Posts Tagged ‘worship’
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Be Alert And Ask Allaah to Aid You Block Every Path – to the Best of Your Ability – That Will Lead People to Praise You For What You Have Not Done or What You Do Not Possess
Narrated Husayn bin Abdir Rahmaan, “I was with Sa’eed bin Jubair when he said, ‘Who amongst you saw a shooting star last night?’ I said, ‘I did’; then I said, ‘I was not in prayer, but was stung by a scorpion’ [i.e. that is the reason why I was awake and saw the shooting star]. He said, ‘Then what did you do?’ I said, ‘I performed Ruqyah’”… to the end of the hadeeth: [See the full hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim 220]
Faa’idah From This Section of The Hadeeth: Husayn said: ‘I did’ [i.e. I saw the shooting start]; then I said, ‘I was not in prayer, but was stung by a scorpion’ [i.e. that is the reason why I was awake and saw the shooting star].
Question: Why did Husayn Bin Abdir Rahmaan [rahimahullaah] mention – in addition – that he was not in prayer after saying to Sa’eed Bin Jubayr that he saw the shooting star last night?!
Imaam Sa’di [rahimahullaah] said: That is because Salaf [i.e. the pious predecessors] were far removed from praising a person for something he does not possess. [An Excerpt from ‘Al-Qawlus Sadeed Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed’. page 77. Slightly paraphrased]
Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] said: He [i.e. Husayn] said this lest the people think that he was standing in prayer and thus he is praised for that which he did not do. This is opposite of what some people do, for they rejoice that people assumed that they were standing in prayer. This is tantamount to a deficiency in one’s Tawheed. Husayn’s statement is not viewed from the angle of show off, rather it is a good deed. And it is not like that one who abandons acts obedience to Allaah out of fear of Riyaa, for indeed shaytaan plays about with a person [in this affair] and beautifies for him to abandon deeds out of fear of Riyaa; rather one should perform acts of obedience to Allaah, but nothing should be in your heart that you want to be seen by people. [An Excerpt from ‘Al-Qawlul Mufeed Alaa Kitaab At-Tawheed’. Vol 1. Page 97. Slightly paraphrased]
Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaykh [hafidhahullaah] said: He [i.e. Husayn] made that statement out of fearing that those who were present would think that he saw the shooting star whilst he was in prayer [i.e. Tahajjud], so he negated that from himself. This shows the virtue of the Salaf [pious predecessors], their eagerness for sincerity, being distant from showing off and adorning oneself with something one does not possess. [An Excerpt from ‘Sharh Fat-hul Majeed Li-Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed. Vol 1. Page 162’. Slightly paraphrased]
What to Say When Praised
A man among the companions of the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] used to say when he was praised: O Allaah! Do not take me to account for what they say and forgive me for what they do not know [about me].
Reminder from the above Athar by Shaikh Zaid Bin Haadi [rahimahullaah]
This is from the invocations and supplications [which a person supplicates with], specifically when praised and he hears it; for example, when it is said, ‘’Fulaan [i.e. such and such person] upright and righteous’’, so he hears what was said about him, or such praise reached him [from others], or it is said, ‘’Fulaan [i.e. such and such] is very truthful, such and such is a good doer, a charitable person, a scholar and so on’’. If he hears this, then a believer fears for himself and feels shy that he is the opposite of what the people say about him, and because of this he re-examines himself and becomes active in carrying out deeds to make him righteous- a good doer and worthy of the praise given to him by the people.
If he does this, he will be successful and blessed; but if he becomes deceived by what the people say and becomes oblivious of his mistakes and shortcomings, shaytaan will afflict him with self-importance. Due to this, when a believer hears the people commending and praising him with [attributes] of righteousness, he utters this dhikr: ‘’[O Allaah! Do not take me to account for what they say]’’ – Meaning: ‘’Do not hold me account due to this praise and commendation, and the good characteristics [mentioned about me].’’ That is because he fears for himself.
