Tag: Truth

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 9]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

What the Sharee’ah brought regarding the transfer of wealth and inheritance after death, and how to distribute wealth to the heirs: the Exalted [Allaah] has pointed to the wisdom of this, saying: [لا تدرون أيهم أقرب لكم نفعا – You know not which of them, whether your parents or your children, are nearest to you in benefit, (these fixed shares) are ordained by Allah]. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 11]

So Allaah himself fixed these shares by way of what He knows perfectly – (and free is Allaah from all imperfections, weakness, faults etc) – regarding what is closest to benefit, what a person usually loves with regards to who his wealth should reach and who is more deserving of his kind treatment and favour, and arranged it in an order that sound minds would testify to its excellence. And if the matter were to be entrusted to people’s opinions, desires and wants, it would have resulted in defects, disorder, bad choices and the disappearance of order that would be tantamount to chaos.

Allaah commanded a person to direct some of his wealth in causes of righteousness and piety that will be beneficial for his Hereafter, and restricted that to a third or at least lesser than that of a heir, lest affairs which Allaah has secured for the people become a personal playhouse – at the time of departure from this world – for those people who are deficient in intellect and religion. As for when they are in a state of good health and stable minds, then in most cases what they fear of poverty and bankruptcy prevents them from spending wealth on what harms them. (1) [End of quote]

In order to realize the beauty of this subject matter and its details, then must listen to lessons on this link https://www.salafisounds.com/playlist-ar-rahbiyah-principles-in-the-laws-of-inheritance-by-abu-hakeem-bilal-davis/ by Shaikh Abu Hakeem [may Allaah preserve him]. [Ar-Rahbiyah – Principles in the Laws of Inheritance]


[Ref 1: Ad-Durra Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 27-28]

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 8]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

What Allaah and His Messenger have legislated for people of rights that are a means of righteousness, goodness, benevolence, justice, equity, and abandonment of injustice: this includes the rights that have been obligated and legislated (when dealing with) parents, children, relatives, neighbours, friends and workers, and the rights which both husband and wife owe each other. (see appendix a)

All of them are rights, necessities and affairs that lead to perfection, and are approved by sound innate natural disposition and intellects. By way of them, sound association is perfected, welfare and beneficial things are exchanged between people based on the circumstances and status of the one who is owed the right. The more you think about them, you will see the good in them and the means of stopping evil. You will find general and specific benefits, harmony and perfect companionship that would be a testimony for you that this Sharee’ah guarantees happiness in this life and the next. (see appendix b)

You will see that these rights are suitable in every era, place and situation, and within the customs of the people (see appendix c)- a benefit for all aspects of human welfare, a means of achieving perfect mutual cooperation in religious and worldly affairs, an initiator of good thoughts, removing hatred and resentment. These affairs are known by way of thorough examination and close observation of its sources in the divine text. (1)

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Appendix a: Visit links below

The Good Treatment of the Mother and Father in Light of the Quran and Sunnah:

The Good Treatment of the Mother and Father in Light of the Quran and Sunnah

Twelve Steps In Cultivating Our Children and Establishing a Pious Home

Twelve Steps In Cultivating Our Children and Establishing a Pious Home

Relatives: https://salaficentre.com/2020/04/09/hadeeth-fear-allaah-and-maintain-your-ties-of-kinship/

Neighbours: https://salaficentre.com/2019/03/03/admonition-to-neighbours-by-shaikh-muhammad-bin-abdillaah-as-subayyil-and-shaikh-zayd-bin-haadi-rahimahumallaah/

Companions: Only True Friends and Righteous Companions Will Benefit You: https://abukhadeejah.com/only-true-friends-and-righteous-companions-will-benefit-you/

The Right of the Employer and Worker:

The Rights of the Husband & Wife – Busting the Gender Reassignment Myth: https://www.salafisounds.com/the-rights-of-the-husband-wife-busting-the-gender-reassignment-myth-khutbah-by-abu-khadeejah/

 

Appendix b: Relationships In Society:

Imaam Shanqeetee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

Ponder upon what the great leader [Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)] has been commanded and how he should deal with his society. Allaah [The Most High] said:

فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ لِنتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ

And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs.” [Soorah Aal Imraan: Ayah: 159]

Ponder upon what a person has been commanded and how he should deal with his leader. Allaah [The Most High] said: [يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ – O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. [Soorah An-Nisaa. Verse 59] (3)

Ponder upon what a person has been commanded to do [in order to safeguard close members] of his society, such as his children and wife. Allaah [The Most High] said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَّا يَعْصُونَ اللَّهَ مَا أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ

O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded. [Soorah Tahreem. Verse 6]

Ponder upon how (the Qur’aan) has informed the person about cautiousness and resoluteness when dealing his (close) social group in particular- that if he comes across that which is not befitting [from them], he is commanded to pardon and forgive. Firstly, the Qur’aan commands him to be cautious and resolute, and secondly, it commands him to pardon and forgive. Allaah [The Most High] said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَّكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ ۚ وَإِن تَعْفُوا وَتَصْفَحُوا وَتَغْفِرُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you (i.e. may stop you from the obedience of Allah), therefore beware of them! But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive (their faults), then verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.[Soorah At-Taghaabun. Verse 14]

Ponder upon how individuals in society have been commanded to deal with one another in general. Allaah (The Most High) said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ ۚ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

Verily, Allah enjoins Al-Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help, etc.): and forbids Al-Fahsha’ (i.e. all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e. all that is prohibited by Islamic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds, etc.), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression), He admonishes you, that you may take heed. [Soorah An-Nahl: Ayah: 90]

And Allaah [The Most High] said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ ۖ وَلَا تَجَسَّسُوا وَلَا يَغْتَب بَّعْضُكُم بَعْضًا

O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another.”[Soorah Al-Hujuraat. Verse 12]

And He [The Most High] said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا يَسْخَرْ قَوْمٌ مِّن قَوْمٍ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُونُوا خَيْرًا مِّنْهُمْ وَلَا نِسَاءٌ مِّن نِّسَاءٍ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُنَّ خَيْرًا مِّنْهُنَّ ۖ وَلَا تَلْمِزُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَلَا تَنَابَزُوا بِالْأَلْقَابِ ۖ بِئْسَ الِاسْمُ الْفُسُوقُ بَعْدَ الْإِيمَانِ ۚ وَمَن لَّمْ يَتُبْ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ

O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one’s brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as: “O sinner”, or “O wicked”, etc.]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc.). [Soorah Al-Hujuraat. Verse 11]

And He [The Most High] said:
وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ

Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. [Soorah Al-Maa-idah. Verse 2]

And Allaah [The Most High] said: [إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ – The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion)]. [Soorah Al-Hujuraat. Verse 10]

And Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ – And who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation]. [Soorah Ash-Shooraa. Verse 38]

And when it is the case that the individuals of a society are not safe –regardless who they may be-from the hostility and enmity of others in their Jinn or human society, and it is the case that every individual is in need of a remedy for this problem whose trial affects everyone- therefore Allaah [The Most High] clearly prescribed its remedy in three places in His Book. The remedy for human hostility [Ref 2] is that [a person] should turn away from the hostile one and responds to him [or her] with what is better. Allaah [The Most High] said in Soorah Al-Araaf Verse 199: [خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجَاهِلِينَ – Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e. don’t punish them].

