Tag: worship

O Allaah! We Seek Refuge In You Lest We Associate Partners With You While We Know And We Seek Your Forgiveness For What We Do Not Know

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq [radiyallaahu anhu] reported that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “By the One in whose hand my soul is, Shirk is more hidden than the creeping of an ant. Shall I not tell you something to say to rid you of it both minor and major? Say, [اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ أَنْ أُشْرِكَ بِكَ وَأَنَا أَعْلَمُ وَأَسْتَغْفِرُكَ لِمَا لا أَعْلَمُ- O Allaah! I seek refuge in You lest I associate partners with You while I know, and I seek Your forgiveness for what I do not know.” [Ref 1]

There  is also another hadeeth – reported by Abu Moosaa Al-Ash’ari [radiyallaahu anhu] – that testifies to the text of this hadeeth. He [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “One day, Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] gave us a sermon and said, ‘O people! Beware of this Shirk, for indeed it is more hidden than a creeping ant’. Then the one whom Allaah wished to speak said to him, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! How can we beware of it whilst it is more hidden than a creeping ant?’ He said, ‘Say,

[للَّهُمَّ إِنَّا نَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ أَنْ نُشْرِكَ بِكَ شَيْئًا نَعْلَمُهُ ، وَنَسْتَغْفِرُكَ لِمَا لَا نَعْلَمُ  -O Allaah! We seek refuge in You lest we associate partners with You through something we know and we seek Your forgiveness for what we do not know]. [Ref 2]]

This hadeeth mentions the greatest evil about which a person seeks refuge with Allaah’s against it, because Shirk is the greatest wrong and the greatest sin. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَإِذۡ قَالَ لُقۡمَـٰنُ لِٱبۡنِهِۦ وَهُوَ يَعِظُهُ ۥ يَـٰبُنَىَّ لَا تُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ‌ۖ إِنَّ ٱلشِّرۡكَ لَظُلۡمٌ عَظِيمٌ۬

And (remember) when Luqman said to his son when he was advising him: “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allah. Verily! Joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed. [Surah Luqmaan. Aayah 13]

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَغۡفِرُ أَن يُشۡرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغۡفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٲلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُ‌ۚ وَمَن يُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدِ ٱفۡتَرَىٰٓ إِثۡمًا عَظِيمًا

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 48]

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَمَن يُشۡرِكۡ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدۡ ضَلَّ ضَلَـٰلاَۢ بَعِيدًا

Whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. [Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 116]

The Aayaat of the Qur’aan regarding the danger of Shirk and the greatness of its crime are numerous.

In the hadeeth there is a clarification regarding the fact that Shirk can be hidden in a manner similar to the hidden crawling ant. It may be so hidden that a person commits it and enters into it discreetly without knowing.  This shows the great caution one should have regarding it and the obligation of knowing it, so that one is cautious of it and keep away from it, together with holding onto the path of Allaah path, asking Allaah to protect you from all the types of Shirk, from its evil and its disastrous consequences. This is the Messenger’s [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] in this hadeeth by teaching his Ummah how to seek Allaah’s refuge against all types of Shirk- that which a person knows and that which he does not know.

[An Excerpt from ‘Fiqh Al-Adiyah Wal Ad’kaar’ Vol 4. Pages 501-502]


[Ref 1: Saheeh Adabul Mufrad 554]

[Ref 2: Saheeh At-Targheeb Wat-Tarheeb 36]

Wise Seeker of Perfect and Eternal Success

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abu Muntafiq [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “I went to Makkah and enquired about Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], so they [i.e. the people] said that he was at Arafah. I approached him and drew close to him, but I was stopped; then he said, ‘Leave him’, so I drew close to him until the neck of his riding beast was next to the neck of my riding beast, then I said to him, ‘O Messenger of Allaah [sallal laahu-alayhi wasallam]! Inform me of that which will distance me from Allaah’s punishment and enter me into Paradise’. He [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, ‘Worship Allaah alone and do not associate anything with Him; establish the prayers; pay the Zakaat, fast the month of Ramadhaan; perform hajj and Umrah; look at how you love to be treated by the people, then treat them that way; and how you hate to be treated, then do not treat them that way’”.

Shaikh Zayd Bin Haadi Al-Mad’khali [rahimahullaah] said: The subject matter of the [above] hadeeth is that it is obligated on a person who is ignorant [of something] to ask a scholar.

The Lofty Benefits Derived From This Hadeeth:

Firstly: It is legislated to travel in pursuit of knowledge. Secondly: It is obligatory to seek understanding of the religion, so it is obligated on the one who does not possess understanding in his religion to ask someone who has understanding in his religion to teach him- regardless how hard that might be for him- because Allaah created the Jinn and humankind to established the religion. The Muslim must establish his religion on clear-sightedness – meaning, based on [sound] knowledge. Asking about affairs related to knowledge is the path of righteous, the men of sound understanding and the wise ones. Indeed, many questions were asked [by the people] in the noble Qur’aan, so Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] gave an answer as revelation to His Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]; and from those examples is the statement of Allaah [The Exalted]: [يَسۡـَٔلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلۡأَهِلَّةِ‌ – They ask you (O Muhammad ) about the new moons. (Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 189)]; [يَسۡـَٔلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلۡخَمۡرِ وَٱلۡمَيۡسِرِ  -They ask you (O Muhammad) concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. (Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 219]; [يَسۡـَٔلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلۡأَنفَالِ‌ۖ – They ask you (O Muhammad) about the spoils of war. (Surah Al-Anfaal. Aayah 1], and other questions that were presented  to the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], so Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] responded to them by way of the divine revelation.

When a teacher is asked, it is obligated on him to explain clearly to the people, [so that in doing so] he follows the example of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] who was commanded by his Lord to clarify for the people what was revealed to him, just as Allaah said: [وَأَنزَلۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ ٱلذِّڪۡرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ إِلَيۡہِمۡ وَلَعَلَّهُمۡ يَتَفَكَّرُون  – And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. (Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 44)]

And the statement of Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted]: [    يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلرَّسُولُ بَلِّغۡ مَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ‌ۖ – O Messenger (Muhammad)! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord. [Surah Al-Maa’idah. Aayah 67]

And indeed, the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] has fulfilled the command of his Lord by clearly explaining to the people what they need from that which has been revealed in the Qur’aan, the pure and sound Sunnah. He [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: [تركتكم على البيضاء ليلها كنهارها لا يزيغ عنها بعدي إلا هالك -I am leaving you upon (الْبَيْضَاءِ -Al-Baydaa), its night is like its day and none deviates from it except that he is destroyed].[Ref1]

The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] blamed the one who gave religious verdict without knowledge whilst it was possible for him to ask before giving a verdict, as narrated in the story of the man who suffered a head injury, so he slept and had a wet dream; then he asked his companions [i.e. after waking up] whether he had an excuse to perform Tayammum because he feared that using water would harm him; so they told him that he does not have an excuse to perform Tayammum whilst he is able to use water. So, he perform Ghuls and that led to his death! This [news] reached the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], so he said, “They kill him, so may Allaah kill them! Why did they not ask?! Indeed, the cure for ignorance is to ask”.  [Abu Daawud. Number 336]

This text shows that it is obligated on a Muslim to ask the scholars- those who have sound answers; for if he does not find the answer from a particular individual, he will find it with another one. This is how it should be so that he acquires understanding of the sound religion ordained by Allaah based on a sound path.

