Salaficentre Appeal 2019
Masjid Appeal 2019

Posts Tagged ‘salaah’

[4] Brief Contemplation On Some Aayaat On The Subject Matter ‘As-Salaah’ [The Prayer]: An Excerpt From Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahullaah] [PDF 2 pages]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

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Allaah [The Most High] said:

قَدۡ أَفۡلَحَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ (١) ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ فِى صَلَاتِہِمۡ خَـٰشِعُونَ (٢) وَٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ عَنِ ٱللَّغۡوِ مُعۡرِضُونَ (٣) وَٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ لِلزَّكَوٰةِ فَـٰعِلُونَ (٤)وَٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ لِفُرُوجِهِمۡ حَـٰفِظُونَ (٥) إِلَّا عَلَىٰٓ أَزۡوَٲجِهِمۡ أَوۡ مَا مَلَكَتۡ أَيۡمَـٰنُہُمۡ فَإِنَّہُمۡ غَيۡرُ مَلُومِينَ (٦) فَمَنِ ٱبۡتَغَىٰ وَرَآءَ ذَٲلِكَ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡعَادُونَ (٧) وَٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ لِأَمَـٰنَـٰتِهِمۡ وَعَهۡدِهِمۡ رَٲعُونَ (٨) وَٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ عَلَىٰ صَلَوَٲتِہِمۡ يُحَافِظُونَ (٩) أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡوَٲرِثُونَ (١٠) ٱلَّذِينَ يَرِثُونَ ٱلۡفِرۡدَوۡسَ هُمۡ فِيہَا خَـٰلِدُونَ (١١)

Successful indeed are the believers. Those who offer their Salaat [prayers] with all solemnity and full submissiveness. And those who turn away from Al-Laghw [dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allah has forbidden]. And those who pay the Zakaat. And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts), except from their wives or those whom their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame; but whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors; those who are faithfully true to their Amanaat [all the duties which Allah has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trusts etc.] and to their covenants; and those who strictly guard their (five compulsory congregational) Salawaat [prayers] [at their fixed stated hours]. These are indeed the inheritors. Who shall inherit the Firdaus [Paradise]. They shall dwell therein forever. [Surah Al-Muminoon. Aayaat 1-11]

[ٱلَّذِينَ هُمۡ فِى صَلَاتِہِمۡ خَـٰشِعُونَ- Those who offer their Salaat [prayers] with all solemnity and full submissiveness]: Solemnity in the prayer: It is attentiveness of the heart in the presence of Allaah [The Exalted]; attentive [to the fact that] Allaah is close [i.e. by His knowledge, hearing and sight] and thus the person’s heart becomes submissive, his soul [enters a state] of solemnity, his movements [in the prayer are performed] with repose, he [experiences] little distraction, well behaved in the presence of his Lord, pays attention to everything he says and does in his prayer – from the beginning to the end – and thus all the whispering of shaytaan is repelled, [and likewise] all evil thoughts. This is the essence of the prayer and the aim behind it. It is the type of prayer for which a person is rewarded is in full. [As for the prayer] that is neither performed  with tranquillity nor an attentive heart, then even though the person will gain some reward, however reward is based on the strength [or level] of the heart’s attentiveness. [Source: Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan. (paraphrased)]

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[2] Brief Contemplation On Some Aayaat On The Subject Matter ‘As-Salaah [The Prayer]: An Excerpt From Imaam Ibnul Jawzi and Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahumallaah] [PDF 1 page]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

salaah2pdf

Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَجَعَلۡنَـٰهُمۡ أَٮِٕمَّةً۬ يَہۡدُونَ بِأَمۡرِنَا وَأَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡهِمۡ فِعۡلَ ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ وَإِقَامَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَإِيتَآءَ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةِ‌ۖ وَكَانُواْ لَنَا عَـٰبِدِينَ

And We made them [i.e. Ibraaheem, Ishaaq and Ya’qoob (alayhimus-salaam)] leaders, guiding [mankind] by Our Command, and We inspired in them the doing of good deeds, performing Salaat, and the giving of Zakaat and of Us (Alone) they were worshippers. [Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Aayah 73]

[وَجَعَلۡنَـٰهُمۡ أَٮِٕمَّةً۬  – And We made them leaders]– Meaning: Leaders  who were guides for others to good. [يَہۡدُونَ بِأَمۡرِنَا  – by Our Command]– Meaning: They called people to the religion ordained by Allaah based on Allaah’s command. [Ref 1]

[وَأَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡهِمۡ فِعۡلَ ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتِ   – And We inspired in them the doing of good deeds]– Meaning: They performed good deeds and called people to it. This includes all types of good deeds related to the rights of Allaah and the rights of the people. [وَإِقَامَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَإِيتَآءَ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةِ‌ۖ performing Salaat, and the giving of Zakaat]: This is a specific mention of something in connection to a general affair due to the nobility and virtue of these two acts of worship [i.e. Salaah and Zakaat]; because whoever performs them perfectly will establish his religion and whoever neglects them will be more negligent towards other affairs of the religion; and [also because] Salaah is the best of deeds related to the rights of owed to Allaah and Zakaat is the best of deeds related to the rights owed to Allaah’s servants.