Allaah [The Most High] said Soorah Al-Muminoon Verse 96: [ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ السَّيِّئَةَ ۚ نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَصِفُونَ – Repel evil with that which is better. We are Best-Acquainted with the things they utter].

Allaah [The Most High] made it more evident that this divine remedy cuts off this satanic ailment and He also made more (evident) that this divine (remedy) is not bestowed upon every person, except upon a person who has been granted in abundance and a great portion [of the happiness in the Hereafter]. Allaah [The Most High] said:

ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ
وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا الَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا ذُو حَظٍّ عَظِيمٍ

Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e. Allah ordered the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly), then verily! he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend. But none is granted it (the above quality) except those who are patient, and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion (of the happiness in the Hereafter i.e. Paradise and in this world of a high moral character). [Surah Fussilat. Verses 34-35]

And there is no remedy against a devil amongst the Jinn except through seeking refuge with Allaah. Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَإِمَّا يَنزَغَنَّكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ نَزْغٌ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ – And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitan (Satan) then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower].

Allaah [The Most High] said Soorah Al-Muminoon Verses 97-98:

وَقُل رَّبِّ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ هَمَزَاتِ الشَّيَاطِينِ
وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ رَبِّ أَن يَحْضُرُونِ

And say: “My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings (suggestions) of the Shayatin (devils). “And I seek refuge with You, My Lord! lest they may attend (or come near) me.”

Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَإِمَّا يَنزَغَنَّكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ نَزْغٌ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ – And if an evil whisper from Shaitan (Satan) tries to turn you away (O Muhammad) (from doing good, etc.), then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower]. [Surah Fussilat Verse 36] [Source: An Excerpt From ‘Al-Islaamu Deenun Kaamilun’. pages 10-12]

How to Enjoin Good And Forbid Evil In Society

Question to Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him]: Is enjoining good and forbidding evil by the hand obligated on all Muslims, or is it just for those in authority and their deputies?

Answer: Stopping what is wrong is obligated on all Muslims based on their ability, because the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever sees an evil deed, then let him stop it with their hand [i.e. by taking action based on what the law of a land allows him]; if he cannot, then with his tongue [i.e. by speaking against it based on what the law of a land allows him]; and if he cannot, then with their heart [i.e. by hating in his heart and keeps away from the evil], and that is the weakest of Iman (faith)”. [Reported by Muslim]

However, stopping evil with one’s hand must be based on ability and should not result in greater corruption or evil. A man has the right to rectify matters with his hand (by taking action) in his home in relation to his children, wife, and servants (i.e. baaed on what the law allows). A manager has the authority to make changes with the hand within the organization they are responsible for, in accordance with the instructions that were given to them [i.e. based on the law of the land], but people should not stop anything with their hand which they are not authorized to stop. If they stop that which they have no authority to stop, this will result in more evil and great corruption between them and the people, and between the people and the state. In this case, they should stop evil with their tongue [i.e. by speaking against it in manner allowed by the law]. They may say, “O such and such! Fear Allah! This is not permissible. This is prohibited. This is obligated on you” and clarify the affair with a legislated Islamic proof. This is what can be done with the tongue. As for stopping (evil) with the hand, this should be carried out where one has authority, such as in one’s home – amongst those under one’s responsibility [i.e. within the law], or those authorized by the ruler, such as those given permission and authority to enjoin good. They stop evil in accordance with the authority they have been given – in the way prescribed by the Shari’ah [i.e. based on Islamic law in a Muslim country], without exceeding their jurisdiction. The same applies to the governor of a city to stop evil with his hand in accordance with the instructions he has (been given). [An Excerpt from ‘Fataawa Ibn Baaz 8/208]

Living With Non-Muslims In The West: With Fine Conduct: https://abukhadeejah.com/living-with-non-muslims-in-the-west-with-fine-conduct/

Appendix c: Customs

Ibn Abbaas [may Allaah be pleased with him and his father] said that the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The most hated people to Allaah are three: a person who deviates from right conduct [i.e. an evil doer] in the Haram [sanctuaries of Makkah and Medeenah]; a person who seeks that the traditions of the pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance should remain in Islam and a person who seeks to shed somebody’s blood without any right”.

Al-Allaamah Zaid Bin Haadee Al-Mad’khalee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said, “These three deeds are from the major sins. The first major sin is Al-Ilhaad Fil Haram [i.e. deviating from right conduct in the sanctuaries of Makkah and Madeenah]. Ilhaad means to deviate from the truth [and enter into] falsehood, and supporting falsehood in order to obliterate the truth. Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] censured the Mulhideen Fil Haram [i.e. those who deviate from right conduction in the sanctuaries of Makkah and Madeenah], saying:

[وَمَن يُرِدۡ فِيهِ بِإِلۡحَادِۭ بِظُلۡمٍ۬ نُّذِقۡهُ مِنۡ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ۬ – And whoever intends evil actions therein or to do wrong (i.e. practise polytheism and leave Islamic Monotheism), We shall make him taste a painful torment]. [Surah Al-Hajj. Aayah 25]

Allaah promised them [a severe punishment] due to the mere fact they intend evil actions therein [i.e. in the sanctuaries of Makkah and Madeenah], then how about perpetrating such deed! Indeed that would be a more severe sin, a more frightening state and a more severe punishment. This is a proof regarding the virtue of the sanctuaries of the Haram- that it is a sacred land chosen by Allaah and He made it a place where virtuous acts of worship are performed, [such as] the Hajj which is one of the pillars of Islaam. Allaah gave this place virtues that cannot be enumerated, such as the increased reward attached to good deeds [performed in Makkah and Madeenah] and gave this land virtue over all other lands of the earth.

The second major sin is committed by the person who wants that the pre-Islamic traditions should remain in Islaam, as if he gives precedence to the pre-Islamic traditions – the evil customs that were followed during that period and the misguided deeds- over the Islamic practices, Eemaan, Ihsaan, their virtue and virtue of the Sunnah. He is guilty of committing a major sin, and this includes giving precedence to Bidah over [the authentic] Sunnah that guides to the straight path.

The third major sin is to seek to shed somebody’s blood without any right – meaning: seeking to shed the blood of a Muslim without right and doing so based on oppression and animosity. Shedding the blood of a Muslim is a great crime, just as the Prophet said, “The extinction of the whole world is less significant to Allaah than killing a Muslim [i.e. unlawfully]”. And he [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] stated regarding the rights of the Ka’bah, “How great you are and how great is your sanctity! But the sanctity of a believer is greater than yours in the sight of Allaah”.