Thirdly: A benefit is derived from this hadeeth about giving concern to the fundamental principles of the religion, and its fundamentals are the five pillars of Islaam that have been mentioned in this narration and [also] in the narration transmitted by Abdullaah Ibn Umar [radiyallaahu anhumaa] who said: I heard the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] saying: [بني الإسلام على خمس : شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله ، وأن محمدا رسول الله ، وإقام الصلاة ، وإيتاء الزكاة ، وحج البيت ، وصوم رمضان – Islaam is built on five [pillars]: The testimony that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah; establish the prayer, pay the Zakaat, perform the hajj and fast [during the month of] Ramadhaan. [Bukhaari-Number 8 and Muslim-Number 16]

This man [i.e. Abu Muntafiq (radiyallaahu anhu)] intended to [meet] the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] to ask him about the deed that will enter him into paradise and distance him from the hellfire, so he [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] mentioned – to him – the pillars of Islaam, and the first affair is to worship Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] alone, without partner. Al-Ibaadah [worship] is a comprehensive term for everything which Allaah loves and is pleased with from among the sayings and inward and outward actions.  And the first affair included in [Al-ibaadah (worship)] is Tawheed – to single Allaah in His Lordship, single Allaah out in worship and single Allaah out in His Names and Attributes. The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] commanded the man to establish Tawheed- to perform all acts of worship for Allaah alone- and forbade him from Shirk. Tawheed is the greatest command and Shirk is the greatest thing Allaah has prohibited, therefore the teacher and guide began by giving clarification regarding this great fundamental which is to worship Allaah alone and turn away from worshipping others besides Allaah. This is what is demanded due to the statement of Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted]: [فَمَن يَكۡفُرۡ بِٱلطَّـٰغُوتِ وَيُؤۡمِنۢ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدِ ٱسۡتَمۡسَكَ بِٱلۡعُرۡوَةِ ٱلۡوُثۡقَىٰ – Whoever disbelieves in Taghut (i.e. disbelieves in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah) and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 256]

Also, among the great obligatory deeds is Iqaamah As Salaah – to establish the prayer with its Shuroot [conditions], Arkaan [pillars] and Waajibaat [obligatory acts]; avoid its Mubtilaat [nullifiers] and Makroohaat [i.e. the acts that are detested in the Salaah], and to [increase] its perfection with the Sunan [i.e. those legislated acts that will increase the reward in the Salaah] in the manner that Allaah [The Blessed and Exalted] and His Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wsallam] want it to be performed, as the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Pray in (the manner) you have seen me pray”. [Bukhaari 631]

Also, the wealthy Muslim is required to pay Zakat from his wealth – from cash, livestock, agricultural produce and merchandise. Then the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] mentioned – to the man- fasting in the month of Ramadhaan. Many [authentic texts] have be reported regarding the virtue of fasting in Ramadhaan, just as the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Whoever fasts the Month of Ramadhaan out of Eemaan and hoping for the reward [of Allaah], he will be forgiven his previous [minor sins]”. Ramadhaan is a month that has been given virtue over all the other months  because within it is Laylatul Qadr, which is not found in other months. The virtue of this night is well known and Allaah has made that known in the Qur’aan; Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] said:

وَمَآ أَدۡرَٮٰكَ مَا لَيۡلَةُ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ

لَيۡلَةُ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ خَيۡرٌ۬ مِّنۡ أَلۡفِ شَہۡرٍ۬

And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is? The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months). [Surah Al-Qadr. Aayat 3-4]

Then the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Perform Hajj and Umrah” – meaning: Perform Hajj at least once in a lifetime in accordance with the manner in which it has been legislated – with its Shuroot, Arkaan, Waaibaat and Sunan – if you have the means to perform it. Also perform Umrah once in a lifetime, for this Hadeeth [in particular] establishes that Umrah is obligatory, because it [i.e. Umrah] has been mentioned together with these great obligations.

The performance of Umrah at least once in a lifetime is an obligatory duty according to the most correct opinion of the scholars; but whoever performs it more than once, the good and reward in that will increase and become greater due to the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] “[The performance of] Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous one. And the reward of Al-Hajj Al-Mabroor [the one accepted by Allaah] is nothing but Paradise”. [Ref 2]  This is what is obligatory [i.e. Umrah and Haj once in a lifetime(Ref 3)], but any extra [Hajj and Umrah] is considered to be a recommendation and a virtuous deed by way of which Allaah multiplies a person’s reward, expiates his sins and raises his status.

And regarding the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “Look at how you love to be treated by the people, then treat them that way; and how you hate to be treated, then do not treat them that way”: This is the main point of emphasis [and discussion] in this hadeeth – that a Muslim is to give consideration to his Muslim brothers in the same way he would give consideration to himself; wishing for them the good he wishes for himself and hates that evil should touch them just as he hates that for himself. The one who loves that the people should approach him with good related to the worldly affairs and affairs related to the Afterlife, then it is obligated on him to do the same for them, so that the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “You cannot [truly] believe until you wish for your brother what you wish for yourself” becomes a reality in his personality; and also the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “The believer in relation to another believer is like a structure, each part strengthening the other”; and also the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “The Muslim is the brother of another Muslim”. Whoever is able to have these characteristics, then indeed he has established Eemaan [in this affair], good manners and good dealings.    [Source: At-ta’leeqaat Al-Maleehah Alaa Silsilati Al-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah. 2/29-33. slightly paraphrased]

Footnotes: 

[Ref 1]: Reported by Imaam Ibn Maajah [rahimahullaah], Number 43 and authentic by Imaam albaani [rahimahullaah] in As-Saheehah, Number 937. Regarding the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “I am leaving you upon [الْبَيْضَاءِ -Al-Baydaa]; As-Sindee [rahimahullaah] said, “Al-Baydaa – meaning: A clear religion and proof which does not accept [or entertain] Shubhah in and of itself [i.e. it does not accept (or entertain) doubtful or ambiguous matters that are made to resemble the truth]; therefore it remains in the same state [i.e. purity] when doubts are presented in it, just as [it remains] in the [same state of purity] when doubts are removed from it and repelled. This is what the statement [ليلها كنهارها  – its night is like its day] refers to’”. [Sunan Ibn aajah Bi-Sharhis Sindee Wa Masaabeeh Az-Zujaajah Fee Zawaa’id Ibn Maajah. 1/32. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2]: The Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “[The performance of] Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous one. And the reward of Al-Hajj Al-Mabroor [the one accepted by Allaah] is nothing but Paradise”. Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [rahimahullaah] said, “Meaning: When the major sins are avoided”. A principle: The unrestricted ahaadeeth regarding the expiation of sins are restricted by the texts regarding the abandonment of major sins; either restricted by the statement of Allaah: [إِنْ تَجْتَنِبُوا كَبَائِرَ مَا تُنْهَوْنَ عَنْهُ نُكَفِّرْ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ – If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit from you your (small) sins. (Surah An-Nisaa. Aayah 31)]; or by the statement of the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “The five prayers, Friday to Friday, and Ramadan to Ramadan will expiate the sins committed between them, as long as major sins are avoided”.

