Tag: tawheed

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 2]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

You should know that the excellent characteristics (or virtues) of the Islamic religion are found in all of its subject matters and evidences- in its fundamental principles and subsidiary issues, in what the sciences and rulings of the Sharee’ah demonstrate, and in what it mentions about the physical sciences and sound unity (social harmony, cooperation upon piety and righteousness to fulfil both the religious and beneficial worldly things). The intent here is not to include these affairs in this discourse and explore them, because that would require a great deal of elaboration; but rather the goal is to cite useful examples that can be utilized as evidence for other affairs, and by which the door is opened for those who want to enter into this topic. These are examples that are spread out in the fundamental Islamic principles, the subsidiary issues, the customs (approved by Islam) and issues related to mutual dealings.

So we say – whilst seeking Allaah’s Assistance, hoping that He will guide and teach us, open for us the treasures of His kindness and generosity by which our circumstances will be rectified and statements and deeds will become upright – that the religion of Islam is based on the pillars of faith that have been mentioned in the statement of Allaah [The Exalted]:

قولوا آمنا بالله وما أنزل إلينا وما أنزل إلى إبراهيم وإسماعيل وإسحاق ويعقوب والأسباط وما أوتي موسى وعيسى وما أوتي النبيون من ربهم لا نفرق بين أحد منهم ونحن له مسلمون

Say (O Muslims), “We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Ishaque (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob), and to Al-Asbat [the twelve sons of Ya’qub (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Musa (Moses) and ‘Iesa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam).” [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 136]

The prophets and messengers agree on these great principles which Allaah commanded His servants to follow. They contain the loftiest aspect of knowledge and creed, such as belief in everything that Allaah described Himself with based on what Messengers have conveyed and making an exerted effort to seek Allaah’s Pleasure. The foundation of the religion is sound belief in Allaah and its fruitful outcomes is based on striving to pursue everything that Allaah loves, everything pleasing to Allaah and being sincere to Allaah; therefore can it ever be imagined that there is a religion better, loftier and more virtuous than such a religion?! It is a religion that enjoins belief in everything that was given to the prophets, belief in their messages, acknowledging the truth that they brought from their Lord, and not differentiating between them by believing in some and disbelieving in others, (footnote a), (rather one must) believe that they are all Allaah’s Messengers- truthful, trustworthy and sincere.

It is impossible for any (valid or sound) opposition or criticism to be directed at the religion of Islam, because it commands all truth, acknowledges every matter that is based on truth, establishes religious facts based on Allaah’s revelation to His Messengers and agrees with the useful rational facts that are confirmed by (sound) innate natural disposition- neither rejects truth in any way nor testifies to a lie, nor can falsehood be spread about it (without such falsehood being exposed for what it is), because it is dominant over all other religions. It enjoins good deeds, noble morals, (sound) welfare for the people, urges towards (sound) justice, grace, mercy and goodness, and rebukes injustice, oppression and bad manners. There is no trait of perfection that the prophets and messengers affirmed, except that it has acknowledged and affirmed it. There is no religious or worldly welfare that the other laws of the Messengers called to, except that it encourages it, and there is no corruption except that it has forbidden and ordered that it should be avoided. The intent (behind this clarification) is that the beliefs of this religion are those by which hearts are purified, souls are rectified and noble morals and good deeds are established. [Ad-Durra Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Ad-Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 9-12. slightly paraphrased]

To be continued InShaaAllaah.

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Footnote a: Allaah [The Exalted] said:

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَكۡفُرُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِۦ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَن يُفَرِّقُواْ بَيۡنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِۦ وَيَقُولُونَ نُؤۡمِنُ بِبَعۡضٍ۬ وَنَڪۡفُرُ بِبَعۡضٍ۬ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَن يَتَّخِذُواْ بَيۡنَ ذَٲلِكَ سَبِيلاً
أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرُونَ حَقًّ۬ا‌ۚ وَأَعۡتَدۡنَا لِلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ عَذَابً۬ا مُّهِينً۬ا
وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِۦ وَلَمۡ يُفَرِّقُواْ بَيۡنَ أَحَدٍ۬ مِّنۡہُمۡ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ سَوۡفَ يُؤۡتِيهِمۡ أُجُورَهُمۡ‌ۗ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ غَفُورً۬ا رَّحِيمً۬ا

Verily, those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers and wish to make distinction between Allah and His Messengers (by believing in Allah and disbelieving in His Messengers) saying, “We believe in some but reject others,” and wish to adopt a way in between. They are in truth disbelievers. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating torment. And those who believe in Allah and His Messengers and make no distinction between any of them (Messengers), We shall give them their rewards, and Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayaat 150-152]

Read: All The Prophets Were Muslims and The Qur’aan Abrogates all Previous Laws of The Prophets: https://salaficentre.com/2020/10/18/one-must-call-himself-a-muslim-if-he-truly-follows-the-path-of-the-prophets-and-messengers/

Read: Who are the foundation of Judiciousness: https://salaficentre.com/2021/01/06/who-are-the-foundation-of-judiciousness-and-the-most-judicious-amongst-humankind-by-imaam-ibnul-qayyim-rahimahullaah/

Read: Are There Three Monotheistic Religions In The World at Present? https://salaficentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Are_There_Three_Monotheistic_Religions_In-The_World_At_Present_Section1.pdf

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 1]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

All praise be to Allaah; we praise Him, seek His Help, seek His Forgiveness and repent to Him. We seek refuge in Allaah from the evils of ourselves and the evils of our actions. Whoever Allaah guides, none can misguide him, and whoever Allaah allows to be misguided (due to a perversion in his heart), there is no guide for him. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone without partner; and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger [صلى الله عليه وسلم تسليما كثيرا ].

To proceed: Indeed, the religion of Islam that Muhammad [صلى الله عليه ] brought is the most complete and best of religions, the loftiest and the most exalted. It contains beautiful characteristics, perfection, righteousness, mercy, justice and wisdom that testify to Allaah’s absolute perfection, His All-Encompassing Knowledge and Wisdom. It testifies to the fact that Allaah’s Prophet[صلى الله عليه وسلم ] is indeed a true Messenger of Allaah, and that he is the truthful and trustworthy, who does not speak out of desire; rather [إن هو إلا وحي يوحى – It (the Qur’aan and Sunnah) is only an Inspiration that is inspired (to him)]. [Surah An-Najm. Aayah 4]

This Islamic religion is the greatest proof and the most exalted witness regarding the fact that Allaah alone is singled with absolute perfection, and a witness regarding the Messengship and truthfulness of His Prophet. My aim behind this annotation is to make known – based on what I possess of knowledge – the foundations of the virtues of this great religion, even though my knowledge and awareness would be very deficient in expressing some of the majesty, beauty and perfection found in this religion. My statements would be weak in explaining it in general, let alone in detail speech. However, with regards to what is not all understood and its goal cannot be reached or most of it, a person should not abandon what he knows from it due to his inability in what he does not know, because Allaah does not burden a soul beyond its capacity. Allaah said: [فاتقوا الله ما استطعتم – So fear Allaah as much as you can]. [Surat Al-Taghabun. Aayah 16]

And that is because acquaintance with this knowledge has many benefits, and this includes the following:

– Engaging in this topic, which is the most honourable and exalted topic, is one of the most virtuous righteous deeds. Knowing it, searching for it, reflecting about it, and taking every path that leads to acquaintance with it, is the best thing that a servant of Allaah can preoccupy himself (or herself) with; and the time that is spent on that is in your favour and not against you.

-Acknowledging and speaking about the blessings of Allaah has been commanded by Allaah and His Messenger, and it is one of the greatest of good deeds. There is no doubt that research in this affair is acknowledgement, speech and reflection regarding Allaah’s loftiest blessings which He has bestowed on His servants, and that is the Islamic religion besides which no other religion is accepted by Allaah. So, this discourse is a means of showing gratitude to Allaah for His blessings and seeking for an increase of this blessing.

– Indeed, people vary greatly in faith and its perfection. And the more a servant of Allaah knows about this religion, venerates it more, takes pleasure and rejoices in it, the more complete one’s faith and the sounder his (or her) certainty, because indeed it is proof of all the fundamentals of faith and its principles.

– One of the greatest invitations to the religion of Islam is through explanation of what it contains of the virtues that are accepted and admitted by every person of sound mind and sound (uncorrupted) innate natural disposition. If men were to embark upon calling to this religion- explaining its realities and its welfare to the people- that would be completely sufficient in attracting the people to it- without the need to confront the doubts of the opponents and refuting the religion of those in opposition to Islaam- because of what they would see regarding its agreement with the welfare for both the religious and worldly affairs, rectification of the deeds and hearts. That is because Islaam itself repels every doubt that contradicts it, and because it is truth accompanied with clear explanation, and proofs leading to certainty. If some of the facts of this religion are revealed, it becomes the greatest reason for its acceptance and given preference over others. (see footnote a) (Ref 1)

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Footnote a: An Affair Related to Detailing Good In Most Cases, Warning Against Evil In General Sometimes And In Detail at Other Times, Being Careful of Ambiguities And Generalities When Detail Is Greatly Needed: https://salaficentre.com/2020/08/07/an-affair-related-to-detailing-good-in-most-cases-warning-against-evil-in-general-sometimes-and-in-detail-at-other-times-being-careful-of-ambiguities-and-generalities-when-detail-is-greatly-needed/

To be continued InShaaAllaah


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from Ad-Durar Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Ad-Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 5-9. slightly paraphrased]

Part 1: Guidance For Teachers: By Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

All praise belongs to Allaah alone, and may peace and blessings be upon the one [i.e. Muhammad] after whom there is no Prophet. To proceed:

There is no doubt that knowledge is the mainstay on which the foundations of human life are based. And the knowledge that is most worthy to be given importance and concern is the knowledge of the Islamic Sharee’ah, because through it is known the wisdom (or purpose) for which Allaah [The Exalted] created us and sent the Messengers. And by way of this knowledge, we acquire knowledge and awareness regarding Allaah and worship Him based on that, as Allaah stated: [وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ – I (Allaah) did not create the Jinn and humankind except to worship me alone]. [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat. Aayah 56]

Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated:

[وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اُعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ – Indeed, We have sent a Messenger to every nation, saying, “Worship Allaah alone and keep away from all false deities]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 36]

Based on these two Aayaat, one knows the wisdom behind the creation of Jinn and humankind, and the wisdom behind the advent of the Messengers. Any nation without sound belief or sound religion is an ignorant nation regardless how advanced and developed it is, as Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated: [أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلً – Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than cattle)]. [Surah Al-Furqan. Aayah 44] (see footnote a)

A good life is the life of the people of (Islamic) knowledge and Imaan, as Allaah [The Exalted] said: [يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ – O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 24] (see footnote b)

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ – Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 97]

Beneficial knowledge can only be obtained through a teacher, and no person can be a teacher unless he is knowledgeable about the subject he (or she) teaches others, because the one who is deprived of something is not able to give it to others. The scholars are the inheritors of the prophets, therefore the teacher’s task is one of the most difficult tasks because it requires that one acquires the most perfect Islamic characteristics as much as possible, such as beneficial knowledge, noble manners, continuous righteous deeds, patience, perseverance, being able to bear hardship whilst nurturing the student (pupil, learner) upon uprightness and upon a pure Islamic nurturing. The teacher’s success in this mission depends on the extent to which he (or she) acquires perfect Islamic qualities.

The role model and leader for everyone is our master and leader Muhammad Bin Abdullah Al-Haashimee [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. He was the most perfect of people in all noble qualities, and he faced many difficulties and great hardships whilst guiding people and teaching them, but he was patient, endured every hardship and difficulty in order to spread his religion and bring his Ummah out of darkness into light. May Allaah reward him for that with the best and most perfect reward. Indeed, a righteous generation was nurtured through him- a generation that is considered to be the best of generations known to humankind throughout history. It is well known that this stems from the good nurturing and guidance which he gave his companions, and his patience upon that path after Allaah granted them success and directed them to the truth.

One of the most important tasks for a teacher – in every place and era- is to follow the path of the first and foremost teacher, Muhammad [peace be upon him] and that one strives to know this path, so that it is implemented on oneself and the students as much as possible, and that one makes a lot of effort. The Ummah is greatly in need of the righteous teacher- the teacher who receives knowledge and what the students are educated with from the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of His Messenger and the path of the Salafus Saaleh [pious predecessors], nurturing them upon honesty, trustworthiness, sincerity, veneration of Allaah’s commands and prohibitions, competition for every virtue and caution against every vice, (especially) in this era in which the callers to destruction are many (i.e. those who violate sound Aqeedah and morals) and few are those who call to sound rectification. (see footnote c)

So, based on what has been preceded (above), it is known that the teacher’s task- alongside the fact that it is one of the most difficult tasks- is one of the most honorable jobs, the greatest in benefit and the most valuable if the teacher is blessed with sincerity, good intention and effort, because one will be rewarded in the same manner as the one who benefits from his (or her) knowledge. (see footnote d) The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The best of you is the one who learns and teaches the Qur’an”. And he said, “By Allah, that Allah guides a man through you is better for you than a herd of expensive red camels”. [Majmoo Fataawaa Wa Maqaalaat Ash-Shaikh Ibn Baaz 2/316]

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Footnote a: Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: The Messengers are the most judicious amongst the creation without exception, and after them their followers are the most judicious group. The people of the scriptures and the great legislated laws are the most judicious amongst the followers of the Messengers and the Muslims are the most judicious amongst them [i.e. amongst all those who received divine scriptures and great legislated laws].

