Salaficentre Appeal 2019
Masjid Appeal 2019

Posts Tagged ‘Salaf’

A Muslim Is Commanded to Seek Allaah’s Pleasure, Turn to Allaah, Remain Steadfast And Hope For Allaah’s Reward During Times of Fitan

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Aasim Ibn Humaid [rahimahullaah] said, ‘’I heard Mu’aadh Ibn Jabal [radiyallaahu-anh] saying, ‘Indeed, you will not see in this Dunyaa except affliction and trial; and the affair will not increase, except in severity; and you will not see [or experience] from the rulers except harshness (Ref 1); and you will not see [or experience] an affair that is terrifying and causes you hardship, except that it will be lesser in severity than what will occur thereafter’’’. Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal [rahimahullaah] said [i.e. after hearing this statement reported from Mu’aadh], ‘’O Allaah! Make us pleased [with You]! O Allaah! Make us pleased [with You]’’.

Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] said: The author [i.e. Ibnul Bannaa (rahimahullaah)] transmitted this narration in which Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, ‘’Indeed, you will not see in this Dunyaa, except affliction and trial’’ – Meaning: That is because this Dunyaa is a place of affliction, trial and test. Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He] said: [وَنَبۡلُوكُم بِٱلشَّرِّ وَٱلۡخَيۡرِ فِتۡنَةً۬‌ۖ وَإِلَيۡنَا تُرۡجَعُونَ   – And We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good, and to Us you will be returned. (Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Aayah 35)]

This Dunyaa is a place of affliction and trial, and therefore Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, ‘’Indeed, you will not see in this Dunyaa except affliction and trial’’.

Then Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, ‘’And the affair will not increase except in severity’’- Meaning: That is because the affair of the believers alternates between perfection and deficiency, and an era will not come to the people, except that the era thereafter will be lesser in [virtue].

Then Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, ‘’And you will not see [or experience] from the rulers except harshness’’- Meaning: The way you are will determine who will rule over you. Whenever deficiency occurs in the religious affairs of the people – deficiency related to their truthfulness to Allaah and in turning to Allaah [in obedience, submission etc], this will also be the state of the one who rules over them.

Then Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, ‘’And you will not see [or experience] an affair that is terrifying and causes you hardship, except that it will be lesser in severity than what will occur thereafter’’- Meaning: It may be that a person witnesses an affair which he considers to be terrifying and difficult, but then another era comes thereafter and he considers it more severe than the one during his youth.

Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] made these statements to notify the believer regarding the state he should be in when afflictions occur, so that he strives against his soul [i.e. in obedience to Allaah], remains steadfast upon the truth, turns truthfully to Allaah [in obedience, submission, reliance etc] and to be pleased with Allaah; and that he does not deviate in the trials, and [not to be like] those who are destroyed; and he should seek Allaah’s Protection against the trials – that which is apparent and that which is hidden. And this is the reason why Imaam Ahmad [rahimahullaah] said twice [i.e. after hearing Mu’aadh’s speech], ‘’O Allaah! Make us pleased [with You]! O Allaah! Make us pleased [with You]’’.

This shows what a Muslim should be upon during trials – that he should be pleased with Allaah in two ways: [رضىا بالله   and  رضا عن الله]. The meaning of Ridaa Billaah can be found in a hadeeth of Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi wasallam] as follows:

ذَاقَ طَعْمَ الإيمَانِ مَنْ رَضِيَ بِالله رَبّا وَ باْلإِسْلاَمِ دِيناً و بِمُحَمّدٍ رسولا

‘’The one who pleased that Allah is his lord and Islam is his religion and  Muhammad is his messenger shall taste the sweetness of Eemaan’’.  Ridaa Billaah is related to being pleased with the Names and Attributes of Allaah. [Read more here: https://salaficentre.com/2015/05/the-three-affairs-that-will-make-you-taste-the-sweetness-of-imaam/ ]

As for Ridaa Anil laah, it can be found in the statement of Allaah: [رضي الله عنهم ورضوا عنه] and it is related to being pleased with Allaah’s reward and good recompense. 