ال النبيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم: «العمرةُ إلى العمرة كفَّارةٌ لما بينهما، والحجُّ المبرور ليس له جزاء إلا الجنة»، هذا يُبين فضل الحج والعمرة، وأن العمرة كفَّارة لما بينهما، يعني: عند اجتناب الكبائر.

قاعدة: الأحاديث المطلقة في تكفير الذنوب مُقيَّدة بترك الكبائر، إما بقوله سبحانه: {إِنْ تَجْتَنِبُوا كَبَائِرَ مَا تُنْهَوْنَ عَنْهُ نُكَفِّرْ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ} [النساء:31]، وفي قوله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «الصَّلوات الخمس، والجمعة إلى الجمعة، ورمضان إلى رمضان كفَّارات لما بينهنَّ إذا اجتنب الكبائر»، وفي اللفظ الآخر: «ما لم تُغْشَ الكبائر»، فالعمرة إلى العمرة كفَّارة لما بينهما عند اجتناب الكبائر.

«والحج المبرور ليس له جزاء إلا الجنة» يعني: عند اجتناب الكبائر، كما قال صلى الله عليه وسلم: «مَن حجَّ فلم يرفث ولم يفسق رجع كيوم ولدته أمه»، فالحج المبرور هو الذي ليس فيه رفثٌ ولا فسوقٌ، هذا الحج المبرور، ليس فيه ما يُبطله، وليس فيه ما ينقصه من المعاصي، هذا هو الحج المبرور الذي يُوجب الجنة

https://binbaz.org.sa/audios/45/1–%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%AD%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%AB-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D9%83%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%85%D8%A7-%D8%A8%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%87%D9%85%D8%A7

[Ref 3]: Regarding Umrah, Shaikh Zayd [rahimahullaah] said that the most correct opinion of the scholars is that it is Waajib at least once in a lifetime. Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [hafidhahullaah] briefly discussed the affair in Bulooghul Maraam [Vol 3/281-282 Kitaab Al-Hajj] and then finally stated that after looking at the proofs, -and Allaah knows best – they present a greater strength that Umrah is Waajib at least once in a lifetime.

Treating Others In The Manner One Would Love to Be Treated And Being Humble – [Admonition By Imaam An-Nawawi, Shaikh Zaid, Shaikh Uthaymeen and Imaam Ibnul Qayyim]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abdullah Bin Amr [radidallaahu-anhu] reported that the Messenger of Allaah [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Whoever would love to be delivered from Hellfire and admitted into Paradise, let him meet his end whilst believing in Allaah and the Last Day, and let him treat people as he would love to be treated.” [Ref 1]

Imaam An-Nawawi [rahimahullaah] said:

This is from the Jawaami al-Kalim of the Prophet [i.e. precise speech with a comprehensive meaning] and his amazing wisdom. It is obligatory to pay close attention to this important principle and that a person must not deal with the people except in a way he loves to be dealt with. [Ref 2]

Al-Allaamah Zayd Bin Haadee al-Madkhalee [rahimahullaah] said:

A Muslim is to give consideration to his Muslim brothers in the same way he would give consideration to himself; wishing for them the good he wishes for himself and hates that evil should touch them just as he hates that for himself. The one who loves that the people should approach him with good related to the worldly affairs and affairs related to the Afterlife, then it is obligated on him to do the same for them, so that the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “You cannot [truly] believe until you wish for your brother what you wish for yourself” becomes a reality in his personality; and also the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “The believer in relation to another believer is like a structure, each part strengthening the other”; and also the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “The Muslim is the brother of another Muslim”. Whoever is able to have these characteristics, then indeed he has established Eemaan [in this affair], good manners and good dealings. [Ref 3]

 

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh al-Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] said:

When a person knows his limitations, he will be humble in the presence of his Lord, worship Allaah and will know that he is not free from being in need of Allaah in the twinkling of an eye. If he knows himself, he will know his status amongst the people and this knowledge will (prevent) him from being haughty towards them, because haughtiness is one of the major sins and looking down on the people is one of the forbidden deeds. That is why when the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] warned against pride, they (i.e. the people) said: “Everyone of us loves that his clothes and shoes are nice”, so he (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said, “Indeed, Allaah is beautiful and He loves beauty, pride is to reject the truth and look down on the people.”  So when a person knows his limitations, he will know his rank amongst the people. He will place himself in his (rightful) place, humble himself in the presence of his lord and in the presence of Allaah’s creation.  And whoever humbles himself to Allaah, Allaah will raise him. [Ref 4]

 

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:

And from the signs of well-being and success is that whenever the slave is increased in his knowledge, he increases in humility and mercy; and whenever he is increased in action, he increases in his fear and caution; and whenever his age is increased, he decreases in eagerness; and whenever he is increased in wealth, he increases in his generosity and spending; and whenever his status and honour is increased, he increases in coming close to the people, in fulfilling their needs and being humble in (their presence).

And the signs of wretchedness are: Whenever he is increased in knowledge, he increases in pride and haughtiness; and whenever he is increased in actions, he increases in his boasting, mockery of the people and having a good opinion of himself; and whenever he is increased in his status and honour, he increases in pride and haughtiness. These affairs of [well-being and wretchedness] are a trial and a test from Allaah by way of which He puts His slaves to trial. He brings about well-being and wretchedness to a people by way of these affairs. [Ref 5]


[Ref 1: Ṣaḥeeh Muslim 1844]

[Ref 2: Sharh Saheeh Muslim Vol 12/196]

[Ref 3: At-ta’leeqaat Al-Maleehah Alaa Silsilati Al-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah. 2/29-33. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 4: Noor Alad-Darb: cassette: 250]

[Ref 5: Al-Fawaa’d. page: 228]

 

O Allaah! I Have Wronged Myself With Many Wrongs And None Forgives Except You

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abu Bakr narrated, “I said to Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], ‘O Allaah’s Messenger! Teach me a supplication to say in my prayers’, so he said, ‘Say:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي ظُلْمًا كَثِيرًا وَلَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ فَاغْفِرْ لِي مَغْفِرَةً مِنْ عِنْدِكَ وَارْحَمْنِي إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

 O Allaah! I have wronged myself with many wrongs and none forgives except You, so forgive me and have mercy upon me. Verily, you alone are the Forgiving, the Merciful’”

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: Supplication is three types: The first type is to invoke Allaah by His Names and Attributes, and this is one of the explanations of Allaah’s statement:[  وَلِلَّهِ ٱلۡأَسۡمَآءُ ٱلۡحُسۡنَىٰ فَٱدۡعُوهُ بِہَا- And (all) the Most Beautiful [perfect] Names belong to Allaah , so supplicate to Him by them]. [Surah Al-A’raaf. Aayah 180]

The second type is that you invoke Allaah for your need and due to your poverty, saying: I am Your poor slave, the needy one, the one to be pitied, the one seeking help and refuge etc. The third type is that you ask for your need whilst not using the aforementioned two types of invocations. The first invocation is more perfect and the second is more perfect than the third. Therefore, if an invocation gathers all three types, then it will be most perfect and this is what the invocations of the Prophet usually comprised of.