The companions of Muhammad [peace and blessings be upon him] are the most judicious amongst the Muslims and then those who followed them exactly in faith. The people who adhere steadfastly to the authentic tradition of the Prophet and the authentic narrations transmitted from him are the most judicious amongst the Muslim nation without exception after companions and those who adhered to their path.

The clear evidence showing that the Messengers are the most judicious amongst the entire creation is that the beneficial knowledge they have brought- the righteous actions and the beneficial affairs related to true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife- has not emerged from others or something even close it. There is nothing- from any perspective- that emerged from other judicious people that can be compared to what the Messengers brought with regards to beneficial knowledge, righteous action and the beneficial affairs of true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife.

Whoever ponders upon their personal life stories – in specific and in general, their patience and perseverance, their abstinence from those unnecessary lawful pleasures of the worldly life, their fervent desire for Allaah’s pleasure and the reward Allaah has kept in the afterlife, their purified manners, the fact that they are the most truthful amongst the creation, (possessors) of the most righteous hearts and the most purified souls, trustees of the greatest trust (i.e. revelation and Messenger ship), the noblest of those whom a person can accompany, the purest in their innermost conscience, the purest with regards to their private affairs- will not doubt the fact that they are the most judicious amongst Allaah’s creation without exception. There is no doubt that whoever is closer to them [i.e. follows them properly], then his (or her) share of judiciousness will be more than (that of others). [An Excerpt from As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah 4/1514]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also stated: Muhammad’s [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] Ummah is not in need of anyone after him; rather the only need they have is someone to convey what he came with. Muhammad’s message is comprehensive, universal and preserved. This universality, comprehensiveness and preservation is not limited to any time and place; rather it is comprehensive for those to whom Muhammad was sent [i.e. the whole world] and likewise with regards to everything that is needed in the fundamental and subsidiary issues of the religion. Muhammad’s message is sufficient, all embracing and universal- nothing else is needed besides it. It has not isolated any affair of truth needed by his Ummah in their sciences and deeds. Allaah’s Messenger did not leave this world until he acquainted his Ummah with everything, and he even taught them the etiquettes of using the toilet, the etiquettes of sexual relations, the etiquettes of sleep and after waking up, the etiquettes of eating, drinking and travel. He acquainted them with the etiquettes of speech and silence, the etiquettes of keeping company with the people and seclusion. He acquainted them with the affairs of illness, good health, poverty and wealth. He acquainted them with all the affairs of life and death.

He described Allaah’s throne, the angels, the jinn, the hell fire and the day of judgement in such a manner as if one has seen them with the naked eye. He informed them about their Lord and His Perfect Names and Attributes, and that Allaah alone is their true object of worship. He acquainted them with the Prophets of old and their nations – the events that took place between them and their nations – in such a manner as if one was present at that time. He acquainted them with all the means to good and the paths of evil- in general and in detail- which no other prophet informed his nation. He acquainted them with death and what will take place in the grave – either bliss or punishment. He acquainted them with the evidences and proofs of Tawheed [i.e. the oneness of Allaah in His Lordship, Names and Attributes, and that Allaah alone has the right to be worshipped].

He acquainted them with Prophet hood and the affairs of the Afterlife, and he refuted all the sects of disbelief and misguidance. He acquainted them with war strategies- how to confront the enemy, the way to achieve victory and conquests. If only they knew and understood these affairs in the correct manner [i.e. the manner it should be understood], they would not be overcome by their enemy. He acquainted them with the plots of Iblees and the ways through which he approaches them, and the ways to repel those plots and plans. He acquainted them with the soul- its characteristics and faults- in such a manner that they are not in need of anyone else to tell them about it. He taught them how to live their daily lives and had they acknowledged and acted upon this, then their worldly affairs would be firmly established. He brought them all the means of success in this life and the next, and they do not need anyone besides him. So how can it be said that the path of Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] is in need of something else outside of it. The reason for such a claim is due to the weak and little understanding of a person. Allaah [The Most High] said:

أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِهِمْ أَنَّا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَرَحْمَةً وَذِكْرَىٰ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) which is recited to them? Verily, herein is mercy and a reminder (or an admonition) for a people who believe. [29:51]

Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ تِبْيَانًا لِّكُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً وَبُشْرَىٰ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ – And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims)]. [16:89]

Allaah [The Most High] said:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُم مَّوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِّمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord [i.e. the Qur’an, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil], and a healing for that [disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.] in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy [explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.] for the believers. [10:57] [An Excerpt from I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een 4/375-377]

Footnote b: Allaah said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ ۖ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَأَنَّهُ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

O you who believe! Answer Allaah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life, and know that Allaah comes in between a person and his heart (i.e. He prevents an evil person to decide anything). And verily to Him you shall (all) be gathered. Read commentary on the Aayah by Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him]: https://salaficentre.com/2020/03/28/o-you-who-believe-answer-allaah-and-the-messenger-when-he-calls-you-to-that-which-will-give-you-life/

Footnote c: Rectification of Modern Societies – By Saudi Scholar Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz: https://salaficentre.com/2021/01/10/rectification-of-modern-societies-by-imaam-abdul-azeez-bin-baaz-rahimahullaah/

Footnote d: Abu Huraira [may Allaah be pleased with him] reported that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever calls to guidance will have a reward similar to those who follow him, without detracting from their rewards at all. Whoever calls to misguidance will have sin upon him similar to those who follow him, without detracting from their sins at all”. [Source: Ṣaḥeeh Muslim. Hadeeth 2674]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ وَنَڪۡتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُواْ وَءَاثَـٰرَهُمۡۚ وَكُلَّ شَىۡءٍ أَحۡصَيۡنَـٰهُ فِىٓ إِمَامٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬ – Verily, We give life to the dead, and We record that which they send before (them), and their traces, and that which they leave behind], and all things We have recorded with numbers (as a record) in a Clear Book]. [Surah Yaa Seen. Aayah 12]

[إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ – Verily, We give life to the dead]- Meaning, We’ll resurrect them after their death to recompense them for their deeds. (I) [ وَنَڪۡتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُوا -and We record that which they send before (them)]- Meaning, good and evil, the deeds they did during their lifetime. (II) وَءَاثَـٰرَهُمۡۚ – and their traces]. Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: That which they initiated of good or evil and thus they were followed by others after their death. (III)

Imaam Al-Aloosee [may Allaah have mery upon him] said: That which they left behind of good deeds, such as the knowledge they taught people, books they wrote, land they gave as endowment or a building they built in the path of Allaah and other good deeds; or sins, such as establishment of laws [legislation, rules, regulations etc] that are tantamount to oppression and transgression, or setting up principles amongst the people that are tantamount to evil and corruption, and the evil Funoon [i.e. the professions, crafts, scientific disciplines, subject matters etc] they initiated and were revived after them by the corrupt people. (IV)

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: It is the good and evil outcomes about which they were the cause of its occurrence during their life time and after their death, and those deeds that emanated from their statements, deeds and circumstances. Every good performed by one of the people due to the knowledge of the servant, his teaching and advice, or through enjoying good and forbidding evil, or knowledge he transmitted to the learners, or in a book which is benefitted from during his life and after his death, or a good deed, such as Salaah, Zakaat, Sadaqah or kindness based on which he was followed, or built a masjid or a place which the people benefit from and what is similar, it will be from the good outcomes that are written for him, and likewise are the evil outcomes. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever starts a good thing [i.e. something other than bidah and sin] and is followed by others, he will have his own reward and a reward equal to that of those who follow him, without it detracting from their reward in any way. Whoever starts a bad thing [i.e. a bidah, sin or something that opposes Islaam] and is followed by others, will bear the burden of his own sin and a burden equal to that of those who follow him, without it detracting from their burden in any way”. [Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2675]

This subject matter makes clear to you the lofty station of calling to the path of Allaah, guidance to His path through every means and path that leads to it; and the lowly status of the caller to evil and a leader in it, and that he is the most degraded human being, one who has committed the severest crime and the greatest sin. (V)

Next topic or section from the same source: “Essential Teaching Skills”


[Refs. I & II: An Excerpt from Tafseer As-Sadi. Daar Ibn Hazm. 1st edition 1424AH (2003). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref III. An Excerpt from Badaa’i at-Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim 2/358. Daar Ibn Al-Jawziy 1431AH. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref IV: An Excerpt from Roohul Ma’aanee 12/325. Daar Al-Fikr. 1417AH (1997). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref V: An Excerpt from Tafseer As-Sadi. Daar Ibn Hazm. 1st Edition 1424AH (2003). Slighrly paraphrased]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 27D): [An Example of How Islam Guides Humankind to Pursue Various Affairs of Universal Social Welfare]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

And from the Siyaasah Shar’iyyah (see footnote a) is that Allaah guides the people to establish the affairs of universal welfare – every group in society shoulders the responsibility of acquiring detail knowledge of the reality of an aspect of this welfare, what it depends on, the paths through which it can be accomplished and perfected, and to make every effort to deliver it as much as possible. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[ ولتكن منكم أمة يدعون إلى الخير ويأمرون بالمعروف وينهون عن المنكر – Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). [Surah Aal Imran. Aayah 104]

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وما كان المؤمنون لينفروا كافة فلولا نفر من كل فرقة منهم طائفة ليتفقهوا في الدين ولينذروا قومهم إذا رجعوا إليهم لعلهم يحذرون

And it is not (proper) for the believers to go out to fight (Jihad) all together. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islamic) religion, and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil). [Surah At-Tawbah. Aayah 122]

There is no doubt that pursuing public welfare in this manner that Allaah has directed is the reason behind religious and worldly perfection, as witnessed by everyone who is acquainted with it.

Rectification Through Preaching

Allaah said: [ادع إلى سبيل ربك بالحكمة والموعظة الحسنة وجادلهم بالتي هي أحسن – Invite (mankind, O Muhammad ) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur’an) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 125]

This includes preaching to Muslims who have violated some matters of the religion, and it includes preaching to the disbelievers. The Muslims are called to perfect their religion, and the disbelievers are called to accept the religion of Islam which is the only path of rectification for humankind. (see footnote b) This call should be based on wisdom and that is to adopt the most correct and successful way by which good is attained or perfected, evil removed or diminished, in the manner that is suitable in the era, place, the people, the circumstances and developments. (see footnote c) Also preaching should be carried out with fine admonition and this admonition is an explanation and clarification of what is beneficial and what is harmful, with a mention of the benefits of the beneficial outcomes in this life and the next. Allaah described this preaching as a good admonition because it is good in itself and also its paths that are followed with gentleness, leniency, forbearance, patience etc.

Also if an argument is needed to convince the one who is being preached to, then this should be presented in the best way. The arguer should call to the truth, show the beauty of the truth and the harm that accompanies its opposite, and he should respond to the doubts which the opponent presents. All of this should be done with kind speech and good etiquettes – not with force, harshness, callousness or verbal abuse, because the harm of that is great indeed.

Allaah said:

[فبما رحمة من الله لنت لهم ولو كنت فظا غليظ القلب لانفضوا من حولك فاعف عنهم – And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so overlook (their faults)]. [Surah Aal Imran Aayah 159] (see footnote d)

We’ll end this discourse with (the above) paradigm because its fulfils the goal. And may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon Muhammad. (1)

————————————————————————–

Footnote a: Siyaasah Shar’iyyah: Allaah [The Exalted] said:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَأۡمُرُكُمۡ أَن تُؤَدُّواْ ٱلۡأَمَـٰنَـٰتِ إِلَىٰٓ أَهۡلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمۡتُم بَيۡنَ ٱلنَّاسِ أَن تَحۡكُمُواْ بِٱلۡعَدۡلِ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُم بِهِۦۤ‌ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ سَمِيعَۢا بَصِيرً۬ا
يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَمۡرِ مِنكُمۡ‌ۖ فَإِن تَنَـٰزَعۡتُمۡ فِى شَىۡءٍ۬ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَٱلرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ خَيۡرٌ۬ وَأَحۡسَنُ تَأۡوِيلاً

Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts to those, to whom they are due; and that when you judge between men, you judge with justice. Verily, how excellent is the teaching which He (Allah) gives you! Truly, Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Seer. O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. [Surah An-Nisaa. Verses 58-59]

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The scholars say that the first verse was revealed regarding the rulers – that it is obligated on them to render back the trusts to those whom they are due and that when they judge between the people they do so with justice. And the second verse was revealed regarding those under the ruler’s authority, the armies and other than them- that it is obligated on them to obey the rulers who establish justice in their distributions, rulings, military expeditions and other affairs, except when they command one to commit an act of disobedience to Allaah, because there cannot be obedience to the creation in disobedience to Allaah. And if they differ in any matter, they should return to the book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger. If the rulers do not do this, then they are only obeyed in that which is in agreement with obedience to Allaah and His Messenger, their rights are fulfilled just as Allaah and His Messenger commanded and they are aided in righteousness and piety, but not in sin and transgression”. [An Excerpt from ‘As-Siyaasah Ash-Shar’iyyah 16-18. Slightly paraphrased]

Siyaasah is to look after the affairs of the citizens. It includes Islamic jurisprudence by way of which the rulers are facilitated with knowledge and understanding of the rulings related to looking after the affairs of the state and its set-ups. [At-taleeq Alaa As-Siyaasah Ash-Shar’iyyah. Slightly paraphrased. Page 5 by Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al-Uthaymeen]

