Tag: Salaf

Brief Reply to a Deluded Fool Who Seeks to Degrade The Infallible Path of The Prophets of Allaah And Extol The Fallible And Contradictory Paths of Demagogues, Ideologues, Philosophers and So-called Think Tanks

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

[1] The Only Foundations of Upright Guidance In Every Affair Until The Day of Judgement

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَوَهَبْنَا لَهُ إِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ ۚ كُلًّا هَدَيْنَا ۚ وَنُوحًا هَدَيْنَا مِن قَبْلُ ۖ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِهِ دَاوُودَ وَسُلَيْمَانَ وَأَيُّوبَ وَيُوسُفَ وَمُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ

وَزَكَرِيَّا وَيَحْيَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ وَإِلْيَاسَ ۖ كُلٌّ مِّنَ الصَّالِحِينَ

وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَالْيَسَعَ وَيُونُسَ وَلُوطًا ۚ وَكُلًّا فَضَّلْنَا عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ

وَمِنْ آبَائِهِمْ وَذُرِّيَّاتِهِمْ وَإِخْوَانِهِمْ ۖ وَاجْتَبَيْنَاهُمْ وَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

ذَٰلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ ۚ وَلَوْ أَشْرَكُوا لَحَبِطَ عَنْهُم مَّا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحُكْمَ وَالنُّبُوَّةَ ۚ فَإِن يَكْفُرْ بِهَا هَٰؤُلَاءِ فَقَدْ وَكَّلْنَا بِهَا قَوْمًا لَّيْسُوا بِهَا بِكَافِرِينَ

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ هَدَى اللَّهُ ۖ فَبِهُدَاهُمُ اقْتَدِهْ ۗ قُل لَّا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا ۖ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرَىٰ لِلْعَالَمِينَ

And We bestowed upon him Ishaque (Isaac) and Ya’qub (Jacob), each of them We guided, and before him, We guided Nuh (Noah), and among his progeny Dawud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ayub (Job), Yusuf (Joseph), Musa (Moses), and Harun (Aaron). Thus do We reward the good-doers. And Zakariya (Zachariya), and Yahya (John) and ‘Iesa (Jesus) and Iliyas (Elias), each one of them was of the righteous. And Isma’il (Ishmael) and Al-Yas’a (Elisha), and Yunus (Jonah) and Lout (Lot), and each one of them We preferred above the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of their times). And also some of their fathers and their progeny and their brethren, We chose them, and We guided them to a Straight Path. This is the Guidance of Allah with which He guides whomsoever He will of His slaves. But if they had joined in worship others with Allah, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them. They are those whom We gave the Book, Al-Hukm (understanding of the religious laws), and Prophethood. But if these disbelieve therein (the Book, Al-Hukm and Prophethood), then, indeed We have entrusted it to a people (such as the Companions of Prophet Muhammad) who are not disbelievers therein. They are those whom Allah had guided. So follow their guidance. Say: “No reward I ask of you for this (the Qur’an). It is only a reminder for the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns).” [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayaat 84-90]

 

[2] The Foundation of Judiciousness And The Most Judicious Amongst Humankind? [By Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah]

The Messengers are the most judicious amongst the creation without exception, and after them their followers are the most judicious group. The people of the scriptures and the great legislated laws are the most judicious amongst the followers of the Messengers and the Muslims are the most judicious amongst them [i.e. amongst all those who received divine scriptures and great legislated laws].

The companions of Muhammad [peace and blessings be upon him] are the most judicious amongst the Muslims and then those who followed them exactly in faith. The people who adhere steadfastly to the authentic tradition of the Prophet and the authentic narrations transmitted from him are the most judicious amongst the Muslim nation without exception after companions and those who adhered to their path.

The clear evidence showing that the Messengers are the most judicious amongst the entire creation is that the beneficial knowledge they have brought- the righteous actions and the beneficial affairs related to true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife- has not emerged from others or something even close it. There is nothing- from any perspective- that emerged from other judicious people that can be compared to what the Messengers brought with regards to beneficial knowledge, righteous action and the beneficial affairs of true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife.

Whoever ponders upon their personal life stories – in specific and in general, their patience and perseverance, their abstinence from those unnecessary lawful pleasures of the worldly life, their fervent desire for Allaah’s pleasure  and the reward Allaah has kept in the afterlife, their purified manners, the fact that they are the most truthful amongst the creation, (possessors) of the most righteous hearts and the most purified souls, trustees of the greatest trust (i.e. revelation and Messenger ship), the noblest of those whom a person can accompany, the purest in their innermost conscience, the purest with regards to their private affairs- will not doubt the fact that they are the most judicious amongst Allaah’s creation without exception. There is no doubt that whoever is closer to them [i.e. follows them properly], then his (or her) share of judiciousness will be more than (that of others). [Ref 1]

 

The Only Robust Foundation That Will Never Crumble And Establishes a Person On Firmness In All Affairs- By Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah]

Allaah [The Most High] said:

أَفَمَنْ أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَىٰ تَقْوَىٰ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانٍ خَيْرٌ أَمْ مَنْ أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَىٰ شَفَا جُرُفٍ هَارٍ فَانْهَارَ بِهِ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ ۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Is it then he, who laid the foundation of his building on piety to Allah and His Good Pleasure, better, or he who laid the foundation of his building on an undetermined brink of a precipice ready to crumble down, so that it crumbled to pieces with him into the Fire of Hell. And Allah guides not the people who are the Zaalimoon [polytheists and wrong doers]. [Soorah At-Tawbah: Ayah: 109]

Whoever wants his building to be elevated, then it is incumbent upon him to strengthen and fortify its foundation, because the elevation of the building is based on the firmness and fortification of its foundation. Deeds are a building and Eemaan is their foundation. If the foundation is strong, it carries and elevates the building, and if a part of the building is damaged, it is easy for it to bear the [damage]; but if the foundation is not firm, then neither will the building be elevated nor will it be firm. And if something from the foundation is damaged, the building will either collapse or close to that. Therefore, the duty of a knowledgeable person is that he makes the foundation sound and fortified. As for the ignorant person, he elevates [the building] whilst building upon other than a [strong] foundation, so his building does not remain.

The foundation of deeds is like the physical strength of a person- if the strength is vigorous, the body will be able to withstand burden and repel many harmful things; but if it is weak, the body’s ability to withstand burden is weakened and harm quickly overcomes the person. Therefore, support your building [i.e. your actions and deeds] with the foundation of Eemaan; for if something from the top of your building decays and falls down, then it would be much easier for the [building] to bear [the damage], rather than the destruction of the foundation. This foundation [i.e. Eemaan] is based on two affairs:

Firstly: Sound knowledge and awareness of Allaah, His Commandments, Names and Attributes. Secondly: Complete submission to Allaah alone [i.e. by worshipping Him alone] and [unconditional obedience to] His Messenger alone. This is the firmest foundation upon which the slave establishes his building [i.e. his actions and deeds]. Therefore, one solidifies the foundation, preserves its strength and carries on being enthusiastic, and thus what is desired [i.e. success in this life and the next] will be reached [InShaaAllaah]. [Ref 2]

 

[3] An Essential Characteristic of Upright Leadership In The Earth Until The Day of Judgement

Allaah [The  Mighty and Majestic] said:

إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ كَانَ أُمَّةً قَانِتًا لِّلَّهِ حَنِيفًا وَلَمْ يَكُ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Verily, Ibraaheem was an Ummah [leader], Qaanitan [obedient], Haneefan [one who worshipped Allaah alone], and he was not one of the Mushrikeen [polytheists and those who associate partners with Allah in worship]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 120]

Ibraaheem [alayhis salaam] is the Imaam of the Hunafaa [i.e. Leader of the people of Tawheed- those who single out Allaah in worship] and this is why Allaah said to him: [إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا – Verily, I am going to make you a leader (Prophet) of humankind]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 124].

It is a customary habit of the people that they do attach themselves to the great personalities, especially those whom they hold in high esteem. Therefore, if a person utilise as proof that the one he follows is an Imaam [An Upright Leader], then there is no Imaam [for humankind] greater than Prophet Ibraaheem [i.e. after Prophet Muhammad], and Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] stated about Prophet Ibraaheem: [وَمَن يَرْغَبُ عَن مِّلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِلَّا مَن سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُ – And who turns away from the religion of Ibraaheem (i.e. Islamic Monotheism) except him who befools himself?] [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 130]

If a person addresses someone else with the statement, ‘My Shaikh’ in connection to a Soofee Tareeqah [i.e. a Soofee Path] or in connection to affairs of misguidance in the name of following someone he considers an Imaam [Upright Leader], then indeed Prophet Ibraaheem is the Imaam of the people who worship Allaah alone [i.e. the greatest Imaam of Tawheed and perfect example after Prophet Muhammad]. If a person utilises this as his proof [i.e. that the one he follows is an Imaam], then examine the Aqeedah [Islamic Creed] of this person whom he gives the status of Imaam and judge it based on the Qur’aan to establish whether he is from the people of Tawheed. If  a person seeks to use the station of Imaam as proof, then indeed this should be the proof [i.e. examine the Aqeedah of the one given the status of Imaam and judge it based on the Qur’aan and the authentic Sunnah to establish whether he is a person upon Tawheed].  Also, Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] said about the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]:

لَّقَدۡ كَانَ لَكُمۡ فِى رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ أُسۡوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ۬ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرۡجُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلۡيَوۡمَ ٱلۡأَخِرَ وَذَكَرَ ٱللَّهَ كَثِيرً۬ا

Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much. [Surah Al-Ahzaab. Aayah 21] [Ref 3]

 

[4] Beautifying Falsehood By Way of Adorned Speech – A Strategy of The Enemies of The Prophets: [By Imaam Ibnul Qayyim

Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَكَذَٲلِكَ جَعَلۡنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِىٍّ عَدُوًّ۬ا شَيَـٰطِينَ ٱلۡإِنسِ وَٱلۡجِنِّ يُوحِى بَعۡضُهُمۡ إِلَىٰ بَعۡضٍ۬ زُخۡرُفَ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ غُرُورً۬ا‌ۚ وَلَوۡ شَآءَ رَبُّكَ مَا فَعَلُوهُ‌ۖ فَذَرۡهُمۡ وَمَا يَفۡتَرُونَ

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies – Shayaateen (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications.” [Soorah Al-An’aam: Ayah 112]

Allaah [Glorified Be He] stated that they aid one another in opposing the command of the Prophets with what some of them inspire others of adorned speech, so that the gullible and feeble minded people are misled by it.  He [The Most High] stated the reason behind a perpetrator’s [adorned speech] and the reason why it is accepted by the people; then He [The Most High] mentioned [in ayah 113 Al-An’aam] the effects it has on those ignorant souls. When those souls incline towards such adorned speech and become pleased with it, they carry out what it calls them to do -in speech and action.  Therefore, ponder upon these verses and the sublime meanings they convey, for they clarify the roots of false principles and alert a person against them. And if you ponder upon the statements of the people of falsehood, you will indeed find them clothed with expressions and presented in a good light with sophisticated terms, which are quickly accepted by those deprived of sound discernment-to the extent that the wicked sinners would give [good] names to the greatest types of wicked deeds. [Ref 4]

Fir’awn The Wicked Sinner And His Blind Followers

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

فَٱسۡتَخَفَّ قَوۡمَهُ ۥ فَأَطَاعُوهُ‌ۚ إِنَّهُمۡ كَانُواْ قَوۡمً۬ا فَـٰسِقِينَ

 Thus he [Fir’aun (Pharaoh)] befooled and misled his people, and they obeyed him. Verily, they were ever a people who were Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).

He be fooled their intellects, called them to misguidance and they responded to him. [Ref 5] He stirred up their feelings, befooled their intellects and thus deprived them of intelligence through his plots and misguidance. [Ref 6] He sought to make a fool of them to follow him and thus they quickly responded and followed. He befooled their intellects, so they followed him.  [إِنَّهُمۡ كَانُواْ قَوۡمً۬ا فَـٰسِقِينَ – Verily, they were ever a people who were Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)]- Meaning, this why they hastened to obey that wicked sinner and misguided individual. [Ref 7] Fir’awn deceived them through those doubts, which were portrayed as something true. He deceived his people and his chiefs through words that neither carried any reality nor were such words a means by way of which truth could be distinguished from falsehood. And those words cannot deceive, except the possessors of feeble intellects. Fir’awn did not possess any proofs; rather he only stated that he was the king of Egypt  (at the time) and that the rivers flow beneath him? He did not produce any proof to nullify the message brought by Moosaa [alayhis-salaam], even though Moosaa [alayhis-salaam] had few followers, found it hard to express himself clearly and did not possess the riches that Firawn possessed. However, the fact of the matter is that Fir’awn’s chiefs had no common sense, so they followed whatever he said -whether truth or falsehood. And because they were rebellious sinners, Fir’awn beautified shirk and evil for them. [Ref 8]

Disbelief And Disobedience Beautified For Intellects Through Opinion And False Analogy

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] also said,

It has been stated that the reason behind Iblees being distanced [from Allaah’s Mercy] is because of false interpretation, for indeed he made an analogy with the text and gave precedence to the analogy over the text. He made a false interpretation about himself and that [his so called] rational analogy takes precedence over the command to prostrate. [Allaah informed us that Iblees said]: [أنا خير منه – I am better than him [i.e. Aadam], and that a virtuous one cannot humble himself to one who has been given virtue over him; therefore he quickly said [as Allaah informed us that Iblees said]: [خلقتني من نار وخلقته من طين – You created me from fire, and him you created from clay]. Therefore, he thought that this rational analogy that resembles truth- even though it is false – will benefit him in his false interpretation. So, that which happened him happened and he became the leader of everyone- until the day of judgement- who makes a false interpretation of the texts of the revelation. How many a person in this world are followers of this cursed leader! And if you contemplate on the majority of those doubts that are made to resemble the truth by the false interpreters of the texts and seeking to nullify them, you will find that it is similar to the doubts of Iblees which he seeks to portray as truth. So, a person says: If the intellect and the text oppose each other, then give precedence to the intellect. This is where this principle is derived from and he [i.e. the proponent of this affair] use it as a fundamental principle through which he rejects those texts of the revelation which he claims are in opposition to the intellect, just as his leader Iblees claimed that a [so called] rational proof opposed the command to make sujood. This doubt came to him due to pride which prevented him from submitting to the clear texts of the revelation. Likewise, you find every false disputer against the texts of the revelation does so due to pride. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ سُلْطَانٍ أَتَاهُمْ ۙ إِن فِي صُدُورِهِمْ إِلَّا كِبْرٌ مَّا هُم بِبَالِغِيهِ ۚ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ – Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to them, there is nothing else in their breasts except pride [to accept you (Muhammad ) as a Messenger of Allah and to obey you]. They will never have it (i.e. Prophethood which Allah has bestowed upon you). So seek refuge in Allah (O Muhammad from the arrogants). Verily, it is He Who is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer]. [Surah Ghaafir. Aayah 56] [Ref 9]

The Different Directions Through Which Iblees Approaches The Children of Aadam

Allaah [The Exalted] informed us in Soorah An-Nisaa Ayah 119 that shaytaan said:

[وَلَأُضِلَّنَّهُمْ]Verily, I will mislead them]- Meaning: From the truth. [وَلَأُمَنِّيَنَّهُم – And surely, I will arouse in them false desires]; Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhumaa) said: He (shaytaan) desires to hinder (them) from repentance and to delay it. [Ref 10]

[وَلَآمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُبَتِّكُنَّ آذَانَ الْأَنْعَامِ – I will order them to slit the ears of cattle]; (That is) to cut off the ears of the cattle]; [وَلَآمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُغَيِّرُنَّ خَلْقَ اللَّهِ – And indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah];  Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhumaa) said: He (ibleees) intends by this the religion of Allaah. And the meaning of this is that Allaah created his slaves upon an upright fitrah (i.e. an upright natural disposition that will enable them to recognize Allaah, accept the call of the messengers when it reaches them and worship Allaah alone), as He (the most high) said:

فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا ۚ فِطْرَتَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا ۚ لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

مُنِيبِينَ إِلَيْهِ وَاتَّقُوهُ

So set you (O Muhammad) your face towards the religion of true Monotheism- Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allah’s Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq–illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. (Always) Turning in repentance to Him (only), and be afraid and dutiful to Him….[Soorah Ar-Rum Aayaat 30-31]

And that is why he (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: Every child is born on a Fitrah [a natural disposition to recognize Allaah, accept the call of the messengers when it reaches them and worship Allaah alone], but his/her parents convert them him/her to Judaism, Christianity or Magianism, as an animal gives birth to a perfect baby animal.  Do you find it mutilated?’’  Then after (narrating this hadeeth) Abu Hurairah recited: [فِطْرَتَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا- Allah’s Islamic Monotheism, with which He has created mankind.

Therefore, he (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) mentioned two affairs: The alteration of the fitrah through Judaism and Christianity and the alteration of the original natural physical appearance of the creation through mutilation. They are two affairs which iblees said that he must change-alteration of the natural disposition (through) incitement towards disbelief and alteration of the original natural physical appearance through mutilation. So he (iblees) changes the fitrah through incitement towards shirk and alteration of the original natural appearance (of the creation) through cutting and mutilation. This one is alteration of the fitrah of the soul and that one the alteration of the original natural appearance of the creation. [Ref 11]

And Allaah [The Exalted] stated that shaytaan said:

قَالَ فَبِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأَقْعُدَنَّ لَهُمْ صِرَاطَكَ

الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُمْ مِنْ بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ وَعَنْ شَمَائِلِهِمْ وَلاَ تَجِدُ أَكْثَرَهُمْ شَاكِرِينَ

(Iblis) said: “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).” [7:16-17]

[ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُم مِّن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ – Then I will come to them from before them and behind them]; Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will bring doubts to them about the Hereafter.’’[وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ – and behind them]; Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said that this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will make them covetous for the worldly things.’’ [وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ  – and from their right]; Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will make their religion obscure [by making them hold onto doubtful matters which they would consider to be the truth]. [وَعَن شَمَائِلِهِمْ – and from their left]; Al-Hasan [rahimahullaah] said this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will command them to commit evil deeds, urge them toward it and beautify it in their eyes [i.e. make it fair seeming to them]’’.

It has also been reported from Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] who said that Iblees did not say ‘’And from above them’’ because he knows that Allaah is above them. Qataadah [rahimahullaah] said, ‘’O son of Adam! Shaytaan comes to you from every direction but not from above because he is not able to come between you and the Mercy of Allaah. [Ref 12]

[5] Intoxicated With Desire For Lewd Conduct

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

لَعَمۡرُكَ إِنَّہُمۡ لَفِى سَكۡرَتِہِمۡ يَعۡمَهُونَ

Verily, by your life (O Muhammad), in their wild intoxication, they were wandering blindly.

This wild intoxication is an intoxication with love of lewd acts, which (made) them neither heedful of rebuke nor blame. [Ref 13]

 

[6] The Most Beneficial Intellect

Ahmad Ibn Aasim Al-Antaakiy (rahimahullaah) said: The most beneficial intellect is the one that makes you acknowledge the blessings Allaah; aids you in being grateful and oppose (evil) desires. [Ref 14]

[7] Perils of Lust and Evil Desires – By Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah]

Allaah [The Most High] said: [ أَفَرَءَيۡتَ مَنِ ٱتَّخَذَ إِلَـٰهَهُ ۥ هَوَٮٰهُ وَأَضَلَّهُ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ عِلۡمٍ۬ وَخَتَمَ عَلَىٰ سَمۡعِهِۦ وَقَلۡبِهِۦ وَجَعَلَ عَلَىٰ بَصَرِهِۦ غِشَـٰوَةً۬ فَمَن يَہۡدِيهِ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ – Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his ilah (god), and Allah knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allah? Will you not then remember? [45:23]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: Disobedience is the cause of being in shaytaan’s captivity and a prisoner of lowly desires. A disobedient person is always in the captivity of his devil, the prison of his lusts and leadership of his desires. He is a captive and a shackled prisoner. There is neither a captive whose state of affairs is more evil than that of a captive whose captor is his worst enemy, nor is there a prison more restricted than the prison of desires, and shackles that are more restrictive than the shackles of lust; so how can a heart that is a captive and a shackled prisoner follow the path to Allaah and the home of the afterlife? How can he follow a single path when the heart is shackled and stricken with harm from every angle as a result of the [severity] of its shackles? The likeness of the heart is that of a bird; it distances from harm whenever it flies high and surrounded by harm whenever it lands. It is reported in a hadeeth: ‘’Shaytaan is a wolf to a human being.’’ And just as an unprotected sheep in the midst of wolves is quickly destroyed, likewise if there is no protection from Allaah for the slave, it is inevitable that his wolf will prey on him.