And in this invocation which Siddeeq Al-Ummah [i.e. AbuBakr – radiyallaahu anhu] was taught, the three types of invocations are mentioned. In the beginning of the supplication: [اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي ظُلْمًا كَثِيرًا – O Allaah! I have wronged myself with many wrong]: This clarifies the situation of the one asking; then one says: [وَلَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ – and none forgives except You]: This is about the affair of the one being asked. Then one says: [فَاغْفِرْ لِي – So forgive me]: Here one mentions his need, and then ends the innovation with two Names from Allaah’s Names that necessitates and suitable for what is being requested. [Ref 1]

Ibn Battaal [rahimahullaah] said: In this supplication there’s the fact that it is obligated on a servant of Allaah to be mindful of his Lord in all circumstances even if he is one of those who strives the most in worship, because despite the position of Abu Bakr [radiyallaahu-anhu] in the religion, he was not exempted from having the need for seeking the forgiveness of his Lord. [Ref 2]

Ibn Daqeeq Al-Eed [rahimahullaah] said: This hadeeth passes judgement with regards to making this supplication in Salaah without specifying where it should be performed. However, perhaps the best place in which it is most worthy to be performed are two- either in Sujood or after Tashahud, because they are the two places we have been commanded to make du’aa.  The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “And while in prostration, then make effort in supplication”. [Muslim 479]. And regarding Tashahud [i.e. after Tashahud and before Tasleem], he [sallal laahu alayhi-wasallam] said, “Then select the invocation you like best and recite it”. [Bukhaari 835]. Perhaps the best place would be after Tashahud due to the importance given to the affair. [Ref 3]

Ibn Mulqin [rahimahullaah] said, “This hadeeth establishes proof regarding the fact that it is legislated to seek knowledge from the scholars, especially in relation to the supplications of the prayer”. [Ref 4:


[Ref 1: Jalaa Al-Ifhaam. 201]

[Ref 2: Sharh Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. By Ibn Battaal 10/93]

[Ref 3: Ihkaam Al-Ahkaam. 1/314-315]

[Ref 4: Al- I’laam Sharh Umdatul Ahkaam 3/511]

The Worldly Life is a Prison For The Believer!

      In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abu Hurairah [may Allaah be pleased with him] narrated that the Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings be upon him], said,

“The worldly life is a prison for the believer [in Allaah and the final Messenger] and a paradise for the disbeliever [in Allaah and the final Messenger]”. [Ref 1]

The Meaning of The Above Hadeeth

Imaam An-Nawawi [may Allaah have mercy be upon him] said:

Every believer is imprisoned and prevented – in the worldly life – from evil and repugnant desires and obligated to perform demanding acts of obedience. But after death, he relaxes and receives what Allaah [The Exalted] promised of permanent bliss and perfect relaxation. As for the disbeliever [in Allaah and the final Messenger], he gets what he receives in the worldly life together with the fact that it is very little and disrupted by distress. And after he dies, he finds himself in permanent punishment and eternal wretchedness. [Ref 2]

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:

Regardless how great the affair of the worldly life is – its good days and its dwelling places (surrounded by beautiful trees, plants, scenery  etc), then indeed it is like a prison for the believer, because a believer looks forward to a bliss that is better, more perfect and loftier. As for the disbeliever [in Allaah and the final Messenger], the worldly life is his paradise because he enjoys himself in it [i.e. outside the boundaries of halaal and haraam] and forgets the afterlife, and thus becomes like those about whom Allaah [The Exalted] stated:

وَٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ يَتَمَتَّعُونَ وَيَأۡكُلُونَ كَمَا تَأۡكُلُ ٱلۡأَنۡعَـٰمُ وَٱلنَّارُ مَثۡوً۬ى لَّهُمۡ

Those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as cattle eat, and the Fire will be their abode. [Surah Muhammad Aayah 12]

Therefore, when the disbeliever dies, he does not find anything in front of him except the fire and Allaah’s punishment, and woe to the people of the fire. So that which is found in the worldly life of distress, grief, sadness and sorrow is like a paradise in relation to the state of affairs of the disbeliever [in Allaah and the final Messenger], because he will leave this world to receive Allaah’s punishment.

It has been mentioned about Ibn Hajar Al Asqalaani – the author of Fat’hul Baari – that he used to be the chief of the judges in Egypt in his era, and he used go past the market with an entourage. So, one day a Yahoodi stopped him and said, “Your Prophet said, ‘The worldly life is a prison of the believer and paradise of the disbeliever’, and how can this be the case whilst you are in a state of luxury and joy, and I am in a state of extreme poverty and low status?” So, Ibn Hajr said to him, “If in your view I am in state of joy and that people are at my service, then this state is a prison in comparison to what a believer will receive of bliss in Paradise. As for yourself, even though you are in state of extreme poverty and low status, then it is like paradise in comparison to what a disbeliever will receive in the fire”. So, the Yahoodi was amazed by this statement and then testified that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. [Ref 3]


[Re 1:Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2956]

[Ref 2: Sharh Saheeh Muslim 18/74. Daar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah. 1st Edition 1421AH (2000)]

[Ref 3: https://binothaimeen.net/content/8835 ]

 

O Allaah! Let Me Live If Life is Good For Me And Let Me Die if Death is Good For Me

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower o Mercy.

A Tremendous Supplication That Gathers Issues of [Aqeedah, Worship and Manners] Said After The Tashahud and Before Tasleem

اللَّهُمَّ بِعِلْمِكَ الْغَيْبَ وَقُدْرَتِكَ عَلَى الْخَلْقِ أَحْيِنِي مَا عَلِمْتَ الْحَيَاةَ خَيْراً لِي وَتَوَفَّنِي إِذَا عَلِمْتَ الْوَفَاةَ خَيْراً لِي، اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ خَشْيَتَكَ فِي الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ كَلِمَةَ الْحَقِّ فِي الرِّضَا وَالْغَضَبِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ الْقَصْدَ فِي الْغِنَى وَالْفَقْرِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ نَعِيماً لَا يَنْفَذُ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ قُرَّةَ عَيْنٍ لَا تَنْقَطِعُ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ الرِّضِا بَعْدَ الْقَضَاءِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ بَرْدَ الْعَيْشِ بَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ، وَأَسْأَلُكَ لَذَّةَ النَّظَرِ إِلَى وَجْهِكَ وَالشَّوْقَ إِلَى لِقَائِكَ فِي غَيْرِ ضَرَّاءَ مُضِرَّةٍ وَلَا فِتْنَةٍ مُضِلَّةٍ، اللَّهُمَّ زَيِّنَّا بِزِينَةِ الْإِيمَانِ

 وَاجْعَلْنَا هُدَاةً مُهْتَدِينَ

O Allah! By Your Knowledge of the unseen and by Your Power over creation, let me live if life is good for me, and let me die if death is good for me; O Allah! I ask You to grant me (the blessing of having) fear of You in private and public; And I ask you (to make me utter) a statement of truth in times of contentment and anger; And I ask You for moderation when in a state of wealth and poverty; And I ask you for blessings that never ceases; And I ask You for the coolness of my eye that never ends; And I ask You (to make me pleased) after (Your) decree; Aand I ask You for a life of (ease, comfort, tranquillity etc) after death; I ask You for the delight of looking at Your Face (i.e. in the Hereafter) and yearning to meet You without any harm and misleading trials (coming upon me); O Allah! Adorn us with the adornment of Eemaan, and make us (from those who are) guided and guiding (others). [Ref 1]

Beneficial Points In This Supplication From Fiqh Al-Ad’iyah Wal Ad’kaar

Regarding the statement:

اللَّهُمَّ بِعِلْمِكَ الْغَيْبَ وَقُدْرَتِكَ عَلَى الْخَلْقِ أَحْيِنِي مَا عَلِمْتَ الْحَيَاةَ خَيْراً لِي وَتَوَفَّنِي إِذَا عَلِمْتَ الْوَفَاةَ خَيْراً لِي

O Allah! By Your Knowledge of the unseen and by Your Power over creation, let me live if life is good for me, and let me die if death is good for me.

