil], and a healing for that [disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.] in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy [explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.] for the believers. [10:57] [An Excerpt from I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een 4/375-377]

Footnote b: Allaah said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ ۖ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَأَنَّهُ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

O you who believe! Answer Allaah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life, and know that Allaah comes in between a person and his heart (i.e. He prevents an evil person to decide anything). And verily to Him you shall (all) be gathered. Read commentary on the Aayah by Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him]: https://salaficentre.com/2020/03/28/o-you-who-believe-answer-allaah-and-the-messenger-when-he-calls-you-to-that-which-will-give-you-life/

Footnote c: Rectification of Modern Societies – By Saudi Scholar Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz: https://salaficentre.com/2021/01/10/rectification-of-modern-societies-by-imaam-abdul-azeez-bin-baaz-rahimahullaah/

Footnote d: Abu Huraira [may Allaah be pleased with him] reported that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever calls to guidance will have a reward similar to those who follow him, without detracting from their rewards at all. Whoever calls to misguidance will have sin upon him similar to those who follow him, without detracting from their sins at all”. [Source: Ṣaḥeeh Muslim. Hadeeth 2674]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ وَنَڪۡتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُواْ وَءَاثَـٰرَهُمۡۚ وَكُلَّ شَىۡءٍ أَحۡصَيۡنَـٰهُ فِىٓ إِمَامٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬ – Verily, We give life to the dead, and We record that which they send before (them), and their traces, and that which they leave behind], and all things We have recorded with numbers (as a record) in a Clear Book]. [Surah Yaa Seen. Aayah 12]

[إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ – Verily, We give life to the dead]- Meaning, We’ll resurrect them after their death to recompense them for their deeds. (I) [ وَنَڪۡتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُوا -and We record that which they send before (them)]- Meaning, good and evil, the deeds they did during their lifetime. (II) وَءَاثَـٰرَهُمۡۚ – and their traces]. Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: That which they initiated of good or evil and thus they were followed by others after their death. (III)

Imaam Al-Aloosee [may Allaah have mery upon him] said: That which they left behind of good deeds, such as the knowledge they taught people, books they wrote, land they gave as endowment or a building they built in the path of Allaah and other good deeds; or sins, such as establishment of laws [legislation, rules, regulations etc] that are tantamount to oppression and transgression, or setting up principles amongst the people that are tantamount to evil and corruption, and the evil Funoon [i.e. the professions, crafts, scientific disciplines, subject matters etc] they initiated and were revived after them by the corrupt people. (IV)

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: It is the good and evil outcomes about which they were the cause of its occurrence during their life time and after their death, and those deeds that emanated from their statements, deeds and circumstances. Every good performed by one of the people due to the knowledge of the servant, his teaching and advice, or through enjoying good and forbidding evil, or knowledge he transmitted to the learners, or in a book which is benefitted from during his life and after his death, or a good deed, such as Salaah, Zakaat, Sadaqah or kindness based on which he was followed, or built a masjid or a place which the people benefit from and what is similar, it will be from the good outcomes that are written for him, and likewise are the evil outcomes. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever starts a good thing [i.e. something other than bidah and sin] and is followed by others, he will have his own reward and a reward equal to that of those who follow him, without it detracting from their reward in any way. Whoever starts a bad thing [i.e. a bidah, sin or something that opposes Islaam] and is followed by others, will bear the burden of his own sin and a burden equal to that of those who follow him, without it detracting from their burden in any way”. [Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2675]

This subject matter makes clear to you the lofty station of calling to the path of Allaah, guidance to His path through every means and path that leads to it; and the lowly status of the caller to evil and a leader in it, and that he is the most degraded human being, one who has committed the severest crime and the greatest sin. (V)

Next topic or section from the same source: “Essential Teaching Skills”


