And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you (O Muhammad ), and from Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), and ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). We took from them a strong covenant. That He may ask the truthful [i.e. His Messengers and Prophets] about their truth [i.e. the conveyance of Allaah’s Message that which they were charged with].
[Surah Al-Ahzaab. Aayaat 7-8]
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: When it is the case that the truthful ones will be brought to account regarding their truthfulness, then what would one think about the liars? [Ref1]
Ibn Aqeel [rahimahullaah] said:
“If the truthful ones were to keep silent and the falsifiers speak, then the creation would have relinquished what they have witnessed [of truth] and reject what they have not witnessed. So when the devout ones desire to revive the Sunnah, the people would reject it and think that it is bidah”. [Ref 2]
Al-Allaama Rabee Bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee [may Allaah preserve him] said:
Through [Muhammad (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasalam)], Allaah removed us from the darkness of Shirk, indecency and Bidah, evil deeds and bad manners – lying, deceit, quackery, trickery etc. And He (purified us) with pure (Islamic)] monotheism and strong sincere Eemaan. He [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] nurtured us upon truthfulness and took the oath of allegiance from us that we speak the truth wherever we may be, and He warned us against lies and evil deeds. And from the recompense (given) to a liar is that which has been reported from the noble Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam]- the person of high moral character- who said, “I saw (in a dream) – two men came to me”. Then the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasalam] said, “They said, ‘the person- the one whose cheek you saw being torn away (from the mouth to the ear) was a liar and used to tell lies and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread (that lie) all over the world. So, he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection”. [Reported by Imaam Al-Bukhaari: Number: 6096]
How numerous are those who tell lies today against the carries of Salafiyyah and its callers! They hinder men from the path of Allaah by way of these lies to aid falsehood, spurious (stances, ideas, views etc), bidah, (views, stances, beliefs, ideas etc) that are destructive to the sound creed, methodology and virtuous manners. [Ref 3]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Aa’isha [radiyallaahu-anhaa] narrated that Allaah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said to her, “I know when you are pleased with me or angry with me”. I said, “When do you know that?” He said, “When you are pleased with me, you say, ‘No, by the Lord of Muhammad,’ but when you are angry with me, then you say, ‘No, by the Lord of Abraaheem.’ ” Thereupon I said, “Yes, (certainly, you are right); but by Allaah, O Allaah’s Messenger (ﷺ), I do not leave anything else besides your name”.
Benefits From This Hadeeth
A man’s thorough observation regarding the state of a woman due to her action, speech, inclination or lack of inclination towards him based on indications, because the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] firmly determined Aa’Isha’s [radiyallaahu-anhaa] happiness or anger merely when she mentioned or refrain from mentioning his name; therefore, he [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] judged the two situations based on the mention or the absence of a mention of his name as an indication of happiness or anger. It can also be definitely the case that there is something more explicit regarding this affair, but he did not say it.
And regarding the statement of Aa’Isha, “Yes (certainly, you are right); but by Allaah, O Allaah’s Messenger, I do not leave anything else besides your name”. At-Teebee [rahimahullaah] said, “This is a very subtle way of making an exception, because she related that when she is in a state of anger – a state in which a sane person loses his senses by choice, her affirmed love for the Messenger [sallal laaahu alayhi wasallam] does not change.
Ibnul Muneer [rahimahullaah] said, “What Aa’isha [radiyallaahu anhaa] intended is that she left out the wording of the Prophet’s [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] name but her heart’s pure love and affection towards the noble person of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] does not leave her.
And with regards to the choice Aa’Isha [radiyallaahu anhaa] made to use Ibraaheem’s [alayhis salaam] name instead of the other Prophets [alayhimus salaam], this is proof regarding her intelligence, because the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] is the one with the best claim to Ibraaheem [alayhis salaam] just as Allaah stated in the Qur’an. Therefore, when she had no other way of leaving a noble name, she replaced it with the name of someone who is from the one whose name she left out, so that her heart does not exit the boundaries of that attachment.
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Narrated Jabir [radiyallaahu-anhu] that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said, “Iblis places his throne upon water; he then sends detachments [for creating dissension]; the nearer to him in rank are those who are most notorious in creating dissension. One of them comes and says, ‘I did so and so’. And he says, ‘You have done nothing’. Then one amongst them comes and says, ‘I did not spare so and so until I sowed the seed of discord between a husband and a wife’. The Satan goes near him and says, ‘You have done well’. A’mash said, ‘He then embraces him’”. [Saheeh Muslim. Number:2813]
And because of the fact that this bond [between husband and wife] is from the most beloved affairs to Allaah and His Messenger, it is from the most hated affairs to the enemy of Allaah [i.e. shaytaan]. Therefore he hastens to split two people who love another for the sake of Allaah. [Source: Rawdatul Muhibbeen. Page:188]
There has been reports in the media regarding a rise in marital discord due to complete and partial lock downs, therefore we remind ourselves about the importance of our beloved relationships with our wives. Must refer to the following links:
Finally, if you are a young man or woman, then please – for the sake of Allaah – neither involve anyone in your marriage affairs nor seek advice from youth; rather return to the wise and knowledgeable elders in the community – those who rectify affairs with wisdom and are far removed from hastiness. Some of us have been married for twenty-five years and our parents are still married after nearly five decades, and the affair always improves when one returns to the authentic Sunnah during hardships and disagreements. Any hardship we face at the moment is from the Qadr of Allaah, therefore we remind ourselves of that which is in the following link:
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Abu Burda narrated, “My father (Abu Musa) said, ‘I came to the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] and saw him carrying a Siwaak in his hand and cleaning his teeth, saying, ‘U’, ‘U’, as if he was retching while the Siwaak was in his mouth'”.
Benefits From This Hadeeth:
It is legislated to use the Siwaak on the tongue for a longer time. As for the teeth, what is more desired is that the Siwaak is made to come into contact with them widthways – across the mouth.
Siwaak is not specified for use on the teeth only. [Ref 1]
More about benefits of Siwaak, listen here:
The Virtues Of The Siwaak By Shaikh Abdul Waahid [Abu Khadeejah]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
Firstly, Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:
The basis of Banee Aadam’s misguidance is as a result of ‘General Terms’ and ‘Ambiguous Meanings’ [i.e. terms & meanings which can either be utilised for truth or falsehood when not explained in detail and distinguished], especially if they come in contact with a confused mind, then how about when [evil] desires and misguided enthusiasm is added to that? Therefore, ask the One Who keeps the hearts steadfast [i.e. Allaah] to keep your heart firm upon His Religion and not allow you to fall into this darkness. [Ref A]
One of the general fundamental principles [in Islaam] is to know that words [or terms] are two types: Words that are mentioned in the Qur’aan and [authentic] Sunnah, therefore, it is obligated on every believer to affirm them – affirm what Allaah and His Messenger have affirmed, and negate what Allaah and His Messenger have negated. The words [or terms] affirmed by Allaah is truth and the ones Allaah negated are [negated] in truth, for indeed Allaah speaks the truth and guides to the straight path. The words [or terms] of the Sharee’ah are sanctified, and it is from perfection in knowledge that one seeks after the [sound meanings] which the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasalam] intended by them, in order to affirm what he affirmed and negate the meanings he negated; for indeed it is obligated on us to believe and bear witness to everything he has stated and follow him in everything he has commanded. As for the words [or terms] that are neither found in the Qur’am and [authentic] Sunnah, nor did the Salaf hold a consensus regarding whether they are negated or affirmed, then it is not incumbent on anyone to agree with the one who negates them or affirms them until its intended meaning is explained. So, if its intended meaning agrees with the [revelation, commands, prohibitions etc] conveyed by the Messenger, it is affirmed; but if its intended meaning is in opposition to the [revelation, commands, prohibitions etc] conveyed by the Messenger, it is rejected. [Ref B]
Therefore, the statement ‘Two wrongs Don’t Make a Right’ cannot be used unrestrictedly, rather this statement should be uttered only when someone takes the law into his own hands.