Commentary: This necessitates surrendering and submitting all of one’s affairs to the Lord-  seeking from Allaah whatever is best for you in all circumstances and seeking that through His All-Encompassing Knowledge; for indeed Allaah knows all hidden and apparent affairs and He [alone has] All-Encompassing Power over everything; neither can anyone amend his Judgement nor repel His Decree.  And what is well known is that the servant does not know the end results of affairs and its final abode; and in addition to this, he is unable to obtain good and repel harm, except through that which Allaah grants him assistance and makes easy for him, so the servant remains completely [and always] in need of Allaah wherever he may be. And this why one says in this supplication: [ أَحْيِنِي مَا عَلِمْتَ الْحَيَاةَ خَيْراً لِي وَتَوَفَّنِي إِذَا عَلِمْتَ الْوَفَاةَ خَيْراً لِي – Let me live if You know that life is good for me, and let me die if You know that death is good for me].

This is why the [authentic] Sunnah forbids one from desiring death due to harm that befalls him, because he is ignorant of the consequences which [death might bring upon him in the afterlife]. The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Let none of you wish for death. If he is righteous, he might increase his good deeds. If he is sinful, he might repent”. [Bukhaari]

Regarding the statement:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ خَشْيَتَكَ فِي الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ

O Allah! I ask You to grant me (the blessing of having) fear of You in private and public.

Commentary: That I fear you O Allaah in private and public; when I am with the people and when they are absent, for indeed there are people who fear Allaah in public and when seen, but the main and most important affair is to fear Allaah when not seen by the people. Indeed, Allaah praised those who fear him in the Ghayb. Allaah [The Most High] said: [ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ بِالْغَيْبِ وَهُمْ مِنْ السَّاعَةِ مُشْفِقُونَ – Those who fear their Lord without seeing Him, while they are afraid of the Hour]. [Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Aayah 49]

Allaah [The Most High] said: [ مَنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُنِيبٍ – Who feared the Most Beneficent (Allah) in the Ghaib (unseen): (i.e. in this worldly life before seeing and meeting Him), and brought a heart turned in repentance (to Him – and absolutely free from each and every kind of polytheism)]. [Surah Qaaf. Aayah 33]

And regarding the statement:

وَأَسْأَلُكَ كَلِمَةَ الْحَقِّ فِي الرِّضَا وَالْغَضَبِ

And I ask you (to make me utter) a statement of truth in times of contentment and anger.

Meaning: Enable me to speak the truth in times of contentment and anger. Speaking truth in times of anger is a noble and mighty affair, for indeed anger leads a person to say that which is opposite of truth and something other than justice. Indeed, Allaah praised his servants – those who pardon when angered and their anger does not lead them to transgression and aggression. Allaah [The Most High] said: [ وَإِذَا مَا غَضِبُوا هُمْ يَغْفِرُونَ – And when they are angry, they forgive]. [Soorah Ash-Shooraa. Aayah 37]

The one who does not utter- in times of anger- except the truth, then indeed this is proof regarding his strong Eemaan and that he has control over his soul’s [desires]. In a hadeeth the Prophet said, “The strong one [i.e. the one who is more worthy to be described as a strong person] is not the one who [overcomes the people in] wrestling, rather the strong person is the one who restrains his himself when angry”.

And regarding the statement:

وَأَسْأَلُكَ الْقَصْدَ فِي الْغِنَى وَالْفَقْرِ

And I ask You for moderation when in a state of wealth and poverty

Commentary: That I am balanced both when I am in a state of poverty and when I have wealth; upon the middle path ordained by the Islamic legislation- not miserly when I am poor and fearing that what I have will run out, nor being wasteful by placing upon myself that which I cannot bear, just as Allaah [The Most High] said: [ وَلاَ تَجْعَلْ يَدَكَ مَغْلُولَةً إِلَى عُنُقِكَ وَلاَ تَبْسُطْهَا كُلَّ الْبَسْطِ فَتَقْعُدَ مَلُومًا مَحْسُورًا – And let not your hand be tied (like a miser) to your neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach (like a spendthrift), so that you become blameworthy and in severe poverty]- [Surah Al-Israa. Aayah 29]. And that if one is wealthy, his wealth does not lead him to extravagance and he exceeds the limits. Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ قَوَامًا

And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes). [Surah Al-Furqaan. Aayah 67]

And regarding the statement:

وَأَسْأَلُكَ نَعِيماً لَا يَنْفَذُ

And I ask you for blessings that never ceases.

Commentary: Blessing that never ceases is the blessing of the Aakhirah,  just as Allaah [The most high] said: [مَا عِنْدَكُمْ يَنفَدُ وَمَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ بَاقٍ – Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever with Allah will remain]. [Surah An-Nahl. Aayah 96] And Allaah [The Most High] said: [ إِنَّ هَذَا لَرِزْقُنَا مَا لَهُ مِنْ نَفَادٍ – (It will be said to them)! Verily, this is Our Provision which will never finish]. [Surah Saad. Aayah 54]

And regarding the statement:

وَأَسْأَلُكَ قُرَّةَ عَيْنٍ لَا تَنْقَطِعُ

And I ask You for the coolness of my eye that will never end.

Commentary: There are blessings that cease and those that do not cease. The coolness of one’s eye in the Dunyah is a portion of something and the happiness related to it will come to an end. In addition to this, [this coolness of the eye in the Dunyah] blemished with fear as a result of events that cause distress and suffering, as well as pain; therefore the eyes of the believer do not find a greater pleasure in anything of the Dunya, except love of Allaah, remembrance of Allaah and obedience to Allaah, just as the Messenger said, “The coolness [pleasure or delight] of my eyes is in prayer”. Therefore, whoever acquires the pleasure of his eyes in this [i.e. love of Allaah and obedience to Him], then he has that which will not come to an end in the Dunyah, the Barsakh and the Aakhirah.

And regarding the statement:

وَأَسْأَلُكَ الرِّضِا بَعْدَ الْقَضَاءِ

And I ask You (to make me pleased) after (Your) decree.

Commentary: Asking Allaah to make you pleased after His decree has come to pass, because that would truly manifest the reality of being pleased with Allaah’s decree.