[Refs. I & II: An Excerpt from Tafseer As-Sadi. Daar Ibn Hazm. 1st edition 1424AH (2003). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref III. An Excerpt from Badaa’i at-Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim 2/358. Daar Ibn Al-Jawziy 1431AH. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref IV: An Excerpt from Roohul Ma’aanee 12/325. Daar Al-Fikr. 1417AH (1997). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref V: An Excerpt from Tafseer As-Sadi. Daar Ibn Hazm. 1st Edition 1424AH (2003). Slighrly paraphrased]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 27C): [Muslim Rulers and Their Armies Commanded to Be Prepared Politically, Mentally and Physically]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [وأعدوا لهم ما استطعتم من قوة ومن رباط الخيل ترهبون به عدو الله وعدوكم – And make ready against them all you can of power, including steeds of war (tanks, planes, missiles, artillery, etc.) to threaten the enemy of Allah and your enemy]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 60]

Allaah commanded (Muslim Governments) to prepare what is possible of strength- political and mental strength, industries, weapons and all that is used to strengthen the (Muslim armies) and terrify the enemies. This includes everything that takes place and happens in relation to military planning, military arts, various weapons, forts and fortifications against the evils of the enemies. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [يا أيها الذين آمنوا خذوا حذركم – O you who believe! Take your precautions]. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 71]

So, see how these teachings of the Islamic Sharee’ah is solely the affair and the best way to conduct the most powerful internal and external policies. Perfection and righteousness are acquired when Muslims are guided through them and by its fundamental principles and subsidiary matters; (whereas) the deficiency that is expected and occurs is due to neglecting these affairs and not giving them close attention.

Commentary: Preparing the means to strength is not left in the hands of individuals and thus leads to chaos, transgression, enmity, oppression and violating the rights of others; rather this affair is the responsibility of the ruler under the politics of the state by way of that which is facilitated of understanding based on the Qur’aan and Sunnah. (1)

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: One of the dangerous causes (of weakness)- its outcomes and what it necessitate – is that which has occurred in terms of weakness in the presence of the enemy and being delayed in everything, except that which Allaah wills to remain; inclining towards forbidden desires, preoccupation with what hinders from the path of Allaah and guidance, lack of preparation for the enemy in the arena of industry, lack of sufficient weaponry that frightens the enemy, strive against him in Jihaad, take one’s rights from him, lack of preparing the bodies for Jihaad and not spending money in what is obligatory (or befitting) to prepare against the enemy, guarding against his evil, defend the religion and the homeland. The preparation is weak or nonexistent and the goals are skewed, except that which Allaah wills.

Therefore, the path of success, the path of progress in the presence of the enemies and the absence of weakness, the path of prosperity and success, the path to obtaining lofty status and the lofty things that are to be sought after, victory over the enemies- the path to all of this is to embrace beneficial knowledge and sound understanding in the religion, give precedence to Alllaah’s pleasure over His displeasure, give close attention to what Allaah has obligated, abandon what Allaah has made unlawful and repent truthfully to Allaah from one’s sins and shortcomings. Also there should be industry in the Muslim countries, preparation and strength that will enable every individual through every means, so that he has no need of the enemy, until the enemy knows what he has of preparation and talent, and so that the enemy is afraid of him, treats him fairly and gives him his rights. The bodies are to be prepared and should refrain from over-indulging in that type of luxury that will weaken strength and the hearts when required to fight the enemy, and so that one has strength to perform Jihaad. There should be full cooperation between the state and the people on what is required of obedience to Allaah and His Messenger, refraining from what Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] has forbidden and also cooperating on what is required to make preparations, just as Allaah [The Exalted] said: [وَأَعِدُّواْ لَهُم مَّا ٱسۡتَطَعۡتُم مِّن قُوَّةٍ۬ – And make ready against them all you can of power]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 60]