He is protected by Allaah through Taqwaah. Taqwaah is a shield and shelter from Allaah between the person and his wolf; just as it is a shield against punishment in this life and the afterlife. Whenever the sheep is closer to its shepherd, it is safer from the wolf and whenever it is distanced from the shepherd, it comes closer to being destroyed. So the sheep is more protected when it is closer to the shepherd, for the wolf only takes away the [sheep, cattle]  that are distanced and far away from the shepherd.

The basis of this affair is that whenever the heart is distanced from Allaah, then harm upon it is quicker, and whenever it is comes closer to Allaah, it is distanced from harm. Being distanced from Allaah is of various levels and some are more severe than others. Being distanced from [Allaah] through disobedience is greater than being distanced from [Allaah] through thoughtlessness; being distanced from [Allaah] through bidah is greater than being distanced from [Allaah] through disobedience, and being distanced from [Allaah] through hypocrisy and shirk is greater than all of that. [Ref 15]

[8] Contemporary Worldly Sciences Alone Can Never Remove Humankind From Darkness Regardless Their Vastness? – By Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahullaah] And Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee

Imaam Sadi [rahimahullaah] said: Allaah [The Most High] said:

[ لَقَدۡ مَنَّ ٱللَّهُ عَلَى ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ إِذۡ بَعَثَ فِيہِمۡ رَسُولاً۬ مِّنۡ أَنفُسِهِمۡ يَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡہِمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ وَيُزَڪِّيہِمۡ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِڪۡمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبۡلُ لَفِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ – Indeed, Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, reciting unto them His Verses (the Qur’an), and purifying them (from sins by their following him), and instructing them (in) the Book (the Qur’an) and Al-Hikmah [the wisdom and the Sunnah of the Prophet (i.e. his legal ways, statements, acts of worship, etc.)], while before that they had been in manifest error. [3:164]

Allaah [The Most High] said:[ وَٱذۡكُرُواْ نِعۡمَتَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ إِذۡ كُنتُمۡ أَعۡدَآءً۬ فَأَلَّفَ بَيۡنَ قُلُوبِكُمۡ فَأَصۡبَحۡتُم بِنِعۡمَتِهِۦۤ إِخۡوَٲنً۬ا وَكُنتُمۡ عَلَىٰ شَفَا حُفۡرَةٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلنَّارِ فَأَنقَذَكُم مِّنۡہَا‌ۗ كَذَٲلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَہۡتَدُونَ – And remember Allah’s Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith), and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus, Allah makes His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.,) clear to you, that you may be guided. [3:103]

Allaah [The Most High] said: [ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ أَكۡمَلۡتُ لَكُمۡ دِينَكُمۡ وَأَتۡمَمۡتُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ نِعۡمَتِى وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ ٱلۡإِسۡلَـٰمَ دِينً۬ا‌ۚ – This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion]. [5:3]

Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَمَنۡ أَحۡسَنُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ حُكۡمً۬ا لِّقَوۡمٍ۬ يُوقِنُونَ – And who is better in judgement than Allah for a people who have firm Faith]. [3:50]

Whoever utilises sound intellect to examine what the Messengers brought [i.e. the revelation] – what they commanded and guided the people to, such as knowledge and Awareness of Allaah, the worship of Allaah alone, turning to Allaah in repentance and obedience with true Faith (Islamic Monotheism) and the command to fulfil all the rights [of the people] based on courteous good will, perfecting one’s actions [i.e. based on sincerity to Allaah alone] and treating others with kindness [by sincerely seeking to benefit them though one’s knowledge, wealth or position], and that which they [i.e. Messengers] forbade; then thereafter he examines what the Mul’hidoon call to, he will know that good [and its outcomes], success, sound rectification of the hearts and deeds, [sound rectification of] the worldly affairs  and [sound rectification of the religious affairs  and their end results in the afterlife] are all in agreement with what the Messengers called to.

On the other hand, he will know that the call of the Mul’hidoon is designed to do away with good manners [traits, characteristics etc], whose end result is nothing but complete chaos and a state in which one goes along with lust [or evil desires of the soul] until the animals become more noble and beneficial than humans. This is no doubt their state of affairs – clearly manifested by what they are upon and what they proclaim with their tongues. Among the most amazing of affairs is that many contemporary writers and politicians seek to remedy the many social ills and try to do so do from many angles, however as for the problem of Il’haad – whose surge has carried away the majority of young people – they have not rushed to stop it by returning to sound Eemaan and certainty; rather they [i.e. the Mul’hidoon] have been  abandoned to wander blindly in their misguidance and wavering in beguilement, and thus the social ills they seek to remedy gives birth to other social ills- because if the path to remedying social ills is not based on Eemaan and sound Deen, they will increase and become worse. [End of quote] [Ref 16]

Meaning of the terms Il’haad, and Mul’hid [plural (Mul’hidoon)]: The Mul’hidoon are the people of Il-haad. Ilhaad means to turn away from that which one is obligated to believe in or do.  This is a general definition of Il’haad and anyone who turns away from that which is obligated upon him to believe or do, then such a person is referred to as a Mul’hid.  But Il’haad is of two types: Major Il’haad and Minor Il-haad.

Complete Il’haad is to turn away from Islaam completely and that is Major Il’haad, which exits a person from the fold of Islaam, such as the Il’haad of the communists, the idol worshippers and those similar to them. Minor Il-haad does not exit a person from the Religion of Islaam, such as turning away from some actions.  Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَمَن يُرِدْ فِيهِ بِإِلْحَادٍ بِظُلْمٍ نُذِقْهُ مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ -And whoever inclines to evil actions therein or to do wrong, him We shall cause to taste a painful torment.” [22:25] [Ref 17]

Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahullaah] said: What type of progress is this? A progress whose people became like vicious wild animals and whose abiding practice is oppression, annihilation, colonization of weak nations and depriving them of their rights? [Ref 18]

They developed these affairs through a development that is disconnected and severed from submission to Allāh and the religion ordained by Allāh… it has caused harm and led its proponents to savagery and barbarism whose outcomes has been destruction, ruin and evils that has no comparison. [Ref 19]

Indeed, it is impossible to rectify the souls and acquire virtue solely through the worldly sciences. Experience and clearly witnessed circumstances are the greatest proofs regarding this affair, because despite its advancement and vastness it has been unable to nurture and rectify the souls. What the Religion of Islaam propagates is that which is entrusted with this rectification – it is what will guide the thoughts towards the truthful and authentic sources of knowledge, and guide the actions of the people towards good and prevent them from evil. Islam is The Rectifier of the Creeds and Manners- the thing that cultivates the thoughts [upon righteousness], urges towards virtuousness and prevents from depravity. The essence of that which the religion calls to regarding belief in the Unseen, which includes belief in Allaah and that which He possesses of Names, Attributes and Actions of perfection; belief in Angels, belief in recompense for one’s good and bad deeds in this life and the next, which cannot be known except through the Messengers, is what acquaints a person with the fact that rectification – in reality – is not possible through other than sound belief and the religion of Islaam. Therefore, even if the worldly sciences rectify [some] affairs based upon that which people know in detail, it will still not be equal [in perfection, excellence etc] to the knowledge of the Messengers [in the least]. It will neither reach that which is reached through the knowledge of the Messengers nor can it influence the souls in the manner in which the knowledge of the Messengers has done; for indeed the souls do not voluntarily submit except through belief in Allaah, belief in His Angels, belief in His Books, belief in His Messengers and belief in the hereafter. And without this, voluntary submission is impossible, as is well known regarding human nature. [Ref 20]

Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadi [may Allaah preserve him said: If medicine, engineering and chemistry are not placed below the knowledge which the Prophets brought, they become nothing; [rather] they will only increase the people in corruption. The knowledge brought by the Prophets is rectification for the people, a guide for them towards the right path and removes them from the darkness they are living in – the darkness of kufr and ignorance. As for the knowledge of the philosophers and the heretics, then what Allaah has stated truly applies to it: [فَلَمَّا جَآءَتۡهُمۡ رُسُلُهُم بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ فَرِحُواْ بِمَا عِندَهُم مِّنَ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ وَحَاقَ بِهِم مَّا كَانُواْ بِهِۦ يَسۡتَہۡزِءُونَ -Then when their Messengers came to them with clear proofs, they were glad [and proud] with that which they had of the knowledge [of worldly things]: And that at which they used to mock, surrounded them [i.e. the punishment]. [Surah Ghaafir’ Aayah 83]

It is the knowledge which the people boast about nowadays, whether it is medicine, engineering, astronomy, [modern] politics and economics. After the Prophets came to them – to remove them from the darkness of ignorance and enter them into the light of the knowledge and Eemaan- they became glad and boastful with the knowledge they possess, [just as Allaah has stated]: [فَلَمَّا جَآءَتۡهُمۡ رُسُلُهُم بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ فَرِحُواْ بِمَا عِندَهُم مِّنَ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ وَحَاقَ بِهِم مَّا كَانُواْ بِهِۦ يَسۡتَہۡزِءُونَ -Then when their Messengers came to them with clear proofs, they were glad [and proud] with that which they had of the knowledge [of worldly things]: And that at which they used to mock, surrounded them [i.e. the punishment]. [Surah Ghaafir’ Aayah 83]