And regarding the statement:

وَأَسْأَلُكَ بَرْدَ الْعَيْشِ بَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ

And I ask You for a life of (ease, comfort, tranquillity etc) after death.

Commentary: This shows that life, its [perfect] goodness and comfort only occurs after death, for indeed life before death is blemished with pain. And if there was no pain in this life other than death, then that would have been sufficient as pain, so how about the fact that life has numerous pains, grief, sicknesses, infirm old age, separation from beloved ones and other than that!

And regarding the statement:

وَأَسْأَلُكَ لَذَّةَ النَّظَرِ إِلَى وَجْهِكَ وَالشَّوْقَ إِلَى لِقَائِكَ فِي غَيْرِ ضَرَّاءَ مُضِرَّةٍ وَلَا فِتْنَةٍ مُضِلَّةٍ

And I ask You for the delight of looking at Your Face (i.e. in the Hereafter) and yearning to meet You without any harm and misleading trials (coming upon me).

Commentary: This section of the du’aa gathers the best of affairs in the Dunya and the Aakhirah – yearning to meet Allaah [in the Aakhirah whilst still living in this world] and seeing His Noble Face in the Afterlife [Free is He from all imperfections, co-equals, resemblance and partners]. And when it is the case that the complete accomplishment of this affair is based on safety from being harmed in this Dunya or being put to trial in one’s religious affairs, so one says: [فِي غَيْرِ ضَرَّاءَ مُضِرَّةٍ وَلَا فِتْنَةٍ مُضِلَّةٍ  – without any harm and misleading trials (coming upon me)].

The believer seeing his lord on the day of judgement is an affair that has been narrated in numerous texts in the Qur’aan and [authentic] Sunnah, and none denies it except one who has strayed from the straight path; rather it is the loftiest bliss for the people of Jannah and the greatest joy. The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said:  When the people of Paradise would enter Paradise, Allaah [The Blessed and the Exalted] would ask: Do you wish Me to give you anything more? They would say: Have You not brightened our faces? Have You not made us enter Paradise and saved us from Fire? He [Allaah] would lift the veil, and of things given to them nothing would be dearer to them than looking at their Lord. [Saheeh Muslim 181]

We ask Allaah for his bounty.

And finally, regarding the statement:

اللَّهُمَّ زَيِّنَّا بِزِينَةِ الْإِيمَانِ وِاجْعَلْنَا هُدَاةً مُهْتَدِينَ

O Allah! Adorn us with the adornment of Eemaan, and make us (from those who are) guided and guiding (others).

Commentary: Beautification with Eemaan includes beautification of the heart with sound creed and noble deeds of the heart; beautification of the tongue with dhikr and recitation of the Qur’aan, enjoining good and forbidding evil and so forth; beautification of the limbs with righteous deeds and deeds that draws a person close to Allaah. [ وَاجْعَلْنَا هُدَاةً مُهْتَدِينَ  – And make us (from those who are) guided and guiding (others)]- Meaning: That we ourselves become guided and guiding others. This is the greatest status when a person knows the truth and follows it, teaches others and guides them. We ask Allaah to guide us to this and include us amongst those who are guided and guiding others.

[Source: Fiqhul Adiyah Wal Adkaar. Vol 3. Pages 165-169. Slightly paraphrased]


[Ref 1: Sunan An-Nasaa’ee’ Number 1305 & declared Saheeh by Imaam Albaani (rahimahullaah) in As-Saheehah Number 1301]

 

 

 

 

Trials And Tribulations – [Two Narrations By Messenger, One By Mu’aadh Bin Jabal and One By Abu Mas’ood Al-Ansaaree]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: “The Fitan will be presented to the hearts of people like a reed mat woven stick by stick and any heart afflicted by them will have a black mark put into it, but any heart that rejects them will have a white mark put into it. Thus there will be two kinds of hearts: one is pure like a white gemstone and it will not be harmed by any tribulation as long as the heavens and earth endure, and the other is black and dusty like a worn-out vessel, neither recognizing good nor rejecting evil, but rather immersed in its desires.” [Sahih Muslim 144]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: The Fitan [tribulations] that will be presented to the hearts are the cause of their sickness and they are the Fitan of Shahawaat [evil desires], the Fitan of Shubuhaat [those affairs that are made to resemble the truth but are falsehood in reality], the Fitan of Ghay and Dalaal [being led astray in knowledge and intent and misguided in knowledge and creed], the Fitan of Ma’aasee and Bidah [disobedience and innovation in religion], and the Fitan of Dhulm and Jahl [injustice and ignorance]. The first affair [i.e. the Fitan of Shahawaat] necessitates corruption in one’s intent and desire, and the second affair [i.e. the Fitan of Shubuhaat] necessitates corruption in one’s knowledge and creed. [Ref 1]

Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu-anhu] narrated that the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, “Hasten towards good deeds, because there will be trials which would be like a part of a dark night, wherein a man wakes up as a believer and becomes a disbeliever by night, or he begins the night as a believer and wakes up as a disbeliever, and a man would sell his religion for a portion of the worldly life [i.e. the worldly things].’’  [Saheeh Muslim Kitaab Al-Imaan number: 118]

Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee [hafidhahullaah] said: The author [i.e. Imaam Al-Aajurree] pointed out that a lot of Fitan have occurred- a people were humiliated during it and also destroyed, such as the likes of Abu Muslim Al-Khurasaanee and (during) the Fitna of Ibnul Raawandee. Many Fitan have occurred and from them the Fitna of the khawaarij, the Rawaafid and killing. Deviation and misguidance have occurred – either fighting and trials (related) to politics or trials (related) to creed, methodology and what is similar to it.  Many people who were to be destroyed were destroyed  and the one whom Allaah protected was saved and (enabled) to adhere to the true methodology.

Indeed, all praises and thanks be to Allaah, many were saved due to the clarity and establishment of this methodology (i.e. the Salafi path), just as the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallaam] promised, that “There will not cease to be a group from my Ummah manifest and upon the truth –neither being harmed by those who forsake them nor by those who oppose them until the hour is established”.

So, Allaah’s proof has been established against the people from the time Muhammad [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallaam] was sent until the establishment of the hour. A time will not come except that His [i.e. Allaah’s] proofs are established by the inheritors of the prophets [i.e. the scholars of Ahlus Sunnah]- the people of sound knowledge, the ‘Taa-ifatul Mansoorah [i.e. victorious group] that adheres to the truth and will not depart from it until the establishment of the hour. Allaah’s proof has been established against [the people] and through them [i.e. the inheritors of the prophets, Allaah saves many people, and all the praises and thanks be to Allaah.