It is necessary to prepare physically, prepare equipment (of war) and other types of equipment in all respects so that we can suffice with what Allaah [Glorified be He] has given us and not to be in need of what our enemies have, because fighting our enemies with what is in their possession is very difficult to obtain. If the enemy prevents you from acquiring weapons, then what do you fight with alongside poor insight and little knowledge? It is necessary to prepare what is possible, and what is possible is sufficient as long as the Muslims intend to do without their enemy, fight their enemy, save their country, intending to establish the command of Allaah in the land, and intending (to gain reward) in the Afterlife as much as they can, because indeed Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He] says: [وَأَعِدُّواْ لَهُم مَّا ٱسۡتَطَعۡتُم مِّن قُوَّةٍ۬ – And make ready against them all you can of power]; but Allaah did not say, “And make ready against them that which is equal to their power”, because that may not be possible to achieve. If the Muslims are sincere, join hands, prepare for their enemy with as much equipment they can and support the religion ordained by Allaah, then indeed Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He] will support them, place them in front and above the enemy, and not under the enemy. Allaah – the One who is truthful in His speech and promise – said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِن تَنصُرُواْ ٱللَّهَ يَنصُرۡكُمۡ وَيُثَبِّتۡ أَقۡدَامَكُمۡ – O you who believe! If you help (in the cause of) Allah, He will help you, and make your foothold firm]. [Surah Muhammad. Aayah 7]

Allaah is neither unable nor in need of the people, but He puts His good servants to trial by way of the evil ones, so that the truthfulness of the truthful ones is distinguished from the lies of the liars, the one who truly strives in the path of Allaah is distinguished from others, and the one desirous of safety (in this life and the next) is distinguished. This is the reason, otherwise Allaah is able to aid His allies and destroy His enemies without war- without the need for Jihaad, preparation and other things, as Allaah [Glorified be He] says:

[ذَٲلِكَ وَلَوۡ يَشَآءُ ٱللَّهُ لَٱنتَصَرَ مِنۡہُمۡ وَلَـٰكِن لِّيَبۡلُوَاْ بَعۡضَڪُم بِبَعۡضٍ۬‌ۗ- But if it had been Allah’s Will, He Himself could certainly have punished them (without you). But (He lets you fight), in order to test you, some with others]. [Surah Muhammad. Aayah 4] (2)

Must read these important articles compiled by Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him]:

Salafi Shaikh Fawzaan on Jihad in our times and the guidelines of Jihad according to Islam

People are talking of Jihad and you Salafis are still talking about Tawheed!?

The Life of the Muhammad in Madinah: Treaties, Conquests and his Death (Islam 1.11)

Are Treaties With The Jews, the State of ‘Israel’ and other Non-Muslims Permitted? Is it Allegiance? Is it Apostasy?

https://www.abukhadeejah.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Living-with-Non-Muslims.pdf

The Prophet of Islam would not kill diplomats, ambassadors, emissaries or foreign delegations even if they were sent by the worst of his enemies.

Understanding terrorism: A guide for non-Muslims, school teachers and students – Excellent!

The excellence and virtue in calling to Allah with wisdom and goodly exhortation: Ibn Baaz

Why do these militant Khawārij look upon the rest of humankind and see them as worthless scum who can be killed without regard?


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from 53mins 52secs to 55mins 38secs: https://www.al-badr.net/detail/hKHE35qsTg ]

[Ref 2: https://binbaz.org.sa/discussions/42/%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%B6%D8%B9%D9%81-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B3%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%B9%D8%AF%D9%88%D9%87%D9%85-%D9%88%D9%88%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%89%D9%84-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AC. paraphrased]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 27B): [Code of Conduct Muslims Are Commanded, Especially When Meeting Enemies in The Battlefield]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam as-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

One of the greatest Islamic principles is that Muslims are urged to adhere to their religion, fulfil servitude to Allaah and the rights of Allaah, fulfill the rights of people, to be upon agreement and unity, strive to adhere to what will bring about harmony and love, and remove hatred and grudges. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ إنما المؤمنون إخوة – Verily the believers are brothers in Islamic faith]. [Surah Al-Hujuraat. Aayah 10]

Allaah said: [واذكروا نعمة الله عليكم إذ كنتم أعداء فألف بين قلوبكم فأصبحتم بنعمته إخوانا – And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur’an), and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allah’s Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith)]. [Surah Aal Imran. Aayah 103]