[Likewise, Allaah informed us that] Qaaroon said: [إِنَّمَآ أُوتِيتُهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ عِلۡمٍ عِندِىٓ‌ۚ – This [i.e. vast wealth] has been given to me only because of knowledge I possess. [Surah Al-Qasas’ Aayah 78]. They rebuked him [i.e. Qaaroon] because he did not want to spend from his wealth based on what Allaah has commanded, so Allaah said that he said: [إِنَّمَآ أُوتِيتُهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ عِلۡمٍ عِندِىٓ‌ۚ  – This (.e. vast wealth) has been given to me only because of knowledge I possess]. [Surah Al-Qasas’ Aayah 78]

Likewise, Allaah said: [وَإِذَآ أَنۡعَمۡنَا عَلَى ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنِ أَعۡرَضَ وَنَـَٔا بِجَانِبِهِ – And when We bestow Our Grace on man (the disbeliever), he turns away and becomes arrogant, far away from the Right Path]. [Surah Al-Israa’ Aayah 83]

[Allaah said]: [ثُمَّ إِذَا خَوَّلۡنَـٰهُ نِعۡمَةً۬ مِّنَّا قَالَ إِنَّمَآ أُوتِيتُهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ عِلۡمِۭ‌ۚ بَلۡ هِىَ فِتۡنَةٌ۬ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَكۡثَرَهُمۡ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ  – Then when We have (rescued him from that harm and) changed it into a favour from Us, he says: “Only because of knowledge (that I possess) I obtained it.” Nay, it is only a trial, but most of them know not]! [Surah Az-Zumar’ Aayah 49]

Allaah said that he [i.e. the ungrateful human being says after being rescued from hardship]: [قَالَ إِنَّمَآ أُوتِيتُهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ عِلۡمِۭ‌ۚ  – he says: “Only because of knowledge (that I possess) I obtained it]; but Allaah said: [ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَكۡثَرَهُمۡ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ – Nay, it is only a trial, but most of them know not!]

These sciences become a trial and tribulation if they are not placed below [and regulated by] the knowledge which Muhammad [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] brought. [Ref 21]

[9] The Manner in Which to Approach The Sciences of The Non-Muslims

Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] said, “We do not say, ‘We do not give consideration to anything stated by the people in the subject matter regarding medicine, astronomy and the celestial bodies’, however, we do not accept everything they say. If what they say opposes the Book and the Sunnah, then indeed we do not accept their statements. We take [i.e. believe and affirm without any doubt] that which is conveyed in the Book and the Sunnah, and we say, ‘An era will come in which the people will bear witness to the falsity of those statements of theirs – at present – that are in opposition to the Book and Sunnah and (bear witness) to the soundness of that which has been conveyed in the Book and the Sunnah. [Ref 22]

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [rahimahullaah] said, “Indeed, that which is stated by the astronomers about the celestial bodies, their sizes and the distance between them, and that which is said about the earth (i.e. by the geologists etc) is categorized into three affairs: [a] That which is backed by the sound knowledge-based proofs, therefore it is accepted. [b] That which the knowledge-based proofs declares to be false, therefore it is rejected. [c] That which there is no proof to either accept or reject, therefore it is unproven until a person from the people of knowledge (i.e. upright people of knowledge scholars) examine it show whether it should be accepted or rejected. As for accepting it without investigation and observation, but merely accepting it by blindly following them (i.e. the astronomers, geologists etc), then this is impermissible because of the numerous mistakes that occur as a result of that and speaking -without knowledge – about Allaah and that which He has created [i.e. the entire universe and all that is within it]. [Ref 23]

 

[10] Understanding the Two Definitions of ‘Science’ in Operation – By Shaikh Abu Iyaadh [hafidhahullaah]

http://www.aboutatheism.net/articles/juvtbpd-understanding-the-two-definitions-of-science-and-scientific-enquiry.cfm

[11] Ignorant People Seek to Replace The Upright Scholars When They Pass Away, But The Taa’ifatul Mansoorah Will Remain Until The Day of judgement– [By Shaikh Abdullah Al-Bukhaari, Al-Allaamah Saaleh Al-Fawzaan and Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee (hafidhahumullaah)]

Shaikh Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari [hafidhahullaah] said: The Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: “Verily, Allah does not take away knowledge by snatching it from the people, but He takes it away by taking away death of the religious scholars till none of the scholars remains alive. Then the people will take ignorant ones as their leaders, who, when asked to deliver religious verdicts, will issue them without knowledge, the result being that they will go astray and will lead others astray”. [Bukhari and Muslim]

Al-Haafidh Al-Qurtubiy [rahimahullaah] stated in Al-Mufhim, “This text (proves) that indeed the disappearance of knowledge will not be by way of its removal from the hearts [of the people]; but [its disappearance] will be through the death of the scholars; [then] the ignorant people will remain- those who will occupy the place of the scholars in the [field] of giving verdicts and teaching.  They will teach and give verdicts based on ignorance, so ignorance will spread and become manifest”.

So, if the Sound Sunni knowledge is taken away, then acting upon it will be taken away; is that not the case? When ignorance manifests, acting upon it will become manifest; so both knowledge and acting upon [Knowledge] will disappear, ignorance will manifest and acting upon [ignorance] will become widespread just as Al-Haafidh Al-Qurtubiy (rahimahullaah) clarified in Al-Mufhim. [Ref 24]

Al-Allaamah Saaleh al-Fawzaan [hafidhahullaah] said: The Prophet [sallal laahu-alayhi wasallam] said: “There will not cease to be a group amongst my Ummah upon the truth; neither will they be harmed by those who betray them nor those who oppose them until the command of Allaah arrives [i.e. the day of judgement]”. [Bukhaari]

This group will not cease to exist in the Ummah. The Ummah will not be deprived of this Sunni Group. This Taa’ifah can be one group. If it adheres to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, it is the Taa’ifah Al-Mansoorah [The Victorious Group], even if it is only one. The Ummah will not lose this Sunni Group, this good group, and all praise be to Allaah – until the command of Allaah comes to pass [i.e. the day of judgment]. ‘They will not be harmed by those who forsake them’.  Amongst the people are those who forsake them and those who oppose them, but they will not be harmed. This is from Allaah’s Grace upon His servants and that He will establish the truth for the one who aids the truth and call to it, even if evil is rife. There will be those who adhere to good, call to it and disseminate it amongst the people. Not all the Ummah will be misguided, but some will remain upon truth, but they might be strangers [i.e. their affair will be strange to the people], just as the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Islam began as a strange thing and it will return as a strange thing, and glad tidings to the strangers”, so they said, ‘Who are the strangers O Messenger of Allaah? He said, ‘They are those who will be upright when the people become corrupt’.. and in another version of this hadeeth, “Those who rectify what the people have corrupted’. These are the strangers, because the majority of the people oppose them, belittle, forsake and keep away from what they are upon, but this will not harm them, “They will never be harmed by those who forsake them nor by those who oppose them’. Allaah will make them remain so that His Proofs remain amongst the creation until the end of time. This group might be in the East, the West, or the North etc…They are not in a specific place, but they are present. Whoever wants will find it. It is present and all praise is due to Allaah. Alhamdulil laah, we – at present – are upon a correct methodology, upon a sound methodology; our methodology is that which the Qur’aan and sunnah necessitate, our learning is based upon the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. We study Tafseer, hadeeth and its explanation, the Aqeedah of the pious predecessors and that which they were upon. Alhamadulil laah at present we are upon a correct path, a sound methodology and straight path. We ask Allaah to keep us firm upon it until we meet him, neither substituting nor changing it. [Ref 25]

Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee [hafidhahullaah] said: It is obligated on the Taa’ifatul Mansoorah [i.e. the aided group] – those whom Allaah’s Messenger gave glad tidings that they will remain [upon truth] and will be aided, neither harmed by those who betray them nor by those who oppose them till the end of time – to establish [sound] brotherhood for the sake of Allaah, co-operate upon righteousness and piety, roll up their sleeves and get to work, so that this great status is maintained, which is that they will be manifest upon the truth, neither harmed by those who forsake them nor by those who oppose them. And acquaintance with the truth cannot be [reached] except by way of the knowledge inherited from the Prophets and Messengers [alayhimus salaam], and from the seal of the Prophets [i.e. the Messenger Muhammad (sallal laahu alayhi wasallam)]. The scholars are the inheritors of the [knowledge left behind by] the Prophets in calling to the path of Allaah, [in propagating] Allaah’s Message to [mankind], and in enjoining good and forbidding evil. [Ref 26]

Read: The Propagated Signposts of The Sunnah for the Creed of the Saved and Aided Group:

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?secID=SCL&subsecID=SCL11&loadpage=displaysubsection.cfm


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah 4/1514. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2:  An Excerpt from ‘Al-Fawaa-id: page 154. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 3: An Excerpt from ‘Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed’. Lesson 1- By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (hafidhahullaah). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 4: An Excerpt from As-Sawaa-iq al-Mursalah of Imaam Ibnul Qayyim: 2/438). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 5: Al-Misbaah Al-Muneer Fee Tahdheeb Tafseer Ibn Katheer page 1248]

[Ref 6: Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer. Page 1281]

[Ref 7: Roohul Ma’aanee 14/140 by Imaam al-Aloosee (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 8: An Excerpt from ‘Tayseer Al-kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ by Imaam As-Sadi (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 9: An Excerpt from ‘As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah 1/371-372’. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 10: A’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een 1/67-69]

[Ref 11: Source: Ighaathatul Luhfaan 1/105-107]

[Ref 12: Ighaathatul lahfaan 1/105-107. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 13: Soorah Al-Hijr. Aayah 72. Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan’ of Imaam Sadi]

[Ref 14: Seerah As-Salaf As-Saaliheen. 1/1073. Chapter: A mention of the At’baa At-Taabi’een]