Therefore, during every trial, they [i.e. the scholars of Ahlus Sunnah] must openly proclaim the truth and clarify it for the people. They should distinguish for them guidance and misguidance, truth and falsehood, the manner in which the people will be safeguarded from these trials, the path through which they will be saved from entering into Fitan and other affairs (by way of which) Allaah [The Blessed and Most High] guides this group when facing every Fitna. And indeed the author reiterated this hadeeth: “A man will wake up in the morning as a Muslim and by evening he becomes a disbeliever.” He [i.e. the author] said that a people will be humiliated; yes! A man may be upon truth and then you do not see him thereafter except that he has become a disbeliever or a misguided innovator! This is nothing else but humiliation! He used to claim that he is upon good, a possessor of knowledge and upon the truth, but then he falls into disbelief–either Kufr Akbar or kufr Asghar. This is ignominy and Allaah’s Protection is sought. How many people have been humiliated and exposed by a trial! [Suddenly] you come to know of them and their false claims are unveiled, and their reality is clarified for you. [Ref 2]

Aasim Bin Humaid [rahimahullaah] said, “I heard Mu’aadh Ibn Jabal [radiyallaahu-anh] saying, ‘Indeed, you will not see in this Dunyaa except affliction and trial, the affair will not increase except in severity and you will not see from the rulers except harshness https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-tyranny-of-the-rulers-a-reason-for-rebellion/. You will not see an affair that is terrifying and causes you hardship, except that it will be lesser in severity than what will occur thereafter’. Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal [rahimahullaah] said [i.e. after hearing this statement], ‘O Allaah! Make us pleased (with You)! O Allaah! Make us pleased (with You)’”.

The author [i.e. Ibnul Bannaa (rahimahullaah)] transmitted this narration in which Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “Indeed, you will not see in this Dunyaa, except affliction and trial”. Meaning that is because this Dunyaa is a place of affliction, trial and test. Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He] said: [وَنَبۡلُوكُم بِٱلشَّرِّ وَٱلۡخَيۡرِ فِتۡنَةً۬‌ۖ وَإِلَيۡنَا تُرۡجَعُونَ   – And We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good, and to Us you will be returned. (Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Aayah 35)]

Then Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “And the affair will not increase except in severity”. Meaning that is because the affair of the believers alternates between perfection and deficiency, and an era will not come to the people except that the era thereafter will be lesser in virtue.

Then Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “And you will not see from the rulers except harshness”. Meaning, the way you are [i.e. righteous or sinful] will determine who will rule over you. Whenever deficiency occurs in the religious affairs of the people, this will also be the state of the one who rules over them.

Then Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “And you will not see an affair that is terrifying and causes you hardship, except that it will be lesser in severity than what will occur thereafter”. Meaning,  it may be that a person witnesses an affair which he considers to be terrifying and difficult, but then another era comes thereafter and he considers it more severe than the one that occurred during his youth.

Mu’aadh [radiyallaahu-anhu] made these statements to notify the believer regarding the state he should be in when afflictions occur, so that he strives against his soul [i.e. in obedience to Allaah], remains steadfast upon the truth, turns truthfully to Allaah [in obedience, submission, reliance, repentance etc], pleased with Allaah, not to deviate, not to be like those who are destroyed and seeks Allaah’s Protection against the trials that are apparent and that which is hidden. This is the reason why Imaam Ahmad [rahimahullaah] said twice [i.e. after hearing Mu’aadh’s speech], “O Allaah! Make us pleased (with You)! O Allaah! Make us pleased (with You)”.

This shows what a Muslim should be upon during trials – that he should be pleased with Allaah in two ways: [رضىا بالله   and  رضا عن الله]. The meaning of Ridaa Billaah can be found in a hadeeth of Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi wasallam] as follows:

ذَاقَ طَعْمَ الإيمَانِ مَنْ رَضِيَ بِالله رَبّا وَ باْلإِسْلاَمِ دِيناً و بِمُحَمّدٍ رسولا

The one who pleased that Allah is his lord and Islam is his religion and  Muhammad is his messenger shall taste the sweetness of Eemaan.  Ridaa Billaah is related to being pleased with the Names and Attributes of Allaah.

As for Ridaa Anil laah, it can be found in the statement of Allaah: [رضي الله عنهم ورضوا عنه] and it is related to being pleased with Allaah’s reward and good recompense. 

Therefore, with regards to the trials, it is obligated on a Muslim to turn to Allaah [in submission, obedience, reliance, humility, repentance etc]. Whenever the trial becomes more severe, he increases in turning to Allaah. Indeed, the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi wasallam] said, “Worship during Al-Harj [i.e. during chaos, confusion, disorder, fighting, killing etc] is like emigrating to me”.  harj12 

This shows that during trials a Muslim should turn to Allaah – turn to worship, remembrance of Allaah, submit and humble himself to Allaah. As for many other people, trials bussies and diverts them from remembrance of Allaah; rather many people are preoccupied with the trial and diverted]from obedience to Allaah. How many people are preoccupied with trials and diverted from establishing the prayer at its fixed time! How many people fall into evil due to Fitan! Fitan is destructive and no one is saved from it, except the one whom Allaah saves.

And in relation to Mu’aadh’s [radiyallaahu-anhu] statement, it has also been reported in Shu’ab Al-Imaan by Bayhaqi [rahimahullaah] from Abee Mas’ood Al-Ansaari [radiyallaahu-anhu] who said, “A time will not reach you except that the time after it will be worse than it”. So they (i.e. the people) said, “Indeed, a time has reached us in which we had things in abundance and a time in which we did not have things in abundance”.  He said, “By Allaah! Indeed, I neither mean your time of abundant produce nor your time of scarcity, rather I mean the disappearance of knowledge or the scholars. Indeed, before you there was Umar [radiyallaahu-anhu], so show me a time like his?!”  Perhaps it can be said (in relation to this statement of Abee Mas’ood (radiyallaahu-anhu)] regarding this era of ours, “Ibn Baaz was here (i.e. alive amongst us few years ago), so show us someone like him (or an era like his)?!” However, good is still present. Even though the likes of these statements are transmitted, but also the texts regarding tranquillity, the people of virtue and that good will remain should be mentioned, such as the statement of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], “There will not cease to be a group of my Ummah who will be upon the truth, neither will they be harmed by those who oppose them nor by those who betray them until the establishment of the hour (i.e. the day of judgement)”.

This proves that good will remain and the likes of these narrations [i.e. the narrations by Abee Mas’ood and Mu’aadh (radiyallaahu-anhumaa)] are not aimed at leaving a person in a state of hopelessness and despair; rather it is aimed at making him turn to Allaah (in obedience, submission, reliance, humility, repentance etc] and to be from the people of virtue, even if they are few. [Ref 3]


[Ref 1: Source: An Excerpt from ‘Ighaathatul Lahfaan 1/15-16. Publisher: Daar Aalimul Fawaa’id’ 1st Edition 1432AH. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2: Source: An Excerpt from ‘Adh-Dharee’ah Ilaa Bayaan Maqaasid Kitaab Ash-Sharee’ah’ – 1/200-202. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 3: An Excerpt From ‘Sharh Risaalah Al-Mughniyah Fis Sukoot Wa Luzoomil Buyoot. Lessons 2 – By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (hafidhahullaah)]

 

 

Who Saw The Shooting Star Last Night? [A Lesson On Sincerity And Truthfulness]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Narrated Husayn bin Abdir Rahmaan, “I was with Sa’eed bin Jubair when he said, ‘Who amongst you saw a shooting star last night?’ I said, ‘I did’; then I said, ‘I was not in prayer, but was stung by a scorpion’ [i.e. the reason why I was awake and saw the shooting star was because I got stung by a scorpion]. He said, ‘Then what did you do?’ I said, ‘I performed Ruqyah’”… to the end of the hadeeth: [Ref 1]

Faa’idah From This Section of The Hadeeth:

Husayn said: ‘I did’ [i.e. I saw the shooting star]; then I said, ‘I was not in prayer, but was stung by a scorpion’ [i.e. that is the reason why I was awake and saw the shooting star].