[وَكَانُواْ لَنَا عَـٰبِدِين and of Us (Alone) they were worshippers]– Meaning: They were worshippers of Allaah and not worshippers of others; and they worshipped Allaah through acts of worship of the heart [i.e. such as love, fear, hope, reliance upon Allaah etc], statements [i.e. all acts of worship uttered by the tongue] and actions [i.e. deeds of the limbs]. [Ref 2]


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from ‘Zaarul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer’. By Imaam Ibnul Jawzi (rahimahullaah). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah). Slightly paraphrased]

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[Witr Salaah -A Dhikr after Tasleem]

The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) – after Tasleem from Witr Salaah- used to say three times:

[سُبْحَانَ المَلِكِ القُدُّوسِ]


[Part of a hadeeth in Sunan An-Nasaa’ee reported by Ubay Ibn Kab (radiyallaahu-anhu) & declared Saheeh by Imaam Albaani (rahimahullaah) in Saheeh Sunan An-Nasaa’ee 1/372]

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Few Issues Related to Recitation of The Imaam And Those Who Remind Him When He Makes a Mistake

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Question to Shaikh Abdullaah Bin Humaid [rahimahullaah]: There is a masjid whose Imaam is a Haafidh of the Qur’aan and he has good understanding in the issues of the prayer, except that there are some defects on his tongue [i.e. in his pronunciation]; but he is from a non-Arab country. Is his Imaamship valid alongside the fact that there are those with a clearer tongue than him?

Answer: I say: [If] he is not able to pronounce the [letters] of the clear Arabic language, he might [read] some of the verses based on other than their intended [meaning], such as substituting (ر) with a ( غ ) or a (ح) with a (ه )- saying: (الرهمن), which is similar to what some non-Arabs do; saying: الهمد لله and substituting the (ح) with a (ه); [(saying) الهمد لله رب العالمين instead of الحمد لله رب العالمين] or substituting (ر ) with a ( غ) and what is similar to it; so, [in this case], it is not permissible to pray behind such a person, rather he should learn because the meaning of [what he recites] is the opposite [of what is correct]. And if his defects do not change the meaning, then there is no harm in praying behind him.

[If] his defects changes the meaning, it is obligated on him to rectify his tongue [i.e. his pronunciation] by learning the Arabic language and it is obligatory to get other people to be Imaam if he changes the meaning [in his recitation]. [Source: Al-Fataawaa Wad-Duroos Fil Masjidil Haraam of Shaikh Abdullaah Bin Humaid (rahimahullaah) Muhammad page:315-316]

Reminding The Imaam When He Makes a Mistake

It is Legislated to Remind The Imaam When He OMITS Something in His Recitation of The Qur’aan During The Salaah

In a Hadeeth reported by Imaam Abu Dawud [rahimahullaah], Al-Musawwari ibn Yazid al-Maliki [radiyallaahu-anhu] said that the Messenger of Allah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] recited [i.e. the Qur’aan] in some prayer and left out something [i.e. omitted some verses accidentally], so a man said to him, ‘’O Messenger of Allah, you omitted such and such ayah!’’ So the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said to him, ‘’’Would you have reminded me’’. [i.e. why did you not remind me of it?] [Ref 1]

Shams ul-Haqq al-‘Adheem Aabaadee [rahimahullaah] stated in his explanation of Sunan Abu Daawud: ‘’This shows that it is legislated to make known to the Imaam that he has left something [i.e. in order that he can rectify it during the Salaah]’’. [Ref 2]

Question to Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen: Is it obligated On Those Being Led in Salaah to Correct the Imaam If He Makes a Mistake in His Recitation of the Qur’aan?

Answer: If the Imaam makes a mistake in an obligatory recitation, such as in his recitation of [Surah] Al-Faatihah, it is obligated on those being led in prayer to rectify him. And if [the mistake occurs] in a ‘Recommended Recitation’ [i.e. a Surah other than Faatihah], we should examine [the affair]: If he altered the meaning, it obligatory to [help him to recite it again]; but if the meaning is not altered, it is not obligatory [i.e. i.e. to make him recite it again]. [Ref 3]

 Do Not Be Hasty! Be Certain That The Imaam Has Stopped Due to a Mistake

Indeed, sometimes we find that some people are overzealous regarding this affair, so they rush to correct the Imaam, even though the Imaam only paused a little in order to seek Allaah’s Mercy when he reaches an Ayah that necessitates that etc