Secondly, the only effective deterrent is the Sharee’ah of Islaaam. Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [hafidhahullaah] said:
Some Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia and parts of Nigeria use Sharī’ah Law as the law of the land. These include death penalties for murder and drug trafficking, and amputation and removal of a hand for thieves who steal beyond a certain considerable sum. Even though these punishments exist, they are not used often because the crime rate in many Muslim countries is low. That is for two reasons: 1. The citizens are keen to live their lives in accordance to their Islamic faith, ethics and morals. 2. The threat of these punishments serve as strong deterrent against crimes. [Ref C]
O you who believe! Al-Qisas (the Law of Equality in punishment) is prescribed for you in case of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But if the killer is forgiven by the brother (or the relatives, etc.) of the killed against blood money, then adhering to it with fairness and payment of the blood money, to the heir should be made in fairness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. So after this whoever transgresses the limits (i.e. kills the killer after taking the blood money), he shall have a painful torment. And there is (a saving of) life for you in Al-Qisas (the Law of Equality in punishment), O men of understanding, that you may become pious
[Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayaat 178-179]
Ash-Shaybaan [rahimahullaah] reported from Qataadah [rahimahullaah] who said, “Amongst the people of the pre-Islamic era, there were those who used to transgress and follow shaytaan. If a person had a great number of supporters and strength, and then a slave of theirs is murdered by a slave of another people, then out of wanting to show their superior strength, they would say, ‘We shall not kill (by way of revenge) except a free person amongst them’. And if a woman kills another woman from another tribe, they said, ‘We shall not kill (by way of revenge) except a man amongst them”. So, Allaah revealed this Aayah.
And regarding the statement: [وَلَكُمۡ فِى ٱلۡقِصَاصِ حَيَوٰةٌ۬ يَـٰٓأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَلۡبَـٰبِ لَعَلَّڪُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ – And there is (a saving of) life for you in Al-Qisas (the Law of Equality in punishment), O men of understanding, that you may become pious], Az-Zujaaj [rahmahullaah] said, “If a man knows that he will be killed if he murders someone, then he will refrain from murder, so by way of this both the lives of others and his are preserved. [Ref 1]
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said, “He refrains from killing someone else out of loving and giving precedence to his life, so in this is a preservation of his life and that of the one he wants to kill. Also when a man killed another man from a family and a tribe, the family or tribe of the victim would kill everyone they can find from the family, tribe and city district of the murderer, and in this there was overwhelming corruption and destruction; so Allaah legislated the law of equality in punishment so that none else is killed except the one who committed murder. Therefore, this preserved the lives of murderer’s relatives and the people of his city. [Ref 2]
Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahullaah] said, “By way of it [i.e. the law of equity in punishment] life is preserved and the misguided ones who exit the confines of justice are restrained. The one who knows that he will be killed if he kills, then he may not attempt to kill. And when others witness a murderer being executed [i.e. by the government], they will take heed and refrain from the crime of murder. So, if the punishment against a murderer was other than killing him [by way of capital punishment], the evil act of murder would not have been prevented. This is the case regarding all the prescribed punishments of the Sharee’ah, because they contain means of prevention of that which shows the perfect Wisdom of The All-Wise , the Oft-Forgiving.
And Allaah specified the mention of life in this Aayah as emphasis and exalting it. And when it is the case that none knows the reality of this ruling except the people of sound intellect and strong understanding, Allaah addressed them specifically. [Ref 3]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
NB: Regardless what a person holds regarding the validity or invalidity of the science behind social distances, this article in no way is a suggestion that one violates the specific government directives regarding social distancing, rather we obey the laws of the land.
Diseases of The Heart
Abdullaah Bin Mas’ood [radiyallaahu-anhu] said:
“Indeed, you see a disbeliever in Allaah and His Messenger with the healthiest body amongst the people and with the sickest heart; and you will come across a believer with the most upright of hearts and the unhealthiest body. I swear by Allaah, if your hearts were sick and your bodies healthy, you will be more insignificant to Allaah than dung beetles”. [Ref 1]
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:
The disease of the heart are two types:
The disease of Shubhah [i.e. an affair of falsehood that is made to resemble truth] and Shak [i.e. doubt]; and the disease of Shahwah [i.e. evil or vain desires or indecency] and Ghay [i.e. deviation from the right path]. Both of them have been mentioned in the Qur’aan. Allaah [The Most High] stated regarding the disease of Shubhah:
[ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا -In their hearts is a disease [of doubt and hypocrisy] and Allah has increased their disease. [2:10]
Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَلِيَقُولَ الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ وَالْكَافِرُونَ مَاذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِهَٰذَا مَثَلًا ۚ – And that those in whose hearts is a disease [of hypocrisy] and the disbelievers may say: “What Allah intends by this (curious) example?] [74:31]
And Allaah [The Most High] stated about the one who is called to judge by the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, but he refuses and turns away:
And when they are called to Allah (i.e. His Words, the Qur’an) and His Messenger to judge between them, lo! a party of them refuse (to come) and turn away. But if the right is with them, they come to him willingly with submission. Is there a disease in their hearts? Or do they doubt or fear lest Allah and His Messenger should wrong them in judgement. Nay, it is they themselves who are the Zalimun (polytheists, hypocrites and wrong-doers, etc.).[24:48-50] This is the disease of Shubhah [i.e. an affair of falsehood that is made to resemble truth] and Shak [i.e. doubt].
As for the disease of Shahwa [evil desires], Allaah [The Most High] said: [يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِّنَ النِّسَاءِ ۚ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلَا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ – O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty (to Allah), then be not soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease [i.e. evil desire for adultery, etc.] should be moved with desire, but speak in an honourable manner.” [Ahzaab: Ayah:32] This is the disease of the evil desire for adultery, and Allaah knows best. [Ref 2[
The Nafs And Shaytaan
Allaah [The Most High] said:
[وَٱعۡتَصِمُواْ بِٱللَّهِ هُوَ مَوۡلَٮٰكُمۡۖ فَنِعۡمَ ٱلۡمَوۡلَىٰ وَنِعۡمَ ٱلنَّصِيرُ -“And hold fast to Allah; He is your Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.), what an Excellent Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.) and what an Excellent Helper!’’ [Surah Al-Hajj. Aayah 78]
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: “When you hold fast to Allaah, He will protect you. Allaah will help you against [the evil urges] of your souls and shaytaan – the two enemies that never isolate themselves from a person. Their enmity is more harmful than an apparent enemy. Therefore, being given help against them is the most important thing and a person’s need of it is more than [his need for other things]. And the completeness of this help is [given] based on the level of one’s attachment to Allaah.’’ [Jalaa Al-Af’haam. Page 154]
Imaam Al-Aajurree [rahimahullaah] said: It is obligated on the one who hears this from Allaah [i.e. the affairs stated about the nafs in the Qur’an and Sunnah] that he is more careful or cautious about his nafs than an enemy that wants to kill him, or take his wealth, or violate his honour. If someone says: “Why do you obligate – on me – this precaution about the Nafs until you place it in a situation that is more severe than an enemy whose enmity is certainly very manifest? It should then be said to him, “The enemy of yours who wants to kill you, or wants to take your wealth or violate your honour, if he overcomes you with what he does to you, then indeed Allaah will expiate some of your sins and raise your status, but this will not be the case with the nafs because if the nafs overcomes you by way of that which you desire – that which you have been forbidden, then this contains destruction for you in this Dunya and the Aakhirah- disgrace and severe punishment in the Dunyah, an evil state in the sight of Allaah and destination in the Aakhirah.