The soul of a person is weak, so he says, ‘’[And forgive me for what they do not know (about me)]’’- Meaning: ‘’The people commend a person based on what they know about him outwardly, so the person fears that he has Mukhaalafaat [i.e. deeds that are in opposition to the commands and prohibitions in the Sharee’ah] which are unknown to the people, so he asks his Lord [The Blessed and Exalted] not to hold him to account and to forgive those sins of his, shortcomings and mistakes which are unknown to the people. The children of Adam are deficient, but there are those amongst them who fall short and return to [repentance or rectification] and are active again in the performance of good deeds after falling short. And amongst them are those who fall short and persist upon (sin) until punishment comes upon them. [Source: Awnul Ahadis Samad Sharh Al-Adabil Mufrad’ Vol 2, page 389’ by Shaikh Zayd Bin Haadi al-Madkhali (rahimahullaah)]. Paraphrased]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Shaikh Rabee Bin Haadi [hafidhahullaah] said:
If we flee from usury, fornication and other sins, this would be considered an act of worship performed out of obedience to Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted], but- by Allaah- neither will it save us from the fire nor entitle us to the intercession of the Noble Messenger unless we [die upon] Tawheed. Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu-ahu] asked the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam], “O Allaah’s Messenger! Who will be [happiest person-i.e. the one protected from evil and given success] to gain your intercession on the Day of Resurrection?” Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, “O Abu Hurairah! I have thought that none will ask me about it before you, as I know your eagerness to learn hadeeth. The [happiest person] who will gain my intercession on the Day of Resurrection will be the one who said sincerely from [the bottom] of his [or her] heart that ‘None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.’” [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari’ Hadeeth Number 99]
Therefore, has this person – the one who invokes [or supplicates to] others besides Allaah, performs animal sacrifice to others besides Allaah, seeks deliverance and rescue from others besides Allaah [Ref 2], performs Tawaaf around graves [Ref 3] and believes that the Awliyaa can harm and benefit someone [Ref 4] – testified truthfully from the bottom of his heart that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah? By Allaah, he has not done so truthfully, because he says that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah but invokes such and such person and offers animal sacrifice for their sake as an act of worship. This destroys the meaning of ‘None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah’.
Conditions of The Shahaadah: http://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-muslim-testimony-of-faith-shahadah-and-its-conditions-islam-2-2/
Ref 2. Du’aa [invocation/supplication]: “Your Lord says: O people, invoke Me and supplicate to Me making your worship sincerely for Me alone, and I will answer you, and pardon you and have mercy upon you. Indeed those who disdain to worship Me alone will enter Hell-Fire in disgrace.” [Soorah Ghaafir (40):60]
So the noble Aayah proves that invocation/supplication (du’aa) is worship, and if that were not the case it would not be said “those who disdain to worship Me alone….” So, whoever called upon anyone besides Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, requesting something which none but Allaah has power over, then he is a one who worships others besides Allaah, an unbeliever, whether the one he calls upon is living or dead. [Refer this link regarding Takfeer & excuse of ignorance by Sh Fawzaan, Sh Uthaymeen and others http://www.manhaj.com/manhaj/articles/obkwf-takfir-and-the-excuse-of-ignorance-shaykh-saalih-al-fawzaan.cfm]
Whoever requests a living person for something which he is able to do, such as the saying: ‘O so and so give me food’ or ‘O so and so give me a drink,’ then there is no harm in that. But whoever asks a dead person or someone who is absent for that, then he is a one who worships others besides Allaah, since the deceased or the absent cannot possibly do that. So, in such a case his supplicating to them shows that he believes that they have some control over the creation, and he is therefore one who worships others besides Allaah.
Adh-Dhab [Animal sacrifice]: Sacrifice is to kill by spilling the blood of the animal in a particular manner, and is done for a number of reasons:
[A] That it is done as an act of worship, such that he intends by it veneration of the one for whom he sacrifices, and intends it as an act of submission to him and a means of nearness to him. So, this may not be done except for Allaah, the Most High, and has to be done in the manner which Allaah, the Most High, has prescribed. Directing it to other than Allaah is major shirk and the evidence (as mentioned by the author) is the Saying of Allaah, the Most High, “Say, O Muhammad, indeed my Prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are all purely and solely for Allaah, Lord of all creation. There is no share of any of that for other than Him’ [Soorah al-An’aam (6):162-3]
[B]That it is done out of hospitality for the guest, or for as wedding feast (waleemah) or the like, then this is something commanded, either as an obligation or a recommendation, as he said “Whoever truly believes in Allaah and the Last Day, then let him treat the guest honourably” [Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng. transl. 8/99/no. 156) and Muslim (Eng. transl. 3/935/no. 4286)]. He [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said to ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn ‘Auf, “Give a wedding, feast (waleemah) even if it is only with a single sheep” [Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng. transl. 7/72/no.96)].
[C]That it is done to provide food charitably, or to sell the meat and so on, then this falls under that which is permissible and is in principle according to the Saying of Allaah, the Most High, “Do those mushriks who worship others along with Allaah not see that We have created for them, from what our Hands have created, cattle which they are in charge of, and We have made the cattle subservient to them: so from them are those which they eat the meat of.” [Soorah Yaa Seen (36):71-2]
Furthermore, it may be something desirable or prohibited depending upon what it leads to.