Allaah said: [فاتقوا الله وأصلحوا ذات بينكم وأطيعوا الله ورسوله إن كنتم مؤمنين – So fear Allah and adjust all matters of difference among you, and obey Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad ), if you are believers]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 1]

Allaah said: [ولا تكونوا كالذين تفرقوا واختلفوا من بعد ما جاءهم البينات – And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them]. [Surah Aal Imran. Aayah 105]

Allaah said: [واعتصموا بحبل الله جميعا – And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur’an and the Sunnah)]. [Surah Aal Imran. Aayah 103]

And there are other texts that establish this great principle by way of which the affairs of the Muslims are established upon uprightness and raise them to the highest station of human perfection.

Allaah said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا لَقِيتُمْ فِئَةً فَاثْبُتُوا وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا لَّعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَا تَنَازَعُوا فَتَفْشَلُوا وَتَذْهَبَ رِيحُكُمْ ۖ وَاصْبِرُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِينَ
وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ خَرَجُوا مِن دِيَارِهِم بَطَرًا وَرِئَاءَ النَّاسِ وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ

O you who believe! When you meet (an enemy) force, take a firm stand against them and remember the Name of Allah much (both with tongue and mind), so that you may be successful. And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength depart, and be patient. Surely, Allah is with those who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). And be not like those who come out of their homes boastfully and to be seen of men, and hinder (men) from the Path of Allah. and Allah is Muhitun (encircling and thoroughly comprehending) all that they do. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayaat 45-47]

So, Allaah commanded them to obey Him and His Messenger, and this includes the entire religion; forbade them from the differing that would necessitate disharmony and enmities that will weaken faith; commanded them to remember Him a lot in every affair and that they exercise patience on which every matter depends; commanded them to be sincere and truthful, and forbade what is in opposition to it, such as Riyaa (see footnote a), boasting, pride, bad intentions and the desire to mislead people.

Commentary: This is also guidance which the Islamic Sharee’ah brought for the Islamic Ummah- that they establish brotherhood upon true Islamic faith, hearts united and having love for one another. Allaah said: [ إنما المؤمنون إخوة – Verily the believers are brothers in Islamic faith]. [Surah Al-Hujuraat. Aayah 10]

The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Be servants of Allah as brothers”. [Saheeh Muslim. Hadeeth Number 2564] (see footnote b)

The Muslims are commanded to eagerly seek to put a stop to enmity and grudges, put a stop to the causes of splitting, blameworthy differing and argumentation, so that their hearts become one (in harmony) and united. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The parable of the believers in their affection, mercy, and compassion for each other is that of a body. When any limb aches, the whole body reacts with sleeplessness and fever”. [Saheeh Muslim. Hadeeth Number 6011]

Then the author cited a number of proofs regarding this affair, such as the statement of Allaah: [ إنما المؤمنون إخوة – Verily the believers are brothers in Islamic faith]. [Surah Al-Hujuraat. Aayah 10]

And the statement of Allaah: [واذكروا نعمة الله عليكم إذ كنتم أعداء فألف بين قلوبكم فأصبحتم بنعمته إخوانا – And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur’an), and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allah’s Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith)]. [Surah Aal Imran. Aayah 103]

And the statement of Allaah: [فاتقوا الله وأصلحوا ذات بينكم وأطيعوا الله ورسوله إن كنتم مؤمنين – So fear Allah and adjust all matters of difference among you, and obey Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad ), if you are believers].

And the statement of Allaah: [ولا تكونوا كالذين تفرقوا واختلفوا من بعد ما جاءهم البينات – And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them]. [Surah Aal Imran. Aayah 105]

And the statement of Allaah: [واعتصموا بحبل الله جميعا – And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur’an and the Sunnah)].