[Ref 15: An Excerpt from ‘Ad-Daa’u Wad-Dawaa’u’ page 119-120’. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 16: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Adillatul Qawaatiq’ pages 40-41′. slightly paraphrased]

Ref17:http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=13326 http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/noor/article_1802.shtml

[Refs 18 and 19: Source: Ad-Dalaa’il Al-Qur’aaniyyah Fee Annal Uloom Wal-A’maal An-Naafi’ah Al-Asriyyah Daakhilatun Fid-deen Al-Islaamiy 44]

[Ref 20: Al-Adillatul Qawaati Wal-Baraaheem Fee Ibtaalil Usoolil Mulhideen. Page 48

[Ref 21: Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm. Page 100]

Ref 22: An excerpt from the ‘Explanation of Bulooghul Maraam’ Vol 1. page 130]

Ref 23: An Excerpts from ‘Al-Adillah An-Naqliyyah Wal-Hissiyyah Alaa Imkaanis Su’ood Ilal Kawaakib Wa Alaa Jarayaan Ash-Shams Wal-Qamar Wa Sukoon Al-Ard’ page 74. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 24: Source: Al-Hajr Fee Daw-il Kitaab Was-Sunnah Wa Fahm Salaf Al-Ummah. page: 15-16]

[Ref25: Paraphrased Excerpt: Listen to audio here: https://safeyoutube.net/w/TlUI ]

[Ref 26: An Excerpt from Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm’ page 200. slightly paraphrased]

 

 

 

 

Who Are The Foundation of Judiciousness And The Most Judicious Amongst Humankind? [By Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

The Messengers are the most judicious amongst the creation without exception, and after them their followers are the most judicious group. The people of the scriptures and the great legislated laws are the most judicious amongst the followers of the Messengers and the Muslims are the most judicious amongst them [i.e. amongst all those who received divine scriptures and great legislated laws].

The companions of Muhammad [peace and blessings be upon him] are the most judicious amongst the Muslims and then those who followed them exactly in faith. The people who adhere steadfastly to the authentic tradition of the Prophet and the authentic narrations transmitted from him are the most judicious amongst the Muslim nation without exception after companions and those who adhered to their path.

The clear evidence showing that the Messengers are the most judicious amongst the entire creation is that the beneficial knowledge they have brought- the righteous actions and the beneficial affairs related to true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife- has not emerged from others or something even close it. There is nothing- from any perspective- that emerged from other judicious people that can be compared to what the Messengers brought with regards to beneficial knowledge, righteous action and the beneficial affairs of true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife.

Whoever ponders upon their personal life stories – in specific and in general, their patience and perseverance, their abstinence from those unnecessary lawful pleasures of the worldly life, their fervent desire for Allaah’s pleasure  and the reward Allaah has kept in the afterlife, their purified manners, the fact that they are the most truthful amongst the creation, (possessors) of the most righteous hearts and the most purified souls, trustees of the greatest trust (i.e. revelation and Messenger ship), the noblest of those whom a person can accompany, the purest in their innermost conscience, the purest with regards to their private affairs- will not doubt the fact that they are the most judicious amongst Allaah’s creation without exception. There is no doubt that whoever is closer to them [i.e. follows them properly], then his (or her) share of judiciousness will be more than (that of others). [Ref 1]

Comprehensive Guidance of The Messenger

Muhammad’s [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] Ummah is not in need of anyone after him; rather the only need they have is someone to convey what he came with. Muhammad’s [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] message is comprehensive, universal and preserved. This universality, comprehensiveness and preservation is not limited to [any time and place], rather it is comprehensive for those to whom Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] was sent [i.e. the whole world] and likewise with regards to everything that is needed in the fundamental and subsidiary issues of the religion.

Muhammad’s [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] message is sufficient, all embracing and universal- nothing else is needed besides it. It has not isolated any affair of truth needed by his Ummah in their sciences and deeds. The Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] did not leave this world until he acquainted his Ummah with everything. He even taught them the etiquettes of using the toilet; the etiquettes of sexual relations; the etiquettes of sleep and after waking up; the etiquettes of eating, drinking and travel.

He acquainted them with the etiquettes of speech and silence; the etiquettes of keeping company with the people and seclusion. He acquainted them with the affairs of illness, good health, poverty and wealth. He acquainted them with all the affairs of life and death. He described Allaah’s throne, the angels, the jinn, the hell fire and the day of judgement in such a manner as if one has seen them with the naked eye. He [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] informed them about their Lord and His Perfect Names and Attributes, and that Allaah alone is their true object of worship.

He acquainted them with the Prophets of old and their nations – the events that took place between them and their nations – in such a manner as if one was present at that time. He acquainted them with all the means to good and the paths of evil- in general and in detail- which no other prophet informed his nation. He acquainted them with death and what will take place in the grave – either bliss or punishment. He acquainted them with the evidences and proofs of Tawheed [i.e. the oneness of Allaah in His Lordship, Names and Attributes, and that Allaah alone has the right to be worshipped].

He acquainted them with Prophet hood and the affairs of the Afterlife, and he refuted all the sects of disbelief and misguidance. He acquainted them with war strategies- how to confront the enemy, the way to achieve victory and conquests. If only they knew and understood these affairs in the correct manner [i.e. the manner it should be understood], they would not be overcome by their enemy. He acquainted them with the plots of Iblees and the ways through which he approaches them, and the ways to repel those plots and plans. He acquainted them with the soul- its characteristics and faults- in such a manner that they are not in need of anyone else to tell them about it. He taught them how to live their daily lives and had they acknowledged and acted upon this, then their worldly affairs would be firmly established. He brought them all the means of success in this life and the next, and they do not need anyone besides him. So how can it be said that the path of Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] is in need of something else outside of it. The reason for such a claim is due to the weak and little understanding of a person. Allaah [The Most High] said:

أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِهِمْ أَنَّا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَرَحْمَةً وَذِكْرَىٰ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) which is recited to them? Verily, herein is mercy and a reminder (or an admonition) for a people who believe. [29:51]

Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ تِبْيَانًا لِّكُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً وَبُشْرَىٰ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ

And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims). [16:89]

Allaah [The Most High] said:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُم مَّوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِّمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord [i.e. the Qur’an, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil], and a healing for that [disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.] in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy [explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.] for the believers. [10:57]


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah 4/1514. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een 4/375-377- slightly paraphrased]

Some Examples of How Our Salaf Gave Close Attention to The Qur’aan and Their Hearts

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Attention Given To The Qur’aan By The Pious Predecessors

Abu Salamah [radiyallaahu anhu] said, “Whenever Abu Moosaa [radiyallaahu anhu] sat with Umar [radiyallaahu anhu], he may say to him, ‘O Abu Moosaa! Remind’. So he recited”. [Ref 1]

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood [radiyallaahu anhu] said, Whoever is able to learn something from the Qur’aan, then let him do so. Indeed, the houses that are deprived of good the most are the ones where there is no recitation of Allaah’s Book, because the houses in which there is no recitation is like the demolished houses which have no inhabitants. Indeed shaytaan exits a house in which Surah Al Baqarah is heard”. [Ref 2] He [radiyallaahu-anhu] also said, “The hearts are receptacles so busy filling them with the Qur’aan and do not busy them with other than it.” [Ref 3]

Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu anhumaa] said, “It would be more beloved to me to recite Surah Al-Baqarah during the night than recite the Qur’aan haphazardly”. [Ref 4]

Ubayd Bin Ja’d [rahimahullaah] reported from a man from who said, “I heard the people in the towns saying that Salamaan Al-Faarisee [radiyallaahu anhu] is in the Masjid, so they approached him until about a thousand people gathered. He stood up and said, ‘Sit down, sit down’. Then when they sat down, he started reciting Surah Yusuf, so the people began moving away and departing until about a hundred were left. Then he became angry and said, ‘So you wanted adorned speech, but then I recited to you the book of Allaah and you left!'” [Ref 5]

Masrooq [rahimahullaah] said, “A man from the people of Makkah said to me, ‘This is the place in which your brother Tameem Ad-Daaree [radiyallaahu anhu] used to stand. Indeed, one night I saw him until in the morning or nearly morning time, whilst he was crying and reciting:

أَمۡ حَسِبَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَعۡمَلُونَ ٱلسَّيِّـَٔاتِ أَن يَسۡبِقُونَا‌ۚ سَآءَ مَا يَحۡكُمُونَ

Or does those who do evil deeds think that they can outstrip Us (i.e. escape Our Punishment)? Evil is that which they judge! [Surah Al-Ankabut. Aayah 4] [Ref 6]

Muqaatil Bin Hayyaan [rahimahullaah] said, “I once prayed behind Umar Bin Abdil Azeez [rahimahullaah], so he read [وَقِفُوهُمۡ‌ۖ إِنَّہُم مَّسۡـُٔولُونَ- But stop them [i.e. when the wrong doers will be held to account on the day of judgement], verily they are to be questioned] [Surah As-Saffaat. Aayah 24]. He kept on repeating it and was not able to go past it (i.e. due to the severity of what the Aayah meant). [Ref 7]

Maymoon Bin Mehraan [rahimahullaah] said, “Once Umar Bin Abdul Azeez [rahimahullaah] cried after reciting the Aayah: [أَلۡهَٮٰكُمُ ٱلتَّكَاثُرُ-The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you]. Then he recited [حَتَّىٰ زُرۡتُمُ ٱلۡمَقَابِرَ  – until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die)]. Then he said, ‘I will not see the graves except as a visitor and the one who visits them must either be returned to paradise or hell’”. [Ref 8]

Aamir Bin Abdil Qays [rahimahullaah] said, “I don’t care what escapes me from the worldly things after knowing this Aayah:

وَمَا مِن دَآبَّةٍ۬ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ إِلَّا عَلَى ٱللَّهِ رِزۡقُهَا وَيَعۡلَمُ مُسۡتَقَرَّهَا وَمُسۡتَوۡدَعَهَا‌ۚ كُلٌّ۬ فِى ڪِتَـٰبٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬

And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah.  And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterous, grave, etc.). all is in a Clear Book (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz – the Book of Decrees with Allah). [Surah Hud. Aayah 6]