It is not permissible to transgress against the Muslims and the believers – males and females- in the sanctuaries of [Makkah and Madeenah] or in other places due to the great sin and punishment which results from that. [At-taleeqaat Al-Maleehah Alaa Silsilah Al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah. Vol 1. Pages 429-430]

Imaam Ash-Shaatibee [may Allaah have mercy upon him] stated in Al-Muwaafaqaat that customs are many different types- some are good and others are corrupt. The good customs are those that neither oppose the Sharee’ah texts nor lead to losing an affair deem to be beneficial by the Sharee’ah, nor lead to an affair which the Sharee’ah deems to be corrupt. As for the corrupt customs, they are those that oppose the evidences in the Sharee’ah or some of the principles of the Sharee’ah, such as some of the customary dealings in usury and those deeds deemed to be evil by the Sharee’ah which the people engage in during occasions of happiness (or rejoicing etc). [Al-Muwaafaqaat 2/283]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Hardship is only encountered by the one who abandons the Ma’loofaat and Awaa’id [i.e. those habitual things, deeds, practices, customs etc] for other than the sake of Allaah. As for the one who abandons them truthfully and sincerely from the bottom of his heart- for the sake of Allaah alone- then indeed he does not encounter any difficulty due to abandoning them except in the beginning, in order that he is tested as to whether he is truthful or untruthful in abandoning them? If he exercises a little bit of patience, its [i.e. that abandonment] will alternate into pleasure. Ibn Seereen said that he heard Shurayh swearing by Allaah that “A servant does not abandon anything for the sake of Allaah and finds a loss in that.” And their statement [i.e. the people of knowledge] that ‘whoever abandons something for the Sake of Allaah, Allaah will replace it with what is better.” This is true. This compensation is of different types and the best of that which a person is compensated with is: the desire and yearning to get close to Allaah, seeking after Allaah’s pleasure, love of Allaah, and the heart granted-by way of it- tranquility, strength, enthusiasm, happiness and being pleased with its Lord [The Most High]. [Al-Fawaa’id page 166]

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: It is obligated on every Muslim that he does not depend on custom; rather he presents it to the pure Islamic legislation [to be judged], so whatever the Islamic legislation affirms is permissible and whatever it does not affirm is impermissible. The customs of the people are not proof to determine the lawfulness of anything. All the customs of the people in their countries or tribes must be presented to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] for judgement, so whatever Allaah and His Messenger made permissible is permissible, and whatever they forbid, then it is obligatory to abandon it even if it is the custom of the people. [Majmoo Al-Fataawas 6/510]

Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: The customs cannot make something that is not legislated (in the divine revelation) as something legislated, because of Allaah’s statement: [وَلَيۡسَ ٱلۡبِرُّ بِأَن تَأۡتُواْ ٱلۡبُيُوتَ مِن ظُهُورِهَا – It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, etc.) that you enter the houses from the back] [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 189], despite the fact that it was something they took as their custom and considered it to be an act of righteousness. Whoever takes something as a custom and believes that it is an act of righteousness, then it should be presented to Allaah’s divine legislation. [Tafseer Surah Al-Baqarah 2/299]

Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also said: Extremism in related to customs is stringent adherence to old customs and not diverting to what is better than them. As for if the customs are equal in benefit [i.e. the ones judged to be permissible by the divine legislation], then a person remaining upon what he is upon would be better than going along with the new (or emerging) customs. [Majmoo Al-Fataawaa 7/7]


[Ref 1: Ad-Durra Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 26-27]

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 7]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

What the Sharee’ah has brought regarding the permissibility of good things, such as various types of foods, drinks, clothes, the bond of marriage and other affairs: every good and useful thing has been permitted by the Sharee’ah, such as all kinds of grains, fruits, the meat of all marine animals without exception and animals that live on land. It did not forbid anything from these things, except that which is evil and harmful to one religious affairs, intellect, body or wealth. (see appendix a)

What Allaah permits for them is due to His benevolence and the virtue of the religion He has ordained; and what He has forbidden is due to His kindness and the virtue of the religion He has ordained, because He only forbade what harms them, and the virtue of something is attached to its wisdom and welfare, and safeguard against harm.

The same applies to the marriages which Allaah has permitted, and that a man may marry the women he pleases – two, three and four, because of the benefit that comes to both parties and the harm that is repelled. It is not permissible for a man to marry more than four free women at the same time, because of the wrong doing and absence of justice that may result from that. And alongside this, he is urged to limit himself to one wife if he fears that he will be unable to do justice and fulfil the divine ordainments related to marriage. And just as marriage is one of the greatest blessings and necessities, likewise is divorce, lest a person’s life is spent with someone who is neither suitable nor in agreement, and thus compelled to remain in a difficult situation and severe hardship. Allaah said: [وإن يتفرقا يغن الله كلا من سعته – But if they separate (by divorce), Allah will provide abundance for everyone of them from His Bounty]. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 130] (see appendix b) (1)

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Appendix a: Read articles and listen to audio by Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him]:

The meat of the Muslims, Jews and Christians: Ahlul-Kitāb: Halāl and Harām in Islam (Islam 4.3)

Bulūgh al-Marām: The Book of Purification – “A clarification that all sea creatures are halāl to eat.” — By Abu Khadeejah [Lesson 4]

Muslim Attitudes to Alcohol and Intoxicants: The effect upon societies and individuals: (Islam 4.4)

Is it allowed to eat a sea turtle, seahorse, crocodile and hedgehog? ―Shaikh Ibn Bāz

Concepts of Halāl and Harām as it relates to food and drink: (Islam 4.2)

 

Appendix b: https://abukhadeejah.com/is-polygamy-a-practical-solution-to-the-prevalence-of-unmarried-women/

The Regulations of Khula’ — The Annulment of a Marriage at the Request of the Wife

Arranged Marriages, Love Marriages and Forced Marriages (Islam 5.4)

Divorce, Three Talāqs In One Sitting, Taking One’s Wife Back, Waiting Period and Remarriage (Islam 5.3)

Seeking Marriage and the Marriage Ceremony in Islam (Islam 5.1)

The LGBTQ Movement: Homosexuality and Islam: Understanding Muslim Attitudes To Homosexuality (Islam 5.7)

Why Homosexuality is Prohibited in Islam. Must read for Muslim parents wanting to raise their children upon traditional family values with clear, firm identities built upon immutable biological realities. Print copy (206 pp) available from: http://www.islamhomosexuality.com/hs/


[Ref 1: Ad-Durra Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 24-25. slightly paraphrased]

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 6]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

What the Sharee’ah brought regarding the permissibility of business transaction, renting, companies (business partnerships), and the types of mutual dealings between the people in which they make exchanges in terms of specific items, debts, beneficial worldly things and other than that: the perfect Sharee’ah came to settle this type of mutual dealing and put it at the disposal of the people, because it includes various affairs of welfare, necessities, needs and luxuries; therefore, the people are given room through which their affairs and circumstances are improved and the sources of their livelihoods are established. The Sharee’ah specified with regards to these affairs that there should be consent of the two parties, including contracts based on knowledge, knowledge of the contracted party, the subject of the contract and knowledge of the conditions that result from it. And it forbids everything that involves harm and injustice, such as the different types of gambling, usury and obscurity regarding an object, sale or price. (see appendix a)

Whoever contemplates the Sharee’ah mutual dealings, he (she) will see their firm connection to sound rectification of the religious and worldly affairs, and will testify to Allaah’s vast Perfect Mercy and Perfect Wisdom, because Allaah permitted all good things for the people, such as (lawful) earnings, foods and drinks, and the well-established ways of attaining beneficial things. (1)