These verses of Qur’aan establish a general foundation which the people of true Islamic faith must adhere to and that is to establish true brotherhood in faith, love for the sake of Allaah, prevent the causes of splitting, discord and blameworthy differing, and that they all hold onto the rope of Allaah (the Qur’aan and Sunnah) and not be divided. So, if they are like this, they will become strong, blessed with mighty honour and safety from defeat. Allaah said: [ وَلَا تَنَـٰزَعُواْ فَتَفۡشَلُواْ وَتَذۡهَبَ رِيحُكُمۡ‌ۖ -And do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength depart]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 46] (see footnote c)

This is a principle that will lead them to every honour and virtue.

The author cited these two Aayaat – (i.e. Aayaat numbers 45-47 Surah Al-Anfaal) – that gathers a number of affairs regarding how a person should conduct himself when dealing with his affairs and with others, which the people of Islam must adhere to, especially when meeting the enemy in battle. (see footnote d) The first affair is that they obey Allaah and Allaah’s Messenger. The entire religion enters into this first affair and it is the foundation upon which the true believer adheres to in his dealings at home and abroad. Then Allaah forbade them from disputing that would necessitate disharmony, the enmity that would weaken faith and lead to defeat. Then Allaah commanded them to remember Him a lot – which is an aid in every affair that is pursued, and commanded them to have patience. He commanded them to be sincere and truthful, and forbade them from what is in opposition to this, such as Riyaa, boasting, pride, bad intentions and a desire to misguide the people. (1)

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Footnote a: Riyaa: Footnote a: Allaah’s Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam) said: “That which I fear for you the most is the Minor Shirk.” They asked: “O Allaah’s Messenger! What is Minor Shirk?” He replied: “It is ar-Riyaa’. Allaah will say on the Day when He will recompense the servants in accordance to their deeds: Go to the ones for who whom you showed-off these deeds, desiring to be seen by them in the world. Look and see, do you find with them a reward?” Read more on this link: https://abukhadeejah.com/ahmad-an-najmees-kitaab-at-tawheed-chapter-3-fear-of-falling-into-shirk/

Footnote b: Abu Huraira [may Allaah be pleased with him] reported that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Do not envy each other, do not outbid each other, do not hate each other, do not turn away from each other, and do not outsell each other. Rather, be servants of Allah as brothers. The Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He does not wrong him, nor humiliate him, nor look down upon him. Righteousness is here,” and he pointed to his chest three times. The Prophet said, “It is enough evil for person to look down upon his Muslim brother. The entirety of the Muslim is sacred to another Muslim: his life, his wealth, and his honour”. [Saheeh Muslim. Hadeeth Number 2564]

Footnote c: Sound Unity: 

Admonition Regarding Sound Unity – By Shaikh Rabee and Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan

Obedience to The Messenger Leads to Unity And Bidah Is The Cause of Splitting And Blameworthy Differing

Footnote d: https://abukhadeejah.com/salafi-shaikh-fawzaan-on-jihaad-in-our-times-and-the-guidelines-of-jihaad-according-to-islam/


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from 45mins 26secs to 52mins 13secs. https://www.al-badr.net/detail/hKHE35qsTg paraphrased]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 23A): [Health and Disease]

The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated about health and disease:

The Islamic Sharee’ah brought the most complete guidance regarding them- commanded with everything that preserves and improves health and with what prevents diseases or reduces them as much as possible. It has given useful explanations on this subject matter revolving around the preservation and improvement of health, protection against all harmful things and activities, guarding against diseases before they occur (see footnote a) and treating them after they occur. (see footnote b)

Alongside this, it commanded that one relies and place complete dependence on Allaah (see footnote c), and to know that Allaah [The Exalted] is the Giver of blessings and the One Who repels harms by His Kindness, Power and Mercy (see footnote d), and by way of the many things He has facilitated as a means (to good health and protection against harm), which He taught His servants and commanded them to pursue.