Al-Isti’ghaatha [seeking deliverance and rescue]: Al-istighaathah is to seek rescue and deliverance from severe difficulty and destruction, and is of various types:
[A] Seeking deliverance and rescue from Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, is one of the most excellent and most perfect deeds, and it was the continual practice of the messengers and their followers. The evidence for it is what the Shaykh [ie. Shaikh Uthaymeen ( rahimahullaah) mentioned: “When you sought aid and deliverance of your Lord and He responded to you that He was sending you a thousand angels in succession to assist you.” [Soorah al-Anfaal (8):9]
This occurred at the battle of Badr when the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) saw the mushriks numbering a thousand men, whist his companions were a few more than three hundred and ten. So he entered the palm grove calling earnestly upon his Lord, the Mighty and Majestic, raising up his hands and facing the qiblah, and saying: “O Allaah fulfil that which You have promised me. O Allaah if this small group who are the people of lslaam are destroyed you will not be worshipped upon the earth.” Then he continued calling upon his Lord earnestly, with his hands raised such that his cloak fell from his shoulders. So Aboo Bakr, radiyallaahu ‘anhu, took up his cloak and cast it back upon his shoulders and embraced him from behind and said: “O Prophet of Allaah, your earnest supplication to your Lord will be sufficient for you since he will fulfil what He has promised you,” so this Aayah was sent down. [Reported by Muslim (Eng. transl. 3/960/no.4360)]
[B] Seeking rescue and deliverance, either from the dead or from those who are living but are not present and able to give aid and rescue, then this is shirk. This is so because it will not be done except by one who believes that those people have some unseen control over the creation, and they have therefore attributed to them a share of the Lordship that is for Allaah, the Most High, alone. Allaah, the Most High, says, “Or is that which you falsely worship along with Allaah better than He Who responds to the one in distress when he calls Him; who removes the harm; and who makes you to succeed those who came before you?! Is there anything that is worshipped besides Allaah that can do these things for you?! Little do you consider the greatness of Allaah and His favours upon you, and the clear proofs He has given you, so you therefore associate others in worship with Him.” [Soorah an-Naml (27):62]
[C] Seeking aid and rescue from those who are alive, aware of the situation and capable of assistance and rescue. It is permissible to seek aid and rescue from them: Allaah, the Most High, says in the story of Moosaa: “So the man who was upon the same Religion as Moosaa sought the aid of Moosaa against his enemy the copt, so Moosaa struck him forcefully and killed him.” [Soorah al-Qasas (28):15]
[D] Seeking rescue and aid from a living person who is not capable of assisting him, without believing that he has some hidden power. For example that a drowning person calls for rescue from a person who is paralysed. This is futility and is a mockery of the one whom he seeks rescue from, and is therefore prohibited for this reason. A further reason for its prohibition is that anyone who saw him seeking rescue from the paralysed man may be deceived into thinking that the paralysed man must have some hidden power enabling him to rescue people. [Source: Explanation of the three fundamental principles’ by Shaikh Uthaymeen and translated into English by Ustaadh Abu Talhah [may Allaah have mercy upon Shiakh Uthaymeen, Abu Talhah and his wife]
Ref3.Tawaaf around the graves: see link: https://salaficentre.com/2019/02/grave-worship-a-brief-admonition-by-shaikh-saaleh-aala-ash-shaikh/
Ref 4. Benefit And Harm Are Under Allaah’s Alone:
Allaah [The Most High] said:
[وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ اللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ فَلَا كَاشِفَ لَهُ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ وَإِن يُرِدْكَ بِخَيْرٍ فَلَا رَادَّ لِفَضْلِهِ – And if Allah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He will. (10:106)]
The Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said to Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa], ‘’Know that even if the Nation [or the whole community] were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not benefit you with anything except that which Allah has already decreed for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with something, they would not be able to harm you with anything except that which Allah has already decreed against you.
If a servant actualises Tawheed, then indeed fear of other than Allaah will be removed from his heart. His enemy will be the weakest thing to him let alone something to be feared alongside his fear of Allaah. He will fear Allaah alone (and none else).
