Salaficentre Appeal 2019

Posts Tagged ‘rights’

The Cultivation and Upbringing of Your Children is From the Greatest of Responsibilities – Al Uthaymeen

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih Al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullah) was asked a question regarding the fathers (or parents) who are preoccupied and busy with their work, that they are not able to ask their children about their daily affairs; their academic studies; who their friends are etc, the Shaykh (rahimahullah) replied,

We say regarding those who are too busy (to enquire after or look after their children). From the greatest of your actions and deeds are your sons and daughters, their responsibility upon you is greater than your trade or business. We ask, what do you want and desire by way of your work and business? Surely, you only desire by way of it, the ability to spend upon yourself and your family; this is nourishment for the body. More important than this is nourishing the heart, nourishing the soul, cultivating eemaan and righteous actions in the souls of the sons and daughters. The fathers shoulkd then know that the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alaihi wa salam) said,

“When a person dies, his actions are cut off, except for three, ongoing charity, knowledge which is benefited by or a righteous child who supplicates for him.”

Therefore, a righteous child benefits his father in life and death, hence it is more befitting and preponderant that he is cared for more than wealth, because if a person is rich it is possible for him to assign employees to carry out his business and if he is not, then indeed Allah The Most High said,

And whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). (2) And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. (At-Talaaq: 2-3)


Paraphrased from a Fatwa of Shaykh al-Uthaymeen 

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Do Not Aid the Oppressors – An Admonition by Shaykh Rabee Ibn Haadi, Accompanied by a Benefit from Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee

In The Name of Allah The Beneficent The Most Merciful

وَلَا تَرْكَنُوا إِلَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا فَتَمَسَّكُمُ النَّارُ وَمَا لَكُم مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ مِنْ أَوْلِيَاءَ ثُمَّ لَا تُنصَرُونَ

And incline not toward those who do wrong, lest the Fire should touch you, and you have no protectors other than Allah, nor you would then be helped. (Hud: 113)

In explanation of this verse, Shaykh Rabee [hafidhahullaah] commented:

[Do not] incline towards the oppressors- those who oppress the people, [such as shedding] their blood, [stealing or taking] their wealth and [violating] their honour; or they oppress the people in their religion by way of innovations and various forms of misguidance and the dissemination of dangerous propaganda and calls that oppose Islam. Do not incline towards anyone from these type of people; do not aid him and do not help him with his falsehood. The verse encompasses all of these types [of oppressors]. Every follower of falsehood is an oppressor; every innovator is an oppressor; everyone who violates a Muslim’s honour is an oppressor. So, do not incline towards any of them and thus you are afflicted by the fire, because when you incline towards the sinner, the innovator, the oppressor,  the criminal,  the one who violates peoples’ honour and those who violate the sanctity of the divine legislation, it is as if you are pleased [with him] – as if you are aiding and supporting him. Therefore, the believer should be careful of falling into this destructive inclination. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَلَوْلَا أَن ثَبَّتْنَاكَ لَقَدْ كِدتَّ تَرْكَنُ إِلَيْهِمْ شَيْئًا قَلِيلًا

And had We not made you stand firm, you would nearly have inclined to them a little. (Al-Israa: 74)

Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] said to his Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam]: [شَيْئًا قَلِيلً -you would nearly have inclined to them a little]. [Ref 1]

Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee [rahimahullaah] stated about this Aayah: This noble ayah [i.e. Al-Israa Ayah 74] makes explicitly clear the Messenger’s innocence from inclining towards the disbelievers a little let alone inclining towards them. That is because [لَوْلاَ (i.e. And had it not )] necessitates negation of the occurrence of something, so the phrase ‘you would have nearly inclined’ is negated by [لَوْلاَ ] due to Allaah’s bestowal of firmness to the noblest person amongst His creation [i.e. Muhammad (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam)].  So it is established with certainty that he never inclined towards them the least let alone inclining towards them. [Ref 2]

Therefore, the believer should be careful of this type of inclination, for indeed it is from the causes of deviation and misguidance, and Allaah refuge is sought. [Allaah said]:

فَلَمَّا زَاغُوا أَزَاغَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ  

So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allah guides not the people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). [As-Saff: 5] [Ref 3]

 


Ref 1: An Excerpt from Al-Wasaayaa Al-Manhajiyyah Pg 20. By Shaikh Rabee [hafidhahullaah]. slightly paraphrased

Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Adwaa Al-Bayaan’ By Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee [rahimahullaah]. slightly paraphrased

Ref 3: An Excerpt from Al-Wasaayaa Al-Manhajiyyah Pg 20. slightly paraphrased

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Do Not Oppress your Family, Your Wife or Others – Shaykh ‘Abdul Azīz b. Bāz

Do Not Oppress your Family, Your Wife or Others. – Shaykh ‘Abdul Azīz b. Bāz


Oppression is from the most disgusting, despicable of major sins, it’s evil consequences Allāh (The Glorified) has informed us of in His Tremendous Book:

وَمَن يَظْلِم مِّنكُمْ نُذِقْهُ عَذَابًا كَبِيرًا

And whoever among you does wrong, We shall make him taste a great torment. (Al-Furqān: 19)

And Allāh says:

وَالظَّالِمُونَ مَا لَهُم مِّن وَلِيٍّ وَلَا نَصِيرٍ

And the Dhālimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) will have neither a Wali (protector) nor a helper. (Ash-Shūra: 8)

Hence, oppression is a great evil and it has evil consequences, the Messenger (sallāhu alayhi wa salam) said:

“Fear oppression for indeed oppression is darkness on the day of resurrection.” (Muslim)

Furthermore, Allāh has said in a Hadīth Qudsī (which is narrated by the Prophet (sallāhu alayhi wa salam)):

“Oh my servant! Indeed I have forbidden oppression upon myself and between you, so do not oppress.” (Muslim)

Therefore, it is obligatory to be cautious of perpetrating oppression to any of the people, whether it be your family, your wife, your brothers, your children, your mother, your father, your neighbours and other than them.