Allaah also commanded that diseases should be dealt with through other than physical medicine, such as patience for the sake of Allaah, believing in Allaah and hoping for Allaah’s reward whilst facing adversity, because indeed this reduces the difficulty of diseases due to what the patient one – the one hoping for Allaah’s reward – receives of firm faith and certainty, as well as reward in this life and the next. (footnote e)

Commentary: Whoever examines the Sunnah – regarding drinks, nourishment and food – will find tremendous guidance in this affair that revolves around preservation of health, such as the statement of the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], “The human being fills no worse vessel than his stomach. It is sufficient for a human being to eat a few mouthfuls to keep his spine straight. But if he must (fill it), then one third of food, one third for drink and one third for air.” [Sunan Ibn Maajah. Hadeeth Number 3349]

This hadeeth is a tremendous basis – for the preservation of health – that has been affirmed by many doctors, and enough is the fact that it is a statement of the Prophet, even if no doctor affirms it. Allaah said: [وَڪُلُواْ وَٱشۡرَبُواْ وَلَا تُسۡرِفُوٓاْ‌ۚ – Eat and drink but waste not by extravagance]. [Surah Al-A’raaf 31] (see footnote f)

Whoever wants to know what has been conveyed the Qur’aan and authentic Sunnah regarding health, let him (or her) read “At-Tibb An-Nabawiy – Medicine of the Prophet” from the book “Zaadul Ma’aadh” by Imaam Ibnul Qayyim. And with regards to preventing disease before it occurs, the Prophet said, “He who eats seven ‘Ajwa dates every morning, will not be affected by poison or magic on the day he eats them.” [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth Number 5445]

Also reliance upon Allaah – to know that health and cure are only in the hands: Allaah said that Prophet Ibraaheem said: [وَإِذَا مَرِضۡتُ فَهُوَ يَشۡفِينِ – And when I am ill, it is He (Allaah) Who cures me]. [Surah Ash-Shu’araa. Aayah 80] (see footnote g)

Also in a supplication for a sick person, the Prophet stated:

[اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ النَّاسِ أَذْهِبِ البَاسَ، اشْفِهِ وَأَنْتَ الشَّافِي، لاَ شِفَاءَ إِلَّا شِفَاؤُكَ، شِفَاءً لاَ يُغَادِرُ سَقَمًا – Allaahumma Rabbin Naas, Adh’hibil Ba’s, Ishfihi Antash Shaafi, Laa Shifaa’a illaa Shifaa’uka, Shifaa’an Laa Yughaadiru Saqamaa: Oh Allah, the Lord of the people! Remove the trouble and heal him (i.e. the sick person) for You are the Healer. No healing is of any avail but Yours; healing that will leave behind no ailment]. [Sahīh al-Bukhari. Hadeeth Number 5743]

The cure for an disease (illness) is in the hands of Allaah alone and one of Allaah’s Names is Ash-Shaafi (The Healer).

Patience: In the Sunnah, it is said to the sick person “,Tahooran InshaaAllaah- meaning, may this illness be a means to expiation of sins. Ibn Rajab mentioned a number of benefits for the sick person and the one afflicted with a calamity, and one of those benefits is that it strengthens a person’s attachment to Allaah. It maybe that a person was in a state of heedlessness, but when afflicted with an illness, he begins to take himself to account. Many people repented sincerely whilst on their sick bed, so this physical ailment brought him benefit in his religious affairs. (1)

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Footnote a: What are the principles of medicine with the scholars of Islam: By Shaikh Abu Khadejah: https://abukhadeejah.com/what-are-the-principles-of-medicine-with-the-scholars-of-islam/

Footnote b: Striking a Balance in Health: Between Traditional and Conventional Medicine for Chronic Illnesses By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah: https://abukhadeejah.com/why-i-post-health-articles-on-my-site-and-top-12-tips-for-cancer-prevention/

It is not allowed to forcibly medicate a person… The Prophet stated, “Did I not forbid you from putting medicine in my mouth?” An-Nawawī said: “It is desirable that the sick person is not forced to take medication…By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah: https://abukhadeejah.com/taking-medicine-is-recommended-in-islam-for-the-one-who-is-sickbut-it-is-not-obligatory/

Muslim And Non-Muslim Doctors: [Neither Is This Information Anti-Science Nor Conspiracy Theory, Rather It Helps to Understand Why One Might Ask Questions Regarding Medications or Vaccines]

Footnote c: The Levels of Reliance Upon Allaah- By Shaikh Abu Hakeem:
https://www.salafisounds.com/category/books-taught/the-levels-of-reliance-upon-allah-by-abu-hakeem/

Footnote d: 

Al-Lateef: The Subtle and Kind. The One Who is completely aware of the hidden details of all affairs and of that which will benefit the servants, and Who is kind to them, and causes that which is good for them to reach them by a means which they had no expectation of.

