Shaykh Uthaymīn was asked:
”Are the remembrances (dhikr) which are said after the prayer, said after the obligatory or supererogatory prayers?”
After the obligatory prayers only.
Fatāwa Su’āl ‘ala al-Hātif Vol.2 pg 599
Yes, that is permissible, because not combining in this situation would cause difficulty for him. For indeed ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them both) said,
‘The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa salam) combined between Dhuhr and ‘Asr , and Maghrib and ‘Isha whilst he was in Madeenah, and there was no fear and no rain. They said to him (‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas), why is that? He said, He did not want hardship for his ummah’
Shaykh ‘Uthaymeen: meaning that he did not want the ummah to be afflicted with difficulties by not combining (when there is a need).
Fataawa ‘ala At-Tareeq fee Masaa’il Mutanawiyya Pg 296
Shaykh Shaykh Uthaymīn (rahimahullāh) explained and extracted multiple benefits from verse 132 of Surah Ta-Ha:
Benefits extracted from this verse are:
Al-ilmām bi b’ad Āyāt al-Ahkhām Tafsīran wa Istimbātan Pgs. 54-55
Paraphrased from Shaykh ‘Uthaymīn’s Fath Dhīl Jalāli wal Ikrām Sharh Bulūgh al-Marām Vol.2 Pg.223
The Messenger of Allah – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam – when he would give salaams after the witr prayer would say :
سُبحانَ الملِكِ القدُّوس
Three times and the third time he would raise his voice. (1)
Classified as Saheeh by Imam Al-Albaani in Saheeh an-Nisaa’i Hadeeth number 1732
(1) And in Hadeeth 1733 – also classified as Saheeh by Imam Al-Albaani – he would elongate the third time.
Text link: http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/15680
Question: What is the ruling about the one who hears the adhaan but does not go to the masjid to pray? Will his prayer be accepted if he prays at home or not?
Answer: Praying in congregation is obligatory. He – peace be upon him – said: “whoever hears the call [to prayer] but does not come to [the masjid], he has no prayer except with a [valid] excuse”. So it is mandatory for him to pray in congregation if he hears the call [to prayer] and is able to attend
Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool (may Allaah preserve him) says: There is no specified number of rak’ats to pray on jum’ah day (i.e. specified number of Rak’ats after one enters the masjid and before the khutbah), rather what is established is that the number of rak’ats is unrestricted due to the Hadeeth reported by Imaam Muslim (rahimahullaah) in Sahih Muslim- that whoever takes a bath on the day of jum’ah and prays what is decreed for him (i.e. before khutbah begins), keeps quiet until the khutbah finishes, and prays (i.e. with the Imaam), he will be forgiven (i.e. minor sins) from that day of jum’ah to the next Jum’ah….[Ref 1]
After Jum’ah prayer, one prays either two rak’ats [Ref2] or four Rak’ats [Ref 3]
[Ref 1: For further details, see texts of hadeeth in Sahih Muslim Number 857 and the speech of Sh Muhammad Baazmool in [ بغية المتطوع page 121 onwards]
[Ref 2: Hadeeth in Sunan Abu Dawud Number 1/70 & declared authentic by Imaam Albaani (rahimahullaah)]
[Ref 3: Hadeeth reported by Imaam Muslim Number 881]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
The Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, ‘’Whoever misses the Asr prayer [i.e. intentionally] until its time elapses, it is as if he has lost his family and his wealth’’. [Ref 1]
Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [may Allaah preserve him] said: Why is the Asr prayer specifically mentioned and not the other prayers? The scholars say that perhaps the wisdom behind this is because the time of Asr is when the people are very busy in trade and roaming about in the markets. At present -سبحان الله – the time of Asr prayer is the hardest time for those engaged in professional occupations and the workers, for they return and relax in their houses and do not wake up until the time of Asr prayer elapses, so they are lackadaisical in this affair..