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: What is intended by ‘Separation between religion and Siyaasah’ is that the ruler can do what he wants based on what he thinks is a means of fulfilling (responsibilities related to) affairs of the state, whether it agrees with Sharee’ah or not; or even if what he does is based on the judgement of the religion, because the meaning of separation is to distinguish between two things and give them specific definitions. Therefore, in relation to this, the ruler looks at what he considers to be beneficial even if it opposes the Sharee’ah. There is no doubt that this is a false and sinful statement, because the religion itself is Siyaasah and Siyaasah itself is the religion, but what we mean by Siyaasah is the Siyaasah that is based on equity and not oppression. The religion of Islaam came to bring about wellbeing [and upright conduct] for the people in their behaviour towards their Lord and between themselves. It establishes the Rights of Allaah, rights for the people- rights for parents, relatives, wives and the Muslims – in general. And even for non-Muslims, Islam has given them rights that are well-known to the scholars. It laid down the means and conditions for war and peace making, punishments for crimes – some of which are determined by way of specific texts and some are left to the jurisdiction of the ruler, as well as other affairs which clearly shows that Islaam in its entirety is Siyaasah. The root of this word Siyaasah is Saa’is and that is the person who is responsible for looking after the affairs of animals – fulfilling that which brings them wellbeing and repelling that which will harm them. This is Siyaasah. We find this meaning when we contemplate on affairs of the religion, and that Allaah has legislated – for the servants – things without which humans will not be able to establish [a fruitful, stable, orderly, safe] life, and forbade them from things that will corrupt their state of affairs – either affecting everyone or specific individuals. Therefore, in reality the entire religion is Siyaasah. And we are certain that anyone who separates Siyaasah from the Religion and establishes Siyaasah based on what he sees fit and what he forbids, then indeed his Siyaasah is corrupt, and it will cause more harm than good. If it rectifies one affair based on his limited [or deficient] opinions, then indeed it greatly corrupts from another angle. So, this makes it incumbent that one contemplates on the state of affairs of those who base their Siyaasah on their desires and opinions, and became distanced from the religion of Islaam, you will find -after contemplating – that either all that Siyaasah is corrupt or most of it, and that if it rectifies an affair from one angle, it corrupts from another angle. So, based on this, separation between Siyaasah and Religion is a sinful deed and it is obligated on the one who seeks to rectify himself and others that he does so only based on the religion of Islaam. [ https://binothaimeen.net/content/7366. Paraphrased]

How to Deal With Rulers

Umm Salamah [may Allaah be pleased with her] said that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings be upon him] said, “There will be rulers from whom you will see both good and corruption. One who recognizes their evil and hates it will maintain his innocence, but one who is pleased with it and follows them will be sinful”. It was said, “Shall we not fight them?” He said, “No, as long as they pray”. [Saheeh Muslim 1854]. Read: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/

Iyaadh Ibn Ghanam [may Allaah be pleased with him] said that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], said, “Whoever wants to advise the one in authority, then he should not do so openly; rather he should take him by the hand and advise him in private. If he accepts the advice, then that is good. If he does not accept it, then he has fulfilled his obligation”. [Musnad Aḥmad 14909]

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] was asked about the one who refrains from supplicating for the ruler, so he replied: “This is from the ignorance and lack of foresight of this person, because indeed supplicating for the ruler is one of the greatest acts of worship and righteous deeds. It is one of the acts of sincerity to the Allaah and sincerely wanting good for Allaah’s servants. When Tufayl Ibn Amr Ad-Dawsi [may Allaah be pleased with him] came to the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allah be upon him] and said to him, ”Daws (a well-known tribe of disbelievers) are doomed, they have disobeyed and been stubborn. Pray to Allah against them”. He said, ”O Allaah! Guide Daws and bring them here”. [Bukhaari and Muslim] So, Allaah guided Daws and they became Muslims. Therefore, a believer supplicates for the people to be blessed with good and the ruler is more entitled to it, because his rectification is a means of rectification for the Muslim nation. Supplicating for him is one of the most important supplications – one of the most important acts of sincerity to Allaah and sincerely wanting good for the Muslims, so one supplicates for him to be guided to the truth and helped upon that path, that Allaah grants him righteous companions, keeps him away from the evils of his soul and the evils of the people he sits with. Therefore, supplicating for him to be guided, blessed with the ability to do good, blessed with a righteous heart, blessed with good deeds and righteous companions, is one of the most important things to ask for and one of the most virtuous acts of worship. It has been reported from Imaam Ahmad [may Allaah have mercy upon him] that he said, ‘If I knew that I have one supplication that would be accepted, I would make it for the ruler’, and he reported this from Al-Fudayl Ibn Iyaadh [may Allaah have mercy upon him]”. [Majmoo Fataawaa 8/209]

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “If you see something from the ruler that is in opposition to (the Qur’an and Sunnah), then supplicate to Allaah for him because their rectification is a means of rectification for the Muslim nation; but when we say, ‘O Allaah! Rectify the rulers and guide them’, we hear some of the foolish people saying, ‘O Allaah! Do not rectify them’. Glorified be Allaah, The Most Great! If Allaah does not rectify them, then that would be more evil for you, so supplicate for them to be guided and become righteous, and Allaah is able to do everything’”. [At-Ta’leeq Alaa As-Siyaasah Ash-Shar’iyyah page 452]

Imaam Al-Bayhaqqi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said that Abu Uthmaan [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Advise the ruler and supplicate for him a lot to be upright, guided in speech and action, and in his judgments, because indeed if they are righteous, the people will be righteous due to their righteousness. And beware of supplicating against them to be cursed and they increase in evil, so calamity increases on the Muslims; rather supplicate for them to be granted the ability to repent so that they abandon evil and calamity is removed from the believers”. [Shu’ab Al-Eemaan 6/26]

Imaam Ibn Salaah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The leaders of the Muslims deserve to be advised, aided upon truth and obeyed in that. They should be notified and reminded with gentle and kind speech, avoid rebelling against them and supplicate for them to be blessed with guidance and good deeds”. [Siyaanatu Saheeh Muslim 244]

Imaam An-Nawawi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The scholars hold a consensus that it is recommended to supplicate for the rulers and leaders of the Muslims during the Jumu’ah khutbah, that Allaah rectifies them, helps them to establish truth and justice, and what is similar to it, as well as supplicate for Muslim armies”. [Al-Majmoo 4/391]

Shaikh Abdullaah Abaa Batayn [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The good supplication for the ruler during the khutbah is that one supplicates that Allaah rectifies and guides him, rectifies the affairs through him, aid him against the kuffaar and the corrupt people, as opposed to what is found in some of the khutbahs of praise and lies; rather the ruler is to supplicated for and not praised, especially when praised with something he does not possess”. [Durar As-Saniyyah 5/41]

Footnote b: Read article by Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah protect him] titled: There is no compulsion in Religion, guidance is distinct from falsehood”: Islamic view on forced conversions: Ibn Kathīr, At-Tabarī and others: https://abukhadeejah.com/there-is-no-compulsion-in-religion-guidance-is-distinct-from-falsehood-islamic-view-on-forced-conversions-ibn-kathir-at-tabari-and-others/

Footnote c: https://salaficentre.com/2021/01/10/rectification-of-modern-societies-by-imaam-abdul-azeez-bin-baaz-rahimahullaah/

Footnote d: Imaam Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhaab [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated in Al-Usool Ath-Thalaatha, “I’lam, Rahimakallaah – Know, may Allah have mercy upon you”. Al-Allaamah Saaleh al Fawzaan [may Allaah protect him] commented on the above statement, saying, “Rahimakallaah” – this is a supplication made for the student of knowledge. The Shaikh [Imam Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhaab] supplicates for the Mercy of Allaah upon the students of knowledge, that Allaah has mercy upon them. So in this there is gentleness from the teacher towards the student. Indeed he [the teacher] begins with a good word and a righteous supplication [for the student] so that it has an effect and thereby making the student incline towards his teacher with acceptance. But if he began with a harsh statement or a statement not deemed proper, this would make him [i.e. the student] flee.

Therefore, it is obligated on the teacher and the one who calls to Allaah, and the one who enjoins good and forbids evil, that he is gentle with the one he addresses – by way of supplication for him, commendation and soft speech. For indeed, this calls for acceptance [i.e. one’s call to the truth to be accepted by the ones he is calling]. However, as for the Mu’aanid, [the stubborn wilful opposer], indeed this one is to be addressed differently. Allaah [Glorified be He] said: [وَلَا تُجَـٰدِلُوٓاْ أَهۡلَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبِ إِلَّا بِٱلَّتِى هِىَ أَحۡسَنُ إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنۡهُمۡ‌ۖ – And argue not with the people of the Scripture unless it be in a way that is better, except with such of them as do wrong]. [29:46]

Those who do wrong among the people of the scripture- wilfully opposing and are haughty- these ones are not addressed with that which is better; rather they are addressed with that which will prevent from their [harm and misguidance]. Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلنَّبِىُّ جَـٰهِدِ ٱلۡڪُفَّارَ وَٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقِينَ وَٱغۡلُظۡ عَلَيۡہِمۡ‌ۚ وَمَأۡوَٮٰهُمۡ جَهَنَّمُ‌ۖ وَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ – O Prophet (Muhammad)! Strive hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be harsh against them, their abode is Hell,-and worst indeed is that destination]. [9:73]

Striving against the hypocrites is not carried out with weapons, rather it is carried out with proofs, statements, refutation against them with harshness that will prevent [them from propagating their misguidance and harm] and to keep the people away from them. Allah said about them [i.e. the hypocrites]: [وَقُل لَّهُمۡ فِىٓ أَنفُسِہِمۡ قَوۡلاَۢ بَلِيغً۬ا – But admonish them, and speak to them an effective word to reach their innerselves] [4:63]

Therefore, there is a specific type of speech that is prescribed for these people because they are willful opponents and people afflicted with pride. They do not want the truth, rather they want to misguide the people. So they are addressed in a way they deserve. As for the seeker of guidance, this one is addressed with gentleness and mercy. That is because he wants the truth, knowledge and Faa’idah [i.e. that which will benefit him]. [An Excerpt from ‘Sharh Usool Ath-Thalaatha. page13-15. Slightly paraphrased]


Ref 1:

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 25): [Guidance For The One Who Is Granted Blessings]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

Islam brought the most complete (guidance) in all situations with regards how one should be when granted blessings, when traversing the paths (that leads to attainment of benefit), and when facing hardships and calamities. Allaah and His Messenger commanded that one remembers his neediness (poverty) in the presence of Allaah when granted blessings (see footnote a), fully acknowledge the grace of Allaah who decreed and facilitated such blessings, thank Allaah for granting him such blessings – constantly; utilizing them for their real purpose and as an aid to worship Allaah alone (see footnote b), and neither being insolent nor boastful because of such blessings; rather one should be humble and thankful. (see footnote c)

Allaah and His Messenger commanded a person to take advantage of beneficial opportunities when granted blessings, so that one profits from them in this life and the next, seizes the opportunity found in wellbeing, good health, strength, wealth, prestige and children, so that one is not deceived by them and thus they become temporary and things that are merely for the present; but rather one extracts lasting blessings from them, successive goodness and continuous benefit. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Take advantage of five before five: your youth before your old age, your health before your illness, your riches before your poverty, your free time before your work, and your life before your death”. [Saheeh al-Jaami. Hadeeth Number 1077]

So, when a servant of Allaah knows the intent behind blessings and that they are made as means to the bounties of the Hereafter, two things are gathered for him (or her): enjoy them in this temporary worldly life and benefit from its bounties in the Hereafter; and fulfil the obligatory and recommended deeds attached to them, so they become real blessings- both in the religious and worldly affairs. This is contrary to the situation of those who have deviated from that which the Islamic Sharee’ah has conveyed – those who enjoy blessings in a manner similar to grazing animals and bestial lust; so, blessings in relation to their affair departs quickly and disassociates very soon, and only loss and regret will follow them. As for the first category of people, they share the immediate enjoyment of this worldly life and perhaps granted – in addition – peace of mind and tranquility, safety against panic and distress.

Commentary: When granted blessings, a person should always recall his poverty in Allaah’s presence. Allaah said: [يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلنَّاسُ أَنتُمُ ٱلۡفُقَرَآءُ إِلَى ٱللَّهِۖ وَٱللَّهُ هُوَ ٱلۡغَنِىُّ ٱلۡحَمِيدُ – O mankind! it is you who stand in need of Allah, but Allah is Rich (Free of all wants and needs), Worthy of all praise]. [Surah Al-Faatir. Aayah 15]  Therefore, a person should always recall his need of Allaah whether he is rich or poor, and should never think that he is not in need of Alaah in the twinkling of an eye. (see Footnote d) If Allaah grants you blessings, you should acknowledge Allaah’s favour, as opposed to the situation of those about whom Allaah stated: [يَعۡرِفُونَ نِعۡمَتَ ٱللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنڪِرُونَہَا – They recognize the Grace of Allah, yet they deny it]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 83]

Allaah grant them blessings, but they attribute that to someone else. So, one who is granted blessings says, “I am worthy of this”, and other statements that are devoid of acknowledging the one (Allaah) Who granted those blessings. The person should be thankful, as the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Verily, Allah is pleased with a servant who praises Him when he eats, or praises Him when he drinks”. [Saheeh Muslim. Hadeeth 2734]

And the person should utilize blessings for their rightful purpose – in obedience to Allaah and in that which Allaah has allowed. Allaah said: [ٱعۡمَلُوٓاْ ءَالَ دَاوُ ۥدَ شُكۡرً۬اۚ – Work you, O family of Dawud (David), with thanks!] [Surah Saba. Aayah 13]

These blessings should be utilized in obedience to Allaah and not that a person is busied by them away from worship. Some people have little wealth and it busies them away from the obligatory prayers, so what good is there in this wealth? This wealth busies him away from the obligatory deeds of Islam or he utilizes this wealth in disobedience and sin.