Therefore the Aaqil- may Allaah have mercy upon him – compels or obligates caution on his Nafs and strives against it in a manner more severe than striving against an enemy who wants to take his wealth and his life. So, he strives against his nafs in times of anger and in times of happiness. This is how our prophet disciplined us in various hadeeth, saying: The Mujaahid is the one who strives against his Nafs in obedience to Allaah – The Mighty and Majestic.
Shaikh Abdur Razaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] said: When a person hears the statement, “Be more careful [or cautious] about your Nafs than an enemy who wants to kill you”, he might be amazed as to how can be the case?! Say to him, “If someone kill you or took your wealth, Allah will expiate your sins, because have you not heard about the hadeeth about the Muflis?!
Abu Huraira [radiyallaahu-anhu] reported that the Messenger of Allaah [sallal laahu-alayhi- wasallam] said, “Do you know who is bankrupt?” They said, “The one without money or goods is bankrupt.” The Prophet said, “Verily, the bankrupt of my Ummah are those who come on the Day of Resurrection with prayers, fasting, and charity, but also insulted this one, slandered that one, ate the wealth of this one, shed the blood of that one, and hit this one. So, this one will be given from his good deeds and hat one is given from his deeds. And if his good deeds run out before justice is fulfilled, then their sins will be cast upon him and he will be thrown into the Hellfire.”
[Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2581]
So, you will take his deeds and if he has no more deeds to give away, your sins will be given you him and he’ll be in the fire; but as for when our own nafs overcome us by way of that which is haraam, then we gain nothing. [Ref 3]
So, Imaam Al-Aajurree [rahimahullaah] said: One should strive against his Nafs in times of happiness as well as when he is happy. In supplication: [وأسألُك كلمةَ الحقِّ في الرِّضَا والغضب – I ask You (O Allaah) to make me true in speech in times of pleasure and anger]. [Ref 4]
The one who does not utter except the truth during anger and pleasure, then this is a proof of his strong Eemaan and that indeed he is in control of his Nafs. [Ref 5]
Allaah [The Exalted] informed us in Soorah An-Nisaa Ayah 119 that shaytaan said: [وَلَأُضِلَّنَّهُمْ -Verily, I will mislead them]- Meaning, from the truth. [وَلَأُمَنِّيَنَّهُم – And surely, I will arouse in them false desires]; Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhumaa) said: He (shaytaan) desires to hinder (them) from repentance and to delay it.
[وَلَآمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُبَتِّكُنَّ آذَانَ الْأَنْعَامِ – I will order them to slit the ears of cattle], Meaning, cut off the ears of the cattle]; [وَلَآمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُغَيِّرُنَّ خَلْقَ اللَّهِ – And indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah]; Ibn Abbaas (radiyallaahu-anhumaa) said: He (ibleees) intends by this the religion of Allaah. And the meaning of this is that Allaah created his slaves upon an upright fitrah [i.e. an upright natural disposition that will enable them to recognize Allaah, accept the call of the messengers when it reaches them and worship Allaah alone], as He (the most high) said:
So set you (O Muhammad) your face towards the religion of true Monotheism- Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allah’s Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq–illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. (Always) Turning in repentance to Him (only), and be afraid and dutiful to Him….[Soorah Ar-Rum Aayaat 30-31]
And Allaah [The Exalted] stated that shaytaan said:
(Iblis) said: “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).” [7:16-17]
[ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُم مِّن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ – Then I will come to them from before them and behind them]; Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will bring doubts to them about the Hereafter”. [وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ – and behind them]; Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said that this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will make them covetous for the worldly things.’’ [وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ – and from their right]; Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will make their religion obscure [i.e. by making them hold onto doubtful matters which they would consider to be the truth]. [وَعَن شَمَائِلِهِمْ – and from their left]; Al-Hasan [rahimahullaah] said this means, ‘’I [Iblees] will command them to commit evil deeds, urge them toward it and beautify it in their eyes [i.e. make it fair seeming to them]’’.
It has also been reported from Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] who said that Iblees did not say ‘’And from above them’’ because he knows that Allaah is above them. Qataadah [rahimahullaah] said, ‘’O son of Adam! Shaytaan comes to you from every direction but not from above because he is not able to come between you and the Mercy of Allaah. [Ref 5.1]
A Beneficial Contemplation Regarding How to Keep Away From Sin
Imaam Abdul Ghaniy Al-Maqdisi stated in his book At-tawwaabeen that a man once came to Ibraaheem Bin Adham and said, “O Abu Ishaaq! Indeed I have transgressed against my Nafs [through evil deeds], so present to me that which will be a deterrent for my nafs and will save [or rescue] my heart”. So, Ibraaheem said to him: “If you accept five affairs and fulfil them, neither will you be harmed due to sinning nor will the enjoyment [or delight from it] bring you destruction. The man said, “Mention them to me O Abu Ishaaq”.
Ibraaheem said: “The first affair is that when you want to disobey Allaah – The Mighty and Majestic- do not eat His provision”. The man said, “Where would I eat from when it is case that all that is in the earth is from His provision?” He said, “O you! Is it right that you eat His provision and disobey him?” The man said, “No; mention the second affair to me”.
Ibraaheem said, “If you want to disobey Allaah, do not live anywhere in Allaah’s earth”. The man said, “This is greater than the first affair! When it is the case that the east, the west and whatever is between them belongs to Him, then where would I live?” Ibraaheem said to him, “O you! Is it right that you eat His provision and live on his earth, yet you disobey him?” The man said, “No; mention the third affair”.
Ibraaheem said, “If you want to disobey Him whilst you are being provided from His provision and living on his earth, then do so in a place where He cannot see you”. The man said, “How can that be when it is the case that He knows everything that is hidden”. Ibraaheem said, “O you! Is it right that you eat his provision, live on his earth and you disobey him whilst he sees you and what you do?” The man said, “No; mention the fourth affair”.
Ibraaheem said, “When the angel of death comes to take your soul, tell him, ‘Delay its departure until I perform sincere repentance and perform righteous deeds for the sake of Allaah’”. The man said, “He (the angel) will not accept that from me”. Ibraaheem said, “O you! When it is the case that you cannot repel death until you repent and you know that there is no delay when it comes to you, then how do you hope to escape?” The man said, “Mention the fifth affair”.
Ibraaheem said to him, “When the Zabaaniyah [i.e. guardians of hell] come to you on yawmul qiyaamah to take you to the fire, do not go with them”. The man said, “Neither will they leave me nor accept that from me”. Ibraaheem said to him, “So, how do you hope for safety then?” The man said, “O Ibraaheem! This is enough! This is enough! I seek Allah’s forgiveness and repent to Him.” [Ref 6]
Finally, we say once again:
Regardless what a person holds regarding the validity or invalidity of the science behind social distances, this article in no way is a suggestion that one violates the specific government directives regarding social distancing, rather we obey the laws of the land.