He will find that his thoughts about his enemy, fear of his enemy and busying himself with the affair of his enemy is due to a deficiency in his [belief in] Tawheed, because had he being perfecting (his belief in) Tawheed, it would have been the uppermost thing in his mind (or his main concern) and Allaah is the One Who will protect and defend him; for indeed Allaah defends those who (truly) believe. If a person is a (true) believer Allaah will defend him based on the level (or strength of) his belief (in Allaah). Tawheed is the greatest shield and whoever embraces it will be amongst those who are safeguarded. Some of the Salaf said, “Whoever truly fears Allaah, everything will fear him; and whoever does not fear Allaah, Allaah will make him fear everything. [source: Fiqhul Ad’iyah Wal Adhkaar’ by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Badr (may Allaah preserve him); Pages 222-223; Sections 3 & 4; Publisher: Daar Kunooz’ 1st Ed; 1426AH (Year 2005)]
Carefully Choosing Words [In Different Circumstances] When Calling to The Truth: [Free From Flattery, Sinful Compromise, Unwarranted Harshness and Unwarranted Leniency]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Allaah [The Most High] said:
إِذۡ قَالَ لِأَبِيهِ يَـٰٓأَبَتِ لِمَ تَعۡبُدُ مَا لَا يَسۡمَعُ وَلَا يُبۡصِرُ وَلَا يُغۡنِى عَنكَ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا
يَـٰٓأَبَتِ إِنِّى قَدۡ جَآءَنِى مِنَ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ مَا لَمۡ يَأۡتِكَ
When he [i.e. Ibraaheem (alayhis salaam)] said to his father: O my father! Why do you worship that which hears not, sees not and cannot avail you in anything? O my father! Verily! There has come to me of knowledge that which came not unto you. [19:42-43]
Imaam Sadi [rahimahullaah] said: Look at this speech that is attractive to the hearts. He [Ibraaheen (alayhis-salaam)] did not say to his father, ‘’Indeed, you are a Jaahil [an ignorant person] lest his father is turned away due to rough speech; rather [Allaah said that Ibraaheem said]:
فَٱتَّبِعۡنِىٓ أَهۡدِكَ صِرَٲطً۬ا سَوِيًّ۬ا
يَـٰٓأَبَتِ لَا تَعۡبُدِ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنَۖ إِنَّ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنَ كَانَ لِلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ عَصِيًّ۬ا
يَـٰٓأَبَتِ إِنِّىٓ أَخَافُ أَن يَمَسَّكَ عَذَابٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ فَتَكُونَ لِلشَّيۡطَـٰنِ وَلِيًّ۬ا
So follow me. I will guide you to a Straight Path. “O my father! Worship not Shaitan (Satan). Verily! Shaitan (Satan) has been a rebel against the Most Beneficent (Allah). “O my father! Verily! I fear lest a torment from the Most Beneficent (Allah) overtake you, so that you become a companion of Shaitan(Satan) (in the Hell-fire).” [19:43-45] [Ref 1]
Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee [rahimahullaah] stated regarding harshness and softness in their appropriate places: “It is idiocy and an offence to (apply) harshness in a place where leniency is to be (applied), and it is weakness and spiritlessness to apply leniency in a place where harshness is to be applied”. If it is said, “Be lenient”; say, “Leniency should be in its [rightful] place, because the leniency of a young man in other than its [rightful] place is ignorance”. [Ref 2]
[Ref 1: Qisas Al-Anbiyaa’ page 45’ by Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)]:
[Ref 2: Al-Islaam Deenu Kaamilu’ by Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee (rahimahullaah) page 12]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] said:
إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ كَانَ أُمَّةً قَانِتًا لِّلَّهِ حَنِيفًا وَلَمْ يَكُ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Verily, Ibraaheem was an Ummah [leader], Qaanitan [obedient], Haneefan [one who worshipped Allaah alone], and he was not one of the Mushrikeen [polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and those who associate partners with Allah]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 120]
Three Qualities: Imaam – a leader of guidance and an upright guide for the people; Qaanitan – constant in worship and obedient to Allaah; Haneefan – turning away from Shirk [i.e. beliefs, acts, ideas and views that are tantamount to associating partners with Allaah]; [وَلَمْ يَكُ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ – and he was not one of the Mushrikeen – the polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah, and those who associate partners with Allaah].
Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] stated in another Aayah:
قَدۡ كَانَتۡ لَكُمۡ أُسۡوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ۬ فِىٓ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ وَٱلَّذِينَ مَعَهُ ۥۤ إِذۡ قَالُواْ لِقَوۡمِہِمۡ إِنَّا بُرَءَٲٓؤُاْ مِنكُمۡ وَمِمَّا تَعۡبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ
Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibraaheem (Abraham) and those with him, when they said to their people: “Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allaah…” [Surah Al-Mumtahinah. Aayah 4]
These qualities of Prophet Ibraaheem [alayhis salaam] are that of a person who actualises Tawheed [pure Islamic monotheism] and an encouragement for others to emulate them, just as Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] stated: [قَدۡ كَانَتۡ لَكُمۡ أُسۡوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ۬ فِىٓ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ – Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibraaheem].
An Excerpt from ‘Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed- Lesson 2. By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq al-Badr [hafidhahullaah]. Slightly paraphrased