And the person should not be insolent and boastful. He should not become insolent, boastful, raising himself above the people, arrogant towards the people and being self amazed; but rather he should be humble in Allaah’s presence.

The person should seek to use these blessings to grain numerous other blessings; so he takes advantage of the blessings of wellbeing, good health, physical strength, wealth, prestige and children. He makes an effort to use these blessings to gain something in the Hereafter. Many people are given these blessings- wellbeing, good health and other things, but they incur loss in relation to them. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: “There are two blessings which many people waste: health and free time”. [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth 6412]

A person has good health, wellbeing, strength, energy and plenty of time, but he wastes them and not utilized in anything that will benefit him when he meets Allaah on the day of Judgement. The person should extract lasting benefits from these blessings, successive goodness and continues benefits. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: “Take advantage of five before five: your youth before your old age, your health before your illness, your riches before your poverty, your free time before your work, and your life before your death”. [Saheeh al-Jaami. Hadeeth Number 1077]

These are five affairs: youth, good health, free time, wealth and life. Good health alternates to illness, youth alternates to old age, free time alternates to preoccupation, wealth alternates to poverty, and life ends in death. So, if not utilized when they are present, you’ll lose them and being regretful will not benefit you. Many old people express regret, as the poet said, “If only youth returned”, but it will never return. A person should utilize all these blessings so that their outcomes remain when he dies. Many people of knowledge (scholars and students of knowledge) have passed away, but the knowledge they left behind is still here and its benefit reaches them in their graves. How amazing that there are deceased people whose reward constantly reaches them in their graves everyday; but there are people who are alive with strength, good health and energy, however they are deprived of reward everyday. Therefore, it is obligatory that when a person is granted good health, strength, and wellbeing, he (or she) busies with these things to attain good.

So when a servant of Allaah knows the intent behind blessings and that they are made as means to the bounties of the Hereafter, two things are gathered for him (or her): enjoy them in this temporary worldly life and benefit from its bounties in the Hereafter; and fulfil the obligatory and recommended deeds attached to them, so they become real blessings- both in the religious and worldly affairs. So, a person asks himself (herself): What is this good health for? What is this life for? What is this strength for? What is this wellbeing for? Are they the purpose themselves or is there another purpose behind them? So, if a person ponders upon this he (or she) will find that there is another purpose behind them – a means to work for the afterlife and to earn Allaah’s reward. Allaah said: [وَمَا خَلَقۡتُ ٱلۡجِنَّ وَٱلۡإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعۡبُدُونِ – And I (Allaah) did not create Jinn and humankind for any other purpose, except that they worship Me alone]. [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat. Aayah 56]

This is contrary to the situation of those who have deviated from that which the Islamic Sharee’ah has conveyed – those who enjoy blessings in a manner similar to grazing animals and bestial lust; so, blessings in relation to their affair departs quickly and disassociates very soon, and only loss and regret will follow them. (see footnote e) As for the first category of people, they share the immediate enjoyment of this worldly life and perhaps granted – in addition – peace of mind and tranquility, safety against panic and distress. (1)

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Footnote a: https://salaficentre.com/2021/08/26/destructive-self-sufficiency-and-the-two-types-of-neediness/

Footnote b: The Three Pillars of Gratitude: https://masjidfurqan.co.uk/2017/08/23/the-three-pillars-of-gratitude-by-imaam-as-sadi-rahmahullaah/

Footnote c: Arrogance, Boastful About One’s Personality and Significance, And Boastful In Speech! https://salaficentre.com/2020/03/20/arrogance-boastful-about-ones-personality-and-significance-and-boastful-in-speech-a-good-time-for-self-scrutiny-and-reflection/

Footnote d: https://salaficentre.com/2019/09/02/oh-ever-living-oh-the-self-subsisting-upon-whom-everything-depends-by-your-mercy-i-seek-assistance/

Footnote e: Allaah said:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُدۡخِلُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ تَجۡرِى مِن تَحۡتِہَا ٱلۡأَنۡہَـٰرُ‌ۖ وَٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ يَتَمَتَّعُونَ وَيَأۡكُلُونَ كَمَا تَأۡكُلُ ٱلۡأَنۡعَـٰمُ وَٱلنَّارُ مَثۡوً۬ى لَّهُمۡ

Certainly! Allah will admit those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), while those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as cattle eat, and the Fire will be their abode. [Surah Muhammad. Aayah 12]


[Ref 1: 1hr 1min: 36secs to 1hr 17mins. 26sec https://www.al-badr.net/detail/6y71LsHDZr paraphrased]

 

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 24): [The Beneficial Means and Reliance Upon Allaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

The Islamic religion enjoins two affairs at the same time: it enjoins that one employs the beneficial means to (attaining goals), complete dependence upon Allaah for its benefit, acquiring benefits and repelling harms according to one’s ability.

Commentary: The author (i.e. Imaam As-Sadi) said that the Islamic religion enjoins two things at the same time: it enjoins that one employs the beneficial means to (attaining goals), complete dependence upon Allaah for its benefit, acquiring benefits and repelling harms according to one’s ability. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Be eager for what benefits you, seek help from Allah, and do not be frustrated. If something befalls you, then do not say: If only I had done something else. Rather say: Allah has decreed what he wills. Verily, the phrase ‘if only’ opens the way for the work of Satan”. [Ṣaḥeeh Muslim. Hadeeth Number 2664]

Therefore, what is required is that a person should always be eager for what benefits him (or her) in both the religion and worldly affairs, seek Allaah’s help and rely upon Allaah. Allaah said: [فَٱعۡبُدۡهُ وَتَوَڪَّلۡ عَلَيۡهِ‌ۚ – So worship Him (Allaah) and place your reliance on Him]. [Surah Hud. Aayah 123] [ إِيَّاكَ نَعۡبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسۡتَعِينُ – You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)]. [Surah Al-Faatihah. Aayah 5] (1) (see footnote a)

———————————————————————–

Footnote a: [ إِيَّاكَ نَعۡبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسۡتَعِينُ – You (Alone (i.e. Allaah) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)].

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: This Aayah necessitates knowledge of the path leading to (servitude), which is nothing else other than worshipping Allaah alone through what He loves and is pleasing to Him, and seeking His help to worship Him alone. (2)

[إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ – You alone we worship] is based on four foundations: Fulfilling what is beloved and pleasing to Allaah and His Messenger- through speech of the tongue, belief in the heart, deeds of the heart and actions of the limbs. Therefore, [إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ – You alone we worship] is compliance with the rulings (attached) to these four foundations and consenting to them. On the other hand, [ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ – And you alone we ask for help] is to seek Allaah’s Aid and Assistance in these affairs and asking to be blessed with the ability to (act upon them). (3)

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy upon him) also said, “I used to hear Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] often saying: [إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ – You alone we worship] repels showing off, and [ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ – And you alone we ask for help] repels pride.(4)

Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: [إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ – You (Alone) we worship]: This statement actualises (or establishes) the meaning of [لَا إله إلا الله – There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] because its meaning is built upon two affairs- negation and affirmation. Negating all types of worship [devoted] to other gods besides Allaah (The Most High) and affirming that all legislated types of worship (i.e. in the Sharee’ah) are to be directed to the Lord of the Heavens and the earth (i.e. Allaah) alone. The meaning of the statement [إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ – You (Alone) we worship] has been affirmed (or established) in detail in other Aayaat, such as the statement of Allaah: [يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ – O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you]; so Allaah made that clear (i.e. affirmation that He alone has the right to be worshipped) in His statement, [اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ – Worship your Lord], and at the end of the Ayah He negated (worship directed to others besides Him) in His statement [فَلَا تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّهِ أَنْدَادًا وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ – Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped)] [Al-Baqarah 21-22]

Likewise Allaah’s statement: [وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ – And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah)]. So Allaah made it clear (i.e. that He alone has the right to be worshipped) in His statement [اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ – Worship Allah (Alone)] and He negated worship directed at others in His statement [وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ – avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah)] [An-Nahl Ayah 36]

Likewise Allaah’s statement: [ فَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انْفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ – Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break]. [2:256] He negated (worship directed at others) in His statement: [فَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوت – Whoever disbelieves in Taghut] and He affirmed (that worship should be directed to Him alone) in His statement [وَيُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ – and believes in Allah].

Likewise Allaah’s statement:

وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِ إِنَّنِي بَرَاءٌ مِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ
إِلَّا الَّذِي فَطَرَنِي

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said to his father and his people: “Verily, I am innocent of what you worship, Except Him (i.e. I worship none but Allah Alone) Who did create me… [Az-Zukhruf Aayaat26-27]

And likewise Allaah’s statement: [ وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ – And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad) but We inspired him (saying): La ilaha illa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah)], so worship Me (Alone and no one else)]. [Al-Anbiyaa Ayah 25]

And likewise Allaah’s statement:

وَاسْأَلْ مَنْ أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رُسُلِنَا أَجَعَلْنَا مِنْ دُونِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ آلِهَةً
يُعْبَدُونَ

And ask (O Muhammad) those of Our Messengers whom We sent before you: “Did We ever appoint aliha (gods) to be worshipped besides the Most Beneficent (Allah)?”[Az-Zukhruf Ayah 45] And other Aayaat besides the above. (5)

[إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ – You (Alone) we worship] is an fulfilment of the statement [لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّٰهُ – There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah], and the statement [وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ – and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything] is a fulfilment of the statement [لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِٱللَّٰهِ- There is no power nor might except with Allah]. (see footnote b) (6)

Footnote b: [لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِٱللَّٰهِ- There is no power nor might except with Allah]. Abu Moosaa Al-Ash’aree [may Allaah be pleased with him] said, “The Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said to me, ‘O Abdullaah Bin Qais! Shall I tell you a word which is one of the treasures of Paradise? It is [لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ – (i.e. There is neither might nor power (to alternate from one state to another nor move from one thing to another) except by Allaah’s Will]'”. [Bukhaari 6384 & Muslim 2704]

Al-Harwee [may allaah have mercy upon him] said that Abu Haytham [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Al-Hawl (i.e. might) is Al-Harakah (movement), meaning, there is neither movement nor ability except by the Will of Allaah”. And it is said, “There is no might to repel evil nor any power to reach good except by the Will of Allaah”. (7)

Listen to: The levels of Reliance upon Allah by Shaikh Abu Hakeem Bilal Davis [may Allaah preserve him]: https://soundcloud.com/masjidassunnahaston/sets/the-levels-of-reliance-upon


[Ref 1: From 59mins 43 secs to 1hr 1min: 36secs. https://www.al-badr.net/detail/6y71LsHDZr paraphrased]

[Ref 2: Al-Fawaa-id: page: 41]

[Refs 3 and 4: Badaa-I At-Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah: pages: Vol 1. pages 41 and 53]

[Ref 5: An Excerpt from ‘Tafseerul Qur’aan Bil-Qur’aan Min Adwaa Al-Bayaan’ pages 32-33. Daar Hady An-Nabawiy]

[Ref 6: Sharh Ad-Duroos Al-Muhimmah Li-Aammatil Ummah’ page15]

[Ref 7: Sharh Saheeh Muslim 4/87]

 

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 23B): Health and Disease – [Illusions and Imaginations Increase Severity of Small illnesses and Mighty Affairs of Eemaan lessens Severity of Severe illnesses]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam as-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

Likewise, Islam commanded strong reliance upon Allaah when calamities and hardships occur (see footnote a), and that a person should not be subdued, his heart and resolve weakened, and becomes overwhelmed by those imaginations that are deadly diseases. There are many small and mild diseases whose pain becomes severe due to heart’s weak and feeble state, and being deceived by illusions and imaginations. And there are many severe diseases whose hardship become less severe and its pain is eased when the heart relies upon Allaah, its faith and reliance strengthened, and fear is removed from it. This is an affair that is witnessed and clearly perceived.

Commentary: The author (Imaam As-Sadi) said, “Likewise, Islam commanded strong reliance upon Allaah when calamities and hardships occur”. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۗ وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ ۚ – No calamity befalls, but with the Leave [i.e. decision and Qadar (Divine Preordainments)] of Allah, and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart]. [Surah At-Taghaabun. Aayah 11]

Alqamah [may Allaah be pleased with him] said: This (ayah) is about a person who is afflicted with a calamity and he knows that it is from Allaah. So he becomes pleased with what Allaah has decreed and submit to Allaah’s judgement. (see footnote b) If a believer’s dependence and reliance upon Allaah is robust, and he hopes for Allaah’s reward, this would lessen the pain of his illness and calamity.