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Appendix a: Umar Ibnul Khattaab [may Allaah be pleased wwith him] said: None is to conduct business transaction in our marketplaces, except the one who has acquired understanding in the religion. [Saheeh Sunah Tirmidhee’ Number 487] Shaikh Ahmad Shaakir [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: Yes, until he knows what to take [from the people] and what to leave; until he knows what is Halaal and what is Haram, so that he neither corrupts the buying nor the selling of the people with falsehood and lies, nor enters them into usury from any angle whilst the buyer is unaware of that. Trade should be based on sound Islamic principles, so that both a Muslim and Non- Muslim are satisfied with it- free from deception and swindle. [Tahqeeq Sunan at-Tirmidhee 2/357]

Listen to “That Which Every Muslim Should Know Regarding Buying and Selling” – By Shaikh Abu Hakeem Bilāl bin Ahmad Davis [may Allaah preserve him]: https://www.salafisounds.com/that-which-every-muslim-should-know-regarding-buying-and-selling-by-abu-hakeem-bilal-bin-ahmad-davis/

Read: “The Grave Crime of Usury and Interest: Ribā-based Transactions: What is Allowed and What is Not” – By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him]: https://abukhadeejah.com/the-grave-crime-of-usury-and-interest-riba-based-transactions-what-is-allowed-and-what-is-not/

Behaviour of The Mutaffifoon of The Colonial and Post Colonial Era [Colonialists and Neocolonialists]: https://salaficentre.com/2021/08/18/behaviour-of-the-mutaffifoon-of-the-colonial-and-post-colonial-era-colonialists-and-neocolonialists/

Gambling: https://salaficentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/The-Gambling-Problem.pdf


[Ref 1: Ad-Durra Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 22-24. slightly paraphrased]

 

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 4]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

With regards to what Allaah commanded and encouraged in the affair of sound unity and harmony, prohibition and warning against disunity and (blameworthy) disagreement, there are many texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah related to this great principle. Indeed, every sane person with the least common sense knows the benefit of this matter, the outcomes of its religious and worldly welfare, and the harms and corruption that are repelled by it. It is also not hidden that the moral strength that is based on truth revolves around this foundation, just as it is well known that what the Muslims were upon at the beginning of Islam in terms of uprightness in religious affairs, upright state of affairs and the honor that no one else could reach besides them, this was due to adherence to this principle, which they fulfilled as it should be fulfilled and were absolutely certain that it is the backbone of their religion. (see appendix a)

This further clarifies that Islam is the religion of mercy, blessing and benevolence, and it urges towards benefiting humankind. What this religion includes of mercy, excellent mutual dealings, the call to benevolence and prohibition against everything that contradicts these (characteristics), this is what makes it a light and radiance in the midst of the darkness of injustice, oppression, mistreatment and violation of the things that Allaah has made sacred. It is the religion that attracted the hearts of its fiercest enemies before they became acquaintance it, (but thereafter) they took shelter under its shadow. It is the religion that shows compassion and affection to its followers, until mercy, forgiveness and kindness began to flow from their hearts to their statements and deeds, and passed on to their enemies, until they became one of its greatest allies. Some of them entered it with good insight and strength of conscience, and among them were those who submitted to it, desired its rulings and preferred them over the rulings of the people of their religion, because of the justice and mercy in it.

Islam is the religion of (perfect) wisdom, the religion that is in conformity with sound innate natural disposition, and the religion of sound reasoning, righteousness and success. This principle clarifies what it contains of (sound) fundamental and subsidiary rulings, which are accepted by sound innate natural disposition and sound intellects, (perfectly) guided by the motive of truth and correctness, and that which it is based upon of (perfect) rulings and good order are (perfectly) suitable in every time and place.

All its information is firm established truth whose opposite can never be correct, and it is perfect reality applied in its perfect place as it should be. No knowledge has come – and it is impossible for it to come – prior or subsequent – that can truthfully criticize or belie it; rather all true sciences aid and support it, and it is the greatest proof regarding its own truthfulness. Indeed, the fair minded precise investigators have affirmed that the Qur’aan- without a shadow of doubt – guides to every useful science, be it religious, worldly or political. (see appendix b) There is nothing in Islamic law that would deceive sound minds, but rather there is in it that which pure minds would testify to its truthfulness, usefulness and righteousness. (see appendix c)

Also, its commands and prohibitions are all justice and there is no injustice in them. It has not commanded anything, except that it is pure goodness or the best in comparison to other things. And it has not prohibited anything, except that it is something absolutely evil or its corruption is more than its welfare. The more a person reflects on its rulings, the more he (or she) believes in this principle or knows that it is a revelation from the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allah). (see appendix d) (1)

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Appendix a: Read articles by Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him]:

I find it very distasteful when we speak and warn against the other sects… we as Muslims should all come together under the banner of the Shahādah.” Questions in the Manhaj: https://abukhadeejah.com/it-is-distasteful-when-we-warn-and-speak-against-the-other-sects/

An Exposition Of The Ikhwāni Principle Of Excusing Differences For The Sake Of Unity: “We excuse one another in that which we differ.” https://abukhadeejah.com/the-principle-of-ikhwan-we-excuse-and-overlook-one-another/
Listen to lecture by Shaikh Abu Khadeejah: Unity and a Dispraise of Splitting: https://www.salafisounds.com/unity-and-a-dispraise-of-splitting-by-abu-khadeejah/

Unity & Division Through the Eyes of the Salaf [the pious predecessors]: https://www.salafisounds.com/unity-division-through-the-eyes-of-the-salaf-khutbah-by-abu-khadeejah/

Differing in Matters Where there is Room for Ijtihād Should not be Allowed to Damage our Unity―Ibn Taymiyyah and Al-Fawzān: https://abukhadeejah.com/differing-where-there-is-room-for-ijtihad-should-not-damage-our-unity/

Differing in Matters where there is Room for Ijtihād Should not be Allowed to Damage our Unity―By Abu Khadeejah

 

Appendix b: Qur’anic Proofs Which Show that the Religion of Islam Embodies the Beneficial Contemporary Sciences and Professions: https://salaficentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Quranic_Proofs_Pdf_final.pdf

 

Appendix c: https://salaficentre.com/2020/09/04/perils-of-having-good-suspicion-about-ones-intellect-harbouring-evil-suspicion-about-authentic-divine-texts-and-not-critically-examining-ideas-and-claims-of-the-people/

 

Appendix d: Shaikh Abu Iyaadh [may Allaah preserve him] stated: The wisdom of the Islamic Shariah: Cut off evils and harms to society from their very roots and enjoy the resulting freedom, ease and wholesome life. In contrast: the barbarity and backwardness of commercialising corrosive evils– usurious banking, alcohol, gambling–in order to profit from the masses through affairs in which their ruin and impoverishment lies–and then managing this commercialisation through legislation, policies, guidelines and so on to “limit the harms”. The result? Inescapable enslavement, bondage, disease and ruin of the masses for the enrichment of the few who peddle these vices. Where is the intellect?! http://www.shariah.ws/articles/suokooj-there-is-no-safe-limit-in-the-consumption-of-alcohol-and-the-prohibition-of-alcohol-in-the-quran.cfm


[Ref 1: Ad-Durra Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 13-20. slightly paraphrased]

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 2]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

You should know that the excellent characteristics (or virtues) of the Islamic religion are found in all of its subject matters and evidences- in its fundamental principles and subsidiary issues, in what the sciences and rulings of the Sharee’ah demonstrate, and in what it mentions about the physical sciences and sound unity (social harmony, cooperation upon piety and righteousness to fulfil both the religious and beneficial worldly things). The intent here is not to include these affairs in this discourse and explore them, because that would require a great deal of elaboration; but rather the goal is to cite useful examples that can be utilized as evidence for other affairs, and by which the door is opened for those who want to enter into this topic. These are examples that are spread out in the fundamental Islamic principles, the subsidiary issues, the customs (approved by Islam) and issues related to mutual dealings.