Also Islaam gives great importance to physical health.
Employing The Means to Good Health – By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [hafidhahullaah]
[Ref 4: Part of a supplication narrated by Ammaar Bin Yaasir (radiyallaahu-anhu) from the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam). Reported by An-Nasaa’ee Number 1305 & found in Saheeh Al-Jaami Number 1301]
And they give food, inspite of their love for it (or for the love of Him), to Miskin (poor), the orphan, and the captive; (saying): “We feed you seeking Allah’s Countenance only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you. Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day, hard and distressful, that will make the faces look horrible (from extreme dislikeness to it).” So Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them Nadratan (a light of beauty) and joy. [Surah Al-Insaan. Aayaat 9-11]
Indeed, if the real purpose behind philanthropy is to help the poor, then neither should there be any strings attached nor carried out for ulterior motives, such as those whose spending is either to reinforce Kufr and Shirk or a means of expressing power and control. Therefore, the Muslim philanthropists should be far removed from the behaviour of those who spend their wealth in disobedience to Allaah and His Messengers, just as Allaah stated about the advice that was given to Qaaroon:
But seek, with that (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on you, the home of the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of legal enjoyment in this world, and do good as Allah has been good to you, [وَلَا تَبۡغِ ٱلۡفَسَادَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِۖ – and seek not mischief in the land]- Meaning: through pride, disobedience (to Allaah), preoccupying yourself with the blessings (bestowed upon you by Allaah) at the expense of (obedience to Allaah, being thankful etc); [إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُفۡسِدِينَ -. Verily, Allah likes not the Mufsidun (those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupts). [Ref 1]
Allaah is the One who distributes bounties based on His perfect Wisdom and the Aakhirah should be the goal of the Muslim. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood in this world, and We raised some of them above others in ranks, so that some may employ others in their work. But the Mercy (Paradise) of your Lord (O Muhammad) is better than the (wealth of this world) which they amass.
[Surah Az-Zuhkruf. Aayah 32]
Recall the fact that all bounties are from Allaah and be mindful of this disease – mentioned by Imaam Ibnul Qayyim – that has afflicted some of the so called philanthropists amongst the people of Kufr. Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said:
Allaah brought the servant out of his mother’s womb whilst he knew nothing, not able to do anything and owned nothing; neither able to give nor take; neither able to harm nor benefit. This state of neediness until he reached a more perfect state is something witnessed and tangible for everyone [to see], and it is well known that this is the very essence of the human being and he remains upon that state. He does not move from this state and enters into a state of Lordship – a state in which he becomes absolutely self-sufficient and not need of anyone and anything; rather he does not cease being a slave, a needy one to his Rabb [Allaah the Creator, All-Provider and the Only One Who Controls and Sustains Everything] and His Faatir [Allaah, The Originator and Creator of Everything].
However, after the human being was granted blessings, shown mercy, granted the means to reach a more perfect state, and Allaah -out of His Perfect Kindness and Generosity- granted him apparent blessings [i.e. to recognise the Messengers who were sent with Islamic Monotheism, granted him the lawful pleasures of this world, including health, good looks, etc.] and the hidden blessings [i.e. granted him the innate disposition to recognise his Lord when the Messenger calls him to Eemaan, and granted him knowledge, wisdom, guidance for doing righteous deeds, and also the pleasures and delights of the Hereafter in Paradise, etc.], granted him hearing, sight and a heart, and taught him [i.e. gave him the means to knowledge], granted him ability, subjugated things to him, granted him [the desire and enthusiasm to pursue what is beneficial, and take action], enabled him to receive the service of those of his kind [i.e. gave him authority over other humans], subjugated to him horses and camels, gave him the ability to capture the animals in the sea, drop birds from the sky, subjugate wild animals, dig wells [irrigate water etc], plant trees, dig the earth, learn how to build, acquire the things that are of benefit to him, guard against and protect himself from that which is harmful to him; then the Miskeen [i.e. this absolutely poor, dependent human being] thinks that he has a share of authority and claims – for himself – a kingship [or authority] similar to that of Allaah [Glorified be Allaah and free is Allaah from all imperfections, partners, coequals, similarities etc], and begins to see himself in a manner other than what he was at first, forgets his [prior] state of non-existence, poverty and neediness, until he becomes as if he was not that poor and needy thing. [Ref 2]
Do not be like those who spend millions, but cause harm to servants of Allaah. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
Kind words and forgiving of faults are better than Sadaqah (charity) followed by injury. And Allah is Rich (Free of all wants) and He is Most-Forbearing. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 263]
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] stated regarding the above Aayah:
Allaah informed (us) that kind speech- which all hearts recognize and do not reject; and forgiveness, which is to pardon the one who treated you badly-, are better than charity that is followed by harm. Kind speech is good treatment and charity through speech; and forgiveness is good treatment by way of refraining from retaliation and holding someone responsible. These are two types of good treatments.
As for charity followed by harm, it is a good deed that is followed by its nullifier, and there is no doubt that two good deeds are better than a good dead that is nullified. This also includes the forgiveness shown by the person when he encounters some harm and harsh behaviour from the one who he could not fulfil his request; therefore, showing forgiveness to him would be better than giving him charity and then harming him. Speaking kindly to him, refraining [from retaliation] and forgiving him is better for you than giving him charity and then harming him.
Then Allaah [The Most High] ended this Aayah with the mention of two of His Attributes which are suitable for mention in this affair, saying: [وَٱللَّهُ غَنِىٌّ حَلِيمٌ۬- and He is Most-Forbearing].
Indeed, Allaah is not in need of you and nothing [from the benefits of] your charity reaches him, rather all the abundant good in this charity and its benefits returns to you and not to Allaah [Glorified and Exalted be He]. Therefore, how can one flaunt by way of his spending and causes harm whilst Allaah is completely not in need of it and everything else besides it. In addition to this, Allaah is forbearing because He does not hasten punishment against the one who flaunts. Allaah is completely free from need in every way and He is the One described as One with forbearance, the one who overlooks and forgives, alongside the fact that He bestows His vast [limitless] favours and ample [limitless] gifts; then how can one of you harm another person by flaunting and offending, even though what you give is little, and you are weak and poor [in the sight of Allaah]. Then Allaah said:
O you who believe! Do not render in vain your Sadaqah (charity) by reminders of your generosity or by injury, like him who spends his wealth to be seen of men, and he does not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day. His likeness is the likeness of a smooth rock on which is a little dust; on it falls heavy rain which leaves it bare. They are not able to do anything with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people. [Al-Baqarah 264].