The author then said: “And that a person should not be subdued, his heart and resolve weakened, and he becomes overwhelmed by those imaginations that are deadly diseases”. Some people have a small illness and it is easy to deal with, but then the individual with such an illness becomes overwhelmed by imaginations- evil thoughts and imaginations that comes to his heart, and thus these things increase until he constantly lives with the disease of evil illusions and thoughts that leads him to what is more severe than the small illness that has afflicted his body. Some people are afflicted with a small illness and thus they are overwhelmed with thoughts – sometimes thinking that they have been afflicted with magic and at other times thinking that they are afflicted with the evil eye until this leads to numerous imaginations, even though maybe the illness is something very small and would come to an end very soon. He afflicts himself with illusions that makes the small illness into a big one. (see footnote c)

And there are others who are afflicted with severe illness, but due to being blessed with dependence and reliance upon Allaah, patience and hoping for Allaah’s reward, the illness becomes less severe. And it maybe that even in that state of illness, the person finds himself (or herself) in a state of happiness that is not witnessed from those who are healthy. I once met a 26 year old youth – who was afflicted with an illness that did not allow him to move any part of his body except his head – who said to me, “Indeed, I feel happiness which I sought after (in the past) and could not find  – happiness due to Eemaan, patience, being pleased with Allaah’s judgement, supplicating to Allah, obedience to Allaah, remembering Allaah etc”. (see footnote d) (1)

Footnote a: The levels of reliance upon Allaah -By Shaikh abu Hakeem:

 

Footnote b: “. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۗ وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ ۚ – No calamity befalls, but with the Leave [i.e. decision and Qadar (Divine Preordainments)] of Allah, and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart]. [Surah At-Taghaabun. Aayah 11]

Alqamah [may Allaah be pleased with him] said: This (ayah) is about a person who is afflicted with a calamity and he knows that it is from Allaah. So he becomes pleased with what Allaah has decreed and submit to Allaah’s judgement, and he (or she) says, “This is Allaah’s decree. I believe in Allaah and we are pleased with Allaah’s decree”. So Allaah fills his heart with Eemaan and tranquillity, and he (or she) receives a great reward (i.e. due to his patience). [Fadaa’il Al- A’maal’ pages 11-14 -By Shaikh Muhammad Bin Abdillaah As-Subayyil (may Allaah have mercy upon him)]

 

Footnote c: The fearmongers in the media have afflicted many vulnerable people – in the past two years – with anxiety due to fearmongering about disease. Some articles at “Health & Immunity In The Light of Covid 19 (Telegram Channel) sheds light on this serious affair. Search for artcles titled: *[The Saying of the People of Tawheed and Iman Versus the Saying of The People of Tawheed and Khidlan -08: Delta Variant a ‘Formidable Foe” Capable of Counterattacting Health Orders] *[The Saying of the People of Tawheed and Iman Versus the Saying of The People of Tawheed and Khidlan -05: On The Call to Superstition, Omens And Whisperings of The Devil: Pretend As If You Are Contagion] *[The Saying of the People of Tawheed and Iman Versus the Saying of The People of Tawheed and Khidlan: Virus Superpower]

Footnote d: Severe Ailments For Eighteen Years And The Highest Level of Patience – [Prophet Ayyoub (alayhis salaam)]:https://salaficentre.com/2020/03/18/severe-ailments-for-eighteen-years-and-the-highest-level-of-patience-prophet-ayyoub-alayhis-salaam/

Read: Second, Third, Fourth or Even Hundredth Wave of XYZ Illness or Disease! [Do Not Allow a Mulhid Fear-monger to Afflict You With Fear And Anxiety]: https://salaficentre.com/2020/09/08/second-third-fourth-or-even-hundredth-wave-of-xyz-illness-or-disease-do-not-allow-a-mulhid-fear-monger-to-afflict-you-with-fear-and-anxiety/


[Ref 1: From 54mins 08secs to 59mins 43 secs https://www.al-badr.net/detail/6y71LsHDZr paraphrased]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 23A): [Health and Disease]

The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated about health and disease:

The Islamic Sharee’ah brought the most complete guidance regarding them- commanded with everything that preserves and improves health and with what prevents diseases or reduces them as much as possible. It has given useful explanations on this subject matter revolving around the preservation and improvement of health, protection against all harmful things and activities, guarding against diseases before they occur (see footnote a) and treating them after they occur. (see footnote b)

Alongside this, it commanded that one relies and place complete dependence on Allaah (see footnote c), and to know that Allaah [The Exalted] is the Giver of blessings and the One Who repels harms by His Kindness, Power and Mercy (see footnote d), and by way of the many things He has facilitated as a means (to good health and protection against harm), which He taught His servants and commanded them to pursue.

Allaah also commanded that diseases should be dealt with through other than physical medicine, such as patience for the sake of Allaah, believing in Allaah and hoping for Allaah’s reward whilst facing adversity, because indeed this reduces the difficulty of diseases due to what the patient one – the one hoping for Allaah’s reward – receives of firm faith and certainty, as well as reward in this life and the next. (footnote e)

Commentary: Whoever examines the Sunnah – regarding drinks, nourishment and food – will find tremendous guidance in this affair that revolves around preservation of health, such as the statement of the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], “The human being fills no worse vessel than his stomach. It is sufficient for a human being to eat a few mouthfuls to keep his spine straight. But if he must (fill it), then one third of food, one third for drink and one third for air.” [Sunan Ibn Maajah. Hadeeth Number 3349]

This hadeeth is a tremendous basis – for the preservation of health – that has been affirmed by many doctors, and enough is the fact that it is a statement of the Prophet, even if no doctor affirms it. Allaah said: [وَڪُلُواْ وَٱشۡرَبُواْ وَلَا تُسۡرِفُوٓاْ‌ۚ – Eat and drink but waste not by extravagance]. [Surah Al-A’raaf 31] (see footnote f)

Whoever wants to know what has been conveyed the Qur’aan and authentic Sunnah regarding health, let him (or her) read “At-Tibb An-Nabawiy – Medicine of the Prophet” from the book “Zaadul Ma’aadh” by Imaam Ibnul Qayyim. And with regards to preventing disease before it occurs, the Prophet said, “He who eats seven ‘Ajwa dates every morning, will not be affected by poison or magic on the day he eats them.” [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth Number 5445]

Also reliance upon Allaah – to know that health and cure are only in the hands: Allaah said that Prophet Ibraaheem said: [وَإِذَا مَرِضۡتُ فَهُوَ يَشۡفِينِ – And when I am ill, it is He (Allaah) Who cures me]. [Surah Ash-Shu’araa. Aayah 80] (see footnote g)

Also in a supplication for a sick person, the Prophet stated:

[اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ النَّاسِ أَذْهِبِ البَاسَ، اشْفِهِ وَأَنْتَ الشَّافِي، لاَ شِفَاءَ إِلَّا شِفَاؤُكَ، شِفَاءً لاَ يُغَادِرُ سَقَمًا – Allaahumma Rabbin Naas, Adh’hibil Ba’s, Ishfihi Antash Shaafi, Laa Shifaa’a illaa Shifaa’uka, Shifaa’an Laa Yughaadiru Saqamaa: Oh Allah, the Lord of the people! Remove the trouble and heal him (i.e. the sick person) for You are the Healer. No healing is of any avail but Yours; healing that will leave behind no ailment]. [Sahīh al-Bukhari. Hadeeth Number 5743]

The cure for an disease (illness) is in the hands of Allaah alone and one of Allaah’s Names is Ash-Shaafi (The Healer).

Patience: In the Sunnah, it is said to the sick person “,Tahooran InshaaAllaah- meaning, may this illness be a means to expiation of sins. Ibn Rajab mentioned a number of benefits for the sick person and the one afflicted with a calamity, and one of those benefits is that it strengthens a person’s attachment to Allaah. It maybe that a person was in a state of heedlessness, but when afflicted with an illness, he begins to take himself to account. Many people repented sincerely whilst on their sick bed, so this physical ailment brought him benefit in his religious affairs. (1)

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Footnote a: What are the principles of medicine with the scholars of Islam: By Shaikh Abu Khadejah: https://abukhadeejah.com/what-are-the-principles-of-medicine-with-the-scholars-of-islam/

Footnote b: Striking a Balance in Health: Between Traditional and Conventional Medicine for Chronic Illnesses By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah: https://abukhadeejah.com/why-i-post-health-articles-on-my-site-and-top-12-tips-for-cancer-prevention/

It is not allowed to forcibly medicate a person… The Prophet stated, “Did I not forbid you from putting medicine in my mouth?” An-Nawawī said: “It is desirable that the sick person is not forced to take medication…By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah: https://abukhadeejah.com/taking-medicine-is-recommended-in-islam-for-the-one-who-is-sickbut-it-is-not-obligatory/

Muslim And Non-Muslim Doctors: [Neither Is This Information Anti-Science Nor Conspiracy Theory, Rather It Helps to Understand Why One Might Ask Questions Regarding Medications or Vaccines]

Footnote c: The Levels of Reliance Upon Allaah- By Shaikh Abu Hakeem:
https://www.salafisounds.com/category/books-taught/the-levels-of-reliance-upon-allah-by-abu-hakeem/

Footnote d: 

Al-Lateef: The Subtle and Kind. The One Who is completely aware of the hidden details of all affairs and of that which will benefit the servants, and Who is kind to them, and causes that which is good for them to reach them by a means which they had no expectation of.

Al-Qadeer: The All-Powerful. The One Who is able to do all things; nothing renders Him incapable or wearies Him. The One Perfect in His Power. The One Who – by His power – created everything in existence. And with His power, He controls them, completes them and gives life and death to them. And with His power, He will resurrect His servants, and reward and punish them. Whenever He wills something, He says “Be” and it is.

Al-Qaadir: The Completely Able One. The One completely able to do anything He wills. Nothing renders Him incapable or wearies Him.

Ar-Rahmaan: The Extremely Merciful. The Merciful One Who has Mercy as His attribute. The One possessing tremendous and extensive Mercy. [Source: Names and Attributes of Allaah By Shaikh Abu Talhah (may Allaah have mercy upon him and his wife)].

Footnote e: Patience: https://salaficentre.com/2020/03/29/only-those-who-are-patient-shall-receive-their-rewards-in-full-without-hisaab-without-limit-calculation-and-estimation/

Footnote f: . Allaah said:[ يَـٰبَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ خُذُواْ زِينَتَكُمۡ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسۡجِدٍ۬ وَڪُلُواْ وَٱشۡرَبُواْ وَلَا تُسۡرِفُوٓاْ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُسۡرِفِينَ – O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying and going round (the Tawaf of ) the Ka’bah, and eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allah) likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance)].[Surah Al-A’raaf 31]

Imaam As-Sadi said, meaning eat and drink from that which Allaah has provided you of the good and lawful things, but do waste not by extravagance in doing so. Extravagance can either take place when one consumes more than what is sufficient by eating too much of foods and having a lot of drinks that are harmful to the body, or exceeding the limits in choosing the most luxurious and fanciest of foods, drinks and clothing, or exceeding the limits in what is permissible until it leads to what is impermissible. Certainly Allaah does not like those who are wasteful by extravagance, because exceeding the limits angers Allaah and it is harmful to person’s body and livelihood, until this may even lead a person to be unable to spend on what is necessary. [An Except from Tafseer As-Sadi. Slightly paraphrased]

Footnote g: [وَإِذَا مَرِضۡتُ فَهُوَ يَشۡفِينِ – And when I am ill, it is He [Allaah] Who cures me]. [Surah Ash-Shu’araa. Aayah 80] – Meaning: When I become sick, none is able to heal me, except Allaah, by way of the means that may lead to recovery [i.e. by His Will]. [Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood [may Allaah be pleased with him] said, “Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, ‘Allaah did not send down any disease except that he also sent its cure.” In another narration, the Messenger said, ‘One who has knowledge of it knows it, and one ignorant of it is ignorant’”. [Sunan Ibn Mājah 3438 and declared authentic by Imaam Albaanee in Sisilah As-Saheehah 4/208]

The Messenger said, “Treat your sick by giving Sadaqah”. [Hadeeth declared Hasan by Imaam Albaani [rahimahullaah] in Saheeh Al-Jaami As-Sagheer Wa Ziyaadah 3358]

AbuBakr Al-Khubaaziy [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “I had a very dangerous illness, so a neighbour of mine saw me and said, ‘Act upon the statement of Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], ‘Treat your sick by giving Sadaqah’. It was summertime, so I bought many watermelons and gathered a group of poor people and children. They ate and then supplicated for me to be cured. By Allaah! I did not reach the next morning except that Allaah granted me wellbeing’”. [Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa 18/44]


[Ref 1: From 44mins 24secs to 54mins 08secs. https://www.al-badr.net/detail/6y71LsHDZr paraphrased]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 21)- [A Remedy For The Extremism In Religious and Worldly Sciences, And The Transgression Related to War and Weapons of Mass Destruction]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “This perfect Sharee’ah commanded the study of all beneficial sciences, such as knowledge of pure Islamic monotheism (Tawheed), the sound fundamental principles of the religion, the sciences of sound Islamic jurisprudence and rulings, sciences of the Arabic language, economics, Siyaasah (politics) and all sciences that bring about welfare and rectification for groups and individuals. (see footnote a) There is no useful knowledge related to the religious and worldly affairs, except that this Sharee’ah commands it, urges towards it and arouses the desire for it. This Sharee’ah gathers the religious and worldly sciences; rather it benefits the worldly sciences through the religious sciences. As for those who held extreme views in this subject matter, they confined themselves to some of the religious sciences, so they fell short and made a grave mistake”.