So we say – whilst seeking Allaah’s Assistance, hoping that He will guide and teach us, open for us the treasures of His kindness and generosity by which our circumstances will be rectified and statements and deeds will become upright – that the religion of Islam is based on the pillars of faith that have been mentioned in the statement of Allaah [The Exalted]:

قولوا آمنا بالله وما أنزل إلينا وما أنزل إلى إبراهيم وإسماعيل وإسحاق ويعقوب والأسباط وما أوتي موسى وعيسى وما أوتي النبيون من ربهم لا نفرق بين أحد منهم ونحن له مسلمون

Say (O Muslims), “We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Ishaque (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob), and to Al-Asbat [the twelve sons of Ya’qub (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Musa (Moses) and ‘Iesa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam).” [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 136]

The prophets and messengers agree on these great principles which Allaah commanded His servants to follow. They contain the loftiest aspect of knowledge and creed, such as belief in everything that Allaah described Himself with based on what Messengers have conveyed and making an exerted effort to seek Allaah’s Pleasure. The foundation of the religion is sound belief in Allaah and its fruitful outcomes is based on striving to pursue everything that Allaah loves, everything pleasing to Allaah and being sincere to Allaah; therefore can it ever be imagined that there is a religion better, loftier and more virtuous than such a religion?! It is a religion that enjoins belief in everything that was given to the prophets, belief in their messages, acknowledging the truth that they brought from their Lord, and not differentiating between them by believing in some and disbelieving in others, (footnote a), (rather one must) believe that they are all Allaah’s Messengers- truthful, trustworthy and sincere.

It is impossible for any (valid or sound) opposition or criticism to be directed at the religion of Islam, because it commands all truth, acknowledges every matter that is based on truth, establishes religious facts based on Allaah’s revelation to His Messengers and agrees with the useful rational facts that are confirmed by (sound) innate natural disposition- neither rejects truth in any way nor testifies to a lie, nor can falsehood be spread about it (without such falsehood being exposed for what it is), because it is dominant over all other religions. It enjoins good deeds, noble morals, (sound) welfare for the people, urges towards (sound) justice, grace, mercy and goodness, and rebukes injustice, oppression and bad manners. There is no trait of perfection that the prophets and messengers affirmed, except that it has acknowledged and affirmed it. There is no religious or worldly welfare that the other laws of the Messengers called to, except that it encourages it, and there is no corruption except that it has forbidden and ordered that it should be avoided. The intent (behind this clarification) is that the beliefs of this religion are those by which hearts are purified, souls are rectified and noble morals and good deeds are established. [Ad-Durra Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Ad-Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 9-12. slightly paraphrased]

To be continued InShaaAllaah.

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Footnote a: Allaah [The Exalted] said:

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَكۡفُرُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِۦ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَن يُفَرِّقُواْ بَيۡنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِۦ وَيَقُولُونَ نُؤۡمِنُ بِبَعۡضٍ۬ وَنَڪۡفُرُ بِبَعۡضٍ۬ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَن يَتَّخِذُواْ بَيۡنَ ذَٲلِكَ سَبِيلاً
أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرُونَ حَقًّ۬ا‌ۚ وَأَعۡتَدۡنَا لِلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ عَذَابً۬ا مُّهِينً۬ا
وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِۦ وَلَمۡ يُفَرِّقُواْ بَيۡنَ أَحَدٍ۬ مِّنۡہُمۡ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ سَوۡفَ يُؤۡتِيهِمۡ أُجُورَهُمۡ‌ۗ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ غَفُورً۬ا رَّحِيمً۬ا

Verily, those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers and wish to make distinction between Allah and His Messengers (by believing in Allah and disbelieving in His Messengers) saying, “We believe in some but reject others,” and wish to adopt a way in between. They are in truth disbelievers. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating torment. And those who believe in Allah and His Messengers and make no distinction between any of them (Messengers), We shall give them their rewards, and Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayaat 150-152]

Read: All The Prophets Were Muslims and The Qur’aan Abrogates all Previous Laws of The Prophets: https://salaficentre.com/2020/10/18/one-must-call-himself-a-muslim-if-he-truly-follows-the-path-of-the-prophets-and-messengers/

Read: Who are the foundation of Judiciousness: https://salaficentre.com/2021/01/06/who-are-the-foundation-of-judiciousness-and-the-most-judicious-amongst-humankind-by-imaam-ibnul-qayyim-rahimahullaah/

Read: Are There Three Monotheistic Religions In The World at Present? https://salaficentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Are_There_Three_Monotheistic_Religions_In-The_World_At_Present_Section1.pdf

Some Excellent Characteristics and Virtues of The Islamic Religion – By Imaam As-Sadi [Part 1]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

All praise be to Allaah; we praise Him, seek His Help, seek His Forgiveness and repent to Him. We seek refuge in Allaah from the evils of ourselves and the evils of our actions. Whoever Allaah guides, none can misguide him, and whoever Allaah allows to be misguided (due to a perversion in his heart), there is no guide for him. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone without partner; and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger [صلى الله عليه وسلم تسليما كثيرا ].

To proceed: Indeed, the religion of Islam that Muhammad [صلى الله عليه ] brought is the most complete and best of religions, the loftiest and the most exalted. It contains beautiful characteristics, perfection, righteousness, mercy, justice and wisdom that testify to Allaah’s absolute perfection, His All-Encompassing Knowledge and Wisdom. It testifies to the fact that Allaah’s Prophet[صلى الله عليه وسلم ] is indeed a true Messenger of Allaah, and that he is the truthful and trustworthy, who does not speak out of desire; rather [إن هو إلا وحي يوحى – It (the Qur’aan and Sunnah) is only an Inspiration that is inspired (to him)]. [Surah An-Najm. Aayah 4]

This Islamic religion is the greatest proof and the most exalted witness regarding the fact that Allaah alone is singled with absolute perfection, and a witness regarding the Messengship and truthfulness of His Prophet. My aim behind this annotation is to make known – based on what I possess of knowledge – the foundations of the virtues of this great religion, even though my knowledge and awareness would be very deficient in expressing some of the majesty, beauty and perfection found in this religion. My statements would be weak in explaining it in general, let alone in detail speech. However, with regards to what is not all understood and its goal cannot be reached or most of it, a person should not abandon what he knows from it due to his inability in what he does not know, because Allaah does not burden a soul beyond its capacity. Allaah said: [فاتقوا الله ما استطعتم – So fear Allaah as much as you can]. [Surat Al-Taghabun. Aayah 16]

And that is because acquaintance with this knowledge has many benefits, and this includes the following:

– Engaging in this topic, which is the most honourable and exalted topic, is one of the most virtuous righteous deeds. Knowing it, searching for it, reflecting about it, and taking every path that leads to acquaintance with it, is the best thing that a servant of Allaah can preoccupy himself (or herself) with; and the time that is spent on that is in your favour and not against you.