Al-Qadeer: The All-Powerful. The One Who is able to do all things; nothing renders Him incapable or wearies Him. The One Perfect in His Power. The One Who – by His power – created everything in existence. And with His power, He controls them, completes them and gives life and death to them. And with His power, He will resurrect His servants, and reward and punish them. Whenever He wills something, He says “Be” and it is.

Al-Qaadir: The Completely Able One. The One completely able to do anything He wills. Nothing renders Him incapable or wearies Him.

Ar-Rahmaan: The Extremely Merciful. The Merciful One Who has Mercy as His attribute. The One possessing tremendous and extensive Mercy. [Source: Names and Attributes of Allaah By Shaikh Abu Talhah (may Allaah have mercy upon him and his wife)].

Footnote e: Patience: https://salaficentre.com/2020/03/29/only-those-who-are-patient-shall-receive-their-rewards-in-full-without-hisaab-without-limit-calculation-and-estimation/

Footnote f: . Allaah said:[ يَـٰبَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ خُذُواْ زِينَتَكُمۡ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسۡجِدٍ۬ وَڪُلُواْ وَٱشۡرَبُواْ وَلَا تُسۡرِفُوٓاْ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُسۡرِفِينَ – O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and going round (the Tawaf of ) the Ka’bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allah) likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance)].[Surah Al-A’raaf 31]

Imaam As-Sadi said, meaning eat and drink from that which Allaah has provided you of the good and lawful things, but do waste not by extravagance in doing so. Extravagance can either take place when one consumes more than what is sufficient by eating too much of foods and having a lot of drinks that are harmful to the body, or exceeding the limits in choosing the most luxurious and fanciest of foods, drinks and clothing, or exceeding the limits in what is permissible until it leads to what is impermissible. Certainly Allaah does not like those who are wasteful by extravagance, because exceeding the limits angers Allaah and it is harmful to person’s body and livelihood, until this may even lead a person to be unable to spend on what is necessary. [An Except from Tafseer As-Sadi. Slightly paraphrased]

Footnote g: [وَإِذَا مَرِضۡتُ فَهُوَ يَشۡفِينِ – And when I am ill, it is He [Allaah] Who cures me]. [Surah Ash-Shu’araa. Aayah 80] – Meaning: When I become sick, none is able to heal me, except Allaah, by way of the means that may lead to recovery [i.e. by His Will]. [Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood [may Allaah be pleased with him] said, “Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, ‘Allaah did not send down any disease except that he also sent its cure.” In another narration, the Messenger said, ‘One who has knowledge of it knows it, and one ignorant of it is ignorant’”. [Sunan Ibn Mājah 3438 and declared authentic by Imaam Albaanee in Sisilah As-Saheehah 4/208]

The Messenger said, “Treat your sick by giving Sadaqah”. [Hadeeth declared Hasan by Imaam Albaani [rahimahullaah] in Saheeh Al-Jaami As-Sagheer Wa Ziyaadah 3358]

AbuBakr Al-Khubaaziy [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “I had a very dangerous illness, so a neighbour of mine saw me and said, ‘Act upon the statement of Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], ‘Treat your sick by giving Sadaqah’. It was summertime, so I bought many watermelons and gathered a group of poor people and children. They ate and then supplicated for me to be cured. By Allaah! I did not reach the next morning except that Allaah granted me wellbeing’”. [Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa 18/44]


[Ref 1: From 44mins 24secs to 54mins 08secs. https://www.al-badr.net/detail/6y71LsHDZr paraphrased]