This [above] Aayah necessitates that flaunting and harm nullifies the reward in charity, and it is also proof that good deeds can be nullified by evil deeds. [Ref 3]
Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood [radiyallaahu-anhu] reported that the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “The son of Adam will not be dismissed from his Lord on the Day of Resurrection until he is questioned about five issues: his life and how he lived it, his youth and how he used it, his wealth and how he earned it and he spent it, and how he acted on his knowledge.” [Ref 4]
Yahyaa Ibn Mu’aadh [rahimahullaah] said:
“The creation[i.e. mankind and Jinn] have not heard [anything] similar to two calamities [that afflicts] a person in relation to his wealth at the time of death; so it was said, ‘What are they?’ He said, ‘All of it is taken away from him (i.e. he will leave it behind for others) and he will be questioned about all of it (i.e. he will be questioned about it in the Hereafter- how he earned and spent it)’”. [Ref 5]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
The late Mufti of Saudi Arabia Imaam Abdul Azeez Bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy upon him] said:
Shrines are graves and the Prophetic tradition regarding this affair is that graves are to be raised a hand span from the ground, so that they are recognised as graves and not degraded. This is why in the hadeeth of Sa’d Bin Abee Waqqaas [radiyallaahu-anhu] it is reported that the grave of the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] was raised a hand span and Sa’d also gave orders that the same should be done to his grave. As for building over them, taking them as Masaajid and building domes, this is not permissible. According to the people of knowledge, this is evil, innovation in religion and one of the means to Shirk. And due to this the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] stated in an authentic hadeeth: “The curse of Allaah is upon the Jews and Christians [i.e. those Jews who deviated from the pure message of Moosaa and those Christians who deviated from the pure message of the Messiah], because they took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship”. And in a hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim, the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] forbade that graves should be plastered (made into permanent structures), used as sitting places and building over them. Therefore, it is not permissible to build over graves – neither mosques nor domes, nor other than them, and also they are not to be plastered, because indeed this is one of the means to Shirk – one of the means, because it becomes exalted, invoked besides Allaah and help sought from it, and thus shirk occurs. Building over graves- placing domes, mosques and lamps over them are from the means to Shirk, and this is why the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] warned against it and cursed those who do so.
It is obligated on the Muslims to be warned against this and that they do not build over a grave – neither a Masjid nor other than it, neither a dome nor plastered, neither place lamps on them nor shrouded. All this is not permissible, rather it is from the means to Shirk…. [Ref 1]
Where Was The Grave of The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] Initially?
Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [hafidhahullaah] stated as follows:
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
State of The Mulhid Fear-monger!
Allaah [The Exalted] said: [سَنُلۡقِى فِى قُلُوبِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ٱلرُّعۡبَ بِمَآ أَشۡرَڪُواْ بِٱللَّهِ مَا لَمۡ يُنَزِّلۡ بِهِۦ سُلۡطَـٰنً۬اۖ – We shall cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve, because they ascribe partners to Allaah, for which He had sent no authority]. [Surah Aal Imraan. Aayah 151]
Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: The level of Shirk determines the level of fear, and the one who ascribes a partner to Allaah has the greatest fear and terror. Those who believe and do not mix their belief with Shirk have safety, guidance and success and the one who ascribes a partner to Allaah has fear, misguidance and wretchedness. [Iddat As-Saabireen 166-167. Slightly paraphrased]
Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahullaah] said that this fear is due to that which they took as partners to Allaah, such as those things they set up as equals to Allaah and the idols based on their vain desires and corrupt goals, for which they neither have proof nor evidence, and thus they cut themselves off the Protection of The One and Only True Deity, The Most Merciful.
[Tafseer As-Sadi. Slightly paraphrased]
Allaah Is The One Who Cures All Ailments
Allaah [The Most High] stated that Ibraaheem [alayhis salaam] said: [وَإِذَا مَرِضۡتُ فَهُوَ يَشۡفِينِ – And when I am ill, it is He [Allaah] Who cures me]. [Surah Ash-Shu’araa. Aayah 80] – Meaning: When I become sick, none is able to heal me, except Allaah, by way of the means that may lead to recovery [i.e. by His Will]. [Tafseer Ibn Katheer]
Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood [radiyallaahu-ahu] said, “Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam said, ‘Allaah did not send down any disease except that he also sent its cure.” In another narration, the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, ‘One who has knowledge of it knows it, and one ignorant of it is ignorant’”. [Sunan Ibn Mājah 3438 and declared authentic by Imaam Albaanee in Sisilah As-Saheehah 4/208]
The Messenger [sallal laahu aalayhi wasallam] said, “Treat your sick by giving Sadaqah”. [Hadeeth declared Hasan by Imaam Albaani [rahimahullaah] in Saheeh Al-Jaami As-Sagheer Wa Ziyaadah 3358]
AbuBakr Al-Khubaaziy [rahimahullaah] said, “I had a very dangerous illness, so a neighbour of mine saw me and said, ‘Act upon the statement of Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], ‘Treat your sick by giving Sadaqah’. It was summertime, so I bought many watermelons and gathered a group of poor people and children. They ate and then supplicated for me to be cured. By Allaah! I did not reach the next morning except that Allaah granted me wellbeing’”. [Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa 18/44]
The State of Affairs Alternate By The Will of Allaah
لا حول ولا قوة الا بالله
Abu Moosaa Al-Ash’aree (radiyallaahu-anhu) said, “The Messenger of Allaah (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said to me, ‘O Abdullaah Bin Qais! Shall I tell you a word which is one of the treasures of Paradise? It is [لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ – (i.e. There is neither might nor power (to alternate from one state to another nor move from one thing to another) except by Allaah’s Will]. [Bukhaari 6384 & Muslim 2704]
Al-Harwee [rahimahullaah] said that Abu Haytham [rahimahullaah] said, “Al-Hawl [i.e. might] is Al-Haraka [movement], meaning, there is no movement nor ability except by the Will of Allaah”. And it is said, “There is no might to repel evil nor any power to reach good except by the Will of Allaah”. [Sharh Saheeh Muslim 4/87]
A servant [i.e. a Mulsim] is not afflicted by a calamity except that which Allaah has written and decreed. Allaah said: [قُل لَّن يُصِيبَنَآ إِلَّا مَا ڪَتَبَ ٱللَّهُ لَنَا هُوَ مَوۡلَٮٰنَاۚ وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلۡيَتَوَڪَّلِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ – Say: “Nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allah has ordained for us. He is our Maula (Lord, Helper and Protector).” And in Allah let the believers put their trust]. [Surah At-tawbah. Aayah 51]
Nothing afflicts the servant except that which Allaah has written for him and this is why the servant is greatly in need – in this particular affair and every other affair – to renew his belief in Allaah’s Divine Will and Decree.