So, with regards to the trials, it is obligated on a Muslim to turn to Allaah [in submission, obedience, reliance, humility etc]; and whenever the trial becomes more severe, he increases in turning to Allaah in [submission, obedience, reliance, humility etc]. Indeed, the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi wasallam] said, ‘’Worship during Al-Harj [i.e. during chaos, confusion, disorder, fighting, killing etc] is like emigrating to me’’. [Read more here:https://salaficentre.com/2018/11/the-virtue-of-busying-oneself-in-al-ibaadah-worship-during-times-of-fitan-and-who-to-consult-admonitions-by-imaam-an-nawawi-imaam-ibn-katheer-imaam-as-sadi-shaikh-fawzaan-and-shaikh-ubaid-pd/ ]

This shows that during trials, a Muslim should turn to Allaah – turn to worship, remembrance of Allaah, submit and humble himself to Allaah. But as for many people, trials bussies [and diverts] them from remembrance of Allaah; rather many people are preoccupied with the trial [and diverted] from obedience to Allaah. How many people are preoccupied with trials [and diverted] from establishing the prayer at its fixed time! How many people fall into evil due to Fitan! Fitan is destructive and no one is saved from it, except the one whom Allaah saves.

And in relation to Mu’aadh’s [radiyallaahu-anhu] statement, it has [also] been reported in Shu’ab Al-Imaan by Bayhaqi [rahimahullaah] from Abee Mas’ood Al-Ansaari [radiyallaahu-anhu] who said, ‘’A time [or an era] will not reach you except that the time [or an era] after it will be worse than it’’, so they [i.e. the people] said, ‘’Indeed, a time [or era] has reached us in which we had [things, harvest etc] in abundance and a time [or an era] in which we did not have [things, harvest etc] in abundance’’; so, he said, ‘’By Allaah! Indeed, I neither mean your [era of abundant produce] nor your [era of scarcity or drought], rather I mean the disappearance of knowledge or the scholars. Indeed, before you there was Umar [radiyallaahu-anhu], so show me a time [or an era] like his?!’’

Perhaps it can be said [in relation to this statement of Abee Mas’ood (radiyallaahu-anhu)] regarding this era of ours, ‘’Ibn Baaz was here, so show us someone like him [or an era like his]?!’’ However, good is still present. Even though the likes of these statements are transmitted, but also the texts regarding tranquility, the people of virtue and that good will remain should be mentioned, such as the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], ‘’There will not cease to be a group of my Ummah who will be upon the truth, neither will they be harmed by those who oppose them nor by those who betray them until the establishment of the hour [i.e. the day of judgement]’’. So, this is proof that good will remain and the likes of these narrations [i.e. the narrations by Abee Mas’ood and Mu’aadh (radiyallaahu-anhumaa)] are not aimed at leaving a person in a state of hopelessness and despair; rather it is aimed at making him turn to Allaah [in obedience, submission, reliance, humility etc] and to be from the people of virtue, even if they are few.  [A Paraphrased Excerpt. Listen to audio- from beginning to 12 mins http://al-badr.net/download/esound/choroohat/risalah-mughniyah/002.mp3


Ref.1: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/ ]

 

 

 

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What Imaam Abu Haneefah Did When His Business Partner Unintentionally Sold An Item That Had a Defect Without Informing The Buyer

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Ali Bin Hafs Al-Bazzaar [rahimahullaah] said, ‘’Hafs Bin Abdir-Rahmaan [rahimahullaah] was a [business] partner of Abu Haneefah [rahimahullaah] and Abu Haneefah used to supply him with [merchandise].  Once he sent merchandise to Hafs and informed him that there was a defect in such and such thobe and that he should make it known before selling it.  However, Hafs sold it and forgot to make that known and did not know who he sold it to.  When Abu Haneefah knew about it, he gave charity equivalent to the price of all the merchandise.  [Taareekh Baghdaad: 13/358]

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Sahaabah Are Not to Be Compared to Anyone After Them

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abul Haarith As-Saa’iq [rahimahullaah] said, ‘’I heard Abu Abdillaah [Imaam Ahmad (rahimahullaah)] saying, ‘He [The Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam)] said, ‘The best of the people are those living in my generation’. Therefore, none of his companions are to be compared to the Taabi’een’’’. [Ref 1]