Commentary: Extremism in this affair is when a person forbids – unrestrictedly – the worldly sciences; but if a person does not forbid the worldly sciences in this manner, limits himself to knowledge of the Sharee’ah, seeks sound understanding in the religion ordained by Allaah – because that is the most important affair – and does not dispraise the beneficial worldly sciences, then this is what the Shaikh (the author) intends (i.e. such a person is not an extremist in this affair, rather the extremists are those who forbid the worldly sciences unrestrictedly).

Then the author said: As for the materialists, they confined themselves to some of the worldly sciences and denied everything else, so الحدوا [they deviated from the upright path and conduct until it led them to disbelief]- their religions and morals became disorderly and their sciences had no real significance; neither purified the minds and souls nor facilitated sound nurturing of morals. So, the harm that resulted from their worldly sciences was greater than the benefit, because they benefited from them in terms of upgrading crafts, inventions and their accessories, but then they were harmed in two ways: firstly, these worldly sciences became the biggest catastrophe for them and for all humankind, because of the annihilation, deadly wars and destruction that resulted from it. (see footnote b)

Secondly, they became amazed with these worldly sciences and became arrogant, so they despised the knowledge of the Messengers and matters of the religion. Allaah said:

[إن الذين يجادلون في آيات الله بغير سلطان أتاهم إن في صدورهم إلا كبر ما هم ببالغيه فاستعذ بالله إنه هو السميع البصير – Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to them, there is nothing else in their hearts except pride (to accept you (Muhammad ) as a Messenger of Allah and to obey you). They will never have it (i.e. Prophethood which Allah has bestowed upon you). So seek refuge in Allah (O Muhammad from the arrogant people). Verily, it is He Who is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer]. [Surah Ghaafir. Aayah 56]

Allaah said:

وَجَعَلۡنَا لَهُمۡ سَمۡعً۬ا وَأَبۡصَـٰرً۬ا وَأَفۡـِٔدَةً۬ فَمَآ أَغۡنَىٰ عَنۡہُمۡ سَمۡعُهُمۡ وَلَآ أَبۡصَـٰرُهُمۡ وَلَآ أَفۡـِٔدَتُہُم مِّن شَىۡءٍ إِذۡ كَانُواْ يَجۡحَدُونَ بِـَٔايَـٰتِ ٱللَّهِ وَحَاقَ بِہِم مَّا كَانُواْ بِهِۦ يَسۡتَہۡزِءُونَ

And We had assigned them the (faculties of) hearing (ears), seeing (eyes), and hearts, but their hearing (ears), seeing (eyes), and their hearts availed them nothing since they used to deny the Ayat (Allah’s Prophets and their Prophethood, proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, and they were completely encircled by that which they used to mock at! [Surah Al-Ahqaaf. Aayah 26]

Allaah said: [فلما جاءتهم رسلهم بالبينات فرحوا بما عندهم من العلم وحاق بهم ما كانوا به يستهزئون – Then when their Messengers came to them with clear proofs, they were glad (and proud) with that which they had of the knowledge (of worldly things): And that at which they used to mock, surrounded them (i.e. the punishment)]. [Surah Ghaafir. Aayah 83]

Commentary: The materialists completely turned away from the religious sciences and limited themselves to some of the worldly sciences, such as their rejection of the knowledge brought by Allaah’s Messengers – the knowledge that brings about true happiness and success in this life and the next. The author said that when these people turned away from knowledge of the Sharee’ah, الحدوا [they deviated from the upright path and conduct until it led them to disbelief]- their religions and morals became disorderly and their sciences had no real significance; neither purified the minds and souls nor facilitated sound nurturing of morals. Allaah said:

[ يَعۡلَمُونَ ظَـٰهِرً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَهُمۡ عَنِ ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ هُمۡ غَـٰفِلُونَ – They know only the outside appearance of the life of the world (i.e. the matters of their livelihood, like irrigating or sowing or reaping, etc.), and they are heedless of the Hereafter]. [Surah Ar-Rum. Aayah 7]

The author mentioned that this affair resulted in many harms and various crimes, but the most dangerous of them are two: the first is that their worldly sciences became the biggest catastrophe for them and for all humanity, because when they preoccupied themselves with the manufacture of destructive weapons and made great progress in the affair, whilst their hearts were deprived of sound religion – neither fear Allaah in their hearts nor desiring to please Allaah, nor belief in the Afterlife, recompense, punishment, paradise and hell, these weapons remained in the hands of men in whose hearts there was no sound religion and morals to restrain them. This is the first crime. The second crime is the haughtiness in their hearts and denial of the truth; so, when something from the religion is mentioned to them, they mocked, became arrogant and tyrannical, transgressed and belittled the religion. They considered themselves as possessors of (superior) sciences and insight. The Shaikh (the author) mentioned that turning away from the religious sciences and limiting themselves to the worldly sciences resulted in these two types of harm.

Then the author said: Therefore, it has become clear – based on what we have mentioned- that the beneficial sciences related to this worldly life and the Afterlife are the sciences endorsed by the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger. This knowledge embraces every useful and sound knowledge- neither affirm its origins and negate its branches and vice versa; nor affirms the aspect related to the religion and reject the aspect related to the worldly life, and vice versa; just as its creed embraces belief in every truth, every (sound) reality, every book that Allaah sent down and every Messenger sent by Allaah. (see footnote c) [From 29mins 50secs to 39mins 58secs https://www.al-badr.net/detail/3KwCnaB5tN ]
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Footnote a: Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee Al-Mad’khalee [may Allaah protect him] stated: The Comprehensive Sharee’ah Understanding of [Al-Fiqh Fid Deen- Understanding In The Religion] that “Whoever Allaah wishes good for, He grants him understanding in the religion”. [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth 71]

When this ‘Understanding in the religion’ is stated amongst the people, they understand it to mean the books of Islamic jurisprudence [i.e. the books that discuss the rulings related to prayer, zakat, fasting, marriage etc]; (but) this is a deficient understanding. Fiqh [understanding] – first and foremost – is the understanding of Aqeedah [sound creed] and Tawheed [pure Islamic monotheism]. This is the highest level sound understanding, because the nobility of knowledge is (determined based on the) nobility of its subject matter. The best and noblest subject matter is Tawheed, which teaches people about the Attributes of their Lord and the perfection of His Attributes, (informs and explains to) them about His Oneness, to worship Him alone and sincerely establish the religion for His Sake. Therefore, we seek understanding of Tawheed from Allaah’s Book [the Qur’aan], the (authentic) Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] and from the understanding of our Salafus Saaleh [the pious predecessors]. We seek understanding in all areas of Sharee’ah knowledge – understanding (regarding) halaal and haraam, acts of worship, mutual dealings, (sound Islamic politics), economics and in every affair. All these affairs – and all praise and thanks be to Allaah – are extensively (found) within the (message) conveyed by Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him].

When Fiqh is mentioned, its intended (meaning includes) understanding of every affair that is connected to our religious and worldly affairs, and the foremost of them is the knowledge of Tawheed [pure Islamic Monotheism]. There is nothing that can do without the knowledge of Tawheed. Some people deeply preoccupy (themselves with other) sciences and subject matters, but such a person does not know this knowledge conveyed by the Messenger, to such extent that you find many people who are well versed in language, Islamic jurisprudence, philosophy and the science of rhetoric; but – by Allaah – such a person does know (the sound meaning) of ‘Laa ilaaha illal laah’ – the Islamic Monotheism, which Allaah sent all the Messengers with- the first and last of them. [Allaah said]: [وَلَقَدۡ بَعَثۡنَا فِى ڪُلِّ أُمَّةٍ۬ رَّسُولاً أَنِ ٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱجۡتَنِبُواْ ٱلطَّـٰغُوتَ‌ۖ – And verily, We have sent among every Ummah [community, nation] a Messenger [saying]: “Worship Allah [Alone], and avoid [or keep away from] all false deities.” [Surah An-Nahl Aayah 36]

Every Messenger came with this (Message) until the advent of the seal of the Messengers Muhammad, who resided in Makkah for ten years and called to Tawheed. Tawheed was the foremost aspect and basis of his call. The prayer – the second pillar of Islaam after the testimony of faith ‘Laa ilaaha illal laah – was not legislated until in the 10th year (of his Messengership), and the full details (related to) Zakat was not legislated until (after his migration to) Madeenah as well as all the other laws. This shows the importance of Tawheed, so how is it that many people who ascribe to Islaam- those who claim knowledge – are ignorant of it, then how about the ignorant people. And due to this, misguidance, religious innovations (Bidah) and grave worship has become widespread, and this arose due to ignorance regarding the Names and Attributes of Allaah and negation of Allaah’s Attributes. And (also) people from the other religions entered into Islaam and plotted against the people through corrupt sciences – rhetoric, philosophy, forged (or spurious) historical accounts (or events) and what is similar to that, and thus corrupted their sound creed and methodology. [An Excerpt from Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm – pages 243-244. Slightly paraphrased]

What is Siyaasah? It means to regulate the affairs of the citizens- rules related to behaviour and upright rectification. It has jurisdiction over the individual’s behaviour and the society as a whole. It involves Islamic jurisprudence by way of which the rulers are facilitated with knowledge and understanding of the rulings related to looking after the affairs of the state, its set-ups and Sharee’ah principles. [At-taleeq Alaa As-Siyaasah Ash-Shar’iyyah. Slightly paraphrased. Page 5 by Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al-Uthaymeen]

State Affairs and Religion

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: What is intended by ‘Separation between religion and Siyaasah’ is that the ruler can do what he wants based on what he thinks is a means of fulfilling (responsibilities related to) affairs of the state, whether it agrees with Sharee’ah or not; or even if what he does is based on the judgement of the religion, because the meaning of separation is to distinguish between two things and give them specific definitions. Therefore, in relation to this, the ruler looks at what he considers to be beneficial even if it opposes the Sharee’ah. There is no doubt that this is a false and sinful statement, because the religion itself is Siyaasah and Siyaasah itself is the religion, but what we mean by Siyaasah is the Siyaasah that is based on equity and not oppression. The religion of Islaam came to bring about wellbeing [and upright conduct] for the people in their behaviour towards their Lord and between themselves. It establishes the Rights of Allaah, rights for the people- rights for parents, relatives, wives and the Muslims – in general. And even for non-Muslims, Islam has given them rights that are well-known to the scholars. It laid down the means and conditions for war and peace making, punishments for crimes – some of which are determined by way of specific texts and some are left to the jurisdiction of the ruler, as well as other affairs which clearly shows that Islaam in its entirety is Siyaasah. The root of this word Siyaasah is Saa’is and that is the person who is responsible for looking after the affairs of animals – fulfilling that which brings them wellbeing and repelling that which will harm them. This is Siyaasah. We find this meaning when we contemplate on affairs of the religion, and that Allaah has legislated – for the servants – things without which humans will not be able to establish [a fruitful, stable, orderly, safe] life, and forbade them from things that will corrupt their state of affairs – either affecting everyone or specific individuals. Therefore, in reality the entire religion is Siyaasah. And we are certain that anyone who separates Siyaasah from the Religion and establishes Siyaasah based on what he sees fit and what he forbids, then indeed his Siyaasah is corrupt, and it will cause more harm than good. If it rectifies one affair based on his limited [or deficient] opinions, then indeed it greatly corrupts from another angle. So, this makes it incumbent that one contemplates on the state of affairs of those who base their Siyaasah on their desires and opinions, and became distanced from the religion of Islaam, you will find -after contemplating – that either all that Siyaasah is corrupt or most of it, and that if it rectifies an affair from one angle, it corrupts from another angle. So, based on this, separation between Siyaasah and Religion is a sinful deed and it is obligated on the one who seeks to rectify himself and others that he does so only based on the religion of Islaam. https://binothaimeen.net/content/7366.