And the statement of Allaah:

مَّا يَفۡتَحِ ٱللَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ مِن رَّحۡمَةٍ۬ فَلَا مُمۡسِكَ لَهَاۖ وَمَا يُمۡسِكۡ فَلَا مُرۡسِلَ لَهُ ۥ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِۚ

 Whatever of mercy (i.e.of good), Allah may grant to mankind, none can withhold it, and whatever He may withhold, none can grant it thereafter. [Surah Al-Faatir. Aayah 2] [Ref 9]

Maalik Bin Deenaar [rahimahullaah] said, “When the Qur’aan is recited to the truthful people, their hearts become enraptured by the Afterlife”. [Ref 10]

Ibn Wahb [rahimahullaah] said, “It was said to the sister of Maalik Bin Deenaar, ‘What did Maalik use to busy himself with in the house?’ She replied, ‘With the Mushaf and recitation'”. [Ref 11]

The Hearts

Hudhayfah Ibnul Yamaan [radiyallaahu anhu] said, “The trials will be presented to the hearts, so a black spot will be placed on any heart that inclines towards it. And if the heart rejects the fitnah, then a white spot will be placed on it. Whoever wishes to know whether the trial has afflicted him or not, then let him see if he now considers something Haraam which he used to consider Halaal or he considers something to be Halaal which he used to consider to be Haraam, then indeed the fitna has afflicted his heart [i.e. if he came to this conclusion based on desires – neither with proof from the Qur’aan nor the Sunnah]. [Ref 12]

Abu Dardaa [radiyallaahu anhu] said, “Seek Allaah’s refuge against the Khushoo that is tantamount to hypocrisy”, so they said, “What is the Khushoo that is tantamount to hypocrisy?” He said, “When you see the body being fearful and the heart is not”. [Ref 13]

Sufyaan Bin Uyaynah [rahimahullaah] said, “If the good in your heart and what is hidden from other people about you is at the same level with the deeds you do openly, then that is justice. If the good in your heart and what is hidden from the people about you is more than the good deeds seen from you, then that is a higher virtue. If the good deeds seen from you are better than what is in your heart and is hidden from the people, then that is transgression”. [Ref 14]

Busy In Worship

Hammaad Ibn Salamah [rahimahullaah] said, “We never went to Sulaymaan At-Taymee [rahimahullaah] at a time in which an act of obedience to Allaah was to be performed, except that we found him doing it. If it was a time for prayer, we found him praying. If it was not the time for prayer, we either found him performing ablution, visiting a sick person, following a Janaazah or standing in the Masjid. We used to think he can never disobey Allaah”. [Ref 15]

May Allaah grant us the Tawfeeq to emulate the Salaf Aameen.


[Ref 1: Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa 1/280]

[Ref 2: Hilyatul Awliyaa (Tahdheeb). 1/119]

[Ref 3: Az-Zuhd 298. By Imaam Ahmad]

[Ref 4: Sifatus Safwa 1/372]

[Ref 5: Hilyatul Awliyaa (Tahdheeb) 1/163]

[Ref 6: Mawsoo’ah 1/256-257 by Ibn Abee Dunyaa (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 7: Mawsoo’ah 3/255. By Ibn Abee Dunyaa (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 8: Mawsoo’ah 3/255. By Ibn Abee Dunyah (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 9: Mawsoo’ah 1/279. By Ibn Abee Dunyah (rahimahullaah)]

[Ref 10: Sifatus Safwa. 3/204]

[Ref 11: Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa 2/736]

[Ref 12: Sifatus Safwa 1/290]

[Ref 13: Sifatus Safwa 1/302]

[Ref 14: Sifatus Safwa 2/541]

[Ref 15: Hilyatul Awliyaa (Tahdheeb) 1/440]

 

 

Words of Wisdom Regarding Sin- By Abdullaah Bin Mas’ood [radiyallaahu-anhu] and Urwah Ibn Az-Zubayr [rahimahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood [radiyallaahu anhu] said, “If there is evil in anything, it is between the two Jaws, meaning the tongue. There is nothing more in need of prolong imprisonment than the tongue”. [Ref 1]

Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab [rahimahullaah] said, “The believer – at all times – busies himself with obedience to Allaah and that is a blessed time for him. And every time in which a person busies himself with disobedience to Allaah is an evil upon him. This evil in reality is disobedience to Allaah. There is no evil except that it is disobedience to Allaah and sin, because it angers Allaah and if Allaah is angry with a person, he will be wretched in this worldly life and the Hereafter, just as if Allaah is pleased with a person, he will be successful in the worldly life and the Hereafter. A  righteous person said, ‘One complains about the calamity that occurs amongst the people, but I do not see what you are upon as anything else other than the evil consequences of sins’. Abu Haazim [rahimahullaah] said, ‘Everything that busies you from obedience to Allaah, such as your family, wealth or child, then it is evil upon you’”. [Ref 2]

Urwah Ibn Az-Zubayr [rahimahullaah] said, “If you see a man performing a good deed, then know that he has some other deeds similar to it, because indeed good deeds lead to other deeds. And if you see him committing an evil deed, then know that he has some other deed similar to it, because indeed evil deeds leads to what is similar to them”. [Ref 3]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said, “A single sin can result – by the will of Allaah – in some other similar sins and defects that would lead to more a severe punishment. The greatest calamity is the sin that leads to another sin- a third one occurs from the two and becomes greater and thus a fourth one is likely to occur etc. The one who does not possess sound understanding regarding the soul in this subject matter will be destroyed from where he does not expect. Good deeds associate with and follow each other and bad deeds associate with and follow each other – one is the fruit of the other. Some of the Salaf said, ‘One of the rewards of a good deed is to be blessed with the ability to do another good deed and one of the punishments for a sin is that one commits another sin after’. This can be clearly seen amongst the people and there is no need to give examples and proofs’”.  [Ref 4]


[Ref 1: Musannaf Abdur Razzaaq 19528]

[Ref 2: Lataa’if Ma’aarif. Page 151]

[Ref 3: Musannaf Abee Shaybah 36484]

[Ref 4: Miftaah Daarus Sa’aadah 1/298]

 

 

[12] Excerpts From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah: [Ahmad Bin Aasim Al-Antaakee: (Devoted Worshipper And Pious Admonisher)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Ahmad Bin Aasim Al-Antaakee – Abu Ali [rahimahullaa] was well known for his fine admonitions to the people. He was a man who kept away from the extra permissible things of the worldly life and was a devout worshipper. He has some good speech regarding abstinence and how to deal with the (feelings, desires and urges) of one’s heart. He narrated hadeeth from Abu Mu’aawiyah Ad-Dareer [rahimahullaah] and those at his level.

He said, “If you want to achieve rectification for your heart, then seek the aid of Allaah to protect your limbs”.

He said, “One of the bounties is that to rectify affairs during what is left in your lifespan so that you are forgiven what has already elapsed”.

He said, “Whoever knows Allaah more [i.e. truly knows Allaah’s Lordship and His Names and Attributes], then he will fear Allaah more than others”.

He said, “The best companion in your worldly life is the one who cut you off from the worldly life (excessive or sinful) engagement with the worldly life and connects you to the affairs of the Afterlife”. [Ref 1]


An Excerpt from Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Vol 10. Pages 318-319

 

[11] Excerpts From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah: [Bishr Ibn Al-Haarith (Known As Bishr Al-Haafee Az-Zaahid) and His Sisters]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Bishr Ibn Al-Haarith Bin Abdir Rahmaan Bin Ataa Bin Hilaal Bin Maahaan Bin Abdillaah Al-Marwazee. He was well known as one who abstained from the extra permissible things of the worldly life. His grandfather Abdullaah accepted Islaam through Ali Bin Abee Taalib [radiyallaahu anhu].

Learning:

Bishr [rahimahullaah] learnt a lot from Imaam Hammaad Bin Zayd [rahimahullaah], Imaam Abdullaah Ibnul Mubaarak [rahimahullaah], Imaam Ibn Mahdee [rahimahullaah], Imaam Maalik [rahimahullaah], Imaam AbuBakr Bin Ayyaash [rahimahullaah] and others. Thereafter, he busied himself with worship, isolated himself from the people and stopped narrating.

The Imaams Who Praised Him:

Many of the Imaams of the Sunnah praised him due to his devotion in worship, abstinence from the extra permissible things of the worldly life and fear of Allaah. Imaam Ahmad [rahimahullaah] said when Bishr’s death reached him, “None was like Bishr [rahimahullaah], except Aamir Bin Abdi Qays [rahimahullaah]. His affair would have been perfected if he got married”.

Ibraaheem ar-Harbee [rahimahullaah] said, “There was none in Badhdaad who was more sensible and restrained his tongue more than Bishr Al-Haafee”.

Reflection:

When he came home one night, he placed one of his feet inside his house and the other outside, then he remained in this state until morning. Then he was asked, “How much have you reflected during the night?” He said, “I reflected upon the Christian Bishr, the Jewish Bishr and the Zoroastrian Bishr, and I am also called Bishr; then I said to myself, ‘What is it that gave me precedence for Allaah’s favour and thus He gave me Islaam? I reflected upon Allaah’s favour and His mercy because He guided me to Islam, included me amongst those He specified for it [i.e. because there are other people called Bishr but they are not Muslims] and clothed me with the clothes of His beloved servants’”.

One day he knocked at the door of someone, so a young female servant said, “Who is it?” He said, “Bishr Al-Haafee (i.e. Bishr the barefooted)”. The girl said, “If only you bought shoes for a Durham, the word Haafee would have disappear from us”.

Al-Khateeb Al-Bagdaadi [rahimahullaah] stated that Bishr had three sisters and all of them were devout worshippers like him and even more god fearing.