Al-Fadl Bin Ziyaad [rahimahullaah] said, ‘’I heard Abu Abdillaah [Imaam Ahmad (rahimahullaah)] when he was asked about a man who belittles Mu’aawiyah and Amr Ibnul Aas [radiyallaahu-anhuma], whether he should be called a Raafidi? So he said, ‘Indeed, he [i.e. this man] did not become insolent towards them except that he is one with hidden evil [in his heart]. No one belittles anyone amongst the companions of the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] except that he has a hidden evil [in his heart]’’’. [Ref 2]


[Ref 1: Masaa’il Imaam Ahmad; Narration Number 394; Vol 1. page: 396]

[Ref 2: Masaa-il Imaam Ahmad; Narration Number 401; Vol 1.page 397]

 

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Our Salaf: Ibn Umar Responds to a Man Who Praised Him

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

A man said to Ibn Umar [radiyallaahu-anhumaa], “O (you) the best of the people!” He [Ibn Umar] said: “I am neither the best of the people nor the son of the best of the people, rather I am a slave amongst the slaves of Allaah. I have hope in Allaah’s [mercy] and I fear Him. By Allaah! You [people] will not leave a man until you destroy him’’. [Siyar 3/236]

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Honest Scrutiny of Oneself: [What Made Sa’eed Weep After Sufyaan Spoke About The Righteous People?!]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

One day Sufyaan Ath-Thawree [rahimahullaah] sat and spoke, whilst Sa’eed Ibn As-Saa’ib At-Taa’ifee [rahimahullaah] was present in the gathering; so Sa’eed started weeping until Sufyaan felt sorry for him. Then Sufyaan said to him, ‘O Sa’eed! What makes you weep when you heard me mentioning the good people and their deeds?’ He said, ‘O Sufyaan! What should prevent me from weeping, for when the stations of the good people are mentioned, I am not from them’. So Sufyaan said, ‘You have a right [or it is befitting that] you weep’’’.


[Muhaasabatun Nafs. By Ibn Abee Dunyaa (rahimahullaah). page 76. Slightly paraphrased]

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The Best of The People Are Those Living In My Generation: [Brief Fawaa’id From This Hadeeth By Imaam An-Nawawi, Imaam Ibn Hajr, Shaikh Rabee and Shaikh Uthaymeen]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Prophet [alayhis salaatu wassalaam] said: ‘’The best of the people are those living in my generation, then those who will follow the latter and then those who come after them. Then there will come after them people who will be treacherous and will not be trustworthy, they will bear witness without being asked to do so, and they will vow, but will never fulfil their vows, and fatness will appear among them’’.

Shaikh Rabee Bin Haadi [rahimahullaah] said: ‘’They give false testimony, act treacherously and deceitfully. They behave in a very sinful manner and follow evil desires, except those whom Allaah safeguards amongst the Taa’ifatul Mansoorah [i.e. the aided group of Muslims upon the straight path] – those whom Allaah’s Messenger [alayhis salaatu wassalaam] praised. Therefore, it is obligated on us to acquire knowledge for the sake of Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] and act upon it. Ignorance is a deadly disease and knowledge is a weapon that will destroy you if you do not act upon it, and Allaah’s refuge is sought. [Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm pages 268-270]

Imaam An-Nawawi [rahimahullaah] stated regarding the statement, ‘’They will bear witness without being asked to do so’’- This can mean that they bear witness before being asked, or they bear witness based on falsehood, or they give witness without being from those who are worthy of it. [For further details see Sharh Saheeh Muslim 12/17]

However, there is another Hadeeth in which the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] stated: ‘’Should I not inform you about the best of witnesses, they are those who bear witness before being asked.’’ The scholars say that what is intended by this hadeeth is for example: someone has a witness to give on behalf of another person based on truth, but the person does not know about it, so he [i.e. the one who should give the witness] informs the person about it; or for example, a person has already passed away and another person knows what the deceased person has left behind as inheritance, so he bears witness to that and makes it known. [For further details see Fat-hul Baari 5/260]

And regarding the statement, ‘’And fatness will appear among them.’’ – Meaning: These people give importance to the means of fattening themselves – food, drink and over-abundance. So, their only concern is their bodies and fattening themselves. As for being fat without choice, then one cannot be blamed for that, just as a person cannot be blamed for being tall, short, black or white…[For further details, see Majmoo Al-Fataawaa 10/1056 -By Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)]

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The Quran and Sunnah Upon The Understanding of The Salaf

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