Likewise, do not oppress your employees, give them their wages in full, every month (for e.g.) give him or her their wages.

Give everyone who has a right upon you; your children, your wife and other than them; their rights.

The intent in being cautious regarding oppression of the people is because indeed Allāh has made sacred the blood, honour and wealth of the Muslims.

So, the Muslim takes himself to account and fears his Lord, so do not oppress anyone, not their honour or their wealth, regardless of whether they are close to you or not.


Paraphrased from Shaykh ‘Abdul Azīz ibn Bāz:

https://www.binbaz.org.sa/noor/8490

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The Sin of the Person Who Does Not Provide for Those Under His Care. Hadeeth: Explanation of Shaykh ‘Abdul Muhsin Al Abbad

Abū Dawūd reported the hadīth of Abdullāh ibn ‘Amr (Allāh be pleased with him). He said, “Allāh’s Messenger (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) said”

“Sufficient sin for a man is that he neglects those he should provide for.”(1)

Shaykh ‘Abdul Muhsin (hafidahullāh):

“Meaning, a person sins due to the absence of spending and providing on the one spending upon is obligated.

Regardless of whether that was due to him not seeking sustenance for them (by working), or if he was wealthy but was stingy and tightfisted with them.

Or perhaps he spends and gives optional charity to those who aren’t close to him, neglecting those who it is obligatory for him to spend on, from those close to him, (wife, children etc), so by doing this he fulfils a recommended act but abandons an obligation.

Indeed he is sinful because he abandons that which Allāh (‘azza wa jal) obligated upon him, from spending upon those it is obligated to provide for.

This is similar to the previous hadīth(2), Spend it on yourself, then your child, then your wife, then your servant, then he (sallallāhu alaihi wa salam) said: You have better knowledge; meaning: after that, give charity to whomsoever you wish, or don’t, its entirely up to you.”


Slightly Paraphrased from Shaykh ‘Abdul Muhsin’s (hafidahullāh) explanation of this hadīth in his lessons on Sunan Abū Dawūd in the Prophets Masjid.

(1) Authenticated by Shaykh Al-Albāni Sahīh Sunan Abū Dawūd Hadīth Nos. 1692 Vol.1 Pg. 469
(2) Full wording of the Hadīth:

On the Authority of Abū Hurayrah, he said Allāh’s Messenger commanded with giving in charity. Then a man said, “Oh Allāh’s Messenger! I have a dīnār?”

So Allāh’s Messenger said “Spend it in on yourself”.

He (the man) said, “I have another?”

(Allāh’s Messenger) said “Spend it on your offspring.”

He (the man) said, “I have another?”

(Allāh’s Messenger) said “Spend it on your wife.”

He (the man) said, “I have another?”

(Allāh’s Messenger) said “Spend it on your servant.”

He (the man) said, “I have another?”

(Allāh’s Messenger) said “You have better knowledge.” (On how to spend it, or give in charity to.)

Authenticated by Shaykh Al-Albāni Sahīh Sunan Abū Dawūd Hadīth Nos. 1691 Vol.1 Pg. 469

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The Mannerisms of Ibraaheem in Calling To Allah

Look at Ibraaheem’s [alayhis-salaam] gentleness “O My father! Why do worship that which hears not, sees not and cannot avail you in anything, O my father! Verily! There has come to me of knowledge that which came not unto you.” He did not say,‘’O father you’re Jaahil’, but he [kindly] said that he has received knowledge which his father has not received.

Source: Qisas Al-Anbiyaa by Imam Sadi p45

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Ibnul Qayyim; His Books vs. His Wife

Ibnul-Qayyim; His Books vs. His Wife

“Ibnul-Qayyim! His zeal for knowledge was great! He acquired his knowledge from the scholars he acquired from when he was young and took from them in person. Then when he got married, his wife came to him scented with perfume and she stood by his head! He was laying on the floor with his papers and books. So he raised his head to her. He said, “I looked at her and behold, she was such and such …” meaning; she had prepared and beautified herself, and perfumed herself for him. He said, “Then I lowered my head to my papers and carried on. And my wife left and slept” – because he didn’t use to turn to her much.

However, what is obligatory is to give every person deserving of a right, his or her right, as there came in his statement (صلى الله عليه وسلم): “And your family has over you a right.”

Howbeit, sometimes the zeal, the passion and eagerness increase, and so a man inclines towards his knowledge and away from something which he needs. So he ends up choosing that which strengthens what he’s attached to at the time, and that is knowledge, writing, researching and authoring.”

Liqāāt wa Jalasāt li Ma’ālī As-Shaykh Sālih bin Abdil-‘Azīz Āli-Shaykh, 1/488.
@AbuHumaydSaalim

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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