-Acknowledging and speaking about the blessings of Allaah has been commanded by Allaah and His Messenger, and it is one of the greatest of good deeds. There is no doubt that research in this affair is acknowledgement, speech and reflection regarding Allaah’s loftiest blessings which He has bestowed on His servants, and that is the Islamic religion besides which no other religion is accepted by Allaah. So, this discourse is a means of showing gratitude to Allaah for His blessings and seeking for an increase of this blessing.

– Indeed, people vary greatly in faith and its perfection. And the more a servant of Allaah knows about this religion, venerates it more, takes pleasure and rejoices in it, the more complete one’s faith and the sounder his (or her) certainty, because indeed it is proof of all the fundamentals of faith and its principles.

– One of the greatest invitations to the religion of Islam is through explanation of what it contains of the virtues that are accepted and admitted by every person of sound mind and sound (uncorrupted) innate natural disposition. If men were to embark upon calling to this religion- explaining its realities and its welfare to the people- that would be completely sufficient in attracting the people to it- without the need to confront the doubts of the opponents and refuting the religion of those in opposition to Islaam- because of what they would see regarding its agreement with the welfare for both the religious and worldly affairs, rectification of the deeds and hearts. That is because Islaam itself repels every doubt that contradicts it, and because it is truth accompanied with clear explanation, and proofs leading to certainty. If some of the facts of this religion are revealed, it becomes the greatest reason for its acceptance and given preference over others. (see footnote a) (Ref 1)

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Footnote a: An Affair Related to Detailing Good In Most Cases, Warning Against Evil In General Sometimes And In Detail at Other Times, Being Careful of Ambiguities And Generalities When Detail Is Greatly Needed: https://salaficentre.com/2020/08/07/an-affair-related-to-detailing-good-in-most-cases-warning-against-evil-in-general-sometimes-and-in-detail-at-other-times-being-careful-of-ambiguities-and-generalities-when-detail-is-greatly-needed/

To be continued InShaaAllaah


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from Ad-Durar Al-Mukhtasar Fee Mahaasin Ad-Deen Al-Islaamiy. pages 5-9. slightly paraphrased]

Part 3: Guidance For Teachers: By Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: The teacher’s task is similar to doctor’s task, and from the teacher’s obligations is to know the tendencies of the students and the level of their intelligence. On the basis of this knowledge, the teacher evaluates the basic criteria that follows on from this approach in engaging their different minds and levels of understanding. These are among the most important reasons for the teacher’s success in his (or her) task.

The most important obligatory subject matter -without exception – is that attention is given to the rectification of the sound Islamic creed based on the Qur’an, the Sunnah and the guidance of the righteous predecessors. Thereafter, attention is given to the other subject matters of the Sharee’ah, and then the other sciences which humankind cannot do without, provided that the outcomes of these (worldly) sciences do not divert one from the knowledge [i.e. Tawheed] for which the creation [i.e. humankind and jinn] was created, and that these (worldly) sciences are harnessed for the public welfare without standing in the way of beneficial knowledge (i.e. the Sharee’ah).

Indeed, Allaah -by His grace and great wisdom- guided those who have been guided to learn beneficial knowledge and teaching it, benefited the people and the country through them, and they attained success with a good mention of them by the people, a good reputation, increased reward and a good end. And others were deprived of success because of their straying from the right path, so their sciences became a disaster for them and their students. They became misguided in the labyrinths of unbelief, atheism and heresy, and misled others; so they brought upon themselves the same sins committed by those whom they misguided. This is based on Allaah’s perfect Justice and Wisdom, and His recompense for those who deviated from the truth, turned away from the right path and pursued (evil) desires- that they are to be humiliated by being forsaken and through deviation from the truth, as Allaah said: [فَلَمَّا زَاغُوا أَزَاغَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ – So, when they deviated (by choice), Allaah deviated their hearts]. [Surah As-Saff. Aayah 5]

Allaah said: [وَنُقَلِّبُ أَفْئِدَتَهُمْ وَأَبْصَارَهُمْ كَمَا لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا بِهِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَنَذَرُهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ – And We shall turn their hearts and their eyes away (from guidance), as they refused to believe therein for the first time, and We shall leave them in their trespass to wander blindly]. [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 110]

The verses that convey the same meaning of these above verses are many. We ask Allaah to bless us and all the Muslims with beneficial knowledge and righteous deeds, show us kindness, grant us sound understanding in the religion and steadfastness on it, rectify the rulers of the Muslims and their leaders, and support the truth through them, and indeed Allaah is able to do everything. May Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon His servant and Messenger Muhammad, the companions of the Messenger and those who follow their guidance until the day of judgement. [Majmoo Fataawaa Wa Maqaalaat Ash-Shaikh Ibn Baaz 2/316] Slightly paraphrased]

Read: Understanding the Two Definitions of ‘Science’ in Operation – By Shaikh Abu Iyaad [may Allaah preserve him]: http://www.aboutatheism.net/articles/juvtbpd-understanding-the-two-definitions-of-science-and-scientific-enquiry.cfm

Qur’anic Proofs Which Show that the Religion of Islam Embodies the Beneficial Contemporary Sciences and Professions: https://salaficentre.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Quranic_Proofs_Pdf_final.pdf

Transgression Against Sound Religion And Beneficial Worldly Sciences By Two Groups of Extremists- [Militant Secularists And Their Ilk; Boko Haram, Al-Shabaab And Their Ilk]

The Sound Religion And The Worldly Sciences – [Brief General Admonitions From The People of Knowledge]

One of The Best Methods of Teaching- [Gift to Fellow Islamic Studies Teachers In Primary Schools]: https://salaficentre.com/2021/08/14/one-of-the-best-methods-of-teaching-gift-to-fellow-islamic-studies-teachers-in-primary-schools/

Part 2: Guidance For Teachers: By Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

There is no doubt that the teacher is the religious nurturer of the student, therefore he (or she) should have virtuous morals and a good character, so that students may follow this example. He (or she) should also be one who fulfils that which is obligated in the Sharee’ah, far removed from what is prohibited, one who preserves time, jokes a little, broad-minded (within what is allowed in the Sharee’ah), friendly, good-natured, clement, pleasant, independent, able, broad in knowledge and has a lot of knowledge in the Arabic language to be able to perform the duty to the fullest.

There is no doubt that whoever is concerned with studying the human self in all respects and searches for the reasons that lead to knowing the methods by which sciences can be instilled in it easily and with ease, he (or she) will get good results in revealing those affairs of the self that are not immediately obvious, the feelings and perceptions associated with it and the extent of its acceptance of the information to be implanted in it. And one will extract information – from this study and research – that is in fact one of the general rules on which the edifice of education is based. These rules can be summed up in the fact that if any teacher wants to instill information in the minds of the students, he (or she) must first of all have complete knowledge of the lesson, extensive knowledge of teaching methods, effective delivery, able to direct the attention of the students – in a distinct and clear way – to the foundations of the lesson and restrict it to the main topic lest students become confused in their ideas and miss benefits. And in seeking to make them understand the sciences delivered to them, the teacher should use persuasion, methods of presentation, comparison and representation, focus attention on the essential matters that are the basic rules for each of the lessons, instill in them the general fundamental principles associated with things and then – little by little- touch on the other details that are connected to the main subject matter. (see footnote a) The important thing in every matter is its foundation and the subsidiary affairs branch off from the fundamental principles.