In a hadeeth reported by Imaam Muslim [rahimahullaah], Hudhaifah [radiyallaahu-anhu] said: I prayed with the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] that night when he started Soorah al-Baqarah. So I said (to myself), ‘’He will make Rukoo after one hundred Aayaat’’. But he carried on after that, so I thought, ‘’He will finish it (the Soorah) in two Rak’aats.’’ But he carried on, so I thought, ‘’He will make Rukoo when he has finished it’’. Then he started Soorah an-Nisaa and recited it all, then he started Soorah Aal Imraan and recited it all. He was reciting slowly; when he came to an ayah in which there was glorification of Allaah, he glorified Allaah; at an ayah which had something to be asked for, he asked for it; at mention of seeking refuge, he sought refuge [with Allaah]…’’ to the end of the hadeeth [Ref 4]

Regarding Hudhaifah’s [radiyallaahu-anhu] statement: ‘’He [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] was reciting slowly; when he came to an ayah in which there was glorification of Allaah, he glorified Allaah; at an ayah which had something to be asked for, he asked for it; at mention of seeking refuge, he sought refuge (with Allaah)’’: Imaam An-Nawawi [rahimahullaah] said: In this is a recommendation regarding [the performance of] these acts by every reciter in the Salaah and other than it. And our madhab [regarding this affair] is that it is recommended for the Imaam, those praying behind the Imaam and the person praying alone’’. [Ref 5]

When Shaikh Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] briefly discussed this affair [i.e. what Imaam An-Nawawi stated above] and stated that it is something legislated, he then said that if the person is listening to the recitation of the Imaam, then it is better that he does not busy himself with anything else besides keeping quiet and listening. And if the Imaam stops at the end of the Aayah and it is an Aayah about mercy, or an ayah about seeking refuge or an Aayah about exalting Allaah, then there is no harm in doing so. But if the person does this whilst the Imaam is continuing his recitation, then I [i.e. Shaikh Uthaymeen] fear that he [i.e.  the person] will busy himself with this instead of listening to the Imaam….[Ref 6. End]

We’ve witnessed many times when the Imaam pauses a little to take a rest, but then some people rush to burden him whilst thinking that he has forgotten what to recite. Likewise, we sometimes find several people trying to rectify the Imaam at once and thus confuse and overburden him. Imaam Shawkaani [rahimahullaah] stated that it is disliked to hasten to rectify the Imaam. [Ref 7 End ]

Finally, we also remind ourselves that we should be absolutely sure that we are able to correct the Imaam, for there is no benefit at all in assuming that the Imaam has made a mistake, whilst we’re not sure and end up causing more confusion. If we are not certain whether the Imaam has made a mistake or not, then leave it to those people who are experts in the field- those well-known for that in the congregation. On the other hand, there are mistakes that can only be spotted by those brothers who are very proficient in the recitation of the Qur’aan and the rules of Tajweed, so leave the affair to them.

There Should Be No Exaggeration Regarding The Science of Tajweed And Burdening The Imaam

Also, we’ve come across- many times – people who exaggerate regarding recitation of the Qur’aan- going beyond bounds. Shaikh Rabee [may Allaah preserve him] has shed light on this affair in this link. http://www.rabee.net/ar/articles.php?cat=8&id=316

And Allaah knows best


[Ref 1:Hadeeth was declared Hasan by Imaam Albaani (rahimahullaah) in his checking of Sunan Abu Daawud. Hadeeth Number 907. Page 144. 1st edition Maktabah Al-Ma’aarif Riyaadh]: [Ref 2:See Awnul Mabood’; Publishers Daar Al-Fikr’ 1415AH (Year 1995)]: [Ref 3:Liqaa Al-Baab Al-Maftooh 3/29]: [Ref 4:Saheeh Muslim Hadeeth Number 772]: [Ref 5:See Saheeh Muslim Bi-Sharh An-Nawawi’ Vol 5-6’ page 55’ Publisher Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyyah 1st edition 1421AH (Year 200)]: [Ref 6:http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-2300/page-2456 ]: [Ref 7:Fathul Qadeer 1/283]

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What if he finds out that he did not pray towards the Qibla?

Question:

What is the ruling, if after the prayer it becomes clear that it was prayed towards other than the direction of the Qiblah; does it make any difference if this (happened) in a Muslim land or a kaafir land or in the wilderness?

 

Answer:

If a Muslim is on a journey or in a land in which it is not easy to find someone to show him the Qiblah, then his prayer is correct even after it becomes clear to him that he did not pray towards the Qibla. But if he was in a Muslim land, his prayer is not correct, because he is able to ask someone to show him the direction of the Qibla, just as he is able to know the direction of the Qibla via the mosques. [Fataawaa Muhimma Tata-allaqu Bis-Salaah: Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz (rahimahullaah): page:5] 


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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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