Firm Belief That Only Allaah Can Remove Harm:
The believer should know that removal of harm is only in the hand of Allaah. Harm cannot be removed except by Allaah, and none can repel calamity except him. Allaah [The Most High] said: [أَمَّن يُجِيبُ ٱلۡمُضۡطَرَّ إِذَا دَعَاهُ وَيَكۡشِفُ ٱلسُّوٓءَ وَيَجۡعَلُڪُمۡ خُلَفَآءَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِۗ أَءِلَـٰهٌ۬ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِۚ – Is not He (better than your gods) Who responds to the distressed one, when he calls Him, and Who removes the evil, and makes you inheritors of the earth, generations after generations. Is there any true (god) besides Allah? [Surah An-Naml. Aayah 62]
Allaah [The Most High] said: [قُلِ ٱدۡعُواْ ٱلَّذِينَ زَعَمۡتُم مِّن دُونِهِۦ فَلَا يَمۡلِكُونَ كَشۡفَ ٱلضُّرِّ عَنكُمۡ وَلَا تَحۡوِيلاً – Say (O Muhammad): “Call unto those besides Him whom you pretend [to be gods like angels, Iesa (Jesus), ‘Uzair (Ezra), etc.]. They have neither the power to remove the adversity from you nor even to shift it from you to another person.”] [Surah Al-Israa. Aayah 56]
Allaah [The Most High] said: [ قُلۡ أَفَرَءَيۡتُم مَّا تَدۡعُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ إِنۡ أَرَادَنِىَ ٱللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ هَلۡ هُنَّ كَـٰشِفَـٰتُ ضُرِّهِۦۤ أَوۡ أَرَادَنِى بِرَحۡمَةٍ هَلۡ هُنَّ مُمۡسِكَـٰتُ رَحۡمَتِهِ – Say: “Tell me then, the things that you invoke besides Allah, if Allah intended some harm for me, could they remove His harm, or if He (Allah) intended some mercy for me, could they withhold His Mercy?] [Surah Az-Zumar. Aayah 38]
Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَإِن يَمۡسَسۡكَ ٱللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ۬ فَلَا ڪَاشِفَ لَهُ ۥۤ إِلَّا هُوَۖ وَإِن يَمۡسَسۡكَ بِخَيۡرٍ۬ فَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدِيرٌ۬ – And if Allah touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is Able to do all things]. [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 17]
Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَإِنْ يَمْسَسْكَ اللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ فَلَا كَاشِفَ لَهُ إِلَّا هُوَ وَإِنْ يُرِدْكَ بِخَيْرٍ فَلَا رَادَّ لِفَضْلِهِ يُصِيبُ بِهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَهُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ – And if Allah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He will. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful]. [Surah Yunus. Aayah 107]
Allaah is the one who will remove harm and calamity, hardship etc
Reliance upon Allaah
Reliance upon Allaah, surrendering one’s affairs to Him- and truthfully turning to Him, because whoever relies on Allaah, Allaah will suffice him. Allaah said: [أَلَيۡسَ ٱللَّهُ بِكَافٍ عَبۡدَهُ – Is not Allah Sufficient for His slave?] [Surah Az-Zumar. Aayah 36]
Allaah said [The Most High] said: [وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلۡ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسۡبُهُ ۥۤۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ بَـٰلِغُ أَمۡرِهِۦۚ قَدۡ جَعَلَ ٱللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدۡرً۬ا – And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things]. [Surah At-talaaq. Aayah 3]
Allaah appointed a term for everything- a specific time; therefore, O you who relies upon Allaah! Neither be slow to act nor be hasty [i.e. rely upon Allaah now, hope for relief and do not be frustrated due to being hasty].
Supplication is the key to every good, relief from every distress, safety from every fear, the weapon of the believer and benefits in repelling calamity- a mighty benefit; rather supplication is the enemy of calamity. It is obligated on the servant to seek shelter [or shield himself] through supplication, have great hope and continuously asking [Allaah]. Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَقَالَ رَبُّڪُمُ ٱدۡعُونِىٓ أَسۡتَجِبۡ لَكُمۡۚ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَسۡتَكۡبِرُونَ عَنۡ عِبَادَتِى سَيَدۡخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِينَ – And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!”] [Surah Ghaafir. Aayah 60]
Allaah [The Most High] said: [ وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِى عَنِّى فَإِنِّى قَرِيبٌۖ أُجِيبُ دَعۡوَةَ ٱلدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِۖ فَلۡيَسۡتَجِيبُواْ لِى وَلۡيُؤۡمِنُواْ بِى لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَرۡشُدُونَ – And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Aayah 186]
Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors. And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good doers. [Surah Al-A’raaf. Aayaat 55-56]
The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Supplicate to Allaah whilst having certainty that you’ll be responded to”. The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: “Supplication benefits in that which has occurred and in that which has not occurred, so upon you is to supplicate”- Meaning: Supplication removes it [i.e. when the calamity occurs] and repels it [i.e. if it has not occurred yet].
And one of those beneficial supplication in this subject matter is that which has been reported in Abu Dawud from Anas [radiyallaahu-anhu] who said that the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] used to supplicate saying: [ اللَّهمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوُذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْبرَصِ، وَالجُنُونِ، والجُذَامِ، وسّيءِ الأَسْقامِ – O Allah! I seek refuge in You from leucoderma , insanity, leprosy and evil diseases]
The Worldly Life Is a Place of Trial and Test:
To know with certainty – in this subject matter of ours- that this Dunyaa is a place of trial and test. Allaah [The Most High] said:[ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلۡمَوۡتَ وَٱلۡحَيَوٰةَ لِيَبۡلُوَكُمۡ أَيُّكُمۡ أَحۡسَنُ عَمَلاً۬ۚ وَهُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡغَفُورُ – He is the One] Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving [Surah Al-Mulk. Aayah 2]
Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَڪُمۡ خَلَـٰٓٮِٕفَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَرَفَعَ بَعۡضَكُمۡ فَوۡقَ بَعۡضٍ۬ دَرَجَـٰتٍ۬ لِّيَبۡلُوَكُمۡ فِى مَآ ءَاتَٮٰكُمۡۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ سَرِيعُ ٱلۡعِقَابِ وَإِنَّهُ ۥ لَغَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمُۢ – And it is He Who has made you generations coming after generations, replacing each other on the earth. And He has raised you in ranks, some above others that He may try you in that which He has bestowed on you. Surely your Lord is Swift in retribution, and certainly He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful]. [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 165]
Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ فِى سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ۬ وَڪَانَ عَرۡشُهُ ۥ عَلَى ٱلۡمَآءِ لِيَبۡلُوَڪُمۡ أَيُّكُمۡ أَحۡسَنُ عَمَلاً۬ۗ – And He it is Who has created the heavens and the earth in six Days and His Throne was on the water, that He might try you, which of you is the best in deeds]. [Surah Hud. Aayah 7]
And We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good, and to Us you will be returned. [Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Aayah 35]
Therefore, it is obligated on us to know that the pleasures of this world are mixed with pain; its happiness is mixed with distress; its good health is mixed with sickness, and its richness is mixed with poverty. The slave will be afflicted- and that is inevitable in this worldly life; but his affair and its final outcomes is good and uplifting [or a means of raising his status], as the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Amazing is the affair of the believer, verily all of his affair is good and this is not for no one except the believer. If something of good/happiness befalls him he is grateful and that is good for him. If something of harm befalls him he is patient and that is good for him” [Saheeh Muslim 2999]
I ask Allaah by His Beautiful [Perfect] Names and Lofty [Perfect] Attributes – and due to the fact that none has the right to be worshipped except He- to remove from us and the Muslims – wherever they maybe – every harm and calamity, remove from us the severe hardship and protect us all through that which He protects his righteous servants. [Ref 1]
The Shaikh also says:
All praise and thanks belongs to Allaah- the One Who responds to the supplication of the distressed one when he supplicates; gives help to the sorrowful one when he invokes Him; removes evil and grants a way out from agonies. The hearts cannot be alive [i.e. with Eemaan, guidance etc] except by way of remembering Him; no affair occurs except by His Permission; there is no escape from discomfort except by way of His Mercy; nothing can be protected [or preserved] except by His Protection. What is desired cannot be obtained except by His facilitation, and happiness [in this Dunya and the Aakhirah] cannot be attained except by way of obedience to Him. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone and He has no partner- the Lord of the Aalameen, the [only true] God of the early and latter generations; the One Who maintains and controls the heavens and the earths. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger – the one sent with the clear book [i.e. the Qur’aan] and the straight path. May peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, his family and all his companions.
