Tag: Muslims

[3] History of the Muslims of Bengal – Livelihood

Even many small traders and the artisan classes like the weavers, paper and salt manufacturers and fishermen had a sound base in agricultural lands and spent a part of their time in agricultural pursuits. Purely landless labourers were very few, and even they were engaged in various professions.  According to Rennel at least 30,000 people were constantly employed as boatmen on the Bengal Rivers by the middle of the 18th century.

Secondly, through out the centuries, the country had a big surplus in food and cloth, the two most important necessitates of life, which were produced in abundance and which formed the chief items of the country’s export trade. Almost each family in the rural areas produced sufficient rice, if not more, to meet its needs. Each family had also its vegetable gardens, and cattle and fowl stocks, or little family dairy farms, so to say, for rearing meat, milk and egg. This was in addition to the fruit trees, specially coconut and betel – nut trees that form an essential part of every homestead in the southern districts. Similarly fish was available in almost legendary abundance.

——————————————————————————————————————-

[Source: History of The Muslims of Bengul Vol 1B page 959. Publisher: Imam Muhammad Bin Sa’ud University. First Edition 1406H/1985

[2] History of The Muslims of Bengal – Influence of Muslim Rulers In a Caste-Ridden Society

The simple concept of monotheism and the principles of equality and brotherhood of man enunciated by Islam came as a revolutionary force to the caste – ridden and Brahman-dominated Hindu society. The very establishment of Muslim rule in the country divested the Brahman class of its privileged and domineering position in society. Muslims could not and did not have to distinguish between the ” high ” and “low” castes of the Hindus and in course of time placed all of them on an equal footing in respect of employment and education.  Non – Brahman Hindus acquired a respectable position in society through education, state employment and literary activities patronized by the Muslim rulers.

——————————————————————————————————————-

[Source: History of The Muslims of Bengul Vol 1B page 805. Publisher: Imam Muhammad Bin Sa’ud University. First Edition 1406H/1985

[1] History of the Muslims of Bengal – Tolerance Towards Non-Muslims

On their part the Muslim rulers, in consonance with the spirit of Islam, followed a policy of religious tolerance and granted perfect freedom of belief to the people. There is no reference in the sources of any of the ruler’s having ever attempted to impose Islam by force on any of the conquered people. From the very beginning Islam was left to itself to make its mark on the people through persuasion and understanding….

————————————————————————————————————-
[Source: History of The Muslims of Bengul Vol 1B page 733. Publisher: Imam Muhammad Bin Sa’ud University. First Edition 1406H/1985

Asking “Was She a Virgin?” – The Permanent Committee of Scholars

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Question:

There are some people who ask the husband the morning after having sexual relations with his wife about the virginity of his wife (the bride) saying : “Did you find your wife to be a virgin or not?” Is it permissible for him to respond to this question, even if the questioner was one of the man’s or the woman’s parents?

Answer:

It is neither permissible to ask this question nor respond to it, rather he must close the door to this affair in order to preserve the private affairs of the Muslims.  And to Allaah belongs all success, and may peace and blessings be upon our prophet Muhammad (salla Allaahu alaihi wa sallam), his family and his companions.


[Source: Fataawa almar’ah al-muslimah – Al-lajnaa ad-daa’imah – daar at-tawheed p.567]

Translated by: Abu Zainab Muhammad Al-Hindee

Shaikh Fawzaan: The Methodology of Ahlus Sunnah In Their Combat Against The Khawaarij

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful The Bestower of Mercy

 

 Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah) stated in Sharh- As Sunnah:

”It is permissible to fight the Khawaarij if they attack the wealth of the Muslims, or the Muslims and their families, but if they are dispersed, then the Muslim Ruler is not to seek after them, nor are their wounded to be killed, nor is booty taken from them, nor may those taken captive be killed, nor are those who flee to be pursued.”

Sheikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan commented on the above statement of Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah) saying:

We know that the khawaarij are those who hold that they can renounce obedience (to the ruler). They hold that the ruler is not given the oath of allegiance or that it is not binding upon the people to maintain their oath of allegiance to him when he becomes sinful, and they (also) declare the Muslims to be disbelievers for committing major sins.  So if they adopt this school of thought and there arises neither uproar nor killing, then they are left alone, advised and given clarification in hope that they may repent.  If they cause uproar and manifest their strength, it then becomes obligatory upon the Muslims to fight them to avert their evil.

They are not fought on the basis that they are disbelievers; rather they are fought on the basis that they are Muslims who commit outrage and transgression against other Muslims. That is why when Ameerul Mumineen Ali (radiyallaahu-anhu) was asked about the khawaarij, ”Are they disbelievers?” He said: ”No, they flee from disbelief, but they are a people who have rebelled against us.”    Therefore, they (khawaarij) are not fought on the basis that they are disbelievers and that is why their women and children are not taken as captives, nor is their wealth taken, nor are their wounded killed; because they are only fought to avert their evil and not because of disbelief.

And regarding the saying of Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah):

‘It is permissible to fight the Khawaarij if they attack the wealth of the Muslims, or the Muslims and their families;’ because the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) commanded that they are to be fought, and because Ali (radiyallaahu-anhu) fought them when they attacked and killed Abdullaah Ibn Khabbaab al Arrat and ripped open the stomach of his pregnant wife.  So Ameerul Mumineen Ali (radiyallaahu-anhu) decided to fight them as they brought about a good reason to be fought against.

And regarding the saying of Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah): ‘But if they are dispersed, then the Muslim leader is not to seek after them.”  If they refrain from fighting, the ruler is neither to chase them nor carry out a military expedition against them, as long as they do not commit acts of transgression. And no doubt they are misguided and are to be advised in hope that they may return (repentant) and are not fought.

And regarding the saying of Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah): ‘Nor are their wounded to be killed’; because the evil of the injured person is curtailed.   And regarding the saying of Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah): ‘Nor is booty to be taken from them’, meaning: their wealth is not to be taken as war booty; because it is the wealth of the Muslims.

And regarding the saying of Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah): ‘Nor may those taken captive be killed’ because they are Muslims, and by being injured and taken as captive their evil is curtailed.   And regarding the saying of Imaam Barbahaaree (rahimahullaah): ‘Nor are those who flee to be pursued’. If they flee, the leader is to leave them alone and not go after them as their evil is curtailed.


 [Source: It-haaful Qaaree Bitta’liqaat Alaa Sharhus Sunnah Lil Imaam Barbahaaree) by Sheikh Saaleh al-Fawzaan (hafidha-hullaah) (page: 240-242, Vol: 1)]