An Excerpt from Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Vol 10. Pages 297-299

[9] Excerpts From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah: [Imaam Abu Yusuf Al-Qaadee – (Knowledge, Character, Adherence to The Religion, Stance Against Philosophers, Humble And Just]

In The Name of Allaah, The Mot Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

His Status Amongst The Imaams

Imaam Abu Yoosuf [rahimahullaah] was one of the senior companions of Imaam Abu Haneefah [rahimahullaah]. He narrated hadeeth from Al-A’mash, Hammaam Bin Urwah, Muhammad Bin Ishaaq, Yahyah Bin Sa’eed and other than them [rahimahumullaah]. And those who narrated from him include Imaam Muhammad Ibn Al-Hasan Ash-Shaybaanee, Imaam Ahmad Bin Hanbal and Imaam Yahyah Bin Ma’een [rahimahumullaah].

Imam Abu Haneefah [rahimahullaah] said, “Abu Yusuf is the most knowleagible amongst my companions”.

Al-Muzanee [rahimahullaah] said, “Abu Yusuf used to seek knowledge of hadeeth more than us”.

 

His Character and Adherence to The Religion

Ibn Al-Madeenee [rahimahullaah] said, “Abu Yusuf was a very truthful person (in character and religious affairs)”.

Ibn Ma’een [rahimahullaah] said, “He was trustworthy (in religious affairs and character)”.

His Aqeedah And Stance Against Philosophers

Abu Zur’ah [rahimahullaah] said, “Abu Yusuf was free from the beliefs of the Jahmiyyah”.

Bash’shaar Al-Khaffaaf [rahimahullaah] said, “Abu Yusuf used to say, ‘Unlawful is the speech of the one who says that the Qur’aan is created. It is obligatory to oppose him and it is neither permissible to give him salaams nor reply to his salaam”.

He also said, “Whoever seeks knowledge through theological rhetoric will become a heretic”.

Humility

He used to sit in the gatherings of the scholars despite their different levels in knowledge, because he even used to attend the gatherings of Imam Ahmad,  who was a youth at the time, engaging in discussion and research.

He Loved Justice

He said, “I was appointed as judge and I hope that Allaah will not ask me about oppressing anyone or favouring anyone, except that one day a man came to me and said that he has an orchard that was in the possession of Ameerul Mumineen [i.e. the Muslim ruler]. So, I went to Ameerul Mumineen and made that known to him, but he said, ‘The orchard is mine and Al-Mahdee bought it for me’. I said, ‘Would the Ameerul Mumineen allow that I bring the person so that you hear his claim?’. I brought the man and he claimed that the orchard belongs to him. So, I said to Ameerul Mumineen, ‘What does the Ameerul Mumineen say?’ He said, ‘It is my orchard’. I said to the man, ‘Indeed, you have heard what his response is’. The man said, ‘Let him swear by Allaah’. I said, ‘O Ameerul Mumineen! Will you swear by Allaah?’ He said, ‘No’. I said, ‘I will ask you three times to swear by Allaah, otherwise I will pass judgement on you O Ameerul Mumineen’. So, I asked him three times to swear by Allaah, but he refused, so I judged that the orchard is for the claimant. At the end or close to the end of dispute Imaam Abu Yusuf was not able to sit together with the man and the Khaleefah, so he decided that the orchard is submitted to the man”.


An Excerpt from Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Vol 10. Pages 180-181

[8] Excerpts From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah: [Status of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee (rahimahullaah) In The Eyes of Senior Imaams, Adherence to The Sunnah, Stance Against Ahlul Bidah, Humility]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

His lineage

Muhammad Bin Idrees Ibn Al-Abbaas Bin Uthmaan Bin Shaafi Ibn As-Saa’ib Bin Ubaid Bin Abd Yazeed Bin Haashim Ibnul Muttalib Bin Abdi Manaaf Bin Qusay Bin Kilaab Bin Murrah Bin Ka’b Bin Lu’ay Bin Ghaalib Al-Qurashee. Saa’ib Bin Ubaid [radiyallaahu-anhu] accepted Islam on the day of Badr and his son Shaafi Ibn As-Saa’ib [radiyallaahu-anhu] is one of the junior companions of the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him].

Brief Acquaintance With His Path In Seeking Knowledge

Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee was very young when his father passed away, so at the age of two his mother took him to Makkah in order that his lineage is not lost. He grew up there, completed memorisation of the Qur’aan at the age of seven and memorized the Muwatta of Imaam Maalik at the age of ten. He acquired Fiqh from Muslim Bin Khaalid, who acquired Fiqh from Ibn Jurayh, who acquired Fiqh from Ataa, who acquired Fiqh from Ibn Abbaas, Ibn Az-Zubayr and other than them amongst a group of the companions, such as Amr Bin Ali, Ibn Mas’ood, Zayd Bin Thaabit and others [radiyallaahu-anhum]. Ash-Shaafi’ee also studied under Imaam Maalik [rahimahullaah]

His Status In The Eyes of The Senior Imaams

Many of the Senior Imaams have praised him, such as Abdur Rahmaan Bin Mahdee [rahimahullaah] who asked him to write for him a book in the subject matter of Usool, so Ash-shaafi’ee wrote it. Ibn Mahdee always used to supplicate for him in prayer and said that Ash-Shaafi’ee was similar to his teachers, such as Imaam Maalik Bin Anas and Qutaybah Bin Sa’eed [rahimahumallaah]. Ibn Maahdee also said, “Ash-Shaafiee is an Imaam”.

Abu Ubayd [rahimahullaah] said, “I have not seen one who is more eloquent, intelligent and god fearing than Ash-Shaafi’ee”. He has also been praised by numerous scholars, such as Yahyah Bin Aktham Al-Qaadee, Ishaaq Bin Raahawayh, Muhammad Bin Al-Hasan and others [rahimahumullaah].

 

His Status In The Eyes of Imaam Ahmad Bin Habnal [rahimahullaah]

The Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ لِهَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ مَنْ يُجَدِّدُ لَهَا دِينَهَا

Allaah will raise for this Ummah at the end of every hundred years the one who will revive its religion for it.

Imaam Ahmad [rahimahullaah] used to say, “Umar Bin Abdil Azeez [rahimahullaah] was one of the revivers at the end of the first hundred years and Ash-Shaafiee [rahimahullaah] was one of the revivers at the end of the second hundred years”. He used to supplicate for Ash-Shaafi’ee in prayer for nearly 40years.


More Faa’idah On This Hadeeth

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ لِهَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ مَنْ يُجَدِّدُ لَهَا دِينَهَا

Allaah will raise for this Ummah at the end of every hundred years the one who will revive its religion for it.

[إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ لِهَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ  – Allaah will raise for this Ummah]- meaning the Ummatul Ijaabah [i.e. the Muslims]. [عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ – At the end of every hundred years]- meaning at the end of every hundred years when there is little knowledge of the Islamic legislation and the authentic Prophetic Tradition, whilst ignorance and religious innovation is rife.

[مَنْ يُجَدِّدُ لَهَا دِينَهَا   – One who will revive its religion for it]- meaning a scholar who is alive and well known. He will clarify the authentic Prophetic Tradition and distinguish it from the religious innovations. knowledge will be abundant again and its adherents will be aided, and the proponents of religious will be overcome and degraded.

This reviver is non else but a scholar who has sound understanding of the religious sciences that deal with acts of worship, the underlying wisdoms of the religion and the texts that deal with beliefs of the heart. [Ref 1]

An Excerpt from Awnul Ma’bood Sharh Sunan Abee Daawud. Vol 11. Pages 259-260. Publisher: Daar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah. 1st Edition 1419AH (Year 1998). Slightly paraphrased]


Falsely Accused And Arrested

Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee [rahimahullaah] was once appointed as judge in Najraan (Yemen), then the people stringently began to follow his rulings and gave them precedence, so the affair was distorted to Haaroon Ar-Rasheed [rahimahullaah] that As-Shaafi’ee was seeking after the Khilaafah. He was then taken to Baghdad in chains on a mule and he was 30 years old at the time. He was brought in the presence of Haaroon Ar-Rasheed [rahimahullaah] and a discussion took place between him and Muhammad Bin Hasan Ash-Shaybaanee [rahimahullaah] in the presence of Haaroon. Muhammad Bin Hasan spoke highly of Ash-Shaafi’ee and thus it became clear to Haaroon Ar-Rasheed that Ash-Shaafi’ee was innocent of what they attributed to him.

 

Adherence to The Sunnah, His Stance Against Blameworthy Blind Following And The People of Bidah

He said, “If a hadeeth is reported with an authentic chain from the Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], then establish your speech on it and abandon my speech, because it is what I would have held, even if you do not hear it from me”. He also said, “Do not blindly follow me”. “I do not have speech in the presence of the Messenger’s speech”.

He said, “It is better for a man to be put to trial with everything that Allaah has forbidden except Shirk than looking into theological rhetoric. Indeed I have come across affairs from the proponents of theological rhetoric that which I never thought I would come across”.

Humility

He said, “I wish that the people acquired this knowledge of the Sharee’ah and nothing of it is attributed to me”.

An Except From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Vol10. Pages 251-254

 

[7] Excerpts From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah: [Ameerul Mumineen Haaroon Ar–Rasheed (Generosity, Attentive to Admonition and Deterrent Against Ahlul Bidah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

His lineage:

Haaroon Ar-Rasheed Ibn Mahdee Muhammad Ibn Mansoor (Abu Jafar) Abdullah Ibn Mohammad Ibn Ali Ibn Abdullah Ibn Abbaas Ibn Abdil Muttalib Al-Qurashee Al-Haashimee. He went to several military expeditions during his father’s era and declared a truce between the Muslims and the Romans. He was given the oath of allegiance as the Khaleefah after the death of his brother Moosaa Haadee. He was of white complexion, tall, handsome and with a bulky physique.

Generosity:

He used to give a 1000 Dirhams in charity every day. He used take a hundred scholars and their children whenever he went for Hajj, And if he was not performing Hajj, he paid for three hundred people to go. He used to pray a hundred Rak’aat of optional prayer everyday unless something stopped him from doing so.