[A] What is to be said before a trial occurs:
Uthmaan [radiyallaahu-anhu] said: I heard Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laaju alayhi wasallam] saying: Whoever says:
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الذي لا يَـضُرُّ مع اسْمِهِ شَيءٌ في الأرضِ ولا في السَّماءِ وهُوَ السَّميعُ العَليمُ
In the Name of Allaah, with Whose Name nothing can be harmed- neither on earth nor in the heaven, and He is the All-Seeing, the All-Hearing”- 3 times. He will not be afflicted with affliction [or a trial] until the morning. And whoever says it three times when he wakes up, he will not be inflicted with an affliction [or trial] until the evening. [Reported by Imaam Abu Daawud and others] [Ref 2]
[بِسْمِ اللَّهِ]- Meaning: In the Name of Allaah I seek refuge. [الذي لا يَـضُرُّ مع اسْمِهِ شَيءٌ في الأرضِ – with Whose Name nothing can be harmed- neither on earth nor in the heaven]- Meaning: The one who seeks refuge in Allaah’s Name, then indeed he will not be harmed by a calamity that occurs in the earth nor that which comes from the heaven. [وهُوَ السَّميعُ العَليمُ – and He is the All-Seeing the All-Hearing]- Meaning: He [Allaah] hears all the statements of His slaves, The One who knows all their actions and nothing is hidden from Him on the earth nor in the heaven. [Ref 3]
[B] Repeating – a lot – the statement:
[لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ – None has the right to be worshipped except You (O Allaah); Glorified (and Exalted) are You (above all that evil) they associate with You]. Truly, I have been of the wrong doers].
And (remember) Dhan-Nun (Jonah), when he went off in anger, and imagined that We shall not punish him (i.e. the calamites which had befallen him)! But he cried through the darkness (saying): La ilaha illa Anta [none has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allah)], Glorified (and Exalted) are You [above all that (evil) they associate with You]. Truly, I have been of the wrong-doers.” So We answered his call, and delivered him from the distress. And thus We do deliver the believers (who believe in the Oneness of Allah, abstain from evil and work righteousness). [Surah Al-Anbiyaa. Aayaat 87-88]
Al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer [rahimahullaah] stated in his Tafseer regarding statement of [Allaah- The Exalted]: [كَذَلِكَ نُنْجِي الْمُؤْمِنِينَ – And thus do We deliver the believers]- Meaning: If they are in hardships and invoke Us, and (always) turning in repentance to Us (only), especially if they supplicate with this invocation when in a state of affliction [or trial].
Al-Allaamah Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah][ stated in Al-Fawaa’id: There is nothing similar to the likes of Tawheed in the manner it repels hardships of the worldly life; so due to this, the invocation of distress is [based] on Tawheed. The one in a state of distress does not invoke [Allaah] with the invocation of Dhun-Noon, except that Allah will grant him relief from his distress due to Tawheed. Therefore, one does not fall into great distress except because of Shirk, and there is no safety from it except through Tawheed. It [i.e. Tawheed] is the sanctuary of the creation, its refuge, its fortress and means of relief. And the means of all success [i.e. in this Dunyaa and Aakhirah] is facilitated by Allaah. [Ref 4]
Sa’d Bin Abee Waqqaas [radiyallaahu-anhu] narrated that the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: “The invocation of my brother Dhun-Noon:[لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ – none has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allah), Glorified (and Exalted) are You (above all that evil) they associate with You. Truly, I have been of the wrong doers]; there is no one who faces hardship and supplicates with it, except that Allaah will relief him of his hardship”. [Saheeh Al-Jaami 3383]
Look at the great distress that befell Yoonus [alayhis-salaam]?! The whale swallowed him and went to the bottom of the sea. He was in the belly of the whale and at the bottom of the sea – a great distress indeed. Therefore, there was nothing else for him to do at the time except to keep on repeating that supplication, whilst he was engulfed in darkness – the darkness in the whale’s belly, the darkness in the sea and the darkness of the night, and trapped at the bottom of the sea. He repeated this supplication, so Allaah commanded the whale to take him out. Yoonus [alayhis-salaamn] made this supplication whilst having a strong reliance upon Allaah and knew that deliverance from such a distress is in Allaah’s hand.
This supplication comprises of four affairs:
-[Tawheed: (لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنتَ)-None has the right to be worshipped except You (O Allaah)]. This is singling out Allaah in worship. -[ سُبْحَانَكَ – Glorified (and Exalted) are You (above all that evil) they associate with You]; Meaning: I declare that You (O Allaah) are free from everything that does not befit Your Majesty. I declare that You (O Allaah) are free from all deficiencies and defects, and I declare that You (O Allaah) are free from all that which the enemies of the Messengers attribute to You. Allaah [The Most High] said: [سُبۡحَـٰنَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ ٱلۡعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ – Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! (37:180)]
-[إِنِّي كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ – Truly, I have been of the wrong-doers]. This is an acknowledgement of one’s wrongdoing and shortcomings. -[Servitude to Allaah]: An acknowledgement that you are a slave of Allaah and that you cannot do without Allaah in the twinkling of an eye. Therefore, a person should turn to Allaah in all circumstances – when faced with pain, hardship, calamity etc. [Ref 5]
[C] Seeking Refuge With Allaah Against The Severe Afflictions [Trials or Calamities]:
عن أبِي هُرَيرَةَ رضي الله عنه
كان رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَـتَـعَـوَّذُ مِنْ جَهْدِ البلاءِ، ودَرَكِ الشَّقاءِ، وَسُوءِ القضاءِ، وشَماتَةِ الأَعدَاءِ
وعن أبي هُرَيرَةَ رضي الله عنه، عن النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ
Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu-anhu] said: “Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] used to seek refuge against the severe afflictions [trials or calamities], a state of wretchedness, the evil of that which has been decreed and the rejoicing of the enemies”. Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu-anhu] said that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Seek refuge with Allaah against the severe afflictions [trials or calamities], a state of wretchedness, the evil of that which has been decreed and the rejoicing of the enemies”. [Ref 6]
Imaam Abdul Azeez bin Baaz [may Allaah have mercy on him] said that this means: So that one is not put to trial with something that harms him; fall into state of wretchedness – in sin and Shirk; and we ask Allaah for wellbeing. A person should strive to take the means to safety and seek Allaah’s Protection against the severe afflictions [or trials]; a state that is tantamount to wretchedness, the rejoicing of the enemies and the evil of that which is decreed. This what a believer should strive for and asks his Lord for wellbeing, for indeed the enemies rejoice when he falls into that which harms him, but he strives to attain wellbeing and [seeks protection] against the severe affliction [trials], or that which will bring about evil upon him – those afflictions and trials that descend on the people. He seeks refuge against wretchedness lest something happens to him that leaves him in a wretched state and makes him fall into sin, evil affairs or fall in Major Shirk. We ask Allaah for wellbeing. He seeks refuge against the evil of that which is decreed lest he falls into sin and is put to trial through that which Allaah has forbidden. He seeks refuge against the rejoicing of the enemies, which is similar to what has preceded above lest he falls into something that makes the enemies rejoice…[Ref 7]
[D] Being Consistent Upon The Supplication That Is Said When Leaving The House:
Anas Bin Maalik [radiyallaahu-anhu] said that the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: If a man exits his house and says:
“In The Name of Allaah, I rely on Allaah, and there is neither Power nor Might except with Allaah”. It will be said there and then, ‘You have been guided, sufficed and protected’. The devils will be far away from him [or get out of his way] and another devil will say, ‘ How can you reach a man who has been guided, sufficed and protected’”. [Ref 8]
Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah] said that this means, “No power or strength is given to anything or anyone [in the entire universe] to move from one action to another, except by strength and power granted by Allaah alone. [Ref 9]
[E] Asking Allaah For Wellbeing In The Morning and Evening
Abdullah Bin Umar [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said: Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] never abandoned these supplications in the morning and evening:
“O Allaah! I ask You for well-being in this Dunyaa and the Aaakhirah. O Allāh, I ask You for pardon and well-being in my religion, my worldly affairs, my family and my wealth. O Allaah! Conceal my [faults, shortcomings etc] and safeguard me against everything that will bring me fear and sorrow. O Allaah! Protect me from in front, from behind me, from my right and my left, and from above. And I seek refuge with Your Magnificence from being swallowed up from beneath me”. [Ref 10]
This great supplication begins with one asking Allaah for [العافِيَـةَ -wellbeing] in the Dunyaa and Aakhirah. Nothing can be equal to wellbeing, and whoever is granted wellbeing then indeed he has received his complete share of good. Seeking [العَفْوَ -person] necessitates that one is forgiven his sins and they are wiped away. As for [العافِيَـةَ – Wellbeing], it is safety Allaah bestows to a servant of His- protects him against every punishment and trial, by averting evil from him, protecting him against calamities and ailments [sicknesses], evil affairs and sins.