Question: Why did Husayn Bin Abdir Rahmaan [rahimahullaah] mention – in addition – that he was not in prayer after informing Sa’eed Bin Jubayr that he saw the shooting star last night?! Answer: Imaam Sa’di [rahimahullaah] said: That is because Salaf [i.e. the pious predecessors] were far removed from praising a person for something he does not possess. [Ref 2]

Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] said:

He [i.e. Husayn] said this lest the people think that he was standing in prayer and thus he is praised for that which he did not do. This is opposite of what some people do, for they rejoice that people assumed that they were standing in prayer. This is tantamount to a deficiency in one’s Tawheed. Husayn’s statement is not viewed from the angle of show off, rather it is a good deed. And it is not like that one who abandons acts of obedience to Allaah out of fear of Riyaa, for indeed shaytaan plays about with a person [in this affair] and beautifies for him to abandon deeds out of fear of Riyaa; rather one should perform acts of obedience to Allaah, but nothing should be in your heart that you want to be seen by people. [Ref 3]

Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaykh [hafidhahullaah] said:

He [i.e. Husayn] made that statement out of fearing that those who were present would think that he saw the shooting star whilst he was in prayer [i.e. Tahajjud], so he negated that from himself. This shows the virtue of the Salaf [pious predecessors], their eagerness for sincerity, being distant from showing off and adorning oneself with something one does not possess. [Ref 4]


[Ref 1: See the full hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim 220]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Qawlus Sadeed Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed’. page 77. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 3: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Qawlul Mufeed Alaa Kitaab At-Tawheed’. Vol 1. Page 97. Slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 4: An Excerpt from ‘Sharh Fat-hul Majeed Li-Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed. Vol 1. Page 162’. Slightly paraphrased]

 

 

O Allaah! I ask You for well-being in this Dunyaa and the Aaakhirah…

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abdullah Bin Umar [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said: Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] never abandoned these supplications in the morning and evening:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ العافِيَـةَ فـي الدُّنيا والآخِرَةِ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ العَفْوَ والعافِيَـةَ فـي دِيني ودُنْـيايَ وأَهْلِي ومالِي، اللَّهُمَّ اسْتُـرْ عَوْراتِي، وآمِنْ رَوْعاتِي،

اللَّهُمَّ احْفَظْنِـي مِنْ بَـيْنِ يَدَيَّ، ومِنْ خَلْفِي، وعَنْ يَمِيـنِـي، وعَنْ شِمالِي، ومِنْ فَوْقِي، وأَعُوذُ بِعَظَمَـتِكَ أَنْ أُغْتالَ مِنْ تَحْتِـي

“O Allaah! I ask You for well-being in this Dunyaa and the Aaakhirah. O Allāh, I ask You for pardon and well-being in my religion, my worldly affairs, my family and my wealth. O Allaah! Conceal my [faults, shortcomings etc] and safeguard me against everything that will bring me fear and sorrow. O Allaah! Protect me from in front, from behind me, from my right and my left, and from above. And I seek refuge with Your Magnificence from being swallowed up from beneath me”.

Beneficial Reminder From The Above Supplication

This great supplication begins with one asking Allaah for [العافِيَـةَ -wellbeing] in the Dunyaa and Aakhirah. Nothing can be equal to wellbeing, for whoever is granted well-being then indeed he has received his complete share of good. Seeking [العَفْوَ -pardon] necessitates that one is forgiven his sins and they are wiped away. As for [العافِيَـةَ – Well-being], it is safety Allaah bestows on a servant of His- protects him against every punishment and trial, by averting evil from him, protecting him against calamities and ailments [sicknesses], evil affairs and sins. So, the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] asked for wellbeing in the Dunyaa and Aakhirah, as well as wellbeing in his religion, worldly affairs, his family and wealth.

Well-being in one’s religion is protection against everything that will bring dishonour [or disgrace] to one’s religion or deprive him of it.

Well-being in the Dunyaa is to seek protection against everything that will harm the person in his worldly affairs, such as calamities or trials, severe poverty and ailments.

Well-being in the Aakhirah is to seek protection against the extreme hardships in the Aakhirah and its various punishments. Well-being in one’s family is that they are protected from trials, calamities and tests; wellbeing in one’s wealth is that it is protected from drowning, burning, theft etc…

[اللَّهُمَّ اسْتُـرْ عَوْراتِي  – O Allaah! Conceal my faults, shortcomings etc [ وآمِنْ رَوْعاتِي – safeguard me against every affair that will frighten me and bring sorrow upon me].

[اللَّهُمَّ احْفَظْنِـي مِنْ بَـيْنِ يَدَيَّ، ومِنْ خَلْفِي، وعَنْ يَمِيـنِـي، وعَنْ شِمالِي، ومِنْ فَوْقِي، وأَعُوذُ بِعَظَمَـتِكَ أَنْ أُغْتالَ مِنْ تَحْتِـي – O Allaah! Protect me from in front, from behind me, from my right and my left, and from above. And I seek refuge with Your Magnificence from being swallowed up from beneath me] – Meaning: Asking Allaah to protect you against destructive things and evils which a person is exposed to from the six directions, for indeed evil can approach from the front, behind, the right, the left,  above or below, and he does not know which direction calamity will suddenly come upon him.


An Excerpt from Fiqh Al-Ad’iyah Wal Afkaar 3/32-33. Slightly paraphrased]

 

Strength of The Believer – [Comparison Between An Old Weak Person and a Young Person]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Indeed, Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] placed strength of a believer in the heart and not the other limbs. Have you not seen that a weak old man fasting when the sun is very hot and stands up at night in prayer, whilst a young man is unable to do so?! [Ref 1]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:

There are two (types) of strengths within the soul: The strength of abstinence and the strength of courage. The reality of patience is that one makes the strength of courageousness a means of action in what benefits him and the strength of abstinence a means of action in refraining from what is harmful to him. Among the people, there is one whose patience in carrying out what benefits him and being firm upon it is stronger than his patience in refraining from what is harmful to him; so he exercises patience in facing difficulty whilst carrying out acts of obedience, but he does not exercise patience in refraining from urges towards what he is forbidden. And among them, there is one whose patience in refraining from things that are in opposition to the religion is stronger than his patience in carrying out acts of obedience, and among them there is one who does not exercise patience in both affairs. The best of people are those who fulfil both affairs. Many people patiently bear the hardship of praying Tahajjud during hot and cold nights, and the difficulty in fasting; but they do not exercise patience in refraining from looking at forbidden things. Many people exercise patience in refraining from looking at the forbidden things and inclination towards [forbidden] images, but they do not exercise patience in commanding good and forbidding evil..[Ref 2]


[Ref 1: Hilyatul Awliyaa 1/480]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from Uddatus Saabireen. page 37. Slightly paraphrased]