The teacher should consolidate the subjects and bring them closer to the minds of the students, make them like the lesson, desire to listen, and teach them its benefit and purpose, whilst taking into account each student’s understanding of what is suitable through the language (words, expressions) they understand, because not all students are the same. The teacher should allow discussion with them and tolerate their errors that occur from the discussions because they are the result of the search for facts. The teacher should encourage them to carry out every research that leads to finding out the truth, whilst taking into account the social circumstances, the different characteristics of people, the customs and the atmosphere, because indeed these matters have a great impact on the psyche of the students, which is reflected in their understanding, behaviour and work. This is why it is a known fact that the intelligent, attentive teacher who takes these matters into (consideration) has a greater impact on students than other teachers. [Majmoo Fataawaa Wa Maqaalaat Ash-Shaikh Ibn Baaz 2/316] Slightly paraphrased]

Footnote a: One of The Best Methods of Teaching- [Gift to Fellow Islamic Studies Teachers In Primary Schools]: https://salaficentre.com/2021/08/14/one-of-the-best-methods-of-teaching-gift-to-fellow-islamic-studies-teachers-in-primary-schools/

Part 1: Guidance For Teachers: By Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

All praise belongs to Allaah alone, and may peace and blessings be upon the one [i.e. Muhammad] after whom there is no Prophet. To proceed:

There is no doubt that knowledge is the mainstay on which the foundations of human life are based. And the knowledge that is most worthy to be given importance and concern is the knowledge of the Islamic Sharee’ah, because through it is known the wisdom (or purpose) for which Allaah [The Exalted] created us and sent the Messengers. And by way of this knowledge, we acquire knowledge and awareness regarding Allaah and worship Him based on that, as Allaah stated: [وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ – I (Allaah) did not create the Jinn and humankind except to worship me alone]. [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat. Aayah 56]

Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated:

[وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اُعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ – Indeed, We have sent a Messenger to every nation, saying, “Worship Allaah alone and keep away from all false deities]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 36]

Based on these two Aayaat, one knows the wisdom behind the creation of Jinn and humankind, and the wisdom behind the advent of the Messengers. Any nation without sound belief or sound religion is an ignorant nation regardless how advanced and developed it is, as Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] stated: [أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلً – Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than cattle)]. [Surah Al-Furqan. Aayah 44] (see footnote a)

A good life is the life of the people of (Islamic) knowledge and Imaan, as Allaah [The Exalted] said: [يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ – O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life]. [Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 24] (see footnote b)

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ – Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 97]

Beneficial knowledge can only be obtained through a teacher, and no person can be a teacher unless he is knowledgeable about the subject he (or she) teaches others, because the one who is deprived of something is not able to give it to others. The scholars are the inheritors of the prophets, therefore the teacher’s task is one of the most difficult tasks because it requires that one acquires the most perfect Islamic characteristics as much as possible, such as beneficial knowledge, noble manners, continuous righteous deeds, patience, perseverance, being able to bear hardship whilst nurturing the student (pupil, learner) upon uprightness and upon a pure Islamic nurturing. The teacher’s success in this mission depends on the extent to which he (or she) acquires perfect Islamic qualities.

The role model and leader for everyone is our master and leader Muhammad Bin Abdullah Al-Haashimee [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. He was the most perfect of people in all noble qualities, and he faced many difficulties and great hardships whilst guiding people and teaching them, but he was patient, endured every hardship and difficulty in order to spread his religion and bring his Ummah out of darkness into light. May Allaah reward him for that with the best and most perfect reward. Indeed, a righteous generation was nurtured through him- a generation that is considered to be the best of generations known to humankind throughout history. It is well known that this stems from the good nurturing and guidance which he gave his companions, and his patience upon that path after Allaah granted them success and directed them to the truth.

One of the most important tasks for a teacher – in every place and era- is to follow the path of the first and foremost teacher, Muhammad [peace be upon him] and that one strives to know this path, so that it is implemented on oneself and the students as much as possible, and that one makes a lot of effort. The Ummah is greatly in need of the righteous teacher- the teacher who receives knowledge and what the students are educated with from the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of His Messenger and the path of the Salafus Saaleh [pious predecessors], nurturing them upon honesty, trustworthiness, sincerity, veneration of Allaah’s commands and prohibitions, competition for every virtue and caution against every vice, (especially) in this era in which the callers to destruction are many (i.e. those who violate sound Aqeedah and morals) and few are those who call to sound rectification. (see footnote c)

So, based on what has been preceded (above), it is known that the teacher’s task- alongside the fact that it is one of the most difficult tasks- is one of the most honorable jobs, the greatest in benefit and the most valuable if the teacher is blessed with sincerity, good intention and effort, because one will be rewarded in the same manner as the one who benefits from his (or her) knowledge. (see footnote d) The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The best of you is the one who learns and teaches the Qur’an”. And he said, “By Allah, that Allah guides a man through you is better for you than a herd of expensive red camels”. [Majmoo Fataawaa Wa Maqaalaat Ash-Shaikh Ibn Baaz 2/316]

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Footnote a: Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: The Messengers are the most judicious amongst the creation without exception, and after them their followers are the most judicious group. The people of the scriptures and the great legislated laws are the most judicious amongst the followers of the Messengers and the Muslims are the most judicious amongst them [i.e. amongst all those who received divine scriptures and great legislated laws].

The companions of Muhammad [peace and blessings be upon him] are the most judicious amongst the Muslims and then those who followed them exactly in faith. The people who adhere steadfastly to the authentic tradition of the Prophet and the authentic narrations transmitted from him are the most judicious amongst the Muslim nation without exception after companions and those who adhered to their path.

The clear evidence showing that the Messengers are the most judicious amongst the entire creation is that the beneficial knowledge they have brought- the righteous actions and the beneficial affairs related to true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife- has not emerged from others or something even close it. There is nothing- from any perspective- that emerged from other judicious people that can be compared to what the Messengers brought with regards to beneficial knowledge, righteous action and the beneficial affairs of true wellbeing in this worldly life and the afterlife.

Whoever ponders upon their personal life stories – in specific and in general, their patience and perseverance, their abstinence from those unnecessary lawful pleasures of the worldly life, their fervent desire for Allaah’s pleasure and the reward Allaah has kept in the afterlife, their purified manners, the fact that they are the most truthful amongst the creation, (possessors) of the most righteous hearts and the most purified souls, trustees of the greatest trust (i.e. revelation and Messenger ship), the noblest of those whom a person can accompany, the purest in their innermost conscience, the purest with regards to their private affairs- will not doubt the fact that they are the most judicious amongst Allaah’s creation without exception. There is no doubt that whoever is closer to them [i.e. follows them properly], then his (or her) share of judiciousness will be more than (that of others). [An Excerpt from As-Sawaa’iq Al-Mursalah 4/1514]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] also stated: Muhammad’s [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] Ummah is not in need of anyone after him; rather the only need they have is someone to convey what he came with. Muhammad’s message is comprehensive, universal and preserved. This universality, comprehensiveness and preservation is not limited to any time and place; rather it is comprehensive for those to whom Muhammad was sent [i.e. the whole world] and likewise with regards to everything that is needed in the fundamental and subsidiary issues of the religion. Muhammad’s message is sufficient, all embracing and universal- nothing else is needed besides it. It has not isolated any affair of truth needed by his Ummah in their sciences and deeds. Allaah’s Messenger did not leave this world until he acquainted his Ummah with everything, and he even taught them the etiquettes of using the toilet, the etiquettes of sexual relations, the etiquettes of sleep and after waking up, the etiquettes of eating, drinking and travel. He acquainted them with the etiquettes of speech and silence, the etiquettes of keeping company with the people and seclusion. He acquainted them with the affairs of illness, good health, poverty and wealth. He acquainted them with all the affairs of life and death.