The Asr Prayer is great in the Sight of Allaah. Allaah (The Blessed and Exalted) said:
[حَافِظُوا عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ وَالصَّلَاةِ الْوُسْطَىٰ وَقُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَانِتِينَ – Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawat (the prayers) especially the Salaatul Wustaa (middle Salaah – the best prayer). And stand before Allah with obedience] [Ref 2]
The scholars say that the meaning of Salaatul Wustaa is the Asr prayer. It has been reported from the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] that on the day of Al Ahzaab – the day of the battle of Al Khandaq when the Arab tribes gathered to fight the Muslims – he said: ”O Allaah! Fill their [i.e. the infidels] houses and graves with fire, as they busied us so much that we did not perform the middle Salat [(prayer)- i.e. Asr prayer] till the sun had set.’’ [Ref 3]
The Asr prayer also has other specific virtues. The scholars say that it is the time in which the angels of the night and the angels of the day get together- the angels who accompany or guard the children of Aadam. There are two time periods in which the angels gather – the angels of the day time get together at the time of Fajr and accompany the children of Aadam from Fajr to Asr. And at Asr time, the angels of the night take over and accompany the children of Aadam from Maghrib to Ishaa, and at Fajr they change shifts. The proof of this is the hadeeth reported by Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: ‘’Angels come to you in succession by night and day, and all of them get together at the time of Fajr and Asr prayers. Those who have passed the night with you [or stayed with you] ascend [to the heaven] and Allaah asks them, though He knows everything about you, ‘’In what state did you leave my slaves?’’ The angels reply: ‘’When we left them, they were offering Salat (prayer) and when we reached them, they were offering Salat.’’ [Ref 4]
Allaah [Glorified Be He and Free is He from all imperfections] said about the Fajr prayer:
[وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ ۖ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا – And recite the Qur’an in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur’an in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night). [Ref 5]
The scholars say that the reason behind this is because it (i.e. Fajr time) is the time in which the angels of the night and the angels of the daytime get together and likewise at the time of Asr Salaah, for they are two time periods in which the angels change shifts in order to accompany the children of Aadam. Therefore, a Muslim should be eager to perform the Asr prayer at its correct time and if he is preoccupied (i.e. without a valid shariah excuse) until its time elapses, then it is as if he has lost all his family and wealth. [The End]
[Abridged and Paraphrased. Source: Sharh Kitaab Wuqootis Salaah Min Muwatta Al-Imaam Maalik Bin Anas’ by Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool -pages 93 -95…Publisher: Daarul Istiqaamah 1st Edition 1429AH (Year 2008)]
Ref 1: Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Hadeeth Number552. Vol 1 Darussalam Print 1997]
Ref 2: Soorah Al-Baqarah Ayah 238
Ref 3: Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Hadeeth Number 2931. Vol 4, Darussalam Print 1997]
Ref 4: Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Hadeeth Number 555. Vol 1. Darussalam Print 1997Ref 5: Soorah Al-Israa, Ayah 78]
All Praise is to Allah, who blessed us today, with an excellent turnout at the Eid Prayer once again; and it is Allah that facilitates all means to good.
The Masjid would like to thank those who facilitated this Sunnah for “Whoever does not thanked the people will not thanked Allah” (authenticated by Shaykh Albani). May Allah bless and reward them all.
We are fortunate, by the fadl of Allah, to have such dedicated and hardworking brothers and sisters; who are always sacrificing themselves and their time to serve the community.
The good deeds done are written by Allah and he knows their number. But we hope to give an idea as to the lengths some of the volunteers go to.
During Ramadhaan, we had brothers clearing and cleaning the masjid. Families providing food and drink for those opening their fast and working to keep the masjid clear from smells and distraction. Further more during the Tarawee’ prayer (a busy time indeed) then a rotor of brothers took it in turns, to take care of the cars, of those taking part in the prayer.
Moving on to the Eid prayer setup; then some of our sisters took part in raising some funds to prepare custom goody bags to make the day special. Packing them at their houses completing the affair with one of our families completing the packing then delivering them to the masjid.
Everyone was able to enjoy the atmosphere this morning at the park. But even this setup required efforts. The night before brothers came to the masjid early. They cleaned up and prepared all the equipment needed for Eid prayer outside. Even in this instance many of the rolls we have laid out have been donated by a group of brothers, and the van used was also lent to us for Allahs sake.
Finally in the morning whilst many were still sleeping or relaxing; others set off early, to setup for anyone attending be prayer; some leaving or making arrangements for their families to come afterwards, others rushing home to collect their families in between.
Our aim here is not to count deed; for indeed the deeds done are numerous and Allah the most just is the one who rewards his slaves. However what we can do is appreciate such (invisible) deeds, and efforts made in the organisation of such an event.
And there is no doubt other Salafi Maraakiz around the country will have similar tales of sacrifice and effort- some of which we have read already from the likes of Al Baseerah, Salafi Publications, Markaz Muaadh and others. No doubt this is a sign of love for this blessed da’wa, and brings immense happiness to our hearts
We hope to see everyone tonight, in happiness and bliss, gathered with their brothers and sisters for Allah’s sake on this wonderful day.
تقبل الله منا ومنكم
Taqaballallahu minna wa minkum.
May Allaah accept from us and from you (Aameen).
Waalaikumsalaam wa rahmatullah
The Committee of The Salafi Centre of Manchester