So, the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] asked for wellbeing in the Dunyaa and Aakhirah, as well as wellbeing in his religion, worldly affairs, his family and wealth. Wellbeing in one’s religion is protection against everything that will bring dishonour [or disgrace] to one’s religion or deprive him of it. Wellbeing in the Dunyaa is to seek protection against everything that will harm the person in his worldly affairs, such as calamities or trials, severe poverty and ailments. Wellbeing in the Aakhirah is to seek protection against the extreme hardships in the Aakhirah and its various punishments. Wellbeing in one’s family is that they are protected from trials, calamities and tests; wellbeing in one’s wealth is that it is protected from drowning, burning, theft etc…
[اللَّهُمَّ اسْتُـرْ عَوْراتِي – O Allaah! Conceal my faults, shortcomings etc [ وآمِنْ رَوْعاتِي – safeguard me against every affair that will frighten me and bring sorrow upon me]. [اللَّهُمَّ احْفَظْنِـي مِنْ بَـيْنِ يَدَيَّ، ومِنْ خَلْفِي، وعَنْ يَمِيـنِـي، وعَنْ شِمالِي، ومِنْ فَوْقِي، وأَعُوذُ بِعَظَمَـتِكَ أَنْ أُغْتالَ مِنْ تَحْتِـي – O Allaah! Protect me from in front, from behind me, from my right and my left, and from above. And I seek refuge with Your Magnificence from being swallowed up from beneath me] – Meaning: Asking Allaah to protect you against destructive things and evils which a person is exposed to from the six directions, for indeed evil can approach from the front, behind, the right, the left, above or below, and he does not know which direction calamity will suddenly come upon him….[Ref 11]
[F] To Supplicate a Lot:
Ibn Umar [radiyallaahu-anhumaa] said, “Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: “Whoever has the door of supplication opened for him, then the door of mercy has been opened for him. And Allaah is not asked for anything – meaning, something more beloved to Him – than asking for well-being”. And Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: “Indeed, supplication brings benefit to the afflicted person and the one who has not been afflicted; therefore O slaves of Allaah! It is obligated on you to supplicate”. [Ref 12]
[G] Subject Matter Regarding Physical Contract And Infectious Disease
Anas [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said: ‘Being good to the people protects a person from evil, ills, destructive affairs; and the people of good in this Dunyaa are the people of good in the Aakhirah’”.
Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: One of the greatest ways of seeking cure for illness are: Doing good deeds and being good to others, remembrance of Allaah, supplicating, humility [accompanied with firm belief], invoking Allaah fervently and repentance. These deeds have an effect on repelling ailments and receiving cure, even greater [or more effective] than natural medication; however this depends on the readiness of the soul is, its acceptance [and submission upon such a path], its belief in that and its benefit. [Ref 14]
[I] The Night Prayer [or At-Tahajjud]
Bilaal [radiyallaagu-anhu] said that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “It is upon you to perform the night prayer, for indeed it is the [continuous] practice of the righteous who came before you. Indeed, the night prayer is a means of getting close to Allaah; a means of preventing one from evil deeds, a means of expiating evil deeds and it is a means of expelling sickness from the body”. [Reported by Imaam at-Tirmidhi and others] [Ref 15]
NB: translator’s note: Imaam Albaani [rahimahullaah] transmitted this hadeeth in Irwaa Al-Ghaleel as follows: “It is upon you to perform the night prayer, for indeed it is the [continuous] practice of the righteous who came before you. It is a means of getting close to your Lord; a means of preventing one from evil deeds and a means of expiating evil deeds”. Then Imaam [i.e. Albaani (rahimahullaah)] declared this Hadeeth ‘Hasan’ without the addition “And it is a means of expelling sickness from the body”. [For further details, see Irwaa Al-Ghaleel. Publisher Al-Maktabah Al-Islaamiy- 2nd edition 1405AH (1985). Vol 2, Pages 199-202. Hadeeth number 452]
[J] Cover The Vessels and Tie Up the Water Skins:
Jaabir Bin Abdillaah [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “I heard Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] saying, “Cover the vessels and tie up the water skins; for verily there is a night during the year when pestilence descends, and it does not pass an uncovered vessel or an untied water-skin but some of that pestilence descends into it. [Reported by Imaam Muslim] Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: This is one of those affairs which the sciences of doctors and their knowledge cannot reach [i.e. it cannot explain, discover].
To conclude, indeed it is obligated on every Muslim to surrender all his affairs to Allaah [The Mighty and Majestic] – hoping for His bounty, desiring to receive it and placing his trust and reliance upon Him, because all affairs are in His Hands, under his absolute disposal and subjugation. And that one strives in fulfilling the affair through which a way out of calamities is achieved – patience and hoping for Allaah’s reward; for indeed Allaah has promised to give an abundant reward to the one who exercises patience and hopes for His Reward. [إِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى ٱلصَّـٰبِرُونَ أَجۡرَهُم بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ۬ – Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning].
Employing The Means to Good Health – By Shaikh Abu Khadeejah [hafidhahullaah]
Finally: Always make sure that you are up to date with government directives lest you break the law. We cannot break the law regardless what a person holds regarding lock downs, disease, face masks and the opinions of honest scientists.
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.
If someone says, “What directs to the subject matter related to disciplining the soul?” It is said to him, “The Qur’aan, the authentic Sunnah and the statements of the upright scholars of the Muslims”.
If he says, “Mention it”, say, “Yes, InShaaAllaah. Allaah [The Exalted] said:
[يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ قُوٓاْ أَنفُسَكُمۡ وَأَهۡلِيكُمۡ نَارً۬ا – O you who believe! Protect yourselves and your families from the Fire (Hell)]”.
[Surah At-Tahreem. Aayah 6] [Ref 1]
Meaning: protect the soul by fulfilling the commands of Allaah and keeping away from prohibitions. Protect your family by commanding them to obey Allaah and keep away from disobedience. [Ref 2]
Command them with what Allaah has commanded them and aid them in that. If you see them disobeying Allaah, prevent and turn them away from it. And indeed Allaah [The Exalted] said to His Messenger:
And enjoin As-Salat (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them [i.e. the Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Taa Haa. Aayah 132] [Ref 3]
So whoever hears this, then it is obligated on him to seek knowledge of it and not to be heedless of it. Have you not seen that Allaah urges and commands you to discipline your souls and your families?! Therefore, acknowledge – may Allaah have mercy upon you – this from Allaah and adhere to the knowledge regarding it. [Ref 4]