He described Allaah’s throne, the angels, the jinn, the hell fire and the day of judgement in such a manner as if one has seen them with the naked eye. He informed them about their Lord and His Perfect Names and Attributes, and that Allaah alone is their true object of worship. He acquainted them with the Prophets of old and their nations – the events that took place between them and their nations – in such a manner as if one was present at that time. He acquainted them with all the means to good and the paths of evil- in general and in detail- which no other prophet informed his nation. He acquainted them with death and what will take place in the grave – either bliss or punishment. He acquainted them with the evidences and proofs of Tawheed [i.e. the oneness of Allaah in His Lordship, Names and Attributes, and that Allaah alone has the right to be worshipped].

He acquainted them with Prophet hood and the affairs of the Afterlife, and he refuted all the sects of disbelief and misguidance. He acquainted them with war strategies- how to confront the enemy, the way to achieve victory and conquests. If only they knew and understood these affairs in the correct manner [i.e. the manner it should be understood], they would not be overcome by their enemy. He acquainted them with the plots of Iblees and the ways through which he approaches them, and the ways to repel those plots and plans. He acquainted them with the soul- its characteristics and faults- in such a manner that they are not in need of anyone else to tell them about it. He taught them how to live their daily lives and had they acknowledged and acted upon this, then their worldly affairs would be firmly established. He brought them all the means of success in this life and the next, and they do not need anyone besides him. So how can it be said that the path of Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] is in need of something else outside of it. The reason for such a claim is due to the weak and little understanding of a person. Allaah [The Most High] said:

أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِهِمْ أَنَّا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَرَحْمَةً وَذِكْرَىٰ لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) which is recited to them? Verily, herein is mercy and a reminder (or an admonition) for a people who believe. [29:51]

Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ تِبْيَانًا لِّكُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً وَبُشْرَىٰ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ – And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims)]. [16:89]

Allaah [The Most High] said:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُم مَّوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِّمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord [i.e. the Qur’an, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil], and a healing for that [disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.] in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy [explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.] for the believers. [10:57] [An Excerpt from I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een 4/375-377]

Footnote b: Allaah said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ ۖ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَأَنَّهُ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

O you who believe! Answer Allaah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which will give you life, and know that Allaah comes in between a person and his heart (i.e. He prevents an evil person to decide anything). And verily to Him you shall (all) be gathered. Read commentary on the Aayah by Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him]: https://salaficentre.com/2020/03/28/o-you-who-believe-answer-allaah-and-the-messenger-when-he-calls-you-to-that-which-will-give-you-life/

Footnote c: Rectification of Modern Societies – By Saudi Scholar Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz: https://salaficentre.com/2021/01/10/rectification-of-modern-societies-by-imaam-abdul-azeez-bin-baaz-rahimahullaah/

Footnote d: Abu Huraira [may Allaah be pleased with him] reported that Allaah’s Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever calls to guidance will have a reward similar to those who follow him, without detracting from their rewards at all. Whoever calls to misguidance will have sin upon him similar to those who follow him, without detracting from their sins at all”. [Source: Ṣaḥeeh Muslim. Hadeeth 2674]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ وَنَڪۡتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُواْ وَءَاثَـٰرَهُمۡۚ وَكُلَّ شَىۡءٍ أَحۡصَيۡنَـٰهُ فِىٓ إِمَامٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬ – Verily, We give life to the dead, and We record that which they send before (them), and their traces, and that which they leave behind], and all things We have recorded with numbers (as a record) in a Clear Book]. [Surah Yaa Seen. Aayah 12]

[إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نُحۡىِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَىٰ – Verily, We give life to the dead]- Meaning, We’ll resurrect them after their death to recompense them for their deeds. (I) [ وَنَڪۡتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُوا -and We record that which they send before (them)]- Meaning, good and evil, the deeds they did during their lifetime. (II) وَءَاثَـٰرَهُمۡۚ – and their traces]. Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: That which they initiated of good or evil and thus they were followed by others after their death. (III)

Imaam Al-Aloosee [may Allaah have mery upon him] said: That which they left behind of good deeds, such as the knowledge they taught people, books they wrote, land they gave as endowment or a building they built in the path of Allaah and other good deeds; or sins, such as establishment of laws [legislation, rules, regulations etc] that are tantamount to oppression and transgression, or setting up principles amongst the people that are tantamount to evil and corruption, and the evil Funoon [i.e. the professions, crafts, scientific disciplines, subject matters etc] they initiated and were revived after them by the corrupt people. (IV)

Imaam As-Sadi [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said: It is the good and evil outcomes about which they were the cause of its occurrence during their life time and after their death, and those deeds that emanated from their statements, deeds and circumstances. Every good performed by one of the people due to the knowledge of the servant, his teaching and advice, or through enjoying good and forbidding evil, or knowledge he transmitted to the learners, or in a book which is benefitted from during his life and after his death, or a good deed, such as Salaah, Zakaat, Sadaqah or kindness based on which he was followed, or built a masjid or a place which the people benefit from and what is similar, it will be from the good outcomes that are written for him, and likewise are the evil outcomes. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever starts a good thing [i.e. something other than bidah and sin] and is followed by others, he will have his own reward and a reward equal to that of those who follow him, without it detracting from their reward in any way. Whoever starts a bad thing [i.e. a bidah, sin or something that opposes Islaam] and is followed by others, will bear the burden of his own sin and a burden equal to that of those who follow him, without it detracting from their burden in any way”. [Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2675]

This subject matter makes clear to you the lofty station of calling to the path of Allaah, guidance to His path through every means and path that leads to it; and the lowly status of the caller to evil and a leader in it, and that he is the most degraded human being, one who has committed the severest crime and the greatest sin. (V)

Next topic or section from the same source: “Essential Teaching Skills”


[Refs. I & II: An Excerpt from Tafseer As-Sadi. Daar Ibn Hazm. 1st edition 1424AH (2003). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref III. An Excerpt from Badaa’i at-Tafseer Al-Jaami Limaa Fassarahu Al-Imaam Ibnul Qayyim 2/358. Daar Ibn Al-Jawziy 1431AH. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref IV: An Excerpt from Roohul Ma’aanee 12/325. Daar Al-Fikr. 1417AH (1997). Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref V: An Excerpt from Tafseer As-Sadi. Daar Ibn Hazm. 1st Edition 1424AH (2003). Slighrly paraphrased]