A Heart Attentive to Admonition:

One day Ibn Sammaak [rahimahullaah] came when Haaroon [rahimahullaah] asked for water. After a cup of cold water was brought, he said to Ibn Sammaak, “Admonish me”. So Ibn Sammaak said to him, “O leader of the believers! How much would you pay for this drink if you were deprived of it?” He replied, “Half of my reign”. Ibn Sammaak said to him, “Drink, may it be blessed”. After he drank, Ibn Sammaak said to him  “If this water was prevented from exiting your body, then much would you pay for it (to be removed), he said, “The other half of my reign”. Ibn Sammaak said to him, “Indeed, half of the reign is the value of little drink of water and the value of the other half is that of urine. It is befitting that you do not strive and compete against others regarding it”. Haaroon wept.

Also Ibn Sammaak once said to him, “Indeed, you will die one day, enter the grave on your own and will be resurrected (on the day of judgement), so beware of your standing in the presence of Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] and in the presence of paradise and hellfire when one will be restricted and the feet will not move. There will be regret, but no repentance will be accepted – neither will a statement be uttered with ambiguity nor will wealth be accepted as ransom”. Haaroon began to weep until his voice could be heard;  then Yahyah Bin Khaalid said, “O Ibn As-Sammaak! Indeed, tonight you have brought difficulty on the leader of the believers”. Haaroon got up and left whilst weeping.

Shu’aib Bin Harb said: I saw Haaroon Ar-Rasheed on a road in Makkah, so I said to myself that indeed it has become obligated on me to enjoin good and forbid evil. The thought scared me and I said that it is inevitable that now he will strike my neck, so I called out him and said, “O Haaroon! You have exhausted the Ummah and the animals”. He said, “Grab him”. So, I was taken to him and he was moving some metal pebbles within his hand whilst sitting on a chair. He said to me, “Who are you?” I said, “I am a man amongst the Muslims”. He said, “May your mother be bereaved of you! Who are you?” I said, “From Al-Anbaar [i.e. a medieval town in central Iraq]”. He said, “What made you call me by my name?” I thought about something which never came to my mind before, then I said to him, “I call Allaah by His Name Allaah, so should I not call you by your name? Allaah called the most beloved people to Him by their names, such as “O Aadam”, “O Nooh”, “O Hud”, “O Saaleh”, “O Ibraaheem”, “O Moosaa” and “O Eesaa”. And the most hated person to Him, He stated: [تَبَّتۡ يَدَآ أَبِى لَهَبٍ۬    –  Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab]. Haaroon said, “Release him. Release him”.

 

Advise to a man who wanted to speak to him harshly:

Once Haaroon was performing Tawaaf around the kabah, so a man approached him and said, “O leader of the believers! I want to speak to you harshly”. Haaroon replied, “No, indeed Allaah sent one who was better than you [i.e. Prophet Moosaa] to one who was more evil than me [i.e. Firawn], but Allaah commanded him [Moosaa] to speak to him [Fir’awn] gently”.

A Robust Deterrent Against Ahlul Bidah

Imaam Fudayl Ibn Iyaad [rahimahullaah], “The death of none [i.e. in their era] will not be more difficult on us than the death of Haaroon Ar-Rasheed [rahimahullaah] due to what we fear regarding the events after him. Indeed, I invoke Allaah to increase his lifespan more than mine”. They [i.e. Ahlus Sunnah] said, “When Haaroon Ar-Rasheed died, those trials, events and differing occurred, and the innovated statement that the Qur’aan is created appeared. So we saw what Fudayl feared”.


An Excerpt from Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Pages Vol 10. Pages 213-217

[6] Excerpts From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah: [Ibraaheem Bin Ad’ham (rahimahullaah) – Those People of Sunnah Who Preferred to Abstain From The Extra Permissible Things of The Worldly Life]

In The Name of Allaah, The most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

He was Ibraaheem Bin Ad’ham Ibn Mansoor Ibn Yazeed Ibn Aamir Ibn Ishaaq At-Tameemee, and it was said Al-Ajlee. He was originally from Balkh, then he resided in Syria and entered Damascus. He narrated hadeeth from his father, from Al-A’mash and Muhammad Bin Ziyaad – Abu Hurairah’s companion, and from Abu Ishaaq As-Sabee’ee.  Imaam An-Nasaa’ee said,  “Ibraaheem Bin Ad’ham is a trustworthy narrator, reliable and he from those who abstain from the unnecessary pleasures of the worldly life”. He was one of the devout worshippers.

Abdullaah Ibnul Mubaarak [rahimahullaah] said,

“Ibraaheem was a virtuous man and he conducted himself in the worship of his Lord in a way that was hidden from others. Neither have I ever seen him openly remembering Allaah nor performing extra acts of worship [i.e. he performed extra acts of worship in seclusion]. None ever ate food with him, except that he was the last to raise his hand to eat”.

Ibraaheem Bin Bash’shaar [rahimahullaah] said to Ibraahem “Why have you stopped narrating hadeeth?” He replied, “I replaced it with three affairs:  (1) striving to be grateful to Allaah for the blessings He has bestowed on me- by acknowledging the blessing, proclaiming that it is from Allaah and utilising it in what is pemissible. (2) Striving to seek Allaah’s forgiveness due to sins. (3) Striving to prepare for the Afterlife”.

Ibraaheem Bin Ad’ham said, “Grief is of two types: the grief that is in your advantage and the grief that is against you. Your grief regarding the hardships in the afterlife is in your advantage [i.e. it makes you prepare for that which saves a person in the afterlife]. And your grief regarding the worldly life [i.e. due to greed, mutual rivalry, covetousness etc] is against you”.

Ibraaheem Bin Ad’ham said, “Abstinence is three types: Obligatory, recommended and the abstinence that is based on safety. The obligatory abstinence is that one abstains from what is unlawful, the recommended abstinence is that one abstains from the unnecessary lawful desires and the abstinence that is based on safety is that one abstains from doubtful (or ambiguous) matters”.

Ibraaheem Bin Ad’ham said, “Having less eagerness and desire for the extra and unnecessary things of worldly life leads a person to truthfulness and makes him avoid doubtful matters out of fearing that he will fall into what is unlawful and thus puts himself in trouble in the afterlife. Having a lot of eagerness and desire for the excess and unnecessary things of the worldly life leads to grief and anxiety”.

He used to supplicate, saying “O Allaah! Turn me away from the humiliation that results from disobeying You and grant me the honour that is associated with obedience to You”.

A man said to Ibraaheem Bin Ad’ham, “I would love that you take this Jubbah [i.e. a long outer garment that resembles an open coat, having long sleeves] as a gift from me”. He said to the man, “If you are a wealthy person I will accept  it, otherwise I will not”. The man said, “I am wealthy”. He said to him, “How much do you have?” The man said, “I have two thousand”. He said to the man, “Do you wish that this two thousand increases to four thousand?” The man said, “Yes”. He said to the man, “You are poor and I do not accept this Jubbah from you”.

Al-Awzaa’ee [rahimahullaah] once him as his guest, but  he limited what he ate, so Al-Awzaa’ee said to him, “Why did you limit what you ate”, he replied, “Because you also limited what you ate”. Then Ibraaheem prepared food and invited Al-Awzaa’ee, so he said to Ibraaheem, “Do you not fear that this is tantamount to extravagance?” Ibraaheem replied, “No, rather extravagance is that which is spent in disobedience to Allaah, but as for what a man spends on his brothers, it is part of the religion”. [Ref 1]

A Man came to Ibraaheem Bin Ad’ham and said, “O Abu Ishaaq! Indeed, I have transgressed against myself [through severe sinning], so tell me that which will stop me from sinning and rescue my heart from it”. Ibraaheem said to him, “If you accept five things then you can fulfil them, you will not be harmed and the satisfaction one feels in the heart as a result of obedience to Allaah will not ceased to be with you”. The man said, “O Abu Ishaaq! Give them to me”.  Ibraaheem said, “As for the first affair, when you want to disobey Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] do not eat the provision [He has created]!” The man said, “Where would I eat from when it is the fact that everything in the earth is from the provision [Allaah has created]?!” Ibraaheem said to him, “O you! Is it befitting that you eat the provision [provided by Allaah] and disobey Him?” The man said, “No, tell me the second affair”. Ibraaheem said, “When you want to disobey Allaah, do not dwell on the land [Allaah has created]”. The man said, “This is even greater than the first, because when it is the case that the eastern and western regions of the earth, and what is between them belongs to Allaah, then where would I dwell?” So, Ibraaheem said to him, “O you! Is it befitting that you eat the provision and dwell on the land [Allaah has created], but you disobey Him?”. The man said, “No, tell me the third affair”.

Ibraaheem said, “When you want to disobey Allaah whilst being provided with the provision and dwelling on the land [Allaah has created], then be at a place where Allaah cannot see you”. The man said, “How can that be when it is the fact that Allaah knows everything that is hidden”. So, Ibraaheem said to him, “O you! Is it befitting that you eat from the provision and dwell on the land [Allaah has created], but you disobey Him whilst He sees you and what you do?” The man said, “No, tell me the fourth affair”. Ibraaheem said, “When the angel of death comes to remove your soul, then tell him, ‘Delay my departure from this world so that I may perform sincere repentance and righteous deeds for the sake of Allaah”. The man said, “He [i.e. the angel of death] will not accept [this request]”. Ibraaheem said, “O you! When it is the fact that you cannot stop death so that you can repent nor can you delay it, then how can you be freed from this [situation]?!” The man said, “Tell me the fifth affair”. Ibraaheem said, “When Az-Zabaaniyah [i.e. the guards of hell] come on the day of judgement to take you to the fire, then do not go”. The man said, “Neither will they leave me nor agree to [leave me]”. Ibraaheem said, “Then how can you hope for safety?!” The man said, “O Ibraaheem! This admonition is enough for me! This admonition is enough for me! This admonition is enough for me. I seek Allaah’s Forgiveness and I repent to Him”.


Ref 1: An Excerpt From Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah. Vol 10. Pages 135-139

Ref 2: Ta’leeq Alaa Bawaa’ithil Khilaas Min Adh-Dhunoob’ by Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (hafidhahullaah). Lesson 1]