Relationship Between Subjects and Rulers In Islam

Muslim rulers are commanded to rule by the Sharee’ah and they are not obeyed when they oppose the command of Allaah or the command of the Messenger. However, it is forbidden to rebel against the rulers when they fail to establish justice. Umm Salamah [may Allaah be pleased with her] said that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings be upon him] said, “There will be rulers from whom you will see both good and corruption. One who recognizes their evil and hates it will maintain his innocence, but one who is pleased with it and follows them will be sinful”. It was said, “Shall we not fight them?” He said, “No, as long as they pray”. [Saheeh Muslim 1854]. Read: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/

Secondly, the rulers are to be advised in private when they err. Iyaadh Ibn Ghanam [may Allaah be pleased with him] said that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], said, “Whoever wants to advise the one in authority, then he should not do so openly; rather he should take him by the hand and advise him in private. If he accepts the advice, then that is good. If he does not accept it, then he has fulfilled his obligation”. [Musnad Aḥmad 14909]

Thirdly, the believers supplicate for the rulers. Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] was asked about the one who refrains from supplicating for the ruler, so he replied: “This is from the ignorance and lack of foresight of this person, because indeed supplicating for the ruler is one of the greatest acts of worship and righteous deeds. It is one of the acts of sincerity to the Allaah and sincerely wanting good for Allaah’s servants. When Tufayl Ibn Amr Ad-Dawsi [may Allaah be pleased with him] came to the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allah be upon him] and said to him, ”Daws (a well-known tribe of disbelievers) are doomed, they have disobeyed and been stubborn. Pray to Allah against them”. He said, ”O Allaah! Guide Daws and bring them here”. [Bukhaari and Muslim] So, Allaah guided Daws and they became Muslims. Therefore, a believer supplicates for the people to be blessed with good and the ruler is more entitled to it, because his rectification is a means of rectification for the Muslim nation. Supplicating for him is one of the most important supplications – one of the most important acts of sincerity to Allaah and sincerely wanting good for the Muslims, so one supplicates for him to be guided to the truth and helped upon that path, that Allaah grants him righteous companions, keeps him away from the evils of his soul and the evils of the people he sits with. Therefore, supplicating for him to be guided, blessed with the ability to do good, blessed with a righteous heart, blessed with good deeds and righteous companions, is one of the most important things to ask for and one of the most virtuous acts of worship. It has been reported from Imaam Ahmad [may Allaah have mercy upon him] that he said, ‘If I knew that I have one supplication that would be accepted, I would make it for the ruler’, and he reported this from Al-Fudayl Ibn Iyaadh [may Allaah have mercy upon him]”. [https://binothaimeen.net/content/7366. Paraphrased]

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “If you see something from the ruler that is in opposition to (the Qur’an and Sunnah), then supplicate to Allaah for him because their rectification is a means of rectification for the Muslim nation; but when we say, ‘O Allaah! Rectify the rulers and guide them’, we hear some of the foolish people saying, ‘O Allaah! Do not rectify them’. Glorified be Allaah, The Most Great! If Allaah does not rectify them, then that would be more evil for you, so supplicate for them to be guided and become righteous, and Allaah is able to do everything’”. [ At-Ta’leeq Alaa As-Siyaasah Ash-Shar’iyyah page 452]

Imaam Al-Bayhaqqi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said that Abu Uthmaan [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Advise the ruler and supplicate for him a lot to be upright, guided in speech and action, and in his judgments, because indeed if they are righteous, the people will be righteous due to their righteousness. And beware of supplicating against them to be cursed and they increase in evil, so calamity increases on the Muslims; rather supplicate for them to be granted the ability to repent so that they abandon evil and calamity is removed from the believers”. [ Shu’ab Al-Eemaan 6/26]

Imaam Ibn Salaah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The leaders of the Muslims deserve to be advised, aided upon truth and obeyed in that. They should be notified and reminded with gentle and kind speech, avoid rebelling against them and supplicate for them to be blessed with guidance and good deeds”. [Siyaanatu Saheeh Muslim 244]

Imaam An-Nawawi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The scholars hold a consensus that it is recommended to supplicate for the rulers and leaders of the Muslims during the Jumu’ah khutbah, that Allaah rectifies them, helps them to establish truth and justice, and what is similar to it, as well as supplicate for Muslim armies”. [Al-Majmoo 4/391]

Shaikh Abdullaah Abaa Batayn [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “The good supplication for the ruler during the khutbah is that one supplicates that Allaah rectifies and guides him, rectifies the affairs through him, aid him against the kuffaar and the corrupt people, as opposed to what is found in some of the khutbahs of praise and lies; rather the ruler is to supplicated for and not praised, especially when praised with something he does not possess”. [Durar As-Saniyyah 5/41]

Seeking After Leadership In Islam Is Haraam – The Difference Between The True Followers of The Messengers and Those Who Crave for Leadership And Ask People to Elect Them

Imaam Al-Bukhaari [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Chapter: If somebody does not seek authority of ruling, then Allaah will surely help him [if he is given such authority]”. Narrated Abdur-Rahmaan Bin Samura [may Allaah be pleased with him] that the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “O Abdur-Rahmaan! Do not seek to be a ruler, for if you are given authority on your demand, then you will be held responsible for it, but if you are given it without asking [for it], then you will be helped [by Allaah] in it. If you ever take an oath to do something and later on you find that something else is better, then you should expiate your oath and do what is better”. [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari, Number 7146]

Few Reminders From Fat-hul Baari:

The one who seeks authority and receives it will not be helped. It is well known that to be in authority is accompanied by difficulties, so the one who does not receive help from Allaah will be trapped within it and thus loses both his Dunyah and Aakhirah. Therefore, the sensible person does not ask for authority, but if he is suitable and it is given to him without him asking for it, then indeed the truthful and trustworthy one [i.e. The Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wsallam)] has promised him that Allaah will help him. [An Excerpt: Chapter: (باب من لم يسأل الإمارة أعانه الله عليها )in ‘kitaab al Ahkaam’ Saheeh Al-Bukhaari with Fat-hul Baari]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: The difference between the desire for righteous leadership as opposed to merely desiring leadership: It is the difference between exalting the command of Allaah and being sincere to Allaah as opposed to love of exalting oneself and hastening towards the fulfilment of desires. Indeed the one who is sincere to Allaah and exalts Him, he loves that his Lord is obeyed and not disobeyed; [loves that] Allaah’s Word should be uppermost and that all affairs of the religion should be established sincerely for the sake of Allaah, and [that] the servants should obey Allaah’s commands and keep away from what Allaah has forbidden. He is sincere in his servitude to Allaah and sincere to Allaah’s creation in calling them to the path of Allaah. So he loves to be [an upright] leader in the religion; rather he asks his Lord to make him from the leaders of the righteous people who are followed, just as he is a follower of the righteous. Therefore, if this servant -[i.e. this person] who calls to Allaah- loves that he is considered dignified in the eyes [of the people], revered and beloved in their hearts and is one followed amongst them, so that he is trusted by them and they follow the example of the Messenger through him, then this [desire of his] does not harm him; rather he is praised for it. That is because the caller to Allaah loves that Allaah is obeyed and singled out in worship. He loves to be a means by way of which [people] are aided to [obey Allaah, single out Allaah in worship and follow the Messenger]. And due to this, [when] Allaah mentioned those chosen slaves of His- whom He praised in His revelation and will grant the best of reward on the day they meet Him- He mentioned them with the best of their deeds and characteristics, and then said: [ وَٱلَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبۡ لَنَا مِنۡ أَزۡوَٲجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّـٰتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعۡيُنٍ۬ وَٱجۡعَلۡنَا لِلۡمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا – And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the Muttaqun]. (pious) 25:74

So they ask Allaah to grant them the comfort of the eye by making their wives and offspring obedient to Allaah, and to grant them happiness in their hearts due to being followed by the righteous in obedience and servitude to Allaah. That is because a trustworthy leader in the religion co-operates with [others] upon obedience [to Allaah and His Messenger], and that is to call them to [sound] leadership in the religion, whose foundation is patience and certainty, as Allaah [The Most High] said: [ وَجَعَلۡنَا مِنۡہُمۡ أَٮِٕمَّةً۬ يَہۡدُونَ بِأَمۡرِنَا لَمَّا صَبَرُواْ‌ۖ وَڪَانُواْ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا يُوقِنُونَ – And We made from among them (Children of Israel), leaders, giving guidance under Our Command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). [32:24]

Therefore, in their supplication -[in Soorah Al-Furqaan Ayah 74]- to Allaah that He makes them leaders of the righteous people, is that Allaah guides them, grants them success, bless them with beneficial knowledge and righteous actions–outwardly and inwardly–without which [sound] leadership in the religion cannot be achieved.
This is different from [merely] seeking leadership, for indeed its seekers hasten to obtain it in order to achieve their goals, [such as] exaltedness in the earth; enslavement of the hearts to them, attachment to them and aiding them in all their goals, whilst they are exalted and everyone subservient to them. This pursuit of leadership brings about corruption-which none can enumerate except Allaah- such as rebellion, envy, transgression, enmity, oppression, trials, being ardent in defending oneself at the expense of violating the rights of Allaah, exalting those despised by Allaah and belittling those honoured by Allaah. [Source: An Excerpt from ‘Ar-Rooh’ pages 487-489’. slightly paraphrased]

Imaam Ibn Rajab [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Eagerness for high status is of two types: The first type is seeking high status through leadership, authority and wealth. This is very dangerous and in most cases it prevents [a person] from [acquiring] the good of the afterlife, its nobility, honour and elevated station. Allaah [The Most High] said: [تِلْكَ الدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ نَجْعَلُهَا لِلَّذِينَ لَا يُرِيدُونَ عُلُوًّا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فَسَادًا ۚ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ – That home of the Hereafter [i.e. Paradise], We shall assign to those who rebel not against the truth with pride and oppression in the land nor do mischief by committing crimes. And the good end is for the Muttaqoon]. [Al-Qasas. Ayah 83]

The second type is seeking high status and to be raised in status above the people through the religious affairs, such as knowledge, deeds and abstinence from the worldly life. This is more abominable than the first type and greater in danger and corruption, because knowledge, deeds and abstinence from the worldly life are affairs by way of which one seeks what Allaah [has prepared for His slaves] of high station and everlasting bliss [in the afterlife]- a means to drawing close to Him [i.e. by way of sincere and righteous deeds] and to receive His favours [in the worldly life and afterlife]. Imaam Sufyaan Ath-Thawree [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: “Knowledge has more virtue because it is for the [purpose] of attaining fear of Allaah; and if not, it is just like all other things. [Excerpts from the book (Two hungry wolves let loose amongst a flock of sheep) pages: 29, 47 & 53]

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Therefore, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] clarified that the corruption [caused] through craving for wealth and high status in the religion cannot be lesser than the corruption [caused] by two hungry wolves let loose among a livestock, and that is [something] manifest; for indeed there is [nothing] of this [type] of craving in the sound religion. That is because when the heart tastes the sweetness of servitude to Allaah and love of Him, nothing else becomes more beloved to it than that. And through this, evil and immorality are averted from the people who are sincere to Allaah. [An Excerpt from (Majmoo Al-Fataawaa) 10/215]

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also said: The seeker of leadership- even through falsehood- becomes pleased with a statement that contains an exaltation of him, even if it is falsehood; and becomes angered by a statement that contains a rebuke against him, even if it is truth. [As for] the believer [i.e. the one with strong Eemaan and fear of Allaah], he is pleased with a statement of truth whether it is for or against him; and he is angered by a statement of falsehood whether it is for or against him. That is because Allaah [The Most High] loves truth, truthfulness and justice, and He hates lies and oppression. [Majmoo Al-Fataawaa: 10/600]

The Deviated Groups And Their Innovated Methodologies In The Affairs of Politics and Rulership

Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadi Al-Madkhalee [may Allaah preserve him] said: The political groups emerged in this era (whilst) affected- to some extent- by the creed and methodologies of (the khawaarij). And for this reason they do not give importance to (other affairs) besides politics. Neither do they give any concern to rectifying the situation of the Ummah though (sound) Creed and Knowledge nor do reflect with regards to returning the Ummah to the Book, the (authentic) Sunnah, and the piety and steadfastness the pious predecessors were upon in every aspect of the Religion. Rather they (i.e. these political groups) increase the Ummah in corruption upon corruption-in creed and manners. So, you see them giving allegiance to the proponents of religious innovations and misguidance, waging war against the people who follow the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, and the scholars [i.e. waging war against those scholars who truly adhere to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah]. They erect false objectives and slogans for Ahlul Bidah Wad-Dalaalah [the proponents of religious innovation and Misguidance] and their books. And amongst them [i.e. these proponents of religious innovation] are Sayyid Qutb and his followers – the one [i.e. Sayyid Qutub] who embark upon the stratagem of the Khawaarij, the Rawaafid, the Mu’tazilah and the Jahmiyyah in creed, methodology and politics, especially expelling Muslims from the fold of Islam based on oppression and ignorance [i.e. oppressive rulings and judgements based on ignorance]. According to him all human societies are societies of Pre-Islamic ignorance and the Muslim Ummah is the severest in its apostasy and Pre-Islamic state of ignorance. Thereafter, the path of the Baatiniyyah (Shiites) was added to this (methodology of his, such) as assassinations, blowing up (buildings, people etc). Then his followers attribute themselves to the Salafi Methodology based on a mighty plot against the (true, upright) leaders (of the Salafi Methodology). [Therefore], when you come to know this, you will know that the Salafi Methodology is free from this Takfeer (i.e. falsely expelling Muslims from Islam) and destruction; and you will know who the treacherous people are. If you know this, then it is tantamount to an act of manifest oppression when the Raafidah, the Secularists and Rationalists attribute (terrorist acts), (false) Takfeer and destruction to the Salafi Methodology. [An Excerpt from Shaikh Rabee’s Book Titled: (من هم الإرهابيون) pages 104-105. slightly paraphrased]

Also read:

A response to Western academics who categorise Salafis into Quietists, Politicos and Jihadists – and why this is a false categorisation.

Amongst the deviated groups and proponents of innovated political activism is the group called “The Muslim Brotherhood” founded by the Soofee Hasan Al-Bannah. Read here:

http://www.ikhwanis.com/authors/Abu.Iyaad.cfm

 

Footnote b: War Criminals. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

لَا تَحۡسَبَنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَفۡرَحُونَ بِمَآ أَتَواْ وَّيُحِبُّونَ أَن يُحۡمَدُواْ بِمَا لَمۡ يَفۡعَلُواْ فَلَا تَحۡسَبَنَّہُم بِمَفَازَةٍ۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡعَذَابِ‌ۖ
وَلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬

Think not that those who rejoice in what they have done (or brought about), and love to be praised for what they have not done,- think not you that they are rescued from the torment, and for them is a painful torment.[Surah Aal Imran. Aayah 188]

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: They want to be praised for that which they have not done and truth they have not uttered, so they combine evil doing and its statement, and rejoice in that. And they love to be praised for some good they have not done. [An Excerpt from Tafseer As-Sadi]

Some Crimes of The Colonialists and Neocolonialists

Native Americans Were Slaughtered in the Name of ‘Civilization’. 1,500 wars and raids were authorized against the Indians and do you remember the Gnadenhutten Massacre in 1782?!

The Hiroshima Bomb? Search for what Marcel Junod – a representative of the Red cross at the time – stated!

Barbaric Sanctions and Later on Invasion of Iraq: Do you remember the barbaric sanctions imposed on Iraq that resulted in the deaths of thousands of Iraqi children? Do you remember what some of your own journalists called an “act of military aggression launched on a false pretext!” There’s no need to give details regarding the suffering and lives lost because that is well documented. And do you remember the torture at Abu Ghuraib prison?! So, who deserves to be referred to as “Global Pariahs” – those Muslim rulers or those people whose false allegations against Muslim rulers you are happy to present as facts?!

Indeed, when individuals or groups in other nations are guilty of war crimes, they are prosecuted and imprisoned even after they’ve shown remorse and apologized; but when the nations with superior weaponry commit war crimes, then everything must be forgotten! There is no doubt that it is appreciated when a person apologizes for past crimes, but have they put in place the necessary steps to stop them from committing similar acts in future?! Indeed, their behaviour shows that this has not been the case because they invaded Iraq just recently [2003]. Their path is simply “The goal justifies the means” and most of their crimes went unpunished or there were few consequences.

One of the contemporary warmongers who gave a speech – on February 2003 speech to the United Nations Security Council about the alleged existence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq – stated thereafter in 2005 (interview with ABC News): “It’s a blot … and will always be a part of my record. It was painful. It’s painful now”.

The War Criminals of old:

Allaah [The Exalted] stated about Aad:

كَذَّبَتۡ عَادٌ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ (١٢٣) إِذۡ قَالَ لَهُمۡ أَخُوهُمۡ هُودٌ أَلَا تَتَّقُونَ (١٢٤) إِنِّى لَكُمۡ رَسُولٌ أَمِينٌ۬ (١٢٥) فَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ (١٢٦) وَمَآ أَسۡـَٔلُكُمۡ عَلَيۡهِ مِنۡ أَجۡرٍ‌ۖ إِنۡ أَجۡرِىَ إِلَّا عَلَىٰ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ (١٢٧) أَتَبۡنُونَ بِكُلِّ رِيعٍ ءَايَةً۬ تَعۡبَثُونَ (١٢٨) وَتَتَّخِذُونَ مَصَانِعَ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَخۡلُدُونَ (١٢٩) وَإِذَا بَطَشۡتُم بَطَشۡتُمۡ جَبَّارِينَ (١٣٠) فَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ (١٣١) وَٱتَّقُواْ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَمَدَّكُم بِمَا تَعۡلَمُونَ (١٣٢) أَمَدَّكُم بِأَنۡعَـٰمٍ۬ وَبَنِينَ (١٣٣) وَجَنَّـٰتٍ۬ وَعُيُونٍ (١٣٤) إِنِّىٓ أَخَافُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ عَذَابَ يَوۡمٍ عَظِيمٍ۬ (١٣٥) قَالُواْ سَوَآءٌ عَلَيۡنَآ أَوَعَظۡتَ أَمۡ لَمۡ تَكُن مِّنَ ٱلۡوَٲعِظِينَ (١٣٦) إِنۡ هَـٰذَآ إِلَّا خُلُقُ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ (١٣٧) وَمَا نَحۡنُ بِمُعَذَّبِينَ (١٣٨) فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَأَهۡلَكۡنَـٰهُمۡ‌ۗ إِنَّ فِى ذَٲلِكَ لَأَيَةً۬‌ۖ وَمَا كَانَ أَكۡثَرُهُم مُّؤۡمِنِينَ (١٣٩) وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ (١٤٠)

Ad (people) belied the Messengers. When their brother Hud said to them: “Will you not fear Allah and obey Him? Verily! I am a trustworthy Messenger to you. So fear Allah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me. No reward do I ask of you for it (my Message of Islamic Monotheism), my reward is only from the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns, and all that exists). Do you build high palaces on every high place, while you do not live in them? And do you get for yourselves palaces (fine buildings) as if you will live therein for ever. And when you seize, seize you as tyrants? So fear Allah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me. And keep your duty to Him, fear Him Who has aided you with all (good things) that you know. He has aided you with cattle and children. And gardens and springs. Verily, I fear for you the torment of a Great Day”. They said: “It is the same to us whether you preach or be not of those who preach. This is no other than the false-tales and religion of the ancients, nd we are not going to be punished.” So they belied him, and We destroyed them. Verily! In this is indeed a sign, yet most of them are not believers. And verily! Your Lord, He is indeed the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful. [Surah Ash-Shu’araa. Verses 123-140]

Regarding the statement: [وَإِذَا بَطَشۡتُم بَطَشۡتُمۡ جَبَّارِينَ – And when you seize, seize you as tyrants]– Meaning, when you want to attack with a whip or sword, you attack like tyrants, completely overpowering and being savagely violent – neither compassionate nor aim to discipline (within justice as commanded by Allaah), nor contemplating on the consequences. (1) Allaah gave them great strength and it was obligated on them to use this strength in obedience to Allaah, but they became boastful and haughty, and they said: [مَنۡ أَشَدُّ مِنَّا قُوَّةً‌ۖ – Who is mightier than us in strength? (Surah Fussilat. Verse 15]; and they utilized their strength in disobedience to Allaah, fruitlessly and foolishly, so their Prophet forbade them from that. (2) Their Prophet forbade them from that  because it was done out of oppression. (3) Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “Allaah reproached Aad – the people of Prophet Hud – and that they are oppressors who attack people without justification, oppress them by way of beating, killing and pillage….(4)

Listen here by Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah protect him]: Islam’s Unapologetic Position On Slavery: https://video.link/w/Qbaub

European Slavery Vs Slavery In Islaam: https://video.link/w/lUZtb

 

Footnote c: Islamic law is the final and seal of all the divine laws. All other divine laws have been abrogated after the advent of the seal of the Prophets Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَمُهَيْمِنًا عَلَيْهِ ۖ فَاحْكُم بَيْنَهُم بِمَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ ۖ وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ عَمَّا جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْحَقِّ ۚ لِكُلٍّ جَعَلْنَا مِنكُمْ شِرْعَةً وَمِنْهَاجًا ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَجَعَلَكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَلَٰكِن لِّيَبْلُوَكُمْ فِي مَا آتَاكُمْ ۖ فَاسْتَبِقُوا الْخَيْرَاتِ ۚ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَرْجِعُكُمْ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ

And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad) the Book (this Qur’an) in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Mohayminan alay (trustworthy in highness, a witness and judge over the old Scriptures). So judge between them by what Allah has revealed (in the Qur’an and Sunnah), and do not follow their vain desires, diverging away from the truth that has come to you. To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way. If Allah willed, He would have made you one nation, but that (He) may test you in what He has given you; so strive as in a race in good deeds. The return of you (all) is to Allah; then He will inform you about that in which you used to differ. [Surah Al-Maa’idah Ayah 48]

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated regarding the above Ayah: The Qur’aan gathers all the (good, excellence) in the previous books (i.e. before they were distorted). The Qur’aan contain an increase in all that will lead to the pleasure of Allaah in this life and the next, and the (most beloved and honourable) manners. The Qur’aan gathers every truth found in the other books, and it commands and urges mankind towards it. The Qur’aan is a book that gives news about the earlier and later generations. It contains (perfect) judgements and (perfect) wisdom. Whatever the Qur’aan declares to be truth in the previous Books is to be accepted, and whatever it rejects has to be rejected because it would be something that has been distorted and substituted by those who received it etc. [Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam al-Mannaan. Explanation of Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 48]

Abu Hurairah [may Allaah be pleased with him] reported that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “By the one in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, none from this nation of Jews and Christians hears of me, and then dies without having faith in my message, except that he will be an (eternal) inhabitant of Hellfire”. [Ṣaḥeeh Muslim. Hadeeth Number 153]


[Ref 1: Roohul Ma’aanee by Imaam Vol 11. page 165. By Imaam al-Aloosee (may Allaah have mercy upon him)]
[Ref 2: Tafseer As-Sadi. By Imaam As-Sadi (may Allaah have mercy upon him)]
[Ref 3: Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmit Tafseer. By Imaam Ibnul Jawzi (may allaah have mercy upon him)]

[Ref 4: https://binbaz.org.sa/fatwas/8929/%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D9%82%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%89-%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%B0%D8%A7-%D8%A8%D8%B7%D8%B4%D8%AA%D9%85-%D8%A8%D8%B7%D8%B4%D8%AA%D9%85-%D8%AC%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%86 ]

The Religion of Islam is a Perfect Solution for all Problems (Part 19)- [Muslim Rulers Commanded to Prepare For Jihaad Against Aggressors]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Allaah commanded (the believers) – in several verses of the Qur’aan – to perform Jihaad (see footnote a), prepare as much strength as possible against the enemies and to be cautious of them. This cannot be accomplished except by learning the arts of war and the crafts on which this strength and caution depends.

Commentary: Allaah said: [وَأَعِدُّواْ لَهُم مَّا ٱسۡتَطَعۡتُم مِّن قُوَّةٍ۬ – And make ready against them all you can of power- (Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 60)]. This cannot be accomplished except through knowledge. (see footnote b) [1]

———————————-

Footnote a: Salafi Shaikh Fawzaan on Jihad in our times and the guidelines of Jihad according to Islam: https://abukhadeejah.com/salafi-shaikh-fawzaan-on-jihaad-in-our-times-and-the-guidelines-of-jihaad-according-to-islam/

Footnote b: Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Allaah [The Exalted] said: Allāh [The Most High] said:

لَقَدۡ أَرۡسَلۡنَا رُسُلَنَا بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ وَأَنزَلۡنَا مَعَهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡمِيزَانَ لِيَقُومَ ٱلنَّاسُ بِٱلۡقِسۡطِ‌ۖ وَأَنزَلۡنَا ٱلۡحَدِيدَ فِيهِ بَأۡسٌ۬ شَدِيدٌ۬ وَمَنَـٰفِعُ لِلنَّاسِ وَلِيَعۡلَمَ ٱللَّهُ مَن يَنصُرُهُ ۥ وَرُسُلَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ قَوِىٌّ عَزِيزٌ۬

Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (justice) that mankind may keep up justice. And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power (in matters of war), as well as many benefits for mankind, that Allah may test who it is that will help Him (His religion), and His Messengers in the unseen. Verily, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty. [Surah Al-Hadeed. Verse 25]

Allāh [The Most High] informs us that He sent the Messengers to guide the creation [i.e. humankind and Jinn] and supported them with clear proofs that clearly manifest the realities, demonstrated the truthfulness of the Messengers and the reality of that which they brought. He revealed to them the Scripture wherein there is guidance and mercy, and revealed to them the Balance, which is justice, and by way of which justice, its foundation and subsidiary branches are known, and so that humankind may keep up justice when they act upon it in their beliefs, manners, deeds, behaviour and in all their affairs. Therfore, all their affairs and circumstances will be established upon righteousness and steadfastness when they act upon that which Allāh revealed in the Scripture and the Balance.

And Allāh [The Most High] informs us that He sent down iron wherein there is mighty power (in matters of war) as well as many benefits for humankind, and He specifically mentioned its benefits in matters of war and then generalized it in all other matters. Allāh sent down iron for the (purpose) of these beneficial, indispensable matters and affairs that bring about perfection – in specific and in general. All things – except a few – are in need of iron. Indeed, Allāh mentioned it in the context of the favours He has bestowed on the servants, and this necessitates that these benefits are extracted through every way- necessitates education in military expertise and affairs of war, manufacture of weapons and its accessories, maritime transport, land transportation, aircrafts and other things that benefit the servants in their religious and worldly affairs, just as Allāh [The Most High] said:

[ وَأ عدوا لهم ما استطعتم من قوة ومن رباط الخيل ترهبون به عدو هللا وعدوكم- And make ready against them all you can of power, including steeds of war (tanks, planes, missiles, artillery, etc.) to threaten the enemy of Allah and your enemy]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 60]

Allāh said: [حذركم وخذوا – Take every precaution for yourselves]. [Surah An-Nisaa 102]

This addresses the affair of preparing all that is possible of power – mentally, politically, materially and religiously, and taking every precaution against the enemies through every means and way. All the small crafts and big ones, the inventions and defense [fortifications] are included in this generality. Therefore, this Islamic religion urges towards sound progress and strength in all respects contrary to what its enemies fabricate that it is impotent, remiss and threadbare. They (i.e. the materialists) know their lies and slander regarding it; however self-importance and arrogance became convenient for them. And out of their ignorance, they think that they have decorated their speech and made it vague so that the sensible people will not know its meaning, although every sensible person knows their lies and slander; rather only the ignorant and misguided are deceived by them – those who do not know about Islam- neither a little nor a lot; but these enemies portray an evil image of Islaam to them in order to decorate that which they utter of falsehood. Otherwise, whoever knows Islam with a sound acquaintance, he knows that indeed the religious and worldly affairs of humans cannot be established in an upright manner except through it, and that its wise teachings are the greatest proof regarding the fact that it is a revelation from the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allāh); The Knower of all the Unseen and The Seen, Merciful to His servants and hence ordained this religion for them…[2]

Also read: Some Causes of Weakness In The Ummah- By Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz:

https://salaficentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/1_Some_Causes_of_Weakness_In_The_Ummah.pdf


Ref 1: From 27mins 58secs to 28mins 32secs. https://www.al-badr.net/detail/3KwCnaB5tN

Ref 2: https://salaficentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Quranic_Proofs